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During his service in the Senate he was for many years a member of the Committee on Foreign Relations, and also a Regent of the Smithsonian Institution.


Mr. Douglas, as has been shown, successfully supported the act making the great donation of public land to Illinois for rail road purposes, and has supported acts making like grants to other states.

He has always supported a liberal policy in the administration of the public lands—a policy looking always to their occupancy and cultivation by actual settlers. He has reported and defended those provisions in the Oregon, Washington and other territoritorial acts granting lands to actual settlers on condition of occupancy, &c.

In 1850 he introduced into the Senate a proposition having for its effect a liberal donation to the head of every family, male or female of the public land on the condition of settlement and cultivation. The principle involved in his proposisition was something similar to that embraced in the "Homestead bill" so long pending in Congress, and of which Mr. Douglas is an earnest supporter.

He has always as a legislator, as a judge, and as a statesman been a firm friend and maintainer of the rights and interests of the agriculturists of the country. Hence it is that he has always opposed the extension and renewal by Congress for extraordinary periods the patents of inventors for agricultural implements, an opposition which has provoked a hostility that is as unjust as it is selfish.

On the 18th of September, 1851, he delivered by invitation an address at Rochester, New York, before the New York Agricultural Society, an address abounding in lofty sentiment and practical teaching. A copy of that address is published in the annual reports of the proceedings of the society.


In the foregoing pages have been crowded brief statements of some of the leading incidents of the marked career of Mr. Douglas. His history is a voluminous one, and to do full justice to it would require four times the space that has been taken in this work. At some future time, some of the events

herein only slightly touched upon may be elaborated to an extent that their importance will justify and that truth will require. The record, even prepared as it is imperfectly, will not fail to point out Mr. Douglas as a most remarkable man.

At this day he occupies the most extraordinary position of being the only man in his own party whose nomination for the Presidency is deemed equivalent to an election. Friends of other statesmen claim that other men, if nominated, may be elected-a claim that admits of strong and well supported controversy; but friend and foe-all Democrats, unite in the opinion that Douglas' nomination will place success beyond all doubt.


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It is not often that a work of such magnitude is undertaken; more seldom still is such a work so perseveringly carried on, and so soon and yet so worthily accomplished. Mr. Grote has illustrated and invested with an entirely new significance a portion of the past history of humanity, which he, perhaps, thinks the most splendid that has been, and which all allow to have been very splendid. He has made great Greeks live again before us, and has enabled us to realize Greek modes of thinking. He has added a great historical work to the language, taking its place with other great histories, and yet not like any of them in the special combination of merits which it exhibits scholarship and learning such as we have been accustomed to demand only in Germans; an art of grouping and narration different from that of Hume, different from that of Gibbon, and yet producing the effect of sustained charm and pleasure; a peculiarly keen interest in events of the political order, and a wide knowledge of the business of politics; and, finally, harmonizing all, a spirit of sober philosophical generalization always tending to view facts collectively in their speculative bearing as well as to record them individually. It is at once an ample and detailed narrative of the history of Greece, and a lucid philosophy of Grecian history.-London Athenæum, March 8, 1856.

Mr. Grote will be emphatically the historian of the people of Greece.-Dublin University Magazine.

The acute intelligence, the discipline, faculty of intellect, and the excellent erudition every one would look for from Mr. Grote; but they will here also find the element which harmonizes these, and without which, on such a theme, an orderly and solid work could not have been written.-Examiner.

A work second to that of Gibbon alone in English historical literature. Mr. Grote gives the philosophy as well as the facts of history, and it would be difficult to find an author combining in the same degree the accurate learning of the scholar with the experience of a practical statesman. The completion of this great work may well be hailed with some degree of national pride and satisfaction.Literary Gazette, March 8, 1856.

The better acquainted any one is with Grecian history, and with the manner in which that history has heretofore been written, the higher will be his estimation of this work. Mr. Grote's familiarity both with the great highways and the obscurest by-paths of Grecian literature and antiquity has seldom been equaled, and not often approached, in unlearned England; while those Germans who have rivaled it have seldom possessed the quality which eminently characterizes Mr. Grote, of keeping historical imagination severely under the restraints of evidence. The great charm of Mr. Grote's history has been throughout the cordial admira tion he feels for the people whose acts and fortunes he has to relate. ** We bid Mr. Grote farewell; heartily congratulating him on the conclusion of a work which is a monument of English learning, of English clear-sightedness, and of English love of freedom and the characters it produces.-Spectator.

Endeavor to become acquainted with Mr. Grote, who is engaged on a Greek History. I expect a great deal from this production.-NIEBUHR, the Historian, to Professor LIEBER.

The author has now incontestably won for himself the title, not merely of a historian, but of the historian of Greece.-Quarterly Review.

Mr. Grote is, beyond all question, the historian of Greece, unrivaled, so far as we know, in the erudition and genius with which he has revived the picture of a distant past, and brought home every part and feature of its history to our intellects and our hearts.-London Times.

For becoming dignity of style, unforced adaptation of results to principles, careful verification of theory by fact, and impregnation of fact by theory-for extensive and well-weighed learning, employed with intelligence and taste, we have seen no historical work of modern times which we would place above Mr. Grote's history.-Morning Chronicle.


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