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1799.]
Review of New Publications.

957 Congress immediately discarded all far. have already appeared.” (p.23.) “The ther reliance on negociation, and began great neighbouring powers

must' be to prepare for detending by arms the more and more alarmed. They must rights and honour of the country.” A oppore, or be devoured. In the mean tax, amounting to two millions of dois time, her exceflive tyranny, her info. lars, laid on lands, dwelling-houses, lent conduct, her exorbitant and infa. and flaves, divided among the itates, tiable exactions, must increase, day by according to their respezive numbers, day, the hatred and animosity of those including two-fifths of the flaves.-- Jations over whom, by fraud or force, “ The history of all ages proves that they obtained dominion; and they will, no oppreffion is so dreadful as that of a in ail probability, receive with open foreign master. Of this bitter cup the arms, and aid with all their night, ine Dutch, the Belgians, the Italians, the armies which shall enter their country Swiss, and part of the Germans, are for the purpose of attacking her. It now drinking; and other nations will was among the peasants of Germany, drink to the very dregs, unless, by a once ber friends, that, after they had vigorous, timely, and combined refift: taited the cup of her abominations, in ance, they repress the pr gress of these her invasion of 1795-6, the found the deceitful and merciless deltroyers.” (p. mos deadly foes; and, most probably, 21.) “ In France the Constitution is it will be among the Swiss, the Ita. entirely subverted; the Legislature per- lians, the Dutch, and Belgians, that, fectly enslaved; the right of election on the flightest reverse of fortune, the wholly annihilated ; and a military dea will find the most dreadful implements fpotifm in the hands of the Direétory of Divine vengeance." (p.23.) “Were firmly established. Such is the liberty France in poffeffion of England, the which France has gained by feven years most formidable bulwark against her of civil war, by the Naughrer of two power in the old world'; and were millions of her people, the utter fub- Auftria, Ruffia, and Prullia, humbled version of property, the banithinent of at her feet, as Spain and Saidinia are, religion, the total corruption of morals I Rill fiyuld have no idea of yielding. and manners, and the victtruction of lo After fighting her on the ocean to the many monuments of human art and last,, and contending every inch of industry, both in her own territories ground with her on the Atlantic shore, and those of her neighbours.” (p. 22.) I should be for retiring, with the rema Mr. H. inclines to think the military nant of the wation, beyond the moun. power, by which the people have been tains, or the M Bilippi, and there, like hitherto dazzled and kept blind to the the brave foretters who, for the love miseries of their own situation, is ap- of freedom, penetrated these at that proaching fast to the period of its de- cime inhoipitable wilds, opening to our. cline, if not already arrived there. se!ves, amidit defarts and their savage “ Her vast expences, supported rather inhabitants, an asylum for felf-governo by domestic and exrensive plunder than ment and natural independence. This, by a regular lystem of taxation, already in my mird, and, I have no doubt, in exceed her means, as, it is said, in the yours too, would be happiness. compaproportion of one-third, or a million red with the dominion of a French proof livres, about 200,000 dollars each conlul, who, under the name of a mi. day. Tbis government fubfifts by plun- ritter, Mould diĉiate to our goveri). der, and ide fources of plunder ere very ment, and intiently ride over the heads foon exbaufted. Already its pecuniary of our contituted authorities, or place embarrassments are exceffive. It with in power shore among ourselves whole difficulty pays its army; its civil offi- worthletinets hould render then fit cers it does not pay at all. They sube and acceptable infruments to his pleafift by privalo plunder and corruption, sure. That she will atteinpt to invade as the government does by publico us, unless her affairs in Europe keep These embarrassments, from the na- her too fully employed, I think highly ture of things, must increase. At probable. The oniy way to avere the length it will become impossible to pay danger is, to be prepared to meet it; to their armies, who will revolt or desert, fhew a good countenance, make vigorand perhaps do both in part; then the ous preparations, and stand ready 10 government, which exists not but by give her a good reception. Seeing their support, mult fall to the ground. this, the may probably keep away." Strong symptoms of this state of things (p. 24.0

210, Obe than those which formerly existed in fortunate French who have taken a refuge

958

Review of New Publications.

