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Common Schools. — The school fund was abolished in 1845, to pay the State debt. There has been no State Superintendent of schools since 1851; and since that year there have been no returns of the conditions of the Schools. The returns for 1851 will be found in the

American Almanac for 1854, p. 234.

State Prison. Year ending September 1, 1854. Hiram Harlow, Superintendent, salary $500. Number of convicts, September 1, 1853, 75; admitted during the year, 22; total, 97; 29 were discharged during the year; 20 by expiration of sentence; 5 by pardon; 4 died; leaving in confinement, September 1, 1854; 68. The services of the convicts are let out to contractors. The contract per-diem charge per convict is two shillings. The income of the prison for the year was $6,687.46. Expenditures, including depreciation of property, $7,538.77. Balance of expenditures over income, $851.31.

Vermont Asylum for the Insane, Brattleboro'.- William H. Rockwell, M.D., Superintendent. Since the opening of the Asylum, there have been admitted, to August 1, 1854, 2,229 patients; 1,840 have been discharged, and 389 remain in the institution. Of the 1,840 patients discharged, 1,048 have recovered, equal to 57 per cent. Of those placed at the Asylum within six months from the attack, nearly nine tenths have recovered. During the year ending August 1, 1854, the whole number of patients was 535. Admitted, 163; discharged, 146; remaining in the institution, 389. Of those discharged, 80 were cured; 40 died; improved, 12; not improved, 14. There have been 207 State beneficiaries in the Asylum during the year, and 152 remained, August 1, 1854. Income during the year, $44,492.33; expenditures, 45,194.20; balance against the Asylum, $701.87. There is connected with the Asylum a library of over 1,200 volumes, and a large number of newspapers and periodicals are taken.

Terms of Admission. For the first six months, $2 per week, and $1.75 afterwards. When the insanity is connected with epilepsy or paralysis, $2.50 per week. Patients are received from other States for $2 per week, or $100 per year.

Banks. From Bank Commissioner's Report, dated September 12, 1854.-Number of banks in the State, 40; capital paid in, $3,323,826; circulation, $3,989,711. Total liabil ities, $8,145,514. Notes and bills discounted, $6,264,885; deposits in city banks, $1,031,406; specie, $196,699; total resources, $8,476,222. To every $100 of circulation there is nearly $26 of deposits in city banks, and $4.93 of specie.

In the session of the Legislature of 1851 a General Banking Law was adopted, under which three banks, the South Royalton, the Bank of Castleton, and the Bank of Woodstock have gone into operation.

By a joint resolution of the Legislature passed in 1849, savings banks are required to report to the Auditor their condition on the first Monday of September in each year. On the first Monday in September, 1854, there were 13 savings banks in operation, with deposits to the amount of $895,370.13. The expenses of these 13 banks for the year were $1,879.53. The average dividend was 5 per cent.

FINANCES

For Fiscal Year ending August 31, 1854. Amount received into the Treasury, including balance of 1853,.

66 expended,.

Balance in Treasury, Sept. 1, 1854,

Principal Items of Expenditure.

Expenses of the Legislature,

Contingent expenses,

Library,

Executive expenses, - salaries,
Miscellaneous,

Salaries of Judges,

Vermont Reports,
Other Court expenses, including pros-
ecution of crime,
Military expenses,
Infirm poor, insane, deaf and dumb,
Agricultural Societies, &c.,

165,111.84 152,443.36

$12,668.48

Financial disbursements, $34,039.32 Elections,

9,326.03 Repaid loans and Safety Fund,

2,375.00

89.58 Peddlers' license money distributed,
Principal Sources of Revenue.
2,121.92 In Treasury, Sept. 1, 1853,
10,788.25 From taxes,

1,400.64 Safety and School Funds,

Principal collected on same,
55,694.80 Bank taxes and interest,
319.50 State Attorneys,
8,291.41 Court fees by Clerks,
2,687.20 Peddlers' license money,

$4,749.73

531.15

10,528.04

2,160.00

$3,009.93

139,385.07

2,812.50

2.097.38

2,861.15

5,041.65

5,671.57

2,219.48

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Resources,

Balance in favor of the State, Taxable Property and 53,234 polls at $2,

Real estate (4,916,131 acres),

State Liabilities, Sept. 1, 1854.

