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a transfer of the anterior of these two pairs (half the whole number) to the cephalic series, there is evidence, in this exalted cephalization of the system, of a distinction of the very highest significance. It places man apart from the whole series of Mammals, and on the basis of a characteristic which is profoundly a criterion of grade.
This extreme cephalization of the body is a structural expression of the dominance of mind. The raising of the fore-limbs from the ground for esthetic, intellectual, and spiritual service, is in direct harmony with that spiritual endowment which fitted man for such duties. In this and other attendant ways, the whole outer being is made to show forth the divine feature of the inner being.
ARTICLE VI.-THE EVANGELICAL ALLIANCE AND THE AMERICAN WAR.
THE loyal people of the United States were scarcely less surprised by the rebellion itself than they have been by the attitude thus far assumed throughout this struggle by that class in England to which we usually look to ascertain British opinion. Eminent individuals there have been who have appreciated the nature of the contest going on here, and have uttered generous words of cheer. The names of these men-Mill, Cairnes, Bright, Cobden, Arthur, Newman Hall, Hughes,— are remembered to-day with affection in thousands of American homes. But, during these long months, almost every channel for the public expression of the views of Englishmen has been turned against us. What have we read from the whole British press, daily, weekly, monthly, quarterly, with a few honorable exceptions, but a repetition of the sneers, misrepresentations, and exultations over our calamities, which have made Blackwood, the Saturday Review, and the Times, odious in our eyes!
Liberty-loving men in the United States have been surprised, -they have been grieved, and they have asked, What word comes to us from those upon whose sympathy we have a right to depend? What say the watchmen of freedom, who are stationed for the express purpose of heralding the downfall of oppression, and the progress of truth and righteousness in the world? What say our brethren of the Evangelical Alliance? At last they have spoken, and we ask attention to the expression of their views, as we have them in the subjoined correspondence which has been placed at our disposal.
It will be noticed that the "British Branch" had been "requested" by the "French Branch" to unite with them in some expression of sympathy "for their brethren in America." The British Branch thus "requested," after ample time taken for consideration, adopted the following "Resolution," which was duly communicated by the Foreign Secretary to the Rev. Dr.
Patton, of New Haven, that he might make a proper announcement of it in the United States.
REV. WM. PATTON, D. D.,
7 Adam Street, Strand,
DEAR SIR AND BROTHER :
London, October 17, 1862.
May I ask you kindly to promote the publication of the enclosed Resolution, which was adopted at our Annual Conference yesterday.
Many prayers have been offered, and fervent supplications have been sent up to the Throne of Grace in behalf of our American brethren. May the Lord in mercy answer them. Ever yours in the bands of Christian love,
Yesterday morning, the conference was preceded by a devotional meeting, over which the Rev. F. S. Ce Chalmers, D. D., Rector of Beckenham, presided. The first business was the appointment of the new council, who had been nominated by a committee previously appointed for that purpose. The Rev. W. Harris, in seconding the appointment, suggested that meetings should be held systematically throughout the country.
THE WAR IN AMERICA.
The committee appointed on Wednesday evening, (consisting of Sir C. Eardley, and the Rev. Drs. Urwick, W. Arthur, W. Harris, T. R. Birks, M. A., Towers, M'Ewen, and Fowler), brought up a report, which Sir Culling Eardley said they had agreed to unanimously, such was the harmonizing influence of Christian principle.
