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severe weather. The two powers that conquered | torious army. For General Vandamme, who Napoleon were Space and Time. The cold, was at the head of the chief force of the purfrosts, and snows of Russia simply completed suing French, pressed the allies with energy, rewhat those powers had so well begun, and lying on the support of the Emperor, whose 80 well done.
orders he was carrying out in the best manner. In the grand campaign of 1813, the weather This led to the Battle of Kulm, in which Vanhad an extraordinary influence on Napoleon's damme was defeated, and his army destroyed fortunes, the rains of Germany really doing him for the time, because of the overwhelming sufar more mischief than he had experienced from periority of the enemy; whereas that action the snows of Russia; and, oddly enough, a por. would have been one of the completest French tion of this mischief came to him through the victories, had the Young Guard been ordered gate of victory. The war between the French to march from Pirna, according to the original and the Allies was renewed in the middle of intention. The roads were in a most frightful August, and Napoleon purposed crushing the state, in consequence of the wet weather; but, army of Silesia, under old Blücher, and marched as a victorious army always finds food, soit always upon it; but he was recalled by the advance of find roads over which to advance to the comthe Grand Army of the Allies upon Dresden; pletion of its task, unless its chief has no head. for, if the city had fallen into their hands, his Vandamme had a head, and thought he was communications with the Rhine would have been winning the Marshal's staff which Napoleon lost. Returning to Dresden, he restored affairs bad said was awaiting him in the midst of the there on the 26th of August; and, on the 27th, enemies retiring masses. So confident was he the Battle of Dresden was fought-the last of that the Emperor would support him, that he his great victories. It was a day of mist and would not retreat while yet it was in his power rain, the mist being thick and the rain heavy. to do 80; and the consequence was that his Under cover of the mist, Murat surprised a por-corps d'armée was torn to pieces, and himself tion of the Austrian infantry, and, as their mus. captured. Napoleon had the meanness to kets were rendered unserviceable by the rain, charge Vandamme with going too far and seekthey fell a prey to his horse, who were assisted ing to do too much, as he supposed he was slain, by:ipfantry and artillery, more than sixteen thou- and therefore could not prove that he was simply sand men being killed, wounded, or captured. I obeying orders, as well as acting in exact accorThe left wing of the Allies was annihilated. So I dance with sound military principles. That far all was well for the Child of Destiny; but Vandamme was right is established by the fact Nemesis was preparing to exact her dues very that an order came from Napoleon to Marshal swiftly. A victory can scarcely be so called, Mortier, who commanded at Pirna, to reinforce unless it be well followed up; and whether him with two divisions; but the order did not Dresden should be another Austerlitz depended reach Mortier until after Vandamme had been upon what might be done during the next two defeated. Marshal Saint-Cyr, who was bound or three days. Napoleon did not act with his to aid Vandamme, was grossly negligent, and usual energy on that critical occasion, and in failed of his duty; but even he would have acted seven months he had ceased to reign. Why did well had he been acting under the eye of he refrain from reaping the fruits of victory ? the Emperor, as would have been the case, had Because the weather, which had been so favour. not the weather of the 27th broken down the able to his fortunes on the 27th, was quite as health of Napoleon, and had not other disasters unfavourable to his person. On that day he was to the French, all caused by the same storm that exposed to the rain for twelve hours, and when had raged round Dresden, induced Napoleon to he returned to Dresden at night he was wet to direct his personal attention to points remote the skin, and covered with mud, while the water from the scene of his last triumph.* was streaming from his chapeau, which the storm had knocked out of a cocked bat. It was a peculiarity of Napoleon's constitution, that he * There was a story current that Napoleon's incould not expose himself to damp without bring. disposition on the 28th of August was caused by his ing on a pain in the stomach ; and this pain eating heartily of a shoulder of mutton stuffed with seized bim at noon on the 28th, when he bad garlic, not the wholesomest food in the world; and partaken of a repast at Pirna, whither he had the digestive powers having been reduced by long exgone in the course of his operations against the posure to damp, this dish may have been too much for beaten enemy. This illness caused him to cease them. Thiers says that the Imperial illness at Pirna bis personal exertions, but not from giving such was
a malady invented by flatterers," and yet only orders as the work before him required him to
a few pages before he says that “Napoleon proceeded issue. Perbaps it would have had no evil ef. to Pirna, where he arrived about noon, and where, fect, had it not been that, while halting at Pirna, with a pain in the stomach, to which he was subject
after having partaken of a slight repast, he was seized news came to him of two great failures of distant armies, which led him to order the Young stomach complaints from an early period of his
