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April 8.-The Ganges Canal, a work of vast magnitude, is opened by the Lieutenant-Governor of Agra, with great ceremony and a display of troops. April 8. A fire occurs at Salonica, destroying 600 houses and warehouses. April 9. English and French vessels of war, on the coast of Thessaly, have orders to search all vessels suspected of having munitions of war on board, and seize them when found with those articles aboard.
April 11.- The new college building of the Indiana University, containing a library of twenty-seven hundred volumes, is totally destroyed by fire. April 11.-The Emperor Nicholas issues a manifesto to all his Russian subjects, stating the object of the war with Turkey and the Allied Powers. April 12. -A grand review of 18,000 infantry and 7,000 cavalry takes place in the Champ de Mars, in honor of the Duke of Cambridge, Lord Raglan, Lord Ross, and a numerous suite.
April 12.-The French squadron, under Admiral Parseval-Deschênes, sails from Brest, to join the British fleet in the Baltic.
April 15.-The steamboat Secretary, while crossing San Pablo Bay, on her way from San Francisco to Petaluma, bursts her boiler, the boat is torn to pieces, the passengers blown into the sea, and more than fifty persons perish.
April 16.-The city of San Salvador is totally destroyed by an earthquake, causing the loss, in less than one minute, of more than two hundred lives, and four millions worth of property.
April 16.-The ship Powhatan, from Havre for New York, having on board 311 emigrants, goes ashore in a gale, on Long Beach, seven miles north of Egg Harbor Light, is totally wrecked, and not a single passenger is saved.
April 17.-The Winchester, an emigrant ship, from Liverpool for Boston, is wrecked, and a large number of passengers lost.
April 17. A dreadful riot occurs at Saginaw, Mich.; some three hundred armed men attempting to burn the jail at that place, and rescue some prisoners. The Sheriff and others are killed, while endeavoring to quell the disturbance.
April 20.- Miss Dix's Bill, granting ten million acres of public land, to be distributed among the States, to ameliorate the condition of the indigent insane, is vetoed by the President.
April 20. An offensive and defensive alliance between Austria and Prussia is signed by Baron Manteuffel for the latter, and Baron Hess and Count Thom for the former.
April 22.- Odessa is bombarded by the allied fleets, and in ten hours a large part of the city is laid in ruins.
April 23.A terrible tornado occurs in Burmah, sweeping over several hundred miles of country, and causing great loss of life on the Irrawaddy. April 25. The slaves of Venezuela become free men, by virtue of an act previously passed for their emancipation. April 23. Fifteen firemen lose their lives by the sudden fall of a large store in Broadway, N. Y., opposite the Park, while in the discharge of their duty. April 26. A day of humiliation is observed throughout England, divine service is performed in all the places of public worship, and collections are taken for the benefit of the wives and children of the soldiers engaged in the war of the East. April 27.- Matthew F. Ward, on trial for the murder of Professor Butler, at Louisville, Ky., is acquitted of the charge by the jury, at Elizabethtown, Ky.
April 28.-The American barque Hespar, from Charleston, S. C., for Antwerp, comes in collision with the Bremen barque Favorite, from Bremen for Baltimore, Md., with one hundred and eighty passengers. The Favorite sinks soon after the collision, and all on board perish.
April 29. Great excitement prevails at Louisville, Ky., in consequence of the acquittal of Matthew F. Ward. A large mob proceed to the residence of R. J. Ward, the father of Matthew, where they burn in effigy Matthew and his brother Robert, so near to the front door, that the house is set on fire. A meeting is also held, at which resolutions are passed, requesting the immediate resignation of their public stations by two of the gentlemen who defended Ward, one of whom was the Hon. J. J. Crittenden, recently elected United States Senator from Kentucky, and also requesting the Wards to leave the State.
April 30.-The first railway is opened in Brazil, the Emperor and Empress being present at the inauguration.
May 1.- The Mercedes, a Peruvian ship of war, strikes a rock near Callao, and sinks, carrying down 820 men, 731 of whom perish.
May 1.-The water in the Connecticut River, at Hartford, Conn., is twenty
nine and a half feet above low-water mark, being two and a half feet higher than during the great flood of 1801. Hundreds of persons are driven from their dwellings, and several persons drowned. The freshet and the flood proceed through the whole valley of the Connecticut.
May 7. A riot occurs at Chelsea, Mass., resulting from the preaching of Orr, the self-styled "Angel Gabriel." There is a severe conflict between the Irish and Americans, the latter driving the former from the ground, attacking the Catholic church, and doing much damage. The disturbance is suppressed by the aid of the military.
May 7.-The gallery of the Catholic church at Erie, Pa., falls, crushing the people below, and killing and wounding several persons.
