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CH. XXI.]

BATTLE OF PERRYVILLE OR CHAPLIN'S HILLS.

221

were moving. Much suffering and evacuated by Bragg the day before, and privation, from want of water and sup on the 6th, he arrived at Springfield, plies of food, were cheerfully undergone, sixty-two miles from Lexington. There and having saved their cannon, which were frequent skirmishing and contests were dragged the whole of the distance with the rebel army's rear guard, by oxen and mules, 10,000 men, with Bragg being twenty-four hours in ad28 pieces of artillery and 400 wagons, vance of our troops and steadily gainmarched in safety to the Ohio. ing. Buell learned, on the 7th of Octo

Buell, leaving Nashville in charge of ber, that the enemy were in force at Gen. Negley, had followed Bragg's in- Perryville, forty-two miles south of vading force closely on its route into Frankfort. He determined to surround Kentucky, and re occupied Munfords- the enemy, if possible, and accordingly ville. While the rebel general was ordered the three army corps which making his way toward Frankfort, were marching upon Perryville by dif. Buell marched by the main road into ferent roads, to advance without any Louisville, where the advance arrived delay. McCook and Gilbert continued on the 25th of September. Here, in their march without interruption, but and around the city, he found a con. Crittenden lost half a day in searching siderable body of raw troops, hastily for water. gathered from Illinois, Indiana and Bragg had already begun his retreat Ohio, under the command of Gen. Nel from Perryville, but hearing of Crittenson, who, it may here be mentioned, den’s delay on the march, he resolved was shot a few days afterwards in a ren- to fight McCook and Gilbert and decontre with Gen. J. C. Davis.

feat them, and then fall upon CrittenSome confusion and trouble arose for den. Accordingly, Hardee's corps was a while, out of the bringing together of recalled to Perryville, and McCook, troops, and the apparent conflict of wholly unexpectedly, on the morning authority between officers belonging to of the 8th of October, found the rebels the armies of Ohio and Kentucky. In in front of him, prepared for an assault. due time matters were brought to a Taken by surprise, with raw, inefficient settlement; Kentucky was withdrawn troops, McCook's corps was, in a few from the department of Ohio, and the hours, badly cut up and compelled to army of Gen. Buell was organized in fall back nearly a mile. Reinforcethree corps, under the command res-ments were promptly ordered up; but pectively of Gens. A. McD. McCook, night coming on, the fight ceased. T. L. Crittenden and C. C. Gilbert. Crittenden's corps arrived in the evenGen. Thomas was second in command ing, and early the next day, it was of the whole. On the 1st of October, ascertained that Bragg had retreated. Buell left Louisville with an army of The loss in killed and wounded, in the about 100,000 men, in pursuit of Bragg battle of Perryville or Chaplin's Hills, and his army of invasion. On the 4th, was severe, numbering, according to he reached Rardstown, which had been Buell's report, about 4,000. The rebel

as ours.

loss, so far as known, was fully as severe up on the direct road as far as Loudon,

and on the branch road to Manchester. Bragg having now some 60,000 men, Further than this it was deemed, by it was expected that he would make a Buell, inexpedient and useless to cou. stand at Camp Dick Robinson, on Dick tinue the pursuit. River. Buells plan was to make a The invasion of Kentucky was cer. feint of attacking in front, while the tainly successful in the matter of ob. real attack was to be made on the taining a large amount of supplies and flanks. Crittenden was to advance in stores of various kinds ; but in other front, and McCook and Gilbert to ap- respects it was a failure. The Kenproach by different roads so as to cut tuckians did not rally around the rebel off Bragg's escape, and compel him to standard, and evidently preferred to refight or surrender. Bragg seems to main in their true and proper place in have divined Buell's purpose, and on the Union. Pollard, angered at the the night of the 11th of October, evac- “ abject attitude ” of those who “ draguated Camp Dick Robinson, having as ged the names of Maryland and Ken spoils which he was anxious to secure, tucky in the dust,” cannot but admit 4,000 wagons with the mark “U. S.” “ that the South was bitterly disap upon them, and some 5,000 head of cat. pointed in the manifestations of public tle, 1,000 mules and as many sheep. sentiment in Kentucky, and that the So soon as Buell learned the fact of exhibitions of sympathy in this state Bragg's retreat, he ordered immediate were meagre and sentimental, and pursuit by the army encamped near amounted to but little practical aid of Danville. The rebels, however, possess our cause."*