after exposure to damp.” Napoleon suffered from Guard to halt at that place—an order that cost career, and one of their effects is greatly to lessen the him bis empire. One more march in advance, powers of the sufferer’s mind. His want of energy and Napoloen would bave become greater than at Borodino was attributed to a disordered stomach, ever he had been; but that march was not made, and the Russians were simply beaten, not destroyed, and so the flying foe was converted into a vic-' on that field. When he heard of Vandamme's defeat,
When Napoleon was called from the pursuit it at only one place, and there they lost waggons of Blucher by Schwarzenberg's advance upon and guns. Old Blucher issued a thundering Dresden, he confided the command of the army proclaination for the encouragement of his troops. that was to act against that of Silesia to Mar. - In the battle on the Katzbach," he said shal Macdonald, a brave and honest man, but to them, “the enemy came to meet you with a very inferior soldier, yet who might have defiance. Courageously, and with the rapidity managed to hold his own against so unscientific of lightening, you issued from bebind your a leader as the fighting old hussar, had it not heights. You scorned to attack them with been for the terrible rain-storm that began on musketry-fire: you advanced without a halt; the night of the 25th of August. The swelling your bayonets drove them down the steep of the rivers, some of them deep and rapid, led ridge of the valley of the raging Neisse to the isolation of the French division, while and Katzbach. Afterwards you waded through the rain was so severe as to prevent them from rivers and brooks swollen with rain. You using their muskets. Animated by the most passed nights in mud. You suffered for want ardent hatred, the new Prussian levies, few of of provisions, as the impassable roads and want whom had been in service half as long as our of conveyance hindered the baggage from volunteers, and many of whom were but following. You struggled with cold, wet, privamere boys, rushed upon their enemies, tions, and want of clothing; nevertheless you butchering them with butt and bayonet, and did not murmur ; with great exertions you forcing them into the boiling torrent of the pursued your routed foe." Receive my thanks Katzbach. Puthod's division was prevented for such laudable conduct, The man alone who from rejoining its comrades by the height of the unites such qualities is a good soldier. One waters, and was destroyed, though one of the hundred and three cannons, two hundred and best bodies in the French army.
fifty ammunition-waggons, the enemy's fieldThe Baron Von Muffling, who was present in hospitals, their field-forges, their flour-waggons. Blucher's army, says that when the French one general of division, two generals of brigade, attempted to protect their retreat at the Katz- a great number of colonels, staff and other bach with artillery, the guns stuck in the mud; officers, eighteen thousand prisoners, two eagles, and he adds-" The field of battle was so and other trophies, are in your hands. The saturated by the incessant rain, that a great terror of your arms has so seized upon the portion of our infantry left their shoes sticking rest of your opponents, that they will no longer in the mud, and followed the enemy barefoot.' bear the sight of your bayonets. You have Even a brook, called the Deichsel, was seen the roads and fields between the Katzbach swollen by the rain that the French could cross and the Bober : they bear the signs of the
terror and confusion of your enemy.” The
bluff old General, who at seventy had more Napoleon said, “One should make a bridge of gold for “ dash” than all the rest of the leaders of the a flying enemy, where it is impossible, as in Van; Allies combined, and who did most of the real damme's case, to oppose to him a bulwark of steel.” fighting business of " those who wished and He forgot that his own plan was to have opposed to worked” Napoleon's fall, knew how to talk to
bulwark of steel, and that the soldiers, which is a quality not always possessed non-existence of that bulwark on the 30th of Auguat was owing to his own negligence. leader who can take them to victory, and then
by even eminent commanders. Soldiers love a Still, the
at Kulm might not have proved so terribly fatal, had it not been preceded talk to them about it. Such a man is “ one of by the reverses on the Katzbach, which also were
them." owing to the heavy rains, and news of which was the Napoleon never recovered from the effects of cause of the halting of so large a portion of his pur. the losses he experienced at Kulm and on the suing force at Pirna, and the march of many of his Katzbach-losses due entirely to the wetness of best men back to Dresden, his intention being to the weather. He went downward from that attempt the restoration of affairs in that quarter, time with terrible velocity, and was in Elba the where they have been so sadly compromised under next spring, seven months after having been on Macdonald's direction. He was as much overworked the Elbe. by the necessity of attending to so many theatres of Napoleon's last campaign owed its lamentable action as his armies were overmatched in the field by decision to the peculiar character of the weather the superior number of the allies. He is said to have
on its last two days though one would not look repeated the following lines, after musing for a while on the news from Kulm :
for such a thing as severe weather in June, in
Flanders. But so it was, and Waterloo would " J'ai servi, commandé, vaincu quarante années ;
have been a French victory, and Wellington Du monde entre mes mains j'ai vu les destinées,
nowhere, if the rain that fell so heavily on the Et j'ai toujours connu qu'en chaque événement
17th of June had been postponed only twentyLe destin des états dépendait d'un moment.”
