« PreviousContinue »
CAPTURE OF FORT DONELSON.
Grant, a joint attack, the same day, Pillow passed the command over to was determined upon. Grant, by the Buckner, and during the night, embark. addition of some 8,000 troops, under ed abont 5,000 troops in steamboats, Wallace, felt strong enough for the as- and made their escape. The next sault by land ; and Foote, though not morning early, Buckner sent a flag of fully confident, did not hesitate to truce, asking for terms, etc. Grant was undertake his part of the work. Be- short and sharp in his reply: “no terms, tween two and three o'clock in the except unconditional and immediate afternoon, the conflict began with four surrender, can be accepted,” he said. iron-clad
gun boats in advance and two Buckner, protesting against Grant's wooden ones in tbe rear; but though wungenerous and unchivalrous terms,” bravely handled, they were unable to gave up the contest, and on Sunday keep up the contest for more than an morning, Feb. 16th, the Union hour, and having become unmanageable, flag waved over this strongthey drifted slowly down the stream. hold of the rebellion.
Grant now thought it advisable to Our loss was severe, being 446 killed, invest Fort Donelson as completely as 1,735 wounded, and 150 prisoners; possible, and await repairs to the gun total 2,331. The rebel loss was 231 boats. His purpose, however, was killed, 1,007 wounded, and 13,829 prifrustrated by the enemy. They saw soners; total 15,067. In addition to and felt the danger of being surround- the large number taken prisoners, there ed, and determined at once to make an fell into our hands about fifty cannon, effort to fight their way out. Accord 3,000 horses, 20,000 stand of arms, and ingly, they resolved to begin at day. a large quantity of commissary stores. * light, on the 15th of February, and cut
This important victory was pecul. open an exit for their troops into the iarly gratifying to loyal men every. interior of the country. The assault where. Gen. Grant congratulated his was made at the time specified, on the troops for the triumph over rebellion right of our whole line, and for seve gained by their valor, and for their ral hours the rebels fought with des- readiness, during four successive nights, perate bravery and resolution. They without shelter, and exposed to the bitgained some advantage during the ter inclemency of the season, to face the fight, but were in turn repulsed, with enemy in the position chosen by himfearful loss on both sides, and were
self. On the other hand, as can readily driven behind their inner works be imagined, Davis and the rebel auWhen night came on, our troops held thorities were deeply mortified at the
fall of Fort Donelson. In a message the position they had gained, and remained under arms till morning, in. bis Congress
, March 11th, be pronountending at dawn of day to recommence
ced Floyd's and Pillow's reports “inthe attack. Satisfied that they could not hold the
* Some southern writers say, that the number sur
rendered was only about 5,000, and assert that, all told, fort without reinforcements, Floyd and the troops at Fort Donelson amounted to only 13,000.
complete and unsatisfactory," and pro- their beautiful city in the midst of the fessed himself in the dark as to the most distressing scenes of terror and reasons for their movements. He ac- confusion, and of plunder by the mob.” cordingly suspended them from com- On the 24th of February, the Union mand for the present.
forces reached Nashville, which was The fall of Fort Donelson hastened formally surrendered by the mayor the crisis in rebel affairs in the West. into Gen. Buell's hands. A general The rebel Gen. A. S. Johnston had be order was issued congratulating all who fore this seen that Bowling Green, loved the Union on the success of our Kentucky, was untenable, and orders arms, and promising protection and supwere given to evacuate it. This was port to all peaceable, well disposed citidone on the 14th of February, when zens.
