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Cu. XXIX.]

RESULTS AT GETTYSBURG. gives his reasons, at large, for not en simply stating that they were “severe.” tering instantly, and with his entire On his retreat he left, at various points force, upon a vigorous pursuit of Lee along the road, 7,540 wounded to be and his army. The reader, on consult- cared for by our army and people. ing the report, must judge of the sound. Gen. Meade took 13,621 prisoners, ness of Meade's conclusions. The cav. while the killeu, wounded and missing alry was sent off directly, and on the are estimated to be over 20,000; mak12th of July, Meade passed through ing Lee's loss, besides a large number South Mountain, intending to attack of general officers, to be fully one-third Lee the next day near Williamsport; of the entire army with which he so but during the night the rebel general confidently invaded the loyal states. retreated into Virginia, and finally In speaking of the battle on the 3d occupied the line of the Rapidan.* of July, Lee uses brief and general Meade's army resumed its position on terms : “The morning was occupied in the Rappahannock.

necessary preparations, and the battle The losses in the battle of Gettys- recommenced in the afternoon, and burg were painfully severe and heavy. raged with great violence until sunset. Gens. Reynolds, Weed and Zook were Our troops succeeded in entering the killed; Gens. Barlow, Barnes, Butter- advanced works of the

enemy, . field, Doubleday, Gibbon, Graham, ting possession of some of his batteries ; Hancock, Sickles and Warren were but our artillery having nearly expendwounded; while of officers below this ed its ammunition, the attacking corank, and of men, there were 2,834 kill. lumns became exposed to the heavy ed, 13,733 wounded, and 6,643 miss- fire of the numerous batteries near the ing, making an aggregate of over summit of the ridge, and, after a most 23,000.

determined and gallant struggle, were Gen. Lee, for prudential reasons, compelled to relinquish their advanprobably, made no report of his losses, tage, and fall back to their original with some pretentiousness, and certainly with great positions, with severe loss.” freedom. As in the case of McClellan at Antietam, so

The day after the battle, July 4th, here, in Meade's case, he sharply censures the not pur- Gen Meade issued an address to the suing immediately the rebel army and completely routing them, as he holds to have been perfectly possible, Army of the Potomac, in which he beif not quite a certainty.—See “ Army of the Potomac," stowed the high praise and commenda

tion to which it was so fully entitled, * Gen. Lee, during his retreat, addressed his troops, July 11th, in which he reminded them of long and try saying, in conclusion, “ It is right and ing marches in penetrating the country of the enemy, proper that we should, on suitable occabesought them to think of the glorious past, nerve themselves for victory, etc. “You have fought," he sions, return our grateful thanks to the said, “ a fierce and sanguinary battle, which, if not at. Almighty Disposer of events, that, in your efforts, was marked by the same heroic spirit that the goodness of his Providence, He has has commanded the respect of your enemies, the gra- thought fit to give victory to the cause titude of your country, and the admiration of mankind.” of the just.” It is hardly to be expected that the routed army deriv. ed much comfort from such words as these.

A few days later, the news arrived

P. 370.

of the great successes on the Missis- ing its end. President Lincoln, as was sippi, at Vicksburg and Port Hudson. every way proper and becoming, issued There was great rejoicing throughout a proclamation, July 15th, appointing the loyal states, and there seemed now Thursday, Angust 6th, as a day of na good ground to hope that the mad tional thanksgiving, which day was struggle of the rebellion was approach. duly and devoutly observed.*

* Prof. Jacobs, in his interesting “ Notes on the Rebel the most humiliating terms of peace. The sway of Invasion," published soon after Lee's retreat, compares Napoleon over subject Europe would not have been the battle of Gettysburg with that of Waterloo more tyrannical and destructive of the vital interests in its far-reaching consequences. His remarks are of the people, than would have been the establishment, of sufficient value to be worth quoting in this by a decisive victory of Lee, of an overbearing slave connection :-" The battle of Waterloo resulted in power as a controlling influence in our country. The effectually crushing the power of Napoleon and the fall of Vicksburg and Port Hudson, which followed grinding despotism that he was exercising over Eu immediately after the battle of Gettysburg, though of! rope. It broke to pieces that army in whose track fol. the highest importance to the country, is, nevertheless, lowed desolation and famine, and whose final triumph not equal in its influence to the breaking of the power must have resulted in the destruction of all the then of an army which was striking a blow at the heart of existing governments of the civilized world. The the nation. In the defeat, therefore, of Lee, the corner battle of Gettysburg resulted, first, in checking the stone of that fabric which the rebellion sought to erect progress and then in destroying the power of a well. on human bondage and the distinction of the races of disciplined and defiant army, which had come to the men, which God has made of one blood, is crushed to North for the express purpose of robbery and of spread- pieces, and the bright days of a happy future loom up og terror and desolation in its track, and by the cap before our vision, when we shall once more be a united *ure of Baltimore and Washington, of dictating to us and prosperous people.”

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Book Ninth






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