four hours. Up to the afternoon of the 17th,
the weather, though very warm, was dry, and But he had hours, we may say days, to settle his the French were engaged in following their destiny, and was not tied down to a moment. After- enemies. The Anglo-Dutch infantry had rewards he had fairness to admit that he had lost a great i treated from Quatre-Bras, and the cavalry was opportunity to regain the ascendency in not support following, and was itself followed by the French ing Vandamme with the whole of the Young Guard. cavalry, who pressed it with great audacity,
"The weather,” says Captain Siborne,“ during i frosts : that the November hurricane of 1854 the morning, bad become oppressively hot; it all but paralyzed the allied forces in the Crimea; was now a dead calm; not a leaf was stirring; and many similar things that establish the helpand the atmosphere was close to an intolerable lessness of men in arms when the weather is addegree : while a dark, heavy, dense cloud im- verse to them. pended over the combatants. The 18th English Hussars were fully prepared, and awaited but the command to change, when the brigade guns on the right commenced firing, for the purpose of previously disturbing and breaking the order of the enemy's advance. The concussion
THINGS THAT NEVER DIE. seemed instantly to rebound through the still atmosphere, and communicate, as an electric spark, with the heavily charged mass above.
The pure, the bright, the beautiful, A most awfully loud thunder-clap burst forth,
That stirred our hearts in youth, immediately succeeded by a rain which has never, probably, been exceeded in violence even
The impulse to a wordless prayer, within the tropics. In a very few minutes the
The dreams of love and truth, ground became petfectly saturated-so much so, The longings after something lost, that it was quite inpracticable for any rapid The spirit's yearning cry, movement of the cavalry.” This storm pre
The strivings after better hopes— vented the French from pressing with due force upon their retiring foes; but that would have
These things can never die. been but a small evil, if the storm had not settled into a steady and heavy rain, which con
The timid hand stretched forth to aid verted the fat Flemish soil into mud. All
A brother in his need, through the night the windows of heaven were open, as if weeping over the spectacle of two The kindly words in grief's dark hour, hundied thousand men preparing to butcher That proves a friend indeed; each other. Occasionally the rain fell in The plea for mercy softly breathed, torrents. greatly distressing the soldiers who
When justice threatens high, had no tents. On the morning of the 18th the
The sorrow of a contrite heartrain ceased, but the day continued cloudy, and the sun did not show himself until the moment
These things will never die. before setting, when for an instant he blazed forth in full glory upon the forward movements of the Allies. One may wonder if Napoleon
The memory of a clasping hand, then thought of that morning "Sun of Auster- The pressure of a kiss, litz,” which he had so often apostrophized in And all the trifles sweet and frail, the days of his meridian triumphs. The even- That make up love's first bliss ; ing sun of Waterloo was the practical antithesis If, with a firm, unchanging faith, to the rising sun of Austerlitz.
