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pike, railway, and canal stock. The net amount collected from the canals for the year 1853 and paid into the treasury was $247,011.77. The total value of taxable property, real and personal, in the State, for the year 1853, was $593,396,848, (being $363,490,901 real, and $229,905,947 personal,) upon which the State tax was $3,026,323.92.

Chief Sources of Income.

Taxes collected by Co. Treas., $1,632,239.91 | Principal of surplus revenue,
Delinquent taxes of '51 and forfeiture, 44,584.59 Interest on surplus revenue,
Canal tolls, water rents, &c., 605,165.62 Canal lands sold,
Dividends, turnpike, canal, and 45,031.03 Road tolls,

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105,394.50 28,792.69



73,835.90 School and ministerial lands sold, 149,390.73

Principal Items of Expenditure.

$529,785.37 Interest on domestic bonds, .

Bills drawn for appropriations,
Common School Fund to Counties, 200,002.00 Repairs, &c., on canals and public
Interest on foreign debt,
896,457.52 works,


"special school and trust funds, 106,361.00 Repairs on National Road, Domestic bonds redeemed, 104,679.00 Repairs, &c, W. R. & Maumee road, 13,796.05 Foreign debt redeemed, 343,200.00 Agricultural fund,

2,521.04 The number and value of the domestic animals in the State, by the assessors' returns for 1853, were as follows: - Number of horses, 615,085,- value, $27,844,619; number of mules, 3,222, — value, $ 155,538; number of cattle, 1,646,195,- value, $ 17,646,810; number of sheep, 4,104,450,- value, $6,448,391; number of hogs, 2,498,792,- value, $ 5,727,790. Total value of domestic animals, $57,823,148. The whole value of personal property, inclusive of the above, upon the duplicates, was $229,905,947.

Common Schools. — -The constitution provides that "there shall be a thorough and efficient system of common schools established throughout the State," and that "the principal of all funds granted or intrusted to the State for educational purposes shall for ever be preserved inviolate and undiminished, and the income therefrom shall be faithfully applied to the specific objects of the original grants or appropriations." The school fund consists, (1.) of certain trust funds, the proceeds of lands originally given to certain districts of territory in the State, upon which the State pays the interest annually to the several counties in the proper district, according to the number of youth therein; (2.) of the State Common School Fund, which by the act of March 24, 1851, § 30, is made to consist of “the interest of the purchase-money of the Salt Lands; the balance of the Surplus Revenue Fund; the interest of the Surplus Revenue Fund paid by the counties; receipts from peddlers' licenses, from auction duties, from taxes upon lawyers and physicians, and upon banks and insurance and bridge companies; and of such taxes, to be levied by the General Assembly, as shall be sufficient, with the above revenues, to produce, for annual distribution, the sum of $300,000." The amount of the Common School Fund for distribution for the year ending November 15, 1853, was $201,421.71; of this amount there were paid to counties $200,002. From the special school and trust funds there were paid $109,770.98, making the whole amount paid by the State for schools, exclusive of local expenditures, during the year, $309,772.98.

Statistics of Common Schools for 1852. - Number of townships in the State, 1,316; number reported, 1,121. Number of whole districts in the State reported, 8,597; of fractional districts, 1,285; of common schools in the State, 9,916; of male teachers, 7,272; of female, 5,292; of enrolled scholars, males, 240,152, females, 197,560; average daily attendance of scholars, males, 144,982, females, 121,285. Wages paid teachers from public funds, males, $181,379.73; females, $150,316.29. Paid teachers from all other sources, males, $417,807.62; females, $22,642.05. Months that schools were taught, males, 11,808; females, 13,954. 171 school houses were built during the year at a cost of $61,837.41. Amount of building funds raised, $ 58,299.11; amount of tax on duplicates, $309,738.76; received by reporting counties from State fund, $94,748.52; received from all sources, $126,677.17.

