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six years.

conspiring with Edward Spangler.” of this not guilty. Of the

charge '

. Guilty,” except combining, confederating, and conspiring with Edward Spangler. Of this not guilty.

Sentence. The Commission sentence Michael O'Laughlin to be imprisoned at hard labor for life.

Sixth.- Edward Spangler. Finding.-Of the specification, “Not Guilty,” except as to the words, "the said Edward Spangler, on said 14th day of April, A. D. 1865, at about the same hour of that day as aforesaid, within said military department and the military lines aforesaid, did aid and abet him," meaning John Wilkes Booth, “in making his escape, after the said Abraham Lincoln had been murdered in the manner aforesaid,” and of these words, “Guilty.” Of the charge, not guilty, but guilty of having feloniously and traitorously aided and abetted John Wilkes Booth in making his escape after having killed and murdered Abraham Lincoln, President of tho United States-he, the said Edward Spangler, at the time of aiding and abetting as aforesaid, well knowing that the said Abraham Lincoln, President as aforesaid, had been murdered by the said John Wilkes Booth as aforesaid.

The Commission sentenced Spangler to be confined at hard labor for Seventh.Samuel Arnold. Of the specifications

Guilty-Except combining, confederating, and conspiring with Edward Spangler; of this, not guilty.

Of the charge

Guilty-Except combining, confederating, and conspiring with Edward Spangler; of this, not guilty. The Commission sentence him to imprisonment at hard labor for life. Eighth.-Samuel A. Mudd. Of the specification

Guilty-Except combining, confederating, and conspiring with Edward Spangler; of this not guilty; and excepting receiving and entertaining, and harboring and concealing said Lewis Payne, John H. Surratt, Michael O’Langhlin, George A. Atzerodt, Mary E. Surratt, and Samuel Arnold; of this, not guilty. Of the charge “Guilty,” except combining, confederating, and conspiring with Edward Spangler; of this, not guilty.

Sentence. The Commission sentenced Dr. Mudd to be imprisoned at hard labor for life.

The President's order in these cases is as follows:It is further ordered that the prisoners, Samuel Arnold, Samuel A. Mudd, Edward Spangler, and Michael O’Laughlin, be confined at hard labor in the penitentiary at Albany, New York, during the period desigDated in their respective sentences.

Andrew Johnson, President.

The sentences were duly execnted, except the Dry Tortugas was substituted for the Albany Penitentiary, for the imprisonment of Arnold, Mudd, Spangler, and O'Laughlin.

51

INDEX

Adams, C. F.-remonstrance against depart. | Arbitary arrests—action of Government, 361 ;

ure of rebel cruisers from British ports, 461. debate in Congress, 878.
Address of Mr. Lincoln--at Springfield, 181; Arguelles surrendered to Cuban authorities,