And holy trust and high, If space permitted, we could bring forward many other facts to show the influence of
Those hands have clasped, those lips have metweather on the operations of war. We could
These things shall never die. show that it was owing to changes of wind that the Spaniards failed to take Leyden, the fall of which into their hands would probably have
The cruel and the bitter word, proved fatal to the Dutch cause; that a sudden That wounded as it fell, thaw prevented the French from seizing the The chilling want of sympathy, Hague in 1672, and compelling the Dutch to We feel but never tell; acknowledge themselves subjects of Louis
The hard repulse that chills the heart, XIV.; that a change of wind enabled William
Whose hopes are bounding high, of Orange to land in England, in 1688, without fighting a battle, when even victory might have
In an unfading record kept been fatal to his purpose; that Continental ex
Those things shall never die. peditions fitted out for the purpose of restoring ihe Stuarts to the British throne were more than once ruined by the occurrence of tempests.
Let nothing pass, for every hand That the misty, chilly, and insalubrious" Must find some work to do ; weather of Louisiana, and its mud, had a Lose not a chance to waken love, marked effect on Sir Edward Pakenham's army,
Be firm, and just, and true. and helped the Americans to victory over one of the finest forces ever sent by Europe to the
So shall a light, that cannot fade,
Beam to thee from on high, West; that in 1828 the Russians lost myriad: of men and horses, in the Danubian country
And angel voice will say to thee and its vicinity, through heavy rains and hard These things shall never die.
PA G E.
LADY'S WATCH-POCKET IN NETTED EMBROIDERY.
MATERIALS.-One reel Boar's-head crochet cotton No. 16, of Messrs. Walter Evans and Co., Derby, two
meshes, one flat, nearly half an inch wide, and the other round, steel No. 16; a netting needle; one skein of coloured wool, of any colour to suit the drapery of the room : a yard of inch-wide sarcenet ribbon; a round of card-board, and a small piece of silk the same colour as the wool.
On a foundation of 28 stitches net one round Fasten off and work the edge as before. with wide mesh.
In the 14th round darn every alternate dia. 2nd round. Small mesh, one in each.
mond with the wool. 3rd, 4th, 5th, and 6th. Same as 2nd.
On a foundation of 18 stitches, with wide th7. Large mesh, two in each.
mesh, net one round. 8th. Small mesh, one in each.
2nd. Small mesh, two in each. 9th and 10th. Same as 8th.
3rd. Small mesh, one in each. Fasten the thread, and with the wool cover Do five more rounds the same, and work the the entire outside round of meshes with loosely- edge as before ; darn every alternate diamond wrought button-hole stitches. This forms the in 6th round. first round of the pocket.
Take a round of card-board the size of a On the same foundation, with wide mesh, net large watch, leaving about an inch above the one plain round.
round at the top, cover it with the silk, lay the 2nd round. Wide meshes, two stitches in first piece of netting flat on it, and stitch it round. each.
Now take the second piece and stitch the 5th 3rd. Small mesh, net two stitches together round of diamonds down tightly, rather more all round.
than half round, so as to make the edge come 4th. Small mesh, one in each.
to the 7th round of the first piece. This will Do six more rounds the same.
leave it loose in the centre to form the pocket. 11th. Small mesh, two stitches in each. Stitch the other piece of netting to the middle 12th. Small mesh, one in each.
of this, and finish with a knot of ribbon in the 13th, 14th, 15th, and 16th. Small mesh, one centre. Attach a piece double, about three inches stitch in each.
long, to the top, and add a rosette and ends.
MOSS FOR A MAT.
MATERIALS.-One dozen light green, one dozen dark green skeins of Berlin wool; bone knitting pins.
1st row. Light green, cast on twenty stitches.
2nd. * Place the wool three times round the first and second finger, and knit them with the first stitch; repeat to end from *.
4th. Same as second, taking two stitches together at the commencement and end of row.
10th. As fourth.
12th. Join the dark green to light, same as fourth.
MATERIALS.-Boar's-head crochet cotton according to fineness desired.