May 8. Á grand banquet is given by the Sultan in honor of Prince Napoleon. May 9. An imperial ukase in Russia calls out nine men out of every thousand souls of the "eleventh ordinary partial levy in the eastern portion of the Empire," and, independently of this, three recruits out of every thousand souls to bring up arrears, the Jews furnishing ten men out of a thousand.
May 11. The packet Pike, from St. Louis for Louisville, strikes a snag, and sinks in a few moments, with a loss of about fifty passengers.
May 12.--The English vessel Tiger, mounting 16 guns, is captured, near Odessa, by the Russians, and two hundred and twenty-six persons taken prisoners. May 13. -- An anti-Nebraska meeting, of ten thousand persons, in the Park at New York. Addresses are delivered by distinguished Whigs and Democrats. May 13. The "Royal Albert" is launched at Woolwich, amidst the firing of cannon and the cheers of an immense multitude, Queen Victoria christening the noble vessel. May 14. Several shocks of earthquake are felt in the country between Florence and Rome, in Italy, causing great consternation among the inhabitants. May 15.--The ship Townsend, on her passage from Boston to San Francisco, is destroyed by fire, and several of her crew perish in the flames.
May 15. A frightful accident occurs at the Black Heath coal-mines, in Chesterfield county, Virginia, about twelve miles from Richmond. The gas in the mines ignites, and an explosion takes place, instantly killing twenty-two of the twenty-three laborers at work in them.
May 16.-Terrible tornadoes, causing a great amount of damage, occur in Alabama, Missouri, and Illinois.
May 19.- A violent hurricane occurs at Mexico, doing much damage. May 22. The railway running between Susa and Turin is inaugurated, in the presence of the King and Queen of Sardinia, the ministers of the crown, and an immense concourse of people.
A severe shock of an earthquake is felt at Florence, Italy.
May 26.The Nebraska Bill is finally passed by the Senate, by a vote of 35 to 13, twelve members being absent, and two vacancies existing, and is approved by the President, May 30th.
May 26.-A large number of persons in Boston, Mass., excited by inflam matory speeches at Faneuil Hall, attack the Court-House, and attempt to rescue Anthony Burns, who is under arrest as a fugitive from labor. In the affray, James Batchelder, a special assistant of the United States Marshal, is killed. The crowd soon disperses without effecting their object.
May 28. A riot occurs in the Park, New York, between a party of Catholics and the friends of a street preacher, and several persons are badly wounded. May 30.-Three English steamers destroy the ships, dockyards, and stores at Brahestadt, in the North of the Gulf of Bothnia.
May 30. The Turks make a sortie from Silistria, and kill three thousand Russians in the trenches.
May 31.-Three English steamers capture several Russian merchant-vessels off Uleaborg.
May 31.-Three large wagons, loaded with 11,250 lbs. of powder, blow up in the streets of Wilmington, Del., killing several persons, and badly injuring seventyfive houses in the vicinity.
May 31.-The English transport Europa, having on board a detachment of the sixth dragoons, totally destroyed by fire, opposite Brest, and twenty-one lives lost. June 1. The cholera prevails in many places. The number of deaths from that disease up to Nov. 5, in New York, is 2,425; in Philadelphia, 575; in Boston, 255; in Pittsburg, 600.
June 1.-Four English steamers destroy the ships, dockyards, and stores at Uleaborg. June 2. Anthony Burns, having been declared by the Commissioner to be a fugitive from labor, is conducted from the Court-House, Boston, Mass., to the revenue cutter Morris, by one hundred and fifty armed citizens, in the employ of the United States Marshal, and by a company of marines from the navy-yard, and of United States troops from Fort Independence, with a nine-pound fieldpiece, whom the Marshal had called out to his assistance. The streets are kept clear by a large body of the volunteer militia in Boston, who had been called out by Mayor Smith, in anticipation of a threatened disturbance. No serious outbreak occurs, though crowds throng the streets, and hoot and hiss and groan, and throw missiles at the military, and at Marshal Freeman and his assistants. The cutter sails at once for Norfolk, Va., to deliver Anthony to his alleged master, Mr. Suttle of Virginia.
June 4. A riot occurs at Brooklyn, N. Y., between the advocates of street preaching and the Catholics. Many persons are killed and wounded, and quiet is only restored by the aid of the military.
June 5. A large elephant attached to a menagerie, while going from Providence, R. I. to Fall River, Mass., breaks loose from his keeper, and before he can be captured, attacks all the carriages he encounters on the road, killing the horses, tearing the wagons to pieces, and severely injuring several persons.
June 9.-The Emperor and Empress of France attend the first Agricultural Exhibition ever held in Paris.
June 10.-The Crystal Palace at Sydenham is opened by Queen Victoria. The length of the building is 1,608 feet; central transept, 384; others, 336 feet. 40,000 persons were present.
June 11. Another riot occurs at Brooklyn, N. Y., the result of streetpreaching, several persons are badly wounded.