at Tolono, 132; at Indianapolis, 132; before 565.
Indiana Legislature, 133; at Cincinnati, 134; Arkansas-President's letter to Gen. Steele,
at Columbus, 135; st Steubenville, 186; at 491; President's letter about Conventioing
Pittsburg, 136, 137; at Cleveland, 140; at 492; election and adoption of a Free State
Buffalo, 141; at Rochester, 142; at Utica, Constitution, 493, 511.
143 ; at Albany, 143; at Troy, 145; at Hud- Assassination of Mr. Lincoln, 697; the scena
Bon, 146; at Poughkeepsie, 146; at Peeks- of death, 698, 785; grief throughout the
kill, 147; at Astor llouse, N. Y., 149; to land, 701; warnings against assassination,
Republican Association, 145; at City Hall, 779; reports, &c., relating to, 753; letter
150; at Jersey City, 150; at Newark, 151; from Booth, 793; trial and sentence of con-
at Trenton, 151; at Philadelphia, 153; at spirators, 796.
Independence Hall, 154; at Lancaster, 156; Assault on Mr. Beward, 699.
at Harrisburg, 156; at Washington, 158, 159 ; Atlanta captured, 544.
inangaral, 162; to members of Congress from
Border States, 285; to Chicago committee
on emancipation of slaves, 254; at Wash. Banks-takes Port Hudson, 415; proclams-
ington about McClellan, 324; at serenade, tion for an election in Louisiana, 458; Red
September 24, 1862, 342; at Gettysburg, 412; River expedition, 516.
at Washington, July 5, 1563, 415; to working- Battle of Bull Run, 1961, 202; of Williams-
men of New York, 49S; at fair in Washing- burg, 276; of Seven Pines and Fair Oaks,
ton, 501 ; at fair in Baltimore, 501 ; et fair in 255; of Gaines' Mills, 293 ; Malvern Hill,
Philadelphir, 503; to deputation of colored 294; Antietam, 817; Pittsburgh Landing,
persons, 505; to the country, 526; at Wash- 827; Fredericksburg, 407; Chancellorsville,
ington, 526; at Washington, 539; in re- 408 ; Gettysburg, 409; Vicksburg, 414; Iul.
sponse to nomination for re-election, 559, lahoma, 419; Chickamaug 1, 419; Chattanoo.
560; to Ohio regiments, 606, 607; at Wash- ga, 420; Olustee, 514; Sabine Cross-Roals,
ington, 609; upon result of election, 613, 516; Fort Pillow, 519; the Wilderness, 524;
614, 615; at Washington, 617, 618, 620; to Spottsylvania, 523; Coal Harbor, 529; Nash-
envoy of Hawaiian Islands, 623; at Wash- ville, 640; Fort Fisher, 612; Richmond, 678.
ington, 643 ; on adoption of Constitutional Blair, F. P., Jr., reappointment as Major-Gen-
amendments, 616; second inaugural, 670; eral, 472.
concerning the rebel conscription of negroes, Blair, F. P., Sen., visit to Richmond, 648.

674; on victory and reconstruction, 684. Booth, J. Wilkes-assassinates the Presidente
Alabaina sunk, 535.

696; death of, 713, 788; letter of, 793.
Anecdotes and reminiscences of President Border States-reply of the meinbers to Presi.

Lincoln, 725; his sadness, 726–728; his fa- dent's address, 236; Hon. Mr. Maynard's
vorite poem, 729-730; bis religious expe- reply, 235.
rience, 730–733; his sympathy, 735–743 ; his Brazil, relations witn, 622.
humor, shrewdness, and sentimnent, 743-759; Buchanan--ufficial action on Secession, 111;

the Emancipation Proclamation, 759-766. last message, 117; dissolution of his Cabinet,
Appendix-letters on sundry occasions, 767; 117; message on Secession, 118.

ine President and General McClellan, 772; Burnside, Gen.-succeeds McClellan in Army
warnings against assassination, 779; reports, of Potomac, 323 ; battle of Fredericksburg,
dispatches, and proclamations relating to the 407; arrests Vallandigham, 881; relieved
assassination, 783; important letter from J. from command, 407; deseuce of Knoxville,
Wilkes Booth, 793; trial of conspirators, 796. 420.

.

Butler, Gen.--seizes City Point, 527; expedi. States not entitled to representation in elec-

tion to Fort Fisher, 610; removal from com- toral college, 641, 661; passage of constito-
mand, 612.

tional amendment probibiting slavery, 645;
establishes Freedmen's Burean, 615; declan-

tion in regard to rebel debt 665; autborizas
Cabinet-dissolution of Buchanan's, 117; or. a loan of $600,000,000, 666.

ganization of Lincoln's, 170; resignation or Constitution-ainenument forbidding interfer-
Secretary Cameron, 249.

ence with slavery, 121; amendment abolish
Cameron--resignation of, as Secretary of War, ing slavery, 469.

218; President's message concerning, 243. Correspondence in regard to peace, 571.
Chambersburg burned, 511.

Crittenden Compromise, 119; resolution do-
Charleston, evacuation of, 66S.

claring the objects of War, 200,
Chase, S. P., appointed Chief Justice, 624. Curtis, Gen.-appointed to command in Mig-
Christian Commission, letter froin President souri, 428; his repoval, 428.

to, 500,
City Point occupied by Gen. Butler, 527.
Colfax, elected Speaker of House of Repre- Dayton, Mr., interviews, &c., with French Min-
sentatives, 445.

ister in regard to Mexico, 464.
Colonization-President's views on, 229; Presi. Democratic Party-its position at time of elec-

dent's interview with colored men on, 505; tion, 1860, 108; defest in 1863, 413; position
attempts to colonize New Grenada, 503; in 1564, 591; nominates McClellan, 593.
colony to Ile à Vache, 508.