HENRY J. Gardner, Simon Brown, Ephraim M. Wright, Jacob H. Loud, Joseph Mitchell, Ebenezer W. Stone, Ebenezer Bradbury, Benjamin Stevens, William Tufts, George Russell, Barnas Sears,

Charles L. Flint,
Charles E. Cooke,*
Otis P. Lord,*
Charles Calhoun,*
William Stowe,*

Lemuel Shaw,
Charles A. Dewey,
Theron Metcalf,
Geo. Tyler Bigelow,
Benj. F. Thomas,
Pliny Merrick,
John H. Clifford,
Horace Gray, Jr.,
Charles R. Train,
L. F. Brigham,

$21,041.19 To meet which, it has, —
5,000.00 Balance in the Treasury,
5,000.00 Taxes not collected,

4,559.90 $30,601.09 48,349.15

$ 17,748.06 Taxation.

$106,468.00 Polls and one per cent. are, 61,720,414 44 Deduct for Fire Companies, Personal estate, over debts owed, 15,281,283.30 Balance list for State taxes, Total real and personal,

$77,001,697.74

IV.

MASSACHUSETTS.

Government for the Year ending the 1st Wednesday in January, 1856.

Governor,

Aggregate of Grand List of 1853.

of Roxbury,

of Newton,

of Boston,

of Boston,

Salary. $3,500 Lieutenant-Governor, $4 a day.

of Concord,

of Plymouth,

of Boston,

of Westhampton, Sec. of Commonwealth, 2,000 Treas. and Receiver-Gen., 2,000 Auditor, 2,000 Adj.-Gen.& Quartermaster, 1,500 Land Agent, 1,000 Sergeant at Arms, House & 1,300

of Boston, 1st Clerk, Secretary of State's Office, 1,300 of Kingston, 1st Clerk, Treasurer's Office, 1,300 of Newton, Sec. of Board of Education

and State Librarian,

1,900 Sec. of Board of Agriculture, 1,500 Pres't of the Senate, $4 per day.

Speaker of House of Rep. "
Clerk of Senate, $10 per day.
Clerk of House,

66

of Boston,
of Boston,

of Salem,

of Boston,
of Springfield,

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$ 12,668.48

35,680.67

$48,349.15

66

876,484.97 1,042.00

$875,442.97

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of Worcester,

of New Bedford, Attorney-General,
of Boston,

Reporter, $ 300 and proceeds of Reports.
of Framingham, District Attorney, N. Dist.
of New Bedford,

S. 66

*Officers at the session of 1854.

$3,500

3,000

3,000

3,000

3,000

3,000

2,500

1,000 1,000

of Danvers,

of Dedham,

of Worcester,

Mid.

of North Adams,

W.

2,000

Alfred A. Abbott, Ezra Wilkinson, P. E. Aldrich, Henry A. Dawes, George W. Cooley, of Boston, Comm'th Att'y for Co. of Suffolk, The Supreme Court consists of six judges, who hold office during good behavior. It has exclusive cognizance of all capital crimes, and exclusive chancery jurisdiction, so far as chancery powers are given by statute; and concurrent original jurisdiction of all civil cases, where the amount in dispute exceeds $600 in Suffolk, and $300 in the other counties. It holds law terms in eight of the fourteen counties of the State, and nisi prius terms in all the counties.

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County. Commissioner. Residence. Barnstable, Simeon N. Small, Yarmouth. Timothy Reed, Barnstable. Berkshire, Charles N. Emerson, Great