June 14. A great fire occurs in Worcester, Mass., destroying property to the amount of half a million of dollars, and throwing one thousand mechanics out of employment.
June 16.The Turks make a sortie from Silistria, cause a complete defeat of the Russians, force them to recross the Danube in all haste, take several standards and a great quantity of baggage. Five Russian generals are killed or badly wounded, and the siege of Silistria is raised.
June 21.-The Bomarsund, a stronghold in the Aland Islands, is bombarded by the Hecla, Valorous, and Odin, the batteries dismounted and the magazines set on fire.
June 23. A terrible hurricane occurs at Manteno, Illinois, extending from six to eight miles in width, prostrating many houses, and causing much damage. June 28. A military insurrection breaks out in Spain. July 4. A collision occurs on the Susquehanna Railroad, near Baltimore, by which thirty persons are killed, and a large number badly wounded.
July 5.- The National Theatre, Chinese Museum, and several stores, in Philadelphia, Pa., are consumed.
July 7. In a combat at Giurgevo, the Turks defeat the Russians, and drive them from their position, with a loss in the conflict of 1,700 killed and wounded. July 12.-The Emperor of France reviews a division of troops, 9,300 strong, near Boulogne, previous to their embarkation for the Baltic Sea.
July 13. The American sloop of war Cyane, Capt. Hollins, bombards San Juan, and a party landing from the sloop burns the entire town, with the exception of one or two small buildings. A demand had previously been made upon the authorities, by Capt. Hollins, for satisfaction for alleged injuries, but without effect. A considerable portion of the property destroyed is said to belong to Americans. One English vessel of war in the harbor protests against the act.
July 13. The battle of Guaymas is fought, between some Frenchmen, under Count Raousset de Boulbon, and the Mexicans, under General Yañez. The Count is defeated, taken prisoner, and, Aug. 12, is shot.
July 13. A riot occurs at Buffalo, N. Y., the result of street-preaching.
July 16. This day is observed at Bombay, and all over India, as a day of humiliation and prayer for the success of the British arms, by the natives, as well as the Europeans.
July 17.-The American Steamer Franklin, from Cowes, for New York, goes
ashore on Long Island Beach. The mails and passengers are safely landed, but the steamer is lost.
July 17.- An insurrection breaks out at Madrid, and the people erect barricades over all parts of the city.
July 17.The first party sent out under the auspices of the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Society leave Boston for the Territory of Kanzas.
July 18. A fearful hurricane prevails at Davenport, Illinois, causing large destruction of life and property.
July 19. The insurrection at Madrid triumphs, and the Rivas Ministry resign. July 22. -A new planet is discovered by Mr. Hind, from the Observatory at Regent's Park, London.
July 24.The American fishing vessel, Ellen Morrill, is captured and carried into Bathurst by an English cruiser.
July 27.-Cholera breaks out in the Massachusetts State Prison, at Charlestown. Over seventy conviets are attacked, but only one dies.
July 29.- Espartero enters Madrid, and is received with great enthusiasm. July 30.A very destructive fire occurs at Jersey City, N. J., destroying more than thirty factories and houses, and property to a large amount.
July 31.-The defenders of the barricades at Madrid, three thousand in number, defile before the Queen's palace, her Majesty appearing on the balcony with the King on one side and Espartero on the other.
Aug. 1.The yellow fever becomes epidemic in New Orleans. The number of deaths up to Nov. 12, when it disappears, is 2,441. In Savannah there are 600 deaths from the same disease.
Aug. 3.-Col. Loring, a Receiver of Public Moneys at Benicia, Cal., is murdered at the St. Nicholas Hotel, N. Y., by Dr. Graham of New Orleans.
Aug. 4-A severe battle takes place between the Chippewa and Sioux Indians. Aug. 4. President Pierce vetoes the River and Harbor Bill.
Aug. 7. A severe and bloody riot occurs at St. Louis, Mo., between the Irish and Americans, continuing for forty-eight hours, and resulting in the death of ten persons and the severe injury of thirty more.
Aug 7.-The Turks enter Bucharest, evacuated by the Russians.
Aug. 10.-At Innspruck, the king of Saxony is killed from a fracture of the skull, sustained by being thrown from his carriage.
Aug. 10. A great fire occurs at Varna, consuming one hundred and eighty houses, and destroying vast quantities of stores belonging to the allied army.
Aug. 10. A violent tornado sweeps along the track of the Cleveland and Pittsburg Railroad, between Bedford and Macedonia, covering the track with large uprooted trees, and causing great obstruction to the trains upon the road.
Aug. 13. A powder magazine, at Marysville, Ky., containing eight hundred kegs of powder, is fired, and the explosion causes the entire destruction of thirteen houses, involving a large loss of property.