He strives to find a reaed such superior knowledge of the son for all this, but in vain. Kencountry, and were so skilful in availing tucky, as a whole, was loyal; and yet themselves of every advantage, that the Jeff. Davis had the assurance to clain rear guard of Bragg was able to hold this state as a member of his so-called in check the advance of our troops and “confederacy.” prevent their doing any material injury Grant, as we have stated (see p. 180) to the retreating army. Bragg kept the was in charge of the department of road toward Cumberland Gap, and re. Western Tennessee, including the region tired in the direction of Crab Orchard. between the Tennessee River On the 14th of October, our army set and the Mississippi. A por: out early for this latter place, but were tion of his force having been withdrawn delayed by sagacious maneuvres of the to give encouragement and assistance to enemy, and their advance hindered for the newly-levied troops at Louisville, several hours. Crittenden's corps, with Kentucky, the rebels were induced W. S. Smith's division, urged on the to appear in strong force and threaten pursuit as rapidly and as well as the Grant's several lines of communication. difficult

way, often passing through A demonstration of this kind, by a large narrow dtfiles, admitted; it was kept

* " Second Year of the War," pp. 162–163.

1862

CH. XXI.]

BATTLE OF IUKA.

223

body of rebel cavalry, under Armstrng, the enemy on the flank, and push for. was made August 30th, against Bolivar, ward the balance of his column on the in Tennessee, for the purpose of severing Fulton road, so as to cut off Price's rethe railroad at that point. They were treat, in case he should attempt it. met, when within five miles of Bolivar, With this understanding, on the mornby Col. Legget, with a body of Obio ing of September 18th, the army began troops numbering about 900. Al. its movement. Stanley's and Hamil though the enemy were estimated to be ton's divisions, under Rosecrans, left at least 4,000 strong, yet our men Clear Creek, amid a drenching rain, and bravely resisted their advance, and after a fatiguing march, bivouacked that compelled them, after a seven hours' night at Jacinto. At dawn the next engagement, to move off in another day, they were again on the march, and direction. Armstrong next attacked a about ten o'clock, the advance of detachment of our troops, on the rail- Hamilton's division came upon the pic. road at Medon, August 31st; and again, kets of the enemy at Barnett's Corners. the following day, at Britton's Lane; A sharp skirmish ensued, which resultbut in both cases he was repulsed with ed in driving them six miles toward severe loss, and our men remained in Iuka. possession of the field.

The entire column having now ar. Early in September, it became evi- rived at Barnett's Corners, Rosecrans dent that the rebels, under Sterling waited, according to previous underPrice, were preparing to advance and standing, for the sound of Grant's arbreak the line of communication be- tillery, as the signal for him to move tween Grant and Buell, in order that, forward; but after the lapse of two having crossed the Tennessee, they hours, he received a dispatch from might operate to advantage on the Grant, then only seven miles froin flank of Buell's army, in concert with Iuka, that he was waiting for Rosethe advance of Bragg to Kentucky. crans to commence the battle. Im. Iuka, a small town on the Memphis mediately the column was moved forand Charleston Railroad, twenty miles ward until within two miles of Iuka, southeast of Corinth, had been seized where the enemy were

discovered upon by the rebels, and was now oc- | posted on a broad ridge commandcupied by Price in force. This led to ing the country for some distance. A steps at once, on the part of Grant and sharp fire was opened upon the skirRosecrans, who, in dislodging Price mishers as they advanced, under which from his position, resolved to make a Hamilton's division double attack. It was decided that a formed in line. The engagement column of 18,000 men, under Grant speedily became general, and continued and Ord, should move by way of for two hours, when darkness preventBurnsville, and attack Price, while ed a continuance of the fight. It was Rosecrans, moving by way of Jacinto a fierce contest, and brought out the with part of his corps, was to attack | bravery and spirit of the troops, who lay on their arms, expecting the next rebels, troops were sent out to meet morning to renew the battle. During them, and during the 30th of Septemthe night, however, the rebels evacua. ber and the 1st and 2d of October there ted luka, and, though pursued actively, was constant skirmishing kept up on made good their escape to Bay Spring both sides. On the 3d, the rebel The troops under Grant and Ord, which force was largely increased, and our left Corinth at the same time when men were driven back, with great loss, Rosecrans marched, reached Burnsville to the defences of the town. Rosecrans in the afternoon. The next day, they and his staff were on the field all night, pushed forward until they came up making final preparations to receive with the rebel pickets; but no attack the enemy, and nothing was neglected was made. The morning following, that seemed necessary to insure vicSeptember 20th, a flag of truce was tory.* sent to the rebel camp, which did At early dawn, on Saturday, Octonot return until late in the day; and ber 4th, the rebels showed themselves thus Grant's troops did not engage the tager for the fight, and in the course enemy as was expected.

