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In Him the Giver,— loving them the more
That the bower indeed is lost?
Through the solstice and the frost, —
« Till another open for me
White with gazing at His Throne;
The Lost BOWER.— Mrs. Browning “So should we live that every hour
May die, as dies the natural flower,
May hold within itself the seed
“Esteeming sorrow, whose employ
to develop, not destroy, Far better than a barren Joy."
THE WORTH OF IIC RS.-R. M. Milnes,
“ Cheat her not with the old comfort,
• Soon she will forget,'.
Rather for regret ;
Turn to other things :'
FRIEND SORROW. - Miss Procter.
And all is right that seems most wrong,
If it be His sweet will!” – Faber.
“Love that believes, is always sweet
To fearful hearts, which Thou wilt guide,
Hymn. - Miss Waring “I know Thee who bust kept my path, and made
Light for me in the darkness — tempering sorrow,
PARACELSUS. — Browning.
6 Be still and strong,
THE PROSPECT. - Mrs. Browning.
6. The dial
LUCILE. Owen Meredith.
FORCE The term Force is used to denote loudness of sound; it also includes energy.
The various degrees of force may be thus represented
α α Ια Practise upon a single element of speech, giving alternately the rising and falling inflection. Begin at the faintest sound above the whisper, upon the middle pitch, or a little below, and being careful to make no deviation from the key-note, gradually increase the sound to the most vehement force of calling and shouting, with all the power the voice can yield.
Continue the same exercise upon single words and phrases.
“Vocal gymnastics afford no discipline more useful than that which accompanies the daily practice of the various gradations of force. Exercises of this description enable the public speaker to retain perpetually at command the main element of vivid and impressive utterance; and they furnish to young persons of studious and sedentary habit the means of thorough invigoration for the energetic use of the voice, required in professional exertions.
The effect of vocal training in the department of force is greatly augmented, when the bolder exercises are performed in the open air or in a large hall. A voice trained on this scale of practice, easily accommodates itself to a more limited space; while it is equally true, that a voice habitu. ated to parlor reading only, usually fails in the attempt to practice in a room more spacious. Farther, the fact is familiar to instructors in elocution, that persons commencing practice with a very weak and inadequate voice, attain, in a few weeks, a perfect command of the utmost degrees of force, by performing their exercises out of doors, or in a hall of ample dimensions.
It is a matter of great moment, in practising these exercises, to observe, at first, with the utmost strictness, the rule of commencing with the slightest and advancing to the most energetic forms of utterance. When prae tice has imparted due vigor and facility, it will be a useful variation of order, to commence with the more powerful exertions of the voice, and descend to the more gentle. It is a valuable attainment, also, to be able to strike at once, and with perfect ease and precision, into any degree of force, from whispering to shouting.” — Russell.
“ The daily repetition of the various stages of utterance, exemplified in exercises on force, will serve to maintain vigor, and pliancy of voice, and to preserve a disciplined strength and facility of utterance. The elementary practice of examples should not be relinquished, till a perfect command is acquired of every degree of loudness. The succession of the exercises should occasionally be varied, by practising them in inverted order; care should be taken to preserve, in the expression of each, that perfect distinctness of articulation, without which, force of utterance becomes useless. Full impressions of the importance of preparatory discipline will be needed to induce the student to carry on this department of practica with that vigorous and persevering application which it requires. The advantages of the attainment in view, however, are of the utmost consequence to the health and vigor of the corporeal frame, the perfection of the organs of speech, the distinctness of enunciation, the adequate expression of thought, and the appropriate influence of feeling. The customary tones of public speaking are generally assumed through inadvertent imitation, or adopted by misguided taste; these are equally defective and injurious, whether we regard the speaker himself, the sentiments which he utters, or their influence on the minds of others." — Ibid.
The terms — loud and soft, strong and weak, are used to express the various degrees of force.
Particular care should be taken not to confound these terms with high and low; the latter being properly applied only to pitch. A mistake of this kind might therefore lead one, when he designs to increase the force of his voice, merely to raise it to a higher pitch, and thus, instead of producing the intended louder and stronger sound, he would merely give one more shrill.
The term force, as applied to the utterance of syllables and words, has a meaning distinct from the term loudness, and also from that peculiar stress which is denominated emphasis. Force is nearly synonymous with energy. Energy, in delivery, may be given, not only, like accent, to single words, but it may also be extended to whole sentences and paragraphs.
“In regard to a proper loudness of voice, the first object of every person who reads or speaks to others, doubtless should be to make himself easily and distinctly heard by all to whom he addresses himself. To effect this, he must fill with his voice the space occupied by the auditory. The volume and power of voice necessary to fill a given space, depends much on proper pitch as well as force, but far more on a clear and distinct articulation. The variety of loudness, softness, energy or feebleness requisite for good delivery falls within the compass of each key. By observing a distinct articulation, a speaker will always be enabled to give the most volume of sound on that pitch to which he is accustomed in ordinary conversation. But, by setting out on a higher key, he will allow himself less compass, and be likely to strain his voice before closing his discourse; thus by fatiguing himself he will speak with pain, and whenever a person speaks with pain to himself, he is heard with pain by his audience.”-Kirkham.
From Dr. Rush's instructions we deduce the following:
There is an obvious propriety in the employment of force when distance is pictured in discourse. The indication of nearness, on the contrary, is well expressed by an abatement of this force.
Secrecy muffles the voice against discovery; and doubt, while it leans towards a positive declaration, cunningly prepares the subterfuge of an undertone, that the impression of its possible error may be least exciting and durable.
Certainly, on the other hand, in the full desire to be heard, distinctly assumes all the impressiveness of strength.
Anger declares itself with force, because its charges and denials are made with a wide appeal, and in its own sincerity of conviction. Alike degree of force is employed in expressing hate, ferocity, or revenge.
All sentiments, unbecoming or disgraceful, smother the voice to its softer degrees, in the desire to conceal even the voluntary utterance of them.
Joy is loud in calling for companionship, through the overflowing charity of its satisfaction.
Bodily pain, fear, terror, when not subdued by weakness, are strong in their expression, with the double intention of summoning relief, and of repelling the offending cause when it is a sentient being; the sharpness and vehemence of the full-strained and piercing cry being universally painful or appalling to the animal
Thoughts, sentiments, or conditions expressing humility, modesty, shame, doubt, irresolution, apathy, caution, mystery, repose, fatigue, or prostration from disease, require the piano or moderate voice.
"'Tis not enough no harshness gives offence;
The sound must seem an echo to the sense:
“O precious evenings! all too quickly sped !
Leaving us heirs to amplest heritages
To be interpreted by such a voice!”