Ohio Lunatic Asylum, Columbus. — E. Kendrick, Superintendent. Number in the

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$ 19,019.21

Asylum, November 15, 1852, 260, 130 males and 130 females; received during the year, 239, 110 males and 129 females. Whole number treated, 499; 240 males, 259 females. Discharged during the year, 247, 125 males and 122 females. Of these, 133, 71 males and 62 females, were recovered; 29, 16 males and 13 females, were improved; 61, 26 males and 35 females, were unimproved; and 24, 12 males and 12 females, died. Of those admitted during the year, 48 were single; 142 were married; 12 widowed; 1 unknown. 35, 12 males and 23 females, attempted suicide before admission, and 13, 4 males and 9 females, had a strong suicidal propensity. 32 were made insane by religious excitement; 11 by spirit rappings; 6 by intemperance; 16 by masturbation. The actual expenses of the institution for the year were $31,200.

Ohio Penitentiary, Columbus. Samuel Wilson, Warden. The number of prisoners, November 30, 1852, was 508. Number admitted during the year, 238. Whole number during the year, 746. Of these there have been discharged by expiration of sentence, 110; by pardon, 77; by death, 17; by writ of error, 5; and by escapes, 6; in all, 215. Number in confinement, November 30, 1853, 531. Of these, 357 were committed for offences against property, including burglary, larceny, counterfeiting, horse stealing, &c., 14 for arson, 14 for forgery, and 146 for offences against life or the person. 321 were intemperate; 192 married, 339 unmarried; 55 had property, 476 had none; 471 were whites, 60 blacks; 202 had trades, and 329 were without trades; 121 were 21 years of age and under; 36 were over 50 years, and 5 were over 70, one being 79 when committed. The receipts of the prison for the year were $57,375.52. Expenses, $39,186.81. Balance in favor of the prison, $18,188.71. There is a library connected with the prison, for the use of the convicts, of nearly 8,000 volumes. The institution has, since 1835, supported itself, defrayed the expenses of its buildings, and paid to the State in labor and cash a large sum.

Deaf and Dumb Asylum, Columbus. Collins Stone, Superintendent. The Asylum has been in actual operation 23 years, during which time there have been 576 pupils. The number present, December 5, 1853, was 158, 76 males and 82 females. The expenses of the year were $16,906.32. The trustees estimate that there are in the State 150 deaf mutes besides those in the asylum. Terms of admission $100 for session of ten months, payable quarterly in advance, which covers all expenses but clothing, travelling, and physicians' bills in cases of sickness. Session commences first Wednesday in October, and ends last Wednesday in July. During vacation, board at the Asylum is $1.25 per week.

Institution for the Blind, Columbus. — Rufus E. Harte, Superintendent. The number, including graduates and assistants, in this institution, was, December 5, 1853, 72. During the year ending December 31, 1853, there were 81 pupils in the institution, 43 males and 38 females. The expenditures for the year were $11,916.13. Applicants for admission must be between the ages of 6 and 21. If able to pay, the charges are $ 100 for the 10 months' session, exclusive of clothing and travelling expenses. The session is from October I to August 1.

Statistics of Crime. - From the report of the Attorney-General, December 26, 1853, it appears that during the year 1853 there were 530 prosecutions, 356 convictions, 93 acquittals, and 111 were nol. prossed. The punishments were:- Penitentiary, for life, 7; for term of years, 185. The amount of costs, $14,999.83. The number of crimes committed under the influence of spirituous liquors was 40. The returns are exceedingly imperfect, and do not probably represent one third of the criminal business of the year.


Government for the Year 1855.

KINSLEY S. BINGHAM, of Kensington, Governor (term of office ex- Salary.
pires 1st Monday of January, 1857),

William Graves,
John Swegles,
B. C. Whittemore,
William Hall,

Secretary of State, Fees and 800
State Treasurer,



of Niles,

of Hillsdale,
of Detroit,
of Detroit,

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1. Warner Wing,
2. Charles W. Whipple,

3. Samuel T. Douglass,

4. David Johnson,

5. Abner Pratt,
6. Joseph T. Copeland,
7. Sanford M. Green,
8. George Martin,
Randolph Manning,

The seat of government is located permanently at Lansing, Ingham County, to which place the public offices were removed in December, 1847.


Supreme Court.

of Monroe,

of Niles,

of Detroit,

of Jackson,

of Marshall,

Sup't of Public Instruction,
Comm'r of Land-Office,
Adj.-Gen. and Q. M. Gen.,
Agent of State Prison,

of Pontiac,
of Flint,

of Grand Rapids,
of Pontiac,


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$97,243.23 451,082.97

$548,326.20 431,918.97


The funded and fundable debt of the State, November 30, 1852, was $2,307,850.19; annual interest about $ 150,000. Some of the debt bears interest at 7 per cent., but most of it is at 6 per cent. There is, besides, the sum of $309,131.59 due the Trust Fund of the State.