Cast on 5 stitches, *, knit 5, pull the second together, turn, knit 4, take up the last stitch of last stitch on right-hand needle over the last 4 the first point and knit it, turn and cast off, sliptimes, pick up the loop at the end and knit it, ping the first stitch and seaming the others, pull the other over it, slip the stitch that re- cast on 1 stitch, pull the stitch to the left haud mains on to the left-hand needle, cast on 4 over it, repeat from * 6 times, cast on 4 stitches, stitches, repeat from * 4 times more, then take and repeat from the first cross till you have up the long loop at the straight edge of each made the length you wish. This is a very point, and knit it; this will make 6 on the strong trimming for children's things, needle; seam 2 together and seam 2, seam 2
LEAVES FOR THE LITTLE ONES.
to whom he could only indicate his wants by
signs and signals. I well remember his pale, (A True Story.)
patient face, drawn with pain, yet full of endu
rance, lying back upon the pillow, and the METEOR."
sudden gleam and flash of light that came over
it as I addressed him in his own tongue, It is the fashion now-a-days to write “true Tears of joy gathered in his eyes, and he held stories” about many things, and these stories my hand in a grasp that trembled with excess are not always true, but only false and wicked of feeling. From that day I saw him frequently, inventions. However, the tale I am about to and he spoke to me of those he loved, and tell you now is of things I myself saw and should never see again; for the fiat had gone heard, and will always remember, and often forth, and one day as I entered the ward I saw love to think about.
his bed was empty, and the" sister" met me with Before telling you this simple story of a the simple words : " é morta." Yes; he had little suffering child, I should like to impress died among strangers, and far from the mother upon all who may chance to be my readers (old of whom he had spoken so lovingly. I thanked as well as young) how true and pure a pleasure God that it had been granted to me to break may be found by all of us in striving, each in tbrough the isolation of his last days—but I am our own particular sphere and way, to bring a wandering far from “ Little Dick.' bit of confort and a ray of sunshine into the During the summer of the present year, homes of the poor around us. Nothing seems while living in the South of Ireland, I was one to me more sad than to think of one who morning disturbed the sound of a long lies down to rest at night and has left undone argument, apparently being held on the door. that little kindness; left unspoken that little step, between my cook and some very earnest word of sympathy; left ungiven that little offer. petitioner. I had been seriously ill, and thereing that might have cheered a suffering fellow fore my servants hesitated to disturb me so creature, or even held him back from sin. early in the day; but something in the voice, Surely in the lives of some sins of omission that was full of trouble, led me to inquire into will form a heavier charge than any other ! the matter, and I rung my bell. During a wandering and changeful life I have “ It is a poor old woman,'
was the informaseen much of poverty, much of sickness, much tion I received ; "she wants to beg a spoonful of death, and I have often paid the tribute of of jam for a dying child. She's brought a cup deep and earnest gratitude to those who, from and a spoon to take it in, and has been to six my earliest childhood, taught me to withhold doors already and can't get any. I was just neither help nor sympathy when it was about telling her you hadn't a bit in the house, in my power to bestow either. I have learnt or I knew you'd be after giving it her." that the benefit is not altogether on one side ; In a moment there flashed through my mind that truly the "quality of mercy is twice the pitiful picture of a little suffering creature blessed - it blesseth him that gives, and in some of those dreadful narrow squalid him that takes," for comfort is given to us as streets not far from my own home. I fancied well as by us from the suffering ones of God's an eager, watching, waiting face, pinched with world, and we learn many a holy lesson that pain and want, and the bitter disappointment will stand us good in our own hour of need. when the cup and spoon came home_empty
At one time, some years ago, I used often to from a quest that had been in vain. The revisit the wards of a foreign hospital, and the sult of this fancy-picture was that I said : pitiful and patient suffering I there witnessed, “Go and see if that poor woman is out the heartfelt gratitude for the smallest kindness, of sight, and, if not, call her back.”. often led me to feel how light, in comparison She came: I did not see her, only sent down to the lot of these poor creatures, were my own a written order to my grocer to“ give the bearer troubles and trials.
a small pot of strawberry jam, for me." I also I especially remember the case of a young obtained her name and address. This last was, seaman (belonging to a French merchant as I expected, in the lowest and most povertyvessel), who, while in a strange port, fell from stricken part of the town. one of the masts and broke both his thighs. As time passed I regained my usual strength, Though treated with every care and kindness and one day I made up my mind to go and find by Dr. Pisani, the admirable surgeon of the hos- the child that had been sick so long—for the pital, and tended by those gentle sisters of cha- poor woman had said he was “two years bad.” rity, that are the best of all nurses, he was very No one but those who have seen the narrow lonely surrounded by those who could neither streets of hovels in Irish towns can conceive speak nor understand his own language, and what they are—and certainly anyone would