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Ancestry.—Death of his Father. -Life on a Farm.-Disappointment.-Ap-
prenticeship.—Enters School.-— Removal to Western New York.–Studies
Law.-Taste for Politics.—Goes to the West.--Experience in Cleveland.
-Cincinnati.-Louisville.—Trip to St. Louis.-Hon. E. C. Bates.--Il-
linois at that time.—Internal Improvements. Douglas reaches Jackson-
Want of Money. — Goes to Winchester. — Clerk of Auction. — Obtains a
School.-Murray M‘Connel.-Admitted to the Bar.-Personal Appear-
ance. -Jackson's Bank Policy.—Douglas proposes Meeting to defend it.
-The Meeting.-Douglas's Triumph.—Meeting of Legislature.-Douglas
elected State's Attorney.-Early Friends.—Predictions of his Failure.-
His Tact and Ability.-His Success.-Institutes Convention System in
Morgan County.--Its Success. ---Douglas put on Ticket.--Democrats carry
Douglas in the Legislature.--Internal Improvement System.-National Poli-
tics.-Reports against Divorces.-Proposes Plan for Internal Improve-
ments.—Is overruled.-System adopted.-Appointed Register of Land-
office.-Gloomy political Prospects.-Convention System resorted to.-
Origin of Democratic State Organization.-Nominated for Congress.-
Memorable Canvass.- Is defeated.-First State Convention.-Public Din-
ner at Quincy.--Rejoicings of the Whigs.-Several Speeches.—The Case
of M'Clernand and Field.—Douglas's Argument.--Supreme Court.-Cam-
paign of 1840.—Douglas's Canvass.-Debates in the Lobby.--Appointed
Secretary of State. History of the “Alien Suffrage.”—Douglas presents
a hostile Decision.—The Vote saved for Van Buren.-Supreme Court re-
organized.--Douglas elected to the Bench.-His Circuit. -The Mormons.
-Saves Joe Smith's Life.-Gratitude of Smith.-Douglas's Influence with
the Mormons.—His Popularity as a Judge.--Caucus for U. S. Senator.-
Is defeated by one Vote.--Second State Convention.-Nominated for Con-
gress.--His Opponent.--Is elected.— Violent Illness.—Leaves for Wash-
Early Support of Jackson.-Speech on Jackson's Fine.--Invited to Tennes-
see.- Monster Convention.— Visit to the Hermitage.--Interview with
Jackson.—Interesting Account. —Jackson's Estimate of Douglas's Speech.
-Speech at Inauguration of Jackson's Statue...
Annexation of Texas. -Proposes 36° 30'.-It is adopted.—Mexican War.
-Great Speech on American Title, and in Defense of the War.— Treaty
of Peacc.-Votes against it......
Foreign Policy.-Oregon Boundary.—Democratic Platform.-54° 40'.-
Monroe Doctrine.-Clayton-Bulwer Treaty.--Debates in Senate.-Speech
on Monroe Doctrine.-Extracts from Debates.-Cuba
Territorial Expansion.–Central America. —Annexation of more Territory.
-Friendship of England. -Repelling foreign Aggressions.—Filibuster-
ism.-Acquisition of Cuba......
Compromise of 1850.—The Questions at issue.-The Demands on both
sides.—Henry Clay in the Senate.- President's Message.—Plans of Com-
promise by Houston, Benton, Foote, Bell, and Clay.- Abolition of Peti-
tions.—Protracted Debates.—Speeches by Clay, Calhoun, Webster, Doug-
las.-Bills reported for California, the Territories, and Texas Boundary.
-Committee of Thirteen appointed. —Why Clay reported Omnibus.-
Conversation between Clay and Douglas.-History of Omnibus Bill.—
Davis's Amendments.—Restrictions on Territorial Legislation.-Soulé's
Amendment.-Douglas votes for Wilmot Proviso.-His Reasons.—Texas
Boundary.–California.—Death of President Taylor.–Power of Terri-
torial Legislatures.-Extracts from Debates.-Destruction of the Omnibus.