66

Bristol,

66

District Attorney, E. District, $800

S. E.

66

800

Dukes,
Essex,

66

of Lenox,

of Pittsfield,
of Boston,

Court of Common Pleas.
of Wayland,

Chief Justice,
of Stockbridge, Associate Justice,

of Salem,

of Concord,

$2,300

2,100

2,100

2,100

2,100

2,100

2,100

Edward Mellen, Horatio Byington, Jonathan C. Perkins, E. Rockwood Hoar, Henry W. Bishop, George N. Briggs, George P. Sanger, The Court of Common Pleas is held for the trial of civil cases above $20, and, except in Suffolk County, has criminal jurisdiction in all cases not capital. In Suffolk, the criminal jurisdiction is surrendered to the Municipal Court. There are seven judges, and frequent terms are held in every county. Justices of the peace have a limited criminal jurisdiction, and in civil cases under $100, with the right of either party in all cases over $20 to call in a jury of six ; and a right in all cases of appeal to the Common Pleas. In those places, as in Boston, where the justices of the Police Court on stated days hold a "Justices' Court," Justices of the peace cannot try causes. In Boston, a "Justices' Court" is held every Saturday. The jurisdiction of these courts is like that of justices of the peace.

Police Court of Boston.

John G. Rogers, Abel Cushing, Thos. Russell, Justices, salary, $1,500 each. Commissioners of Insolvency.

66

County. Commissioner.
Middlesex, Isaac S. Morse,
Josiah Rutter,
Bar-Nantucket, George Cobb,
Norfolk, Francis Hilliard,
S. B. Noyes,

66

Plymouth, J. J. Russell,

66

rington.

Lorenzo H.Gain well, Pittsfield.

Shepherd Thayer, Adams.
Edmund H. Bennett, Taunton.
Joshua C. Stone, New Bedford.
Leavitt Thaxter,
John G. King,
N. W. Harmon,
David Aiken,

Edgartown. Suffolk,
Salem.

66

Lawrence.

Greenfield.

Franklin,
Hampden, Henry Vose,

Springfield.

Hampshire, Ithamar F. Conkey, Amherst.

""

Samuel T.Spaulding, Ware. Middlesex, Asa F. Lawrence,

Cambridge.

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Worcester, A. H. Bullock,

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Charles Demond,
John P. Putnam,

John M. Williams,

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C. H. B. Snow,
Thomas G. Kent,
Charles Brimblecom, Barre.

These Commissioners hold Courts of Insolvency in their respective counties as often as they may deem necessary. Salary, — fees not exceeding the amount of $1,500 each.

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Total receipts,

Add cash on hand, January 1st, 1854,

Total means,

Councillors,

Legislature,

FINANCES.

Received into the Treasury during the year ending December 31st, 1853, on account of ordinary revenue,

Received on all other accounts (including $ 546,800 5 per cent. temporary loans, borrowed in anticipation of the revenue),

Total payments, .

Excess of revenue for 1853,

Probate Courts.

Salary

$500
425

500

Principal Items of Expenditure, 1853.

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The entire payments during the year on account of ordinary expenditures were
On all other accounts, including $446,800 temporary loans repaid,

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(6 Deaf and Dumb,
Eye and Ear Infirmary,
State Lunatic Hospital,.
School for Idiots,
Bounty to militia,.

$882,289.32

1,238,990.75

$2,121,280.07 266,144.54 $2,387.424.61

$877,563.70 1,306,891.26

$2,184,454.96 4,725.62 $202,969.66

Cash on hand, January 1st, 1854,

Of this $13,409.64 is on account of ordinary revenue, and $189,560.02 on account of the school and other funds.

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150

800

300

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350

Henry Smith,

300 Samuel F. Lyman,

800

Alfred A. Prescott,

200

George Cobb,

600 Jonathan H. Cobb,
Joseph S. Beal,

500
900

H. M. Willis,

800

Charles G. Prentiss,

State Prison,

$6,104.00 Prevention of counterfeiting,
105,288.50 Pensions,

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1,000.00 Newspapers and advertising,
1,962.25 Term reports,

859.22 County Treasurers,

9,000.00 State paupers,

7,567.41 Interest on temporary loans,
2,500.00 Interest on State Ref. School scrip,
on Western Railroad scrip,

66

3,200.00
5,000.00
on 5 per cent. scrip,
29,098.50 Agricultural Societies,

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Salary.