Douglas-on Missouri Compromise, 43; speech
Commissioners from rebels, 170.

at Springfield, 44, 46; on Lecompton Bill, 50:
Cornpromise--Crittenden's, 119; special com- elected senator, 76.

mittee of Congress on, 120; report of resolu. Dred Scott decision, 47, 49, 64.
tions by committeo, 121 ; adoption of the

resolutions, 122.
Confederacy-organization of the Rebel Gov. Election of President, 1961, 107; State elections

ernment, 112; objects of the Confederacy of 1962, State elections of 1863, 443; election
stated by Mr. Stephens, 115.

of President, 1864, 612, 664.
Conference at Hampton Rouls, 619; rebel re- Emancipation-President's reply to Chicago

port of, 651; correspondence in relation comınittee on, 251; Proclamation of Septem
thereto, 653; remarks on, 661.

ber, 1862, 257; incidents connected with, 759;
Confiscation Bill, 200; debate in Congress on, Proclamation of January, 1863, 260; in Mis-

201, 240; its provisions, 243; supplementary souri, 511; amendment of Constitution, 615.

resolution, 244; message approving, 245. England-instructions to our Minister at out.
Congresy – appoints committee on Compro- break of the rebellion, 182; protest against

mise, 120; adoption of Compromise resolu- her recognition of the rebels as belligerents,
tion, 121; action on amendment of Constitu- 183; the Trent affair, 309; privateers, 333;
tion, 122; action on Crittenden resolution stoppage of rebel rams, 462.
and Peace Conferenco, 129; meeting in extra Everett, Edward, death of, 642.
session, July 4, 1961, 156; adoption of reso.
lution on the objects of the war, 200; bills on
confiscation employment of slaves, 200; Facsimile of letter, 589.
meeting in December, 1961, 212; resolution Farragut, Com. enters Mobile harbor, 543.
on slavery, 231; etfect of Bull Run defent on Florida, expedition of General Gillmore, 513
legislative action of, 226; abolishes slavery defeat at Olustee, 514.
in Territories, 228; abolishes slavery in Dis. Forged proclamation, 566.
trict of Columbia, 229; approves compen- Fort Fisher captured, 610.
sated emancipation, 231; debate on Confisca- Fort Pillow, capture of, 519.
tion Bill, 240; the Currency Bill, 239; meet- France-offer of mediation, 335; reply of Mr.
ing, December, 1862, 344; debate on arbitrary Seward, 335; our relations with, 463.
arrests, 861; anthorizes letters of inarque, Freedmen-proposition to colonize, 504; un-
871; admission of inembers from Louisiana, successful efforts to plant colonies in New
870; meeting, December, 1863, 445; action in Grenada and Ile à Vache, 508; enlistment in
reference to French in Mexico, 467; debates into the army, 510; at Presiilential reeep
of, 1863, 465; action on slavery, 469; repeals tion, 637; bureau established for, 665.
Fugitive Slave Law, 470; action in regard to Fremont - appointed to Department of the
senators and representatives from Arkansas West, order of emancipatiot. 207; President's
493 ; a loption of bill for reconstruction or revocation of order, 205; removal from cut-
States, 494; meeting, December, 1864, 620; mand of Western Department, 424; egree.
action upon Reciprocity Treaty, 644; rebel ment with Price, 424; popular demonstra

tery, 412

tions in favor of, 428; asks to be relieved, Knoxville, siege of, raised, 420.
802; nominated for President, 551; with-

drawal from canvass, 595.
Fugitive Slave Bill repealed, 4T0.

