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To obviate the charge of garbling, or misquoting, we shall first give the extracts entire, and then give our comments, and state our facts.
Morning Chronicle, October 16.- We are in, “ formed from good authority, that Mr. Liston,
our Ambassador to the United States of America, is ss coming home. The American President has,
for upwards of a twelvemonth, made complaints “ to Mr. LISTON of the conduct of British cruisers
capturing American ships and property, at the very mouths of their harbours. Mr. LISTON, we are informed, transmitted these remonstrances “ to this government, but he did not find that they “ were sufficiently attended to, and his situation at “ Philadelphia became very irksome and unpleasant, “ He returns to England, therefore, not very well “ satisfied with the part he had to sustain.
“ If any abuses have taken place on these remote s stations respecting the American tradę, they "ought to be very carefully restrained by autho“ rity, as power at so great a distance froni control « is very apt to be carried to an extreme of rudeness “ and severity. At a moment, too, when a recon"ciliation between France and America is likely to “take place, it ought to be the study of this “ country to treat the Americans in the most “ liberal manner; it ought to be our care to engage “ their esteem and confidence by the superior canlı ss dour and good faith of our proceedings. It is a
paltry thing to quarrel with a country about 4 " capture which is not worth mentioning in point 45 of gain to ourselves, while it may in the minds $$ of the losing individuals and losing country, lay 65 the foundation of much dissatisfaction and “ future hostility. The right of capturing neutra]
property and neutral ships, is a matter to be te regulated by broad principles of utility, never
“ defended by quirks and quillets. It is a right with regard to neutrals purely of a defensive « kind; a right to prevent them benefiting our “ enemies, contrary to the laws of nations and
existing treaties. A capture upon a small defect
of a form, where a general principle is not ina “ volved, we conceive to be downright robbery; " and we know that all liberal publicists are of the same opinion." Morning Chronicle, October 29.-“ America, as
well as the Northern Powers, must be inclined to “ contest our maritime law. She is, it is true,
bound to us by strong ties of interest. The con
nexion between the two countries is mutually adis
vantageous. But America, too, is naturally led "into the carrying trade ; and should the conduct “ of France really prove honourable in the exe6 cution of the late convention, the system of “ England, if adhered to, will infallibly produce “ discon:ent on the other side of the Atlantic. In“ deed, the conduct of our cruisers will demand
revision and control. If we consider the extent “ and importance of our commerce with America 6 —if we consider how necessary a good under
standing with América is to the support of the • West India Islands, which depend for provisions “ upon the United States, we must be sensible how “ much it is our interest to treat the United State's “ in the niost liberal manner, and to guard against
every danger of a rupture. Morning Chronicle, Oftober 31.-" It is the duty of Government to pay the utmost attention to prevent our cruisers from exercising an unnecessary
rigour in regard to neutral vessels, particularly the « American. It is more honourable for the nation, “ and more advantageous likewise, to anticipate any misunderstanding than to remove it. The
“ right of search is merely a right supposed to be “ connected with self defence; if not confined to “ that object, it is an abuse of power. Every endeasvour should be employed to simplify the grounds “of capture ; and as little should be left for dis“cretion in the capture as possible. If an abuse is “ committed, the redress should be complete and “ immediate.The conduct to neutrals should " always be distinguished by the most liberal good
fuith. Petty flaws and trifling deviations from “strict rule ought not to be made ground for con“demnation. In a word, it will now be more and “ more necessary to limit our interference with the “ trade of neutrals principles of evident “ necessity, to render our rights claimed sub“ servient only to national advantage, without “ considering the interest of individual captors. If “we do not pursue this system, we un“ doubtedly shall be exposed to the odium and “ resentment of every trading nation in the * world."
We shall first contradict the insidious falsehood relative to Mr. Liston. The Morning Chronicle gives its deluded readers to understand, that this gentleman, having been,” for upwards of a twelve“month past,” teazed with complaints, which he could not make his Majesty's Ministers attend to, found his situation very irksome at Philadelphia, and “ therefore" he returns to England, " well satisfied with the part he had to sustain. Now the fact is, that Mr. Liston has, during his residence in America, had many more complaints to make than to receive. The captures, " at the
very mouth of their harbonrs," were never talked of till the month of April last, and that only in one instance, when the statement of the Americans was proved to be a barefaced falsehood, fabricated at
s pot very
New-York for electioneering purposes. That vi-gilant and excellent officer, Captain Israel PelLEW, took two American ships ; but they were taken at more than twenty leagues distance from any harbour in the world; and that he had good reasons for the capture was proved by the subsequent condemnation of the vessels captured. As to Mr. Liston's return to England, we know, that, long before the above capture was made, he applied for leave of absence, on account of ill bealth, and not on account of any dissatisfaction with regard to " the part he had to sustain."
The hireling print, which we have quoted, next proceeds to an attack on the conduct of our cruisers in general, on the American station. It adopts BONAPARȚe's system of intimidation ; first it attempts to overasve us with the danger of giving umbrage to America, then it tells us how this may be avoided. “ Power, at so great a distance, is “ very apt to be carried to an extreme of rudeness " and severity ;-it is the duty of Government to pay the utmost attention to prevent our cruisers
from exercising an unnecessary rigour in regard “ to neutral vessels, particularly the American ;“ the conduct of our cruisers will demand revision “and control;--petty flaws and trifling deviations “ from strict rule ought not to be made a ground for “condemnation ;--the interest of individual cap“ to s,” (that is, of our gallant sailors) “ ought not “ to be considered ;"-we ought to treat the Ame
s in the most liberal manner with the most “ liberal good faith,—with superior candour."
That all this has proceeded from some American pen we have no doubt, and if The Morning Chronicle will tell us candidly how much it received for the several insertions, we shall excuse it as a matter merely in the way of trade. We can allow, too, that the price for wear and tear of conscience
ought to be pretty high. But this is a thing to be left to the contracting parties : our business is to defeat the purpose of the falsehood, let it come from what source it will. The purpose is simply this; they terrify the people of England with the great danger of a rupture with America, to persuadę them that such rupture may possibly take place in consequence of the rigorous proceedings of our cruisers, and to make them believe that this fatal consequence is to be avoided only by " controling" our cruisers, and by treating the American vessels with “ liberality, and superior candour,” or, in other words, by abandoning our rights; by sacrificing the honour of the nation, and the interests of its gallant defenders.
That we have nothing to fear from the unpro. voked anger or hostility of America (or rather the American Whigs), we have asserted in our first number, and we are always ready to prove this assertion. As to the conduct of our cruisers, it has, in no one instance, been insolent or unjust ; but, on the contrary, has been marked with a degree of “candour" and " liberality” bordering on meekness and neglect. The American neutrals have been in the constant habit of covering the property of our enemies, and of giving them every other aid in their power. In doing this, they have been guilty of meanness the most despicable, and of crimes the most foul. That we do not, like our adversaries, make assertions without proof, the following letter will fully evince.
“ Halifax (Nova Scotia), November 7, 1800. “ As the newspapers throughout the United States of America generally contain lists of what the people there (in the decent language of liberty and equality) stile British spoliations, and as I