Lectures on the Growth and Development of the United States: Illustrated
Excerpt from Lectures on the Growth and Development of the United States: Illustrated
Conditions in Alabama Democrats elect governor Carpet-bag government superseded The BrooksBaxter war in Arkansas Democrats regain State Governor Davis of Texas defeated by Democratic nominee, Richard Coke Shot-gun methods in Mississippi Prevalency of corruption Success of Democrats Impeachment of State ollicials Enormous frauds in Louisiana Negro legislators Usurpation of government by Kellogg faction Backed by Grant Open warfare McEnery faction submits Riots and bloodshed Battle between Metropolitan Police and White League Government troops sent and order restored Disputes in legislature Protests sent from Northern cities Kellogg and others impeached South Carolina debt and taxes Furnishings of State House Queer supplies for legislators Composition of legislature Gradual emancipation. In chapter VII was shown the manner in which several of the Southern States passed from under the control of the radicals. In 1874 three other States, Alabama, Arkansas and Texas, overthrew the reconstruction regime and in 1875 Mississippi followed, leaving Louisiana, Florida and South Carolina still under carpet-bag governments. In Alabama the governor and lower house of the legislature had been elected in 1870 by the Democrats. The senate still remained Republican, however, and in 1872 the Republicans again came into power, electing the governor and with the aid of Federal troops securing the majority in the legislature.! Under this regime the State became worse than bankrupt, and the taxes soared beyond all reason. In 1860 the rate of taxation So, On general conditions see Fleming, Documentary History, vol. ii., chap. viii. fFor methods of compiling poll lists see Charles NordhofT, The Cotton States in the Spring and Co Summer of 875, pp. 85-89 (D.Appleton Co.)M Xoc was one-fifth of one percent, on a portion of the wealth of the State, but this rate had risen by 1868 to three-fourths of one percent, representing an eightfold increase, considering the vast difference in the value of property. Expenditures for State purposes, which had amounted to$530, 107 in 1860, increased to$2, 081, 649.39 in 1873 and the State debt advanced from$4, 065, 410 in 1866 to$30, 037, 563 in 1874, beside which a city and county debt amounting to about$12, 000, 000 was piled up, so that the total of State, city and county debts amounted to about 65 percent, of the assessed valuation of the farm lands of the State. This was mainly due to the policy adopted by the State in 1867 of endorsing the bonds of new railroads at the rate of$16, 000 for each mile actually constructed.
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