The Rev. T. R. Birks then read the following resolutions:-" Resolved, That the fraternal communication received from the Paris branch, be affectionately acknowledged; that the best thanks of the conference be conveyed to our French brethren for their expressions of warm interest in the operations and success of our branch of the Alliance, with the assurance that we participate in their deep sympathy with our common brethren in America in the fearful calamities which have sprung from the civil war now raging. That this conference desires to express their deep sorrow for the continuance of the civil war in America, and the fearful amount of bloodshed and suffering to which it has led. Believing that sin is the cause of God's sore judgments, and that the evils connected with the maintenance of slavery in the South, and complicity with those evils in the North, are one great cause of this solemn visitation, they renew the expression of their earnest prayer that peace may be restored, that these evils, and all others which have led to these calamities, may be removed, and the immense resources
and energies of the American churches be set free to promote the cause of the gospel of peace and love. They desire further to record their convicion, as British Christians, that the duty of our country is to read in this war, not a warrant for self-righteous pride, but a loud call to humiliation and prayer and repentance, lest our own many national sins should draw down upon us, in turn, the judgments of God. That considering further the distress thus occasioned to large classes in our country, they recommend that Sunday, November 9, be made an occasion for public and private confession of sin, and special prayer on these grave subjects, so far as practicable, in all the churches of Christ and Christian families throughout the land."
Mr. Birks said that the resolutions had been carefully worded so as to meet the scruples shared by a minority, and yet to express the convictions of the majority on the subject.
The Rev. Dr. Massie moved the adoption of the resolutions, which would meet the sensibilities of the minority, whilst expressing the convictions and sympathies of all English Christians.
The resolutions were then agreed to.
So far was this "Resolution" from being considered an expression of sympathy at all adapted to the circumstances of those to whom it was sent; so far short did it come of what the character and past history of the Alliance demanded, that it was concluded that the nature of our struggle could not have been understood. Accordingly, by the advice of some of his ministerial brethren, Dr. Patton replied to the Foreign Secretary in a letter which was to be laid before the Alliance, giving a brief explanation of what are the momentous interests at stake, and an account of some of the results which had already been accomplished. It was thought such a letter would gladden the hearts of Christians in England, and call out a less ambiguous expression of their interest.
This letter also we place on record in our pages.
REV. HERMANN SCHMETTAU,
NEW HAVEN, CONN., Dec. 12, 1862.
Foreign Secretary of the Evangelical Alliance.
When your letter of October 17th, inclosing a printed copy of the resolution adopted by the Evangelical Alliance on "The War in America," arrived, I was absent from New York making arrangements for the removal of my family, for the winter, to New Haven. For the assurance in your note, that "many prayers have
been offered, and fervent supplications have been sent up to the Throne of Grace in behalf of our American brethren," and for the declaration of the resolution that the Alliance "renew the expression of their earnest prayer, that peace may be restored," &c., accept of my personal thanks. And I doubt not that the great body of Christian brethren, in the United States, will appreciate this manifestation of a prayerful spirit, on our behalf. For we have entire confidence, that God, who perfectly understands the merits of this terrible civil war, will so answer the prayers of his children, in Great Britain and elsewhere, as to accomplish his own wise and benevolent purposes, and with this we all ought to be thoroughly satisfied. We accept as just, and I trust with humility, the great truth set forth in the resolution, "that sin is the cause of God's sore judgments, and that the evils connected with the maintenance of slavery in the South, and complicity with those evils in the North, are one great cause of this solemn visitation." During my absence, however, the resolution, copied from the London press, had found quite extended circulation in our papers. In nearly all, the resolution was accompanied with comments which demonstrated that, as a whole, it was very far from being acceptable to American Christians North. Not so much because of what it does express, as for what, in a time like this, it fails to utter. Because of its want of discrimination, it is just as well suited, in its meekness, to the South as to the North, and because unlike the generous out-spoken sympathy of the French brethren, it appears to be cold, stately, restrained, and cautious, and, as Mr. Birks remarked, "carefully worded."
The Christians of the North, especially those who have long and openly battled against slavery, have felt themselves deeply wounded by the course taken by the Christian public of Great Britain, with but few and rare exceptions. When, for example, Lord Kinnard said, (London Times, July 25, 1862), "He thought there was not much sympathy felt in this country for either party in the contest between North and South, for the universal opinion in Europe was, that both were equally insincere;" and when Lord Shaftsbury, at the same meeting, he being in the chair, said "there had, however, been no great feeling in this country for either one or the other of the parties, for the country did not believe in the sincerity of either "we felt and deeply felt that a most gratuitous and ungenerous charge was made against our honesty, and