The resources and property of the State, other than State buildings, are stated at nearly $630,000.

Common Schools in 1850. — Number of districts, 3,097; number reporting, 2,525. Number of children between 4 and 18 attending school during the year, 132,234. Number drawing public money, 125,866. Number of scholars under 4 years of age, 2,056; over 18, 8,346. 4,065 scholars have attended unincorporated, private, or select schools. Amount of school money apportioned, $42,794.44; raised by tax, $81,392.44. Raised for purchasing, building, &c. school-houses, $ 46,797.01. Received from local funds, $5,389.59. Volumes in township libraries, 84,823. Mill tax for township libraries and support of schools, $17,957.30.

A State Normal School has been established at Ypsilanti, with an endowment of school lands. It is under the control of a Board of Education of six persons, appointed by the Legislature. It went into operation in April, 1853.

Asylum for the Insane, and for the Deaf, Dumb, and Blind. By act of the Legisla. ture of 1848, the Michigan Asylum for educating the Deaf, the Dumb, and the Blind was established at Kalamazoo, and by the same Legislature, the Michigan Asylum for the Insane was established at Flint. Both institutions are endowed with lands, and are under the control of a board of five trustees, elected by the Legislature.

State Prison, Jackson. - Peter Dox, Agent. Number of convicts in prison, 30th November, 1852, 209; received during the year, 72; discharged during the year by expiration of sentence, 42; by pardon, 24; by death, 9; by process of law, 1; in all, 76; leaving in prison, 30th November, 1853, 205, of whom 187 were white and 18 colored. Of the 72 received during the year, 33 were committed for larceny, 3 for burglary, 4 for burglary and larceny. The income of the prison during the year was $25,487.80; the expenditures were $25,042.07; excess of income, $445.73. The average number of convicts was 210; the average value of

their labor per day was 32.5 cents for each convict. The number of days lost by sickness, old age, and bad weather was 9,060; by solitary confinement, 939. Of those admitted during the past year, 2 are sentenced to solitary confinement for life; 2 for 15 years; 1 for 12 years; 61 for 5 years and less. The death penalty for murder in this State was abolished in 1846, and solitary confinement at hard labor in the State Prison for life substituted in March, 1847. Since then 11 persons have been convicted of murder and sentenced to solitary confinement for life.

Pauperism in 1850.

Number of persons relieved or supported, 1,564, at a total expense of $24,575.38. The actual value of the labor of the poor was $331.50.

Crime in 1850. — Number of cases prosecuted by indictment, 306; prosecuted otherwise, 223. Of the offences, 112 were assault and battery; 125 larceny; 10 assault with intent to kill; 13 false pretences; 12 burglary and larceny ; 24 perjury; 12 passing counterfeit money; 26 violation of license laws.

Nehemiah Hayden,
Elijah Newland,
John P. Dunn,
W. C. Larrabee,
John M. Lord,
Samuel Beck,

JOSEPH A. WRIGHT, of Rockville,* .
expires in December, 1855),
Ashbel P. Willard,

of New Albany,


Government for the Year 1855.

Francis King,
Oliver B. Torbet,
Wm. R. Bowes,
George L. Sites,

of Rush Co.,
of Salem,
of Perry Co.,
of Greencastle,
of Salem,t

Governor (term of office Salary. $1,500

of Indianapolis, Quartermaster-General, Steph. D. Tomlinson, of Indianapolis, Adjutant-General,

Austin H. Brown,

of Indianapolis, State Printer,

of Jeffersonville, Warden of State Prison,

David W. Miller,
Samuel H. Patterson, of Jeffersonville, Lessee of State Prison,
M. G. C. W. Tanner, of Brownstown, State Librarian,


1. William Z. Stewart, 2. Andrew Davidson, 3. Samuel E. Perkins, 4. Alvin P. Hovey, William B. Beach, Albert G. Porter,

Lieut.-Governor and Presi

dent of the Senate, $3 a day. Secretary of State, 800 Treasurer of State, Auditor of Public Accounts, Superintendent of Public Instruction. State Agent,







of Indianapolis, Private Secretary to Governor, 350
of Lawrence Co., Speaker of the House.
Clerk of the House.
Secretary of Senate.

of Laporte Co.,
of Allen Co.,

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Supreme Court.

