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fraction over 6.69 per cent. The whole expense of managing these 60 Savings Banks was $59,071.27.
Insurance Abstract for 1853.-Number of stock offices, 34, 19 of which are in Boston. Capital, $6,690,100. In United States stocks and Treasury-notes, $31,239.38. Bank stocks in Massachusetts, $4,533,285.02. State Stock, $151,920.00. Loans on bottomry and respon. dentia, $30,500. Real estate, $ 358,555.30. Mortgages on do., $1,166,341.08. Loans on collateral and personal security, $570,514.91; loans on personal security only, $403,597.79. Cash, $227,718.02. Reserved or contingent fund, $509,107.87. Railroad stock, $628,879.57. Losses ascertained and unpaid, $182.594.78. Estimated losses in addition, $461,670.00. Premium notes, $2,006,968 43, of which $ 438,686.53 are on risks that have terminated. Notes bad or doubtful, but not charged to profit and loss, $14,364.87. At risk, marine $64,058,935.11; fire, $88,097,881.07. Premiums on fire risks undetermined, $691,163.33 Average annual dividends for 5 preceding years, or since incorporated, 10.9 per cent. (Boston offices, 12.35 per cent.) Fire losses paid last year, $398,565.88. Marine losses do., $1,911,069.68. In mutual offices, amount insured on marine risks is $125,684,694,00%; on fire risks, $208,466,456,48; Assets of mutual offices, other than premium notes, $12,819,036.84; losses paid during the year, on marine risks, $2,196,016.77; fire risks, $420,649 84. There was also insured within the year by foreign companies, over $25,000,000.
Banks. -At the last session of the Legislature a law was passed requiring the banks in Boston to report weekly their condition to the Secretary of State in the particulars in the headings of the columns in the tables given below, and that the Secretary should publish these reports weekly. The same act required the same report to be made monthly by the banks out of Boston.
Banks in Boston.
Banks out of Boston.
Loans and Specie in
Due from Due to
other Deposits. Banks.
23,503,837 42,457,655 928,598 3,960,141
412,003 5,647,772 15,981,496
Schools for 1853.-The towns raise by taxation for the support of schools, $ 963,631.25. Aggregate expended for wages, fuel, and superintendence, $ 1,072,310.36. Number of children in the State from 5 to 15 years old, 204,705. Number that attend school under 5 years, 17,514; over 15 years, 22,362. Number of public schools in the State, 4,113. Number of male teachers, 2,068. No. of female teachers, 5,007. No. of scholars in summer schools, 187,022. No. in winter schools, 202,031. Average attendance in summer, 140,482; in winter, 155,716. Ratio of attendance to whole number of children between 5 and 15, .72. Average length of the schools, 7 months. Average wages per month, inclusive of board, paid to male teachers, $37. Do. to female teachers, $15.41. Amount of School Fund, December 31st, 1853, $1,244,294.05. From this fund about $ 45,000 is distributed annually among the towns for the support of schools. There are 64 incorporated academies in the State, with 4,062 pupils, and an aggregate of 74,283.86 paid for tuition; also, 763 unincorporated academies, private schools, &c., with 18,362 scholars, and an aggregate of $219,036.78 paid for tuition. Amount expended on public and private schools, &c., exclusive of cost of repairing and erecting school edifices, $1,337,559.37. There were in 1850 local funds for the support of academies, &c. to the amount of about $350,000, yielding an income of about $20,006. The value of the public school-houses in the State in 1848 was $2,750,000, of which $2,200,000 had been expended since 1838. There are four Normal Schools supported by the State, at an annual cost of about $11,000, -one at Westfield, one at Framingham, one at Bridgewater, and one at Salem, for girls,—averaging annually, in all, 260 pupils.
The Board of Education consists of the Governor and Lieutenant-Governor, and eight members, one being appointed each year by the Governor and council for eight years. There is a secretary to the board, who has an assistant, and is the executive officer of the board. Teachers' institutes have been held, under the direction of the secretary, for the instruction of teachers; at which Professors Agassiz, Guyot, Mason, and others have acted as instructors; and teachers' associations are held, independently of the institutes. Two agents are employed by the board to visit each town in the State, to gather all information as to the condition and necessities of the schools, school-houses, &c. Provision is made by law for the education and training young men to be principal teachers in the high schools in the commonwealth, by establishing 48 State scholarships in the colleges of the State, and paying $100 dollars annually to each.