came

up and

of an hour or two the battle was begun Having met with a repulse at luka, in earnest by a force numbering nearly the rebels now determined to make a 40,000 men. Price led the one wing vigorous onset on Corinth, where were and Van Dorn the other. Price asRosecrans's headquarters, and where he saulted the right of our force with inwas anxiously expecting their advance. tense fury and determination; but so Price, it was understood, had marched skilfully had Rosecrans arranged his to the vicinity of Ripley, where he was batteries, and so bravely were the joined by Van Dorn, with all the rebels met by our men, that Price's ad. available troops in North Mississippi. vance was repulsed before Van Dorn Thence the joint force proceeded north-was able to come up on the left. The erly, and struck the line of the Mem. attempt was made to recover what was phis and Charleston Railroad, in Ten. lost, and with valor worthy of a better nesse, in the rear of Corinth, at Poca- cause Van Dorn's men strove for suchontas. There they were able to cess; but in rain. They were beaten menace alike Grant, at his headquarters in the bloody struggle, and by noon at Jackson, and Rosecrans at Corinth; of the same day began their retreat. and made their advance upon the latter Pursuit was undertaken as speedily as place by way of the Chewalla road.

possible, the enemy taking the ChewRosecrans, who was in command at Corinth, Grant being at Jackson, and * Van Dorn, it seems, like Pope, (p. 213) was rash Ord at Bolivar, had made his prepara. enough on Friday evening, to send a dispatch to Rich

mond, announcing a glorious victory, before the battions for an attack, and had so arranged tle was ended. Pollard finds it hard to excuse“ an his defences that if the enemy could be exultation so hasty and extreme.” He is also very

“the blind and romantic generalship, which drawn under them he was certain of carried them (the rebels) into the jaws of destruction." their defeat. On the approach of the “ Second Year of the War,” pp. 164–167.

severe on

Cu, XXL)

WASHBURN'S AND DICKEY'S EXPEDITIONS.

225

alla road, purposing to cross the Tus- out who destroyed several bridges, and cumbia River, near Pocahontas. A the telegraph wires, on the Mississippi detachment sent forward to protect the and Tennessee, and the Mississippi and Hatchie River bridge, two miles from Central Railroad. At Mitchell's Crossthat across the Tuscumbia, was attack roads he received a reinforcement from ed on the 4th, the day of the battle, by Gen. Hovey of about 1,200 meu and cur troops under Ord and Hurlbut, four pieces of artillery. A few days and defeated.

after, he fell in with a body of Texan Our losses in this hotly contested bat. cavalry at Oakland, and captured a tle were severe, viz.: 315 killed, 1,812 number of prisoners, horses, arms, etc. wounded, and 232 prisoners; the rebel Here he received a dispatch from loss was much greater, Rosecrans es. Hovey, recalling him to Helena, whitimating it at some 5,000 to 6,000. ther he returned, having in six days

After this second battle at Corinth, marched 200 miles in a hostile country, the troops returned to their respective surrounded by enemies. positions. No immediate advance into About the middle of December, anMississippi was undertaken by Grant, other cavalry expedition was underhe being content to keep open his com- taken by Col. T. L. Dickey, by Grant's munications with Columbus, and hold order, against the Mobile and Ohio his positions at Jackson and Bolivar in Railroad. It was equally successful Western Tennessee. At the beginning with that by Washburn, and to use

of December, he took possession Dickey's words, “we marched about

of Holly Springs, on the Missis- 200 miles, worked two days at the sippi Central Railroad, and advanced railroad, captured about 150 prisoners, some miles beyond to confront Van destroyed thirty-four miles of important Dorn, on the Tallahatchie River. To railroad and a large amount of public co-operate with this movement and to stores of the enemy, and returned, passact on the rebel flank, an expedition set ing round an enemy of nine to our one, out from Helena, Arkansas, Nov. 27th, without having a man killed, wounded under command of Gen. A. P. Hovey, or captured.” consisting of about 6,000 infantry and Grant did not press the pursuit of 2,000 cavalry. The latter, commanded the rebels beyond Grenada, in conseby Gen. C. C. Washburn, crossed the quence of the bad roads and difficulty low alluvial bottom land from Delta, of getting supplies. The rebels, how below Helena, on the Mississippi, and ever, found means of annoying him, reached the Tallahatchie River at its by attacks on his long line of communi. junction with the Coldwater, the even. cation through Western Tennessee to ing of the next day. Having construct Colunibus. Towards the end of Decemed a bridge across the Tallahatchie, he ber, they made successful raids upon pushed on towards Grenada, and early various points, Holly Springs, Davis's on Nov. 30th, was at Preston, sixteen Mills

, in the vicinity of Jackson, Ten. miles from Grenada. Parties were sent | nessee, and upon Humboldt and Tren

1862.

VOL. IV.-09.

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