Letter of the President-to Governor Hicks
Funeral services at Executive Mansion, 703. of Maryland, 174; to commissioners from

Virginia, 179; to General Fremont, revoking

bis order, 209; to II. Greeley, 253; to Me
Grant, Gen.-siege and capture of Vicksburg, Clellan concerning an advance on Richmond,

418; appointment as Lieutenant - General, 266; to McClellan about retaining Blenker
476; letter to President, 523; moves forward 271; to McClellan about strength of his army

:
the Army of the Potomac, 524; figlits the 273; to McClellan about McDowell, 250; te
battles of the Wilderness, 594 ; dispatch of, McClellan about withholding McDowell, 251 .
528; crosses the James River and besieges to McClellan about Jackson, 281 ; to McCha..
Petersburg and Richmond, 530, 541, 640, 666, lan about Hanovor Junction, 283; in reply
677; fual assault, 678; receives the capitula- to McClellan, 290 ; about re-enforcements
tion of Lee, 683, 684.

after seven days' battles, 293, 294, 295 ; on
Greeley - President Lincoln's letter to, 253; the strength of McClellan's army, 297; to

correspondence of, in reference to alleged McClellan after Antietam, 319; to McClellan
peace commissioners, 571.

about horses, 821; to Fernando Wood, 341;
Settysburg-battle of, 409 ; President's procla- to committee of Albany meeting, 850; com.
mation of victory, 411; dedication of Ceme- mittee of Ohio Convention, 894; to Gover-

nor Seymour on the draft, 403; second letter
on the same subject, 405; dispatches to Chi.

CAGO, 406; letter of thanks to General Grant,
[Iabeas Corpus—first instance of suspension, 416; to Goneral Hunter on taking command

875; action of the Government, 373; procla- in Missouri, 424; to General Schofield, 428;
mation suspending, 381; proclamation on to committee from Missouri, 432; on church
subject, 899.

quarrels in Missouri, 438; to Union conven-
Hahn, M.-elected Governor of Louisiana, 489; tion in Illinois, 440; on payment of bounties,
invested with powers of, 459.

478; to House of Representatives on General
Halleck, Gen.-letter to McClellan on the ne-

Blair, 473; on aiding people of East Tennes-
cessity of aiding Pope, 299 ; letter about his see, 475: to editor of N. A. Review, 482; to
leaving the Peninsula, 299; orders McClellan C. Bullitt, Louisiana, 484; to Governor Shep-
to advance after Antietam, 818 ; letter about

ley, on electing members of Congress in
fugitive slaves, 330.

Louisiana, 456; to committee of plantera
[Iampton Roads, conference at 648.

Louisiana 487; to M. Hahn, Louisiana, 489 ;
Harris, B. G., censured by House of Repre-

to General Banks, Louisiana, 490; to Gen
sentatives, 472.

eral Stoele, of Arkansas, 491; about Arkansas
Iooker, Gen.—succeeds General Burnside in Convention, 492; to General Gillmore, about
Army of Potomac, 405; is reliered from com-

Florida, 514; to workingmen of Manchester,
mand, 408.

496; to workingmen of London, 493; to
Elunter, Gen.-his order abolishing slavery in

Christian Commission, 500; to H. W. Hoff-
South Carolina, 239; Lincoln's letter to, in man, Maryland, 512; to General Grant, 528;
Missouri, 424; wins a victory at Piedmont,

to Colonel Loomis, 524; to F. A. Conkling,
530.

553; to committee of Convention, 563; to J.
House of Representatives censures Alexander C. Welling, 561; in regard to alleged peaco
Long and B. G. Harris, 472

commissioners, 573, 575, 576, 580; to H. J.
Raymond, 587, 558; in reply to protest of

Tennesseans, 598; to M. Blair, 602; tender-
Invasion - proposed rebol invasion of the ing thanks to General Sheridan, 604; to H.
North, 177; Invasion of Pennsylvania by

W. Hoffman, 609, to J. Phillips, 615; to Mrs.
General Lee, 409.

Bix'y, 616; to Mrs. Gurney, 616; to J. Mao-
lean, 619; to Governor Smith, Vermont, 667;

to Mr. Houges, Kentucky, 767; to General
Johnson, Andrew - Provisional Governor of Hooker, 709769; to General McClellan, 778;

Tennessce, 43; proclamation regulating to J. B. Fry, 770; to Governor Magotñn,
election, 596, 597; elected Vice-President 770; to Count Gasparin, 771.
661; takes oath of office and becomes Presi. Lincoln, Abraham--autobiography, 17; split-
dent, 714

ting rails, 23; flatboatman, 23, 24; grocery
kerper, 25; Captain in Black Ilawk War, 35;

elected to Legislature, 26; letter to Col. Allen,
Kilpatrick-raid to Richmond, 515.

27; protest on slavery, 29; defends Arn.

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