Term ends.


of Logansport, Judge, January, 1859, $1,200


66 1859, 1,200

" 1859, 1,200


of Greensburg,
of Indianapolis,
of Mt. Vernon,
of Boone Co., Clerk,
of Indianapolis, Reporter.

66 1859, 1,200 October, 1856. Fees.

* The Governor, Secretary, Treasurer, and Auditor are required to reside at Indianapolis during their term of office.

↑ The State Agent of Indiana has an office in the city of New York.

Circuit Courts. — July, 1854.


President Judges.
1st. Alex. C. Downey, of Rising Sun.

Robert P. Moore,
Patrick H. Jewett,

Andrew L. Robinson, of Evansville.


2d. George A. Bicknell, of New Albany.
3d. Wm. E. Niblack,
4th. Reuben D. Logan,
5th. Stephen Major,
6th. James Hughes,
7th. Joseph Anthony,
8th. Wm. P. Bryant,

of Martin Co.
of Rushville.
of Indianapolis.
of Bloomington.
of Muncie.

Oscar B. Hord,
Reuben A. Riley,
Wm. E. McLean,
Silas Colgrove,

of Greensburg.
of Greenfield.
of Terre Haute.

of Winchester.

of Rockville.

9th. Thos. S. Stanfield, of South Bend. 10th. Elza A. McMahon, of Fort Wayne. 11th. John W. Pettit, of Wabash.

Daniel W. Voorhees, of Covington.
D. J. Woodward,
E. R. Wilson,
John M. Connell,

of Bluffton.
of Wabash.


Clark and Scott,

The salary of each of these judges is $1,000. Heretofore the number of circuits has been thirteen, but the last Legislature reduced the number to eleven, by distributing the counties. The Legislature also established a Court of Common Pleas. It divided the State by counties into 44 districts, each of which elects a judge to serve for four years, and until his successor is elected and qualified. Their salaries vary, according to the population of their district, from $300 to $800 per annum. Four terms a year are held in each district, on the first Monday of January, April, July, and October; but if the Circuit Court of any county is in session, then the Common Pleas shall be held on the Monday succeeding the Circuit term. This court has concurrent civil jurisdiction with the Circuit Courts, with certain exceptions, in cases where the ad damnum does not exceed $1,000, and with justices of the peace where the sum demanded is not less than $50; criminal jurisdiction in cases of misdemeanors and of felonies not punishable with death, under certain restrictions; and probate jurisdiction. The following is a list of the districts, judges, and prosecuting attorneys of the

Posey and Gibson,
Warwick and Vanderburg,
Spencer, Perry, and Dubois,

Pike, Knox, Daviess, and Martin,

Crawford, Orange, Washington, and Harrison,


Switzerland and Ohio,

Dearborn and Ripley,




Court of Common Pleas.

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Prosecuting Attorneys.

of Rising Sun.

of Scott Co.

John Pitcher,
Conrad Baker,
Lemuel Q. De Bruler,
Richard A. Clements,
William Morrow,
Nathaniel Moore,
Amos Lovering,
Charles E. Walker,
Robert Drummond,
Wm. S. Holman,
Ezra F. Pabody,
Zachariah Tannehill,
J. R. E. Goodlett,
Wm. M. Franklin,
Amory Kinney,
Wm. G. Quick,
Franklin Hardin,
James M. Sleeth,
Royal P. Cobb,
John S. Reid,

Prosecuting Attorneys.
Harrison F. Kiger.
Morris S. Johnson.
Wm. A. Wandell.
James H. McConnell.
David W. Lafolett.
Norman I. Coleman.
Patrick H. Jewett.
James Y. Allison.
Carter Gazley.
Charles N. Shook.
Jeremiah Bundy.
Samuel H. Kridlebaugh.
E. D. Pearson.
Frederic T. Brown.
Salmon Wright.
Daniel W. McClure.
Samuel P. Oyler.
Thomas A. McFarland.
Morris I. Williams.
James R. McClure.

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