-New Mexico put out.—Texas put out.—California put out.-Utah left
alone.-36° 30' repudiated by the Abolitionists.--Passage of the Bill. 124
California Bill passed.—Texas Boundary Bill passed.--New Mexico Bill
passed.-Fugitive Slave Law passed.—Exclusion of free Negroes from
States.—Douglas's Speech.-Extracts from Debates on final Passage of
Compromise Acts.—Douglas returns to Chicago.—The Abolition Mob. —
Defends the Fugitive Slave Law.-Effects of the Speech.—The Compro-
mise in Congress.-His Speech in 1851.-
Fugitive Slave Law.—Why he voted for Wilmot Proviso.--The Chicago
Speech.-Defense of Fugitive Slave Law.......
The Nebraska-Kansas Bill.-Its Purpose.-The Freedom of the People.-
Douglas reports the Bill.—The Missouri Compromise. -Dixon Amend-
ment.—Sumner Amendment.—Bill taken up.-Chase asks Postponement.
- Meantime Chase issues his Address.-Douglas's Exposure of the Trick.
Protest of New England Clergy. Of the Chicago
Clergy.—14th Section:- The Chase Amendment.—Its Design.—Why it
was voted down.—Extracts from Speeches of Wells, Toucey, Hunter, Cass,
Atchison.-The Badger Amendment.-Clayton Amendment.--Bill passed.
-History of Bill in the House.—Returned to Senate.—Passed. -Douglas's
Speech of March 3.-President Pierce and the Nebraska Bill.... Page 187
Anti-Nebraskaism. — Know-nothingism. — Douglas denounces Know-noth-
ingism at Philadelphia.-His Speech on that occasion.—Chicago Mob in
1854.-Description of Scene.-Reason for refusing him a Hearing.–Vio-
lence at other points. — The Election of 1854.-Fusion Legislature.—Elec-
tion of Trumbull.-Douglas offered a public Dinner at Chicago.-His
Speech on that occasion.-Visits New Orleans.-Denounces Know-noth-
ings at Richmond, Va............
Relief of Supreme Court of U. States.-Douglas's Plan.- His Speech explain-
ing it.-Plan rejected.-Bill fails.—His Defense of Supreme Court... 277
Kansas in 1856.-President's Message. — Topeka Constitution. -Douglas's
celebrated Report, March 12th.-Reports a Bill enabling Kansas to form
a State Government.-Extracts from Report.-His Speech on same sub-
ject.-His Reply to Collamer. - Various Bills introduced.--Toombs's Bill.
-Bill passed. --House passes Bill admitting Kansas..Senate amends it.
-Dunn's Bill passes House.—Douglas's Report upon it.-Laid on Table.
-House introduces Legislation for Kansas into Army Bill.-Disagree-
ment of Houses.-Congress adjourns.—Army Bill lost.-Congress con-
The Lecompton Controversy.-Governors for Kansas.-Governor Walker.-
Conditions of Acceptance.- His Instructions and Inaugural.—Constitu-
tion to be submitted.-Meeting of Congress.-President's Message.-
Douglas's Speech of 9th December......
Internal Improvements. — River and Harbor Bills. — Tonnage Duties.-
Douglas's Proposition. -Letter to Governor Matteson.-Illinois Central
Railroad. - History of the Measure before Congress. - Its Passage.-Its
Benefits to Illinois and the West.-Pacific Railroad.—Speech on sub-
Campaign of 1858.—The Lecompton Constitution.—John Calhoun.-Dem-
ocratic Protests.-Unanimity in Illinois.-President sustained.-Change
of Policy by Administration.—Disappointment in Illinois. -Strange Doc-
trinės of Washington Union.-Panic of Republicans.—Their Hopes re-
vived.—President's Message.-Meeting in Chicago.—Speeches.--Bigler
and Fitch denounced.—Proscription commenced.—Danitism instituted.-
Democratic Convention.—New Delegations.—How got up.-Unanimity
of Democrats.—Meeting of the Convention.--Its Proceedings.— Its Reso-
lutions.-Danite Convention.—Proscription continued.--Second Danite
Republican Convention. --Democratic Papers in Illinois.-
Douglas returns to Chicago.-His Reception.--The Proceedings.—Lin-
coln's Speech, 17th June. -Douglas's Speech in Chicago.......... 380
Lincoln addresses Meeting at Chicago.—Republican Aid to Danites.-Ger-
man Democrats of Chicago.—Douglas leaves for Springfield.-His Route.