[Nov. 210. Observations on the Debates of the Ame. hundred can spell his own name. , As to

rican Congress, and on ebe Address presented religion, four years ago they were seen to General Washington on bis Rehgnation; kneeling with their faces prone to the with Remarks on tbe Timidity of tbe Lan earth, blubbering out their fins, and beguage beld towards France, obe Seizure of seeching absolution from the men whom, American Velsels by Great Britain and in a year afterwards, they degraded, inFrance, und on the relative Situations of sulted, mutilated, and murdered. After tbose Countries with America. By Peter changing the Catholic worship, at the Porcupine. To which are prefixed, General command of one gang of tyrants, for a Washington's Address to Congress, and tbe worship that was neither Catholic , nor

Answers of tbe Senate and House of Repre. Protestant; at the command of another, sentatives.

they abandoned all worship whatsever, WHILE R. G. Harper pleads the and publicly rejoiced that the soul of man cause of American Independence in the was like that of the beast.' A third gang cabinet, honelt Peter Porcupine re

orders them to believe that there is a God: echoes his sentiments through the com- instantly the submisfive brutes acknowledge munity in language adequate to their his existence, and fall on their knees at the understandings. That there have been fight of Robespierre, proclaiming the defavourers of French principles even in

cree with as much devotion as they for.. America, which purchased, at so dearmerly did at the elevation of the facred hoft. a price, independence from the mother enligbtened. Every successive faction has

“ Politically considered, they are equally country, is not more strange than true;

been the object of their huzzas in the day and that they have offered that incense of its power, and of their execrations in to the French Republick which would that of its fall. They crowded to the bar d 'grace humanity to think of, flattering of the Convention to felicitate Robespierre it as a free and enligbtened country. on his escape from the poignard of a wo

“In that free country, France, the pa. man; and, in less than fix weeks afterrent dares not yield protection to his child, wards, danced round his scaffold, and nor the child to his parent, without the mocked his dying groans. First, they apprevious consent of Tone petty under prove of a conftitution with an hereditary Arapping despot. Man pofselles nothing; monarch, whose person they declare invihis property belongs to a mob of tyrants, clable and sacred, and swear to defend him who call themselves the nation, who hold

with their lives. Next, they murder this his labour and his very carcase in ftate of monarch, and declare themselves a repubrequifition. If his griefs break out into lick, to be governed by a single chamber complaint, he is dragged to a tribunal, of delegates. This second constitution they where no evidence is required. A shrug, á destroy, and frame a third, with two chamlook, a tear, or a sigh, betrays him. To bers and five co-equal kings. After having repine at the cruelty of his fate, is to be spent five years in making war, in the suspected; and to be suspected, is death.

name of Liberty and Equality, upon arms, . We need not stretch our view across stars, garters, croffes, and every other exthe Atlantic for specimens of French li- terior sign of superiority of rank, they very berty; we may sec enough without quit. peaceably and tamely suffer their masters ting our own country, or even our houses.

to dub themselves with what titles they The cockade proclamation of Citizen Adet is please, and exclusively to assume garbs and at once an insult to the United States, and badges of distinction far more numerous an act of abominable tyranny on the nin

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France, in them. They muit not only suffer Thame “But, the circumstance best calculated for their country, but must bear about to give a jutt idea of their baseness of spirit them the figu of its disgrace, the livery of and swinish ignorance is, their fanctioning the infamous Orleans. They must not only

a constitution which declares that they he despoiled of their wealth, and driven shall elect the members of their assemblies, from their homes and their families, but and then submitting to a decree obliging muft drag their chains into distant lands. them to chuse two-thirds of the number It is not enough that they should be brand- out of the Convention. Nor was this all; ed with the name of slave; they must wear

the Convention, not content with ensuring the symbol of their Navery, and that, too,

the re-election of these two thirds, reserexactly where other men wear the symbol ved to itself the power of rejecting such of courage and honour! Will not the peo

members of the other third as it might not ple of America bluth to think that their approve of! And yet the wile Mr. Parrepresentatives were afraid to affert chat ker calls the French a free and enlightened they enjoyed a degree of freedom superior people,' and very piously wishes that Kings to this?

craft may be done away, and that republic “Of the enlightened people, now called canism may enlighten the whole earth ! the French nation, not one out of faye The House of Representatives were afraid

even

-1799.)
Review of New Publications.