State Lunatic Hospital, Worcester. --George Chandler, M.D., Superintendent. Number of patients, December 1st, 1852, 532, -264 males, 268 females; admitted during the year, 288,136 males, 152 females; remaining in the Hospital, November 30th, 1853, 520, — 266 males, 254 females. Of those admitted during the year, 241 (113 males, 128 females) were committed by the courts; 47 (23 males, 24 females) by overseers of the poor; private boarders none. 106 foreigners (i. e. persons having no legal residence in the State), of whom 37 were males and 69 females, were admitted. 216 foreigners (104 males, 122 females) remained in the Hospital at the end of the year. 300 patients (133 males, 167 females) were discharged during the year; of whom 145 were recovered, 36 improved, 41 incurable and harmless, 37 incurable and dangerous, and 41 died. Number of State paupers in the Hospital at the end of the year, 216. Receipts during the year, $53,988.38; balance of cash, December 1st, 1852, $22,780.13; total, $76,768.51. Expenditures, $53,636.66. Leaving balance to new account, $23,131.85.
State Prison. - Jefferson Bancroft, Warden; Rev. Henry E. Hempstead, Chaplain; William B. Morris, M. D., Physician. The number of prisoners, October 1st, 1852, was 483; 159 were received during the year ending 30th September, 1853, and 151 were discharged. Number of prisoners, 30th September, 1853, 491. Of those discharged, 119 were from expiration, and 20 from remission of sentence; 2 by pardon; 5 by insanity; and 4 died. Of those in prison, 407 were committed for offences against property, and 84 for offences against the person. 174 are natives of Massachusetts, 148 of other States, and 169 are foreigners. There are 52 second-comers, 15 third-comers, 7 fourth-comers, and 1 is a sixthThere are 26 negroes, and 11 mulattoes. Average number of convicts for the year, 484. Of those in prison, 3 are 15 years of age; 66 between 16 and 20; 149 from 20 to 25; 111 from 25 to 30; 92 from 30 to 40; 40 from 40 to 50; 25 from 50 to 60; 5 from 60 to 70.
$100 are appropriated each year to purchase books for the prison library, which now numbers 820 volumes. The ordinary expenses have been $81,882.45, and the receipts $63,511.43; deficit of receipts to meet expenses, $18,371.02.
State Reform School, Westborough, Henry W. Cushman, Superintendent. Boys in the school, Dec. 1st, 1852, 341; received since, 299; discharged during the year, 255; remaining, November 30th, 1853, 335. Of those committed the past year, 3 were 7 years old, 10 were 8, 15 were 9, 32 were 10, 24 were 11, 37 were 12, 35 were 13, 47 were 14, and 50 were 15. 90 were committed for larceny, 102 for stubbornness, 14 as idle and disorderly, 16 for vagrancy, 3 for shopbreaking and stealing, 5 for assault, 4 as runaways, 16 for shopbreaking with intent to steal, I as common drunkard, 4 for malicious mischief, and 2 for burglary. 196 were committed during minority, 1 for 8 years, 16 for 3 years, and the remainder for shorter periods. 25 were received from Bristol county, 10 from Berkshire, 1 from Dukes, 55 from Essex, 1 from Franklin, 25 from Hampden, 4 from Hampshire, 41 from Middlesex, 23 from Norfolk, 4 from Plymouth, 47 from Suffolk, 26 from Worcester. 215 were born in the United States, and 47 in foreign countries. All the boys are employed during a portion of the day at some mechanical, agricultural, or domestic labor. They do the washing, ironing, and cooking, and make and mend their own clothes. Each day, 4 hours are devoted to school, 6 to labor, 84 to sleep, and 5 to recreation and miscellaneous duties. 180 acres of land were originally purchased, and since that time an adjoining farm has been added. A new wing was added to the building in 1853. The school can accommodate 550 inmates, and is now (1854) full. The expenses of the institution for the year were $36,887.60. The balance in favor of the farm was $447.91.
School for Idiotic and Feeble-minded Youth. This school was organized and went into operation October 1st, 1848; the legislature, after careful preliminary inquiries, instituted through a commission appointed for that purpose, having appropriated $2,500 a year for three years for its establishment. There were shown to be in 1846-7 about 1,200 idiotic persons in the State. The school has been in successful operation since that time. January 1, 1853, the number of pupils was 37; received during the year, 14; discharged, 9; now remaining, 42. 31 are State beneficiaries, and 11 are private pupils. Of those discharged, two were much improved. The others were not improved in any considerable degree, and were retained only long enough to ascertain that they were not capable of such improvement as was to be hoped for in others who were waiting for admission.