-Douglas makes and announces his Appointments for Meetings. - The
List.—Returns to Chicago.-Lincoln's Challenge.--Its Cause.—Douglas's
Reply.--Joint Discussions agreed upon.—Trumbull speaks at Chicago.-
Proscription continued.--How a Democrat saved his Head.-Douglas's
Visit and Speech at Winchester.-Freeport Treason.-Popular Sovereign-
ty Doctrines of Orr, Douglas, Buchanan.-Joint Discussion at Ottawa.
Its Result.-—The Freeport Questions.—Douglas's Answers.—Is denounced
and read out of Party.--Douglas's Speech in '59 on same subject.-Joint
Debates. — Trumbull's Policy. — Imported Orators to “kill Douglas.”—
Danite Proceedings.-Washington Union.-Letters from Breckenridge,
Wise, and Clay.--Hon. A. H. Stephens. — Labors of the Campaign.-
Douglas's last Speeches.-Returns to Chicago.-Election Day.-The Re-
sult.—Danite Vote.—Why it was small. —Efforts to Defeat Douglas con-
Married in 1847.-Death of Mrs. Douglas in 1853.-His Children.-Mar-
ried in 1856.—Plantation and Slaves Story.—True Statement.— Remarks
in Senate upon it.-Slaveholders' Stories in 1858.—Mr. Slidell refutes
them.-Malignity of federal Officers.—Property in Chicago.—Donation
to University.-Aid in 1856 to carry Pennsylvania......
Douglas visits Europe.-Not presented to Queen Victoria.-Court Costume.
-Goes to St. Petersburg.--Interview with Nesselrode.—Costume Question
Presidency.-Convention of 1848.-Supports Cass.--Convention of 1852.
-Convention of 1856.—Two-third Rule.—Buchanan obtains Majority.-
Douglas withdrawn.-His Letter.-Effect on Convention.-Illinois State
Convention in 1860.-Resolutions.-Conventions in other States. -Demo-
cratic Organization in Illinois.-History from 1837 to 1860......Page 443
Utah.-The Mormons.—Prohibition of Polygamy.-Power and Expediency
of Congressional Legislation.—Mormon Government. Their Want of
Loyalty.--Aliens to the Laws of the United States.- The Remedy for ex-
isting Evils. -Douglas's Views.-His Plan.-His Speech in 1857.–Min-
nesota.–Oregon.-Douglas and Organization of new States and Terri-
tories.-Naturalization Question.—African Slave-trade.......
Cincinnati Platform.-Anxiety for Endorsement of Nebraska Act.-His
Defense of that Platform.-His Interest in it.—Popular Sovereignty.-
Harper's Magazine Article. --Attorney General Black.–The Pamphlets.
-Gwin's Speech.-Douglas's Reply.—Cobb's unfriendly Legislation.-
Harper's Ferry Affair. -Debates in Congress.-Douglas's Remedy. His
Reply to Fessenden.-His Reply to Seward......
Popular Demonstrations.—St. Louis, Memphis, New eans, New York,
Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington.-Service on Committees in House.
-On Senate Committees.—Public Lands.-Liberal Policy.--Homestead
Bill. — Friendship for Agriculturists. — Opposition to Monopolies. — Con-