Andrew Johnson was soon after Gen. Mitchel took immediate possession. appointed military governor of TennesBy a forced march of eighty miles, the see, and early in March, arrived at rebel force reached Nashville on the Nashville, and entered vigorously upon 16th, and under Johnston's command his new and difficult duties. passed on to Murfreesboro, thirty-two newspapers were placed under military miles distant, on the Nashville and supervision. The municipal officers Chattanooga Railroad. Commodore were required, on the 26th of March, to Foote with his gun boats ascended the take the oath of allegiance. The city Cumberland, destroying the extensive council refused; the mayor and some iron works, six miles above Dover, and others were arrested, and the city counreaching Clarksville on the 19th of cilmen ejected from office. Numerous February. The enemy had fled, and other arrests were made, and Gov. Johngreat alarm was manifested respecting son used the strong hand in repressing the purpose of our advancing force. disunion practices in Tennessee. Of course, Nashville followed the
As by the taking of Nashville Columfate of Donelson. Without the latter, bus was seriously endangered, orders it was defenceless; and hence, when were issued by Beauregard and the news came, on Sunday forenoon, Johnston, on the 18th of Februthat the fort was lost, the city was ary, to destroy part of the track and thrown into consternation. Floyd des. bridges of the Memphis and Ohio troyed the bridges over the Cumberland, Railroad, preparatory to a removal of and hastened away.
“ An earthquake," the forces at Columbus to Island No. says Pollard, “ could not have shocked 10, about forty-five miles below, on the the city more. The congregations at Mississippi River. This was soon after the churches were broken up in confu. accomplished; and on the 4th of March, sion and dismay ; women and children when an armed reconnaissance was rushed into the streets, wailing with made as far as Columbus by the gun terror; trunks were thrown from three boats and transports with troops, it story windows in the haste of the fugi. was found to have been abandoned by tires; and thousands hastened to leave the rebels, as wholly untenable.
GENERAL CURTIS IN MISSOURI.
General Halleck, in command of the have spoken of the movements in Misdepartment, issued, Feb. 22d, an order souri, and the general result up to the for the regulation and behavior of the close of 1861. Sharp skirmishing troops. Among other things he said, took place at Mount Zion, Dec. 28th, "it does not belong to the military to and at Fayette, January 8th; but with. decide upon the relation of master and out material result. Our forces under slave. Such questions must be settled Gens. Sigel and Asboth, and Cols. J. by civil courts. No fugitive slave will, C. Davis and Carr, combined at the therefore, be admitted within our lines close of the month, under comor camps, except when specially ordered mand of Gen. S. R. Curtis, a by the general commanding.”
distinguished officer of the U. S. army. The successful operations of our army Early in February, these divisions produced much excitement in the South, pushed rapidly from Rolla, the termiand the leaders in the rebellion began nation of railroad communication with to understand better what a gigantic St. Louis, toward Springfield, where the struggle it was in which they had en rebel General Price had taken
his gaged. Every man, young and old, headquarters and secured supplies for was called for. Boards of police in his men. He had raised an army of every county in Mississippi were ap. 4,000 men, built huts, and was in a pointed preparatory to drafting; and rather comfortable position, as he the governor of Arkansas, hy proclama- thought; but the approach of Curtis tion, drafted into immediate service warned him of danger. A sharp skirevery man in the state subject to mili- mish took place near Springfield; and tary duty, requiring him to respond Price, on the 12th of February, during within twenty days. In this way, and the night, decamped, the U. S. troops under such pressure, was begun that entering the town early next morning. system of measures which resulted in Immediately the pursuit after Price was the passing of a conscription act by the begun, and continued a hundred miles Confederate Congress, April 16th, and or more from Springfield into Arkansas. the raising a large force during the en. On the 18th, the state line was crossed; suing summer months. *
on the 19th, Price, having had some reIn a previous chapter (see p. 89) we inforcements, attempted to make a stand
at Sugar Creek; but was speedily de. * By this act all over eighteen and under thirty were feated. On the 23d of February, Curtis conscripted for the war, and none were allowed exemption who were at the time in service, whether under eigh. entered and took possession of Fayetteteen or over thirty-five. All this was irrespective of ville, capturing a number of prisoners, state laws and regulations. In September, 1862, an. other act of conscription was passed, calling out every
stores and baggage. The enemy burnt man between thirty-five and forty-five, and all youths part of the town before leaving on their as soon as they became eighteen years of age. The flight over the Boston Mountains.* work was carried on with unrelenting vigor and energy, and every means resorted to in order to collect and have ready for use a military force sufficient to * Gen. Halleck, in a dispatch, made mention of a meet the immense army our government was bringing shocking exhibition of the malice of the rebels : “ forty
į two officers and men of the 5th Missouri cavalry wire
into the field.