Aug. 16.The evacuation of the Principalities by the Russians continues. Aug. 16.-The Russians blow up the fortifications at Hango, in sight of the Allied Fleets.
Aug. 16-The final conquest of the Bomarsund forts, situated on the largest of the Aland Islands, accompanied by the capture of two thousand Russian pris. oners, is accomplished by the Allied Fleets in the Baltic.
Aug. 18.-The Austrian troops receive orders to enter Wallachia and commence crossing the frontier at Turnu-Severin.
Aug. 19.-Grisi and Mario, the two most renowned lyric artists of the Old World, arrive at New York.
Aug. 21. - Captain Hollins, of the Cyane, is arrested in New York, at the suit of Calvin Durand, for the destruction of his property at Greytown. Damages laid at $10,000.
Aug. 25.-Omar Pacha enters Bucharest with 25,000 men and thirty guns. Aug. 25.-The town of Damariscotta, Me., is almost entirely destroyed by fire, involving a large loss of property.
Aug. 25.A very destructive fire visits the city of Troy, N. Y., consuming more than one hundred houses and manufactories.
Aug. 25. A great conflagration occurs at Milwaukee, Wis., destroying a considerable portion of the town.
Aug. 27. A terrific tornado visits the city of Louisville, Ky., blowing down and unroofing a large number of buildings. The Fourth Presbyterian Church is
demolished, and, falling upon the congregation while at worship, twenty-five persons are instantly killed, and sixty-seven more seriously injured.
Aug. 28.. Doña Maria Christina, the queen mother, leaves Madrid for Portugal, under escort of a body of government troops, but against the will of the people. She was indebted to the state 71,000,000 reals.
ADDITIONS AND CORRECTIONS.
Page 90.-S. P. Bell is Machinist in the Patent-Office.
Page 92. Jacob Sorber is Postmaster at Wilkesbarre, Pa.; Thomas M. Pegues, at Camden, S. C.; and Fairman F. Taber, at Natchitoches, La. Page 95.-Jacob C. Martin is Receiver at Little Rock, Ark., vice B. F. Danley.
Page 99. Albert Greenleaf is Navy Pension Agent at Washington, D. C., vice A. G. Allen.
Page 116. James S. Green.
James B. Bowlin is Minister Resident in New Granada, vice
Page 117. George B. Merwin is Consul at Valparaiso, vice Reuben Wood; John Priest, at San Juan del Sud, vice Loomis L. White.
Page 181. David S. Reid is elected Senator from North Carolina. Pages 182-186.-Edmundson is from the 12th District of Virginia; Letcher from the 9th; Zedekiah Kidwell from the 10th; and Lewis from the 11th, vice Snodgrass, deceased. Nathaniel G. Taylor is the member from the 1st District of Tennessee, and F. M. Bristow from the 3d District of Kentucky. Columbia Lancaster is the Delegate from Washington Territory, and J. W. Whitfield from Kansas.
Page 192. — The time of meeting of the Rhode Island Legislature at Providence is the last Tuesday in May, and at Newport by adjournment from Providence. The Legislature of Florida now meets on the 4th Monday in November. The latest and present capital of California is Sacramento, and not Benicia.
Page 193.- Edward J. Steptoe is Governor of Utah, vice Brigham Young, and Mark W. Izard is Governor of Nebraska, vice Lacompte.
Page 231.-George Marston is Judge of Probate for Barnstable, vice Nymphas Marston, and Simeon N. Small is Register.
Page 267.-S. J. Persons is Judge of the Superior Court of North Carolina, vice Thomas Settle. Romulus M. Saunders has resigned his judgeship. Page 268.James H. Adams, of Richland District, is Governor of South Carolina, and R. de Treville, of Beaufort, is Lieutenant-Governor. Page 288. Grant Green is Secretary of State of Kentucky, salary $1,000; Andrew M'Kinley is Register of the Land-Office; Edward Hensley is Librarian; the residence of John D. Matthews is Lexington, and his salary $1,000. The pay of the clerks of the Senate and House is $10 per day. Thomas M. Marshall is Chief Justice of the Court of Appeals, and Henry F. Stites, of Hopkinsville, is Judge, and the salary of the judges of this court is $2,000 each. The salary of the Chancellor of Louisville Court and of the Judges of the Circuit Court is $ 1,800 each. Collins D. Bradley, of Cadiz, is Judge of the 2d Circuit, vice Stites, made Judge of the Court of Appeals.
Page 307.-S. G. McAchran, of Davis Co., is President of the Senate of Iowa, and Philip P. Bradley, Secretary; P. G. Bryan, of Warren, is Speaker of the House, and Carpenter, of Linn Co., is Clerk.
Page 311.- Charles H. Bryan, of Marysville, is appointed Judge of the Supreme Court of California, to fill the vacancy occasioned by the death of Judge Wells.