959 even to hint thať this nation of poor, ca- ences were opened with her merchants ; joled, cozened, bullied, bamboozled devils but what was the result? The total 'ruin were less enlightened than the people of of them, and of all those who were conAmerica !” (p. 23-25.)

cerned with them. They are no more ; But, that America should see her in

they are forgotten. Their trade could be tereft so little as to think of preferring but the wear of their merchandize.

equaled in shortness of duration by nothing a connexion with France to one with

“To say, as some of the French faction England, is beyond all conception. have done, that America does not want

“The necessity of commercial con- the manufactures of Britain, is an insult nexion between Great Britain and Ame- on the national discernment little short of rica is so loudly and unequivocally asserted the blunderbuss of my old friend Citizen by the unerring voice of Experience, that Adet. Let any man take a view of his nothing but the blindeft ignorance, or the dress (when he is dressed like a man), most unconquerable prejudice, could pof- from head to foot; from the garments fibly have called it in question. Imme- that he wears to sea, to plough, to mardiately after the suspension of this com- ket, or to church, down to those with merce, caused by the revolutionary war, it which he steps into bed ; let him look was on both sides resumed with more ar- round his shop, and round the shops of his dour than ever, notwithstanding all the neighbours; let him examine his library, arts that France and her partizans em- his bed-chamber, his parlour, and his ployed to prevent it. In vain did poor kitchen; and then let him say how great Louis issue edicts to encourage his people a part of ail he sees, of all that is indisto supplant their rivals; in vaio did he pensable, useful, or convenient; let him take off his duties and offer premiums; say how great a part of all this comes from

in vain did friend Briffot coax the Qua- Great Britain, and how small a one from pkers, and citizen Madifon speechify the France, or any other country; and then,

Congress : in spite of all their fine pro- if he be fool enough, let him say, with mifes, cajoling, and wheedling; in spite of the Gallican faction, that we itand in no the mortification of Britain, and the more need of the manufactures of Britain. powerful prejudice of America; no sooner " The commercial connexion between was the obstacle removed by the return of this country and Great Britain is full as peace, than, without a treaty of friendship necessary as that between the baker and and commerce, without any other stimulus miller ; while the connexion between Athan mutual interest, confidence, and in- merica and France may be compared to clination, the two countries rushed together one between the baker and the milliner, like congenial waters that had been sepa- or toyman. France may furnish us with rated by an artificial dyke.

looking-glasses; but, without the aid of “ It is this natural connexion with Brio Britain, we shall be ashamed to see' oprtain, the Britifh capital, which a confidence selves in them, unless the sans culottes caa in the stability of the government invites persuade us that thread-bare beggary is a hither, together with the credit that the beauty. France may deck the heads of merchants of that country give to those of our wives and daughters (but, by-the-bye, this ; a credit which British merchants The Than't those of mine) with ribbons, alone are either willing' or able to give; gauze, and powder ; their ears with bobs, that forms the great source of American their cheeks with paint, and their heels wealth. Mr. Smith from Maryland, the with gaudy party-coloured silk, as rotten polite Mr. Smith, who called the British as the hearts of the manufacturers; but * sea-robbers and monsters,' incautiously ac- Great Britain must cover their and our knowledged, in the lame breath, that there bodies. When the rain pours down and • monsters' gave a stationary credit to this walhes the rose from the cheek; when country, amounting to twenty millions of the bleak North-wester blows through the dollars. Grateful gentleman! A very great gauzę, then it is that we know our friends, part of this credit is given for a twelve. Great Britain must wrap us up warm, and month at least; so that the simple intereft keep us all decent, snug, and comfortable, on it amounts to one million two hundred from the child in swaddling-cloaths to its tbousand dollars annually; an advantage to Lottering grandfire. France may send us this country that might have merited, in cockades, as she does (or has done) in return, something more pulatable' than 'sea- abundance ; but Great Britain must send robbers and monsters.'

us hats to stick them on. France may fur"If America could obtain what the nith the rufe, but Great Britain must stands in need of (which the cannot) from send us the shirt; and the commerce of any other country than Britain, from what the latter nation is just as inuch more necountry on earth could she obtain them on

cessary to this country than that of the terins like these? The capacity of France, former, as a good decent shirt is more nein the brightest days of her commercial cessary than a paltry din. clout of a ruffle." prosperity, was fairly triede, Corresponde (p. 30-33.)

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