$550

600

800

175

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1,500

450

600

475

1,500

300

800

700

2,000

1,500

40,551.01 1,079.37

855.64

30,000.00

5,574.70

8,543.80

6,663 22

1,880.96 1,542.47 27,009 14

$6,123.38

2,518.00

99,094.57

103,330.43

6,669.72

5,000.00

50,100.00 19,425.00

8,782.00

Loans repaid,
School Fund,

Interest on same,

Western R. R. sinking fund,
Convention of 1853,
Indexes and Journals,
State Board of Agriculture,
Charles River and W. Bridge Fund,
Enlargement of State House,
New Lunatic Hospital, .
State Almshouse,

Chief Sources of Income.

Year. Receipts.

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1835

1836

1834 $409,968 $362,380 447,679 494.438 406,626 435,456 478,239 510,461 422,233 490,434 413.279 481,195 405,742 407,943

1837

1833

1839

1840

1841

416,970 398,950

1842

433,804 357,736

370,365

413.561

1843 331,568

394,099

505,547

546,800.00 Attorney for Suffolk County,
250,268.05 Alien passengers,

49,872.17 Alien estates,

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492,811 566,056
566,432 642,105

194,400.00 Hawkers' and peddlers' licenses,
154,184.82 Interest on deposits,

5,119.37 Western Railroad dividends,
2,131.63 Temporary loans,
7,086.27 School fund,

48,361.19 Interest on school fund,
58,228.45 Scrip lent to railroads,

94,255.37 Western Railroad stock and loan

sinking fund, &c.

Bank tax,

Five per cent. scrip, 1853, $443,340.00 Premiums on ditto, 5,082.54 State tax, 1853,

Insurance tax,

The debt of Massachusetts, on its own account, was, on the 1st January, 1854, $1,804,175.00
Liability of the Commonwealth for scrip loaned to the various railroads,
Total absolute and contingent debt,

5,049.555 56 $6,853,730.56

The value of the productive property of the Commonwealth, January 1st, 1854,
consisting of notes, mortgages, stocks and scrip, the Western Railroad
sinking fund, School fund, &c.
Real estate, &c., unproductive,
Mortgages on the various railroads,

Total property of the Commonwealth,
Total liabilities,

Excess of resources over liabilities,

Expen- Govern-
ditures.

ment.

$208,013
317,192

236,123

296,929 253,542

$ 9,968
9,382
14,528

13,365

19,958

235,300 31,562
207,622 29,961
180,864

24,922

167,376

160,137

154,735

1844

1845

1846 502,025

416,443 158,540
421,125 194,247
478,756 204,328

1847

500,332
508,395

1848

548,675

230,017

1849 490,904 566,804

232,583

The lands in Maine last year estimated at $616,000 have been sold, and the proceeds ($646,196.19) have been divided between the School and the Sinking Funds.

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Receipts and Expenditures, and Kinds of Expenditure, on Account of ordinary Revenue, from 1834 to 1853 inclusive.

Education. Charities. Correctional Interest.

217,500

308,836

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$91,350
94,846

88,410

93,180

82,400

16,171

9,965

73,300

69.436

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4,709.70 31,008.51

2,515.82

542 00

1,861.82

65,000.00

546,800.00

239,659.07

49,078.22

52,500.00

198,978.34

175,000.00

4,172 50 286,605.00

$ 3,965,105.98

2,077,796.07 5,049,555.56

$11,092,457.61

6,853,730.56 $4,238,727.05

82,503

73,544

80,200

17,773

97,115

15,787

90,681

10,667

86.642

10,818

94.132

7,454 118,035

138,180 54,989 127,217 62,337

6,634

7,500

138,033
161,000

122,000 58,056

1850 1851

7,805 10,500

145,169 115,932 64,364

1852 598,170 674,622 295,404

1853

882,289 877,564 427,017

147.261 149,112 72,345 148,906 209,146

11,300

81,195 $9,657,112 $9,915,069 $4,686,305 $286,010 $2,056,143 $1,983,680 $ 902,923

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Institutions for Savings in 1853. — In the 60 institutions that made returns, there were 117,405 depositors, and $23,416,392.73 deposits securely invested; seven millions in mortgages, and the rest in stocks and loans. The average dividend for the year was a fraction over 4.78 per cent. The average annual per cent. of dividends of the last five years is a

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