Pauperism in the Year 1853. —The number of persons relieved or supported as paupers was 26,414; of whom 8,004 were town paupers, and 14,831 State paupers; of these State paupers, 11,874 were foreigners, and of this number 10,014 were natives of England and Ireland. There were 197 almshouses, with 20,036 acres attached, the whole valued at $1,307,124. Number relieved in almshouses, 12,251 (the average being 3,391), of whom 6,365 were unable to labor. Number relieved out of almshouses, 14,398. Average weekly cost of each pauper in almshouses, $1.109; out of almshouses, $ 0.93. Net expense of sup porting and relieving paupers, including interest on almshouse establishment, $465,599.24. Estimated value of pauper labor in almshouses, $ 19,679.23. 1,135 foreign paupers have come into the State within the year. 722 insane and 371 idiots were relieved or supported during the year. 972 are paupers by reason of insanity or idiocy, and it is probable that 16,034 were made paupers by intemperance in themselves or others. There were 2,630 indigent children, under 14 years of age, supported at public charge during the year 1853, of whom 1,537 were males, and 1,093 females. The State has erected three houses, -one at Palmer, one at Tewksbury, and one at Bridgewater, -where the State paupers are now (1854) maintained, and nothing is paid to towns for their support.
Jails and Houses of Correction in 1853. — Whole number of prisoners, including 1,126 debtors, 13,927. Of these, 11,625 were males; 2,285 females; 2,699 minors; 464 colored; 2.901 able to read or write; 50 insane when committed; 1,261 natives of Massachusetts; 856 natives of other States; 3,142 foreigners; remaining in confinement, November 1st, 1853, 1,405. Average cost of board of each prisoner per week, $1.67. Total expense for the -year, $89,262.31. Estimated value of labor in Houses of Correction, $34, 134.77.
Against the person, feloniously,
66 not feloniously, Against property, with violence,
"" without violence, Other offences,
Criminal Statistics for the Year 1852.
3,588 1,443 209 394 851 465 98 128 $72,772,15
Births, Marriages, and Deaths, for the Year ending December 31, 1852.- Eleventh Registration Report. The number of births during that period was 29,802; 15,246 males and 14,432 females. Of these births, 10,991 were of foreign parentage, and the parentage of 1,556 was not stated. The number of marriages was 11,578. The number of deaths was 18,482; 8,978 males and 9,396 females. Their average age was 27.78. An average of ten persons have died of consumption each day during the last four years, and twelve a day for the year 1852. During the four years 1849-1852 inclusive, 58.29 per cent. of the births were of American parents; 31.73 of foreign; and 9.98 of parents whose place of birth was unknown. During the same four years there were 3,961 more males than females born, and 1,256 more females than males died. Of the marriages during the year, 3,767 were between foreigners. In Boston, during the year, the marriages between Americans were 1,181; between foreigners, 1,488. The Registration gives the following table.
36 8 6 10
Influence of Occupation on Longevity.
One year. From Jan. 1, to 8 years and 8 months. -From
4,786 43.51 1,958 91,602
19 2 75
2 $5,051.40 12 10,487.73 11 5 5.831.60 14 17 25 22.813.58 67 84 28,587.84
V. RHODE ISLAND.
Government for the Year ending 1st Tuesday in May, 1855.
of North Kingston, Lieutenant-Governor,
WILLIAM W. HOPPIN,
of EastGreenwich, Comm'r of Public Schools, 800
200 1,000 750
Schools is appointed by the Governor, subject to confirmation by the Senate. The Senate consists of the Governor, who presides, the Lieutenant-Governor, and one Senator from each of the thirty-one towns in the State. The House of Representatives consists of 72 members.
William R. Staples,
Sylvester G. Sherman, of North Kingston, of Providence,
Edwin Metcalf, The judges of the Supreme Court hold office until they are removed by a resolution passed by both houses of the Assembly, and voted for by a majority of the members elected to each house. By an act passed May, 1848, the Court of Common Pleas in each of the five counties is hereafter to be held by a single judge of the Supreme Court, sitting alone. The associate judges of the Supreme Court are to divide this duty among themselves. There are no longer any associate justices elected for each county. Clerks of the Supreme and Common Pleas Courts.
Principal Items of Expenditure.
Clerks of Supreme Court.
Newport County, Wm. D. Lake, Newport; Providence County, Daniel K. Chafee, Providence; Washington County, Beriah H. Lawton, Wickford; Bristol County, Stephen Johnson; Kent County, Philip Arnold, Apponaug.
For the Year ending April 30, 1854.
$7,762.00 Balance on hand last year,
6,701.00 Banks, tax on capital,
on increase of capital,
on reserved profits,
bonus for new charters,
300.00 Dividend on School Fund,
Clerks of Common Pleas.
William T. Tilley.
Chief Sources of Income.