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connection with all the events of the war for the preservation of American nationality, are in the archives of the War Department; and they are there retained, only to be revealed when the present generation shall have passed away. The Life of Washington, even though it was written by a Marshall, with the abundant access to unpublished documents which his position enabled him to command, or which it was the policy of the government to afford him, waited half a century for Irving, to give it symmetry and completeness. The humbler biographers of Mr. Lincoln, though they satisfy an immediate want, and gather much which would otherwise be forever lost, can hardly hope to be more than tributaries to that better and completer biography which the next, or some succeeding generation, will be sure to produce and possess.

I have no opportunity, except that which this page affords me, to acknowledge my indebtedness to those who have assisted me in the collection of unpublished materials for this volume. I have been indebted specially to William H. Herndon, Esq., of Springfield, Illinois, for many years Mr. Lincoln's law partner, who has manifested, from the first, the kindest interest in my book; to Newton Bateman, Esq., Superintendent of Public Instruction in Illinois; to James Q. Howard, Esq., United States Consul at St. John, New Brunswick; to Hon. John D. Defrees, Superintendent of Public Printing in Washington; to Hon. Henry L. Dawes, of Massachusetts; to Horace White, Esq., of the Chicago Tribune; to U. F. Linder, Esq., of Chicago; to J. F. Speed, Esq., of Louisville, Kentucky; to Judge S. T. Logan, Hon. Jesse K. Dubois, Rev. A. Hale, and Hon. Erastus Wright, old neighbors and friends of Mr. Lincoln in Illinois; to Rev. J. T. Duryea, of New York; and George H. Stuart, Esq., of Philadelphia. To these, and to the unnamed but not forgotten friends who have aided me, I return my hearty thanks.

Putnam's “Record of the Rebellion ” has proved itself an inexhaustible fountain of valuable and interesting facts; and I have been much indebted to McPherson's History of the Rebellion, the best arranged and most complete collection of public documents relating to the war that has been published. I have freely consulted the campaign biographies of Messrs. Scripps, Raymond, and Barrett, to the excellence of which I bear cheerful testimony. Among other books that have been useful to me, are Nichols' “Story of the Great March,” Coggeshall's “Journeys of Abraham Lincoln,” Schalk's

Campaigns of 1862 and 1863,” and Halsted's “Caucuses of 1860.” Carpenter's “Reminiscences,” published in the New York Independent, and an article by Noah Brooks in Harper's Magazine, have furnished me also with some very interesting materials.

Hoping that the volume will be as pleasant, instructive and inspiring in the reading as it has been in the writing, I present it to my indulgent friends, the American people. 10 JA 07

J. G. H. SPRINGFIELD, Mass., November, 1865.

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Marriages in Thomas Lincoln's Family-Marriage and Death of Abraham's Sister-

Removal of Thomas Lincoln to Illinois–Difficulties of the Journey-Abraham As-
sists in building a Log House and in splitting Rails-He leaves Home-Works for
hire, Chopping Wood and Farming-Anecdote-Thomas Lincoln removes to Coles
County-His death-Abraham goes to New Orleans with a Cargo of Swine-He is
employed in a Store at New Salem-Anecdotes illustrating his Honesty-His Pun-
ishment of a Bully-His Adventure with the “Clary's Grove Boys”-He studies
English Grammar-Attends Debating Clubs-Anecdote-His Employer fails, and
the Store is closed-Mr. Lincoln is called “Honest Abe,"



Mr. Lincoln nominated for Congress in 1846—He “Stumpa" his District-Elected by a

large Majority-His fitness for the Position-The old Wrig Party and the Mexican
War-Mr. Lincoln's Resolutions-Mr. Hudson's Resolution-Mr. Lincoln's Speech,
January 12th, 1848-Defense of the Postmaster-general-Mr. Lincoln a member of

the Whig Convention of 1848-Advocates the nomination of General Taylor-Speech
in Congress on the Candidates for the Presidency-Correspondence with the Whig
Leaders in Illinois-Speeches during the Canvass-Second Session of the Thirtieth
Congress-Mr. Lincoln's Position on the Slavery Question-He seeks for the Posi.
tion of Commissioner of the General Land Office, but fails, ..


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