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Name.

State.

66

Ohio, Cleveland, Zanesville, and Cincinnati,
Cincinnati, Wilmington, and Zanesville,
66 Columbus, Piqua, and Indiana,
Hamilton, Eaton, and Richmond,
Scioto and Hocking Valley,

CC

66

Toledo, Norwalk, and Cleveland, .
Cleveland and Erie,

66

Ind.

66

Madison, Indianapolis, and Peru,
Lafayette and Indianapolis,
Jeffersonville (to Edinburgh),
(6 Shelbyville Branch,

66

(6

66

66

66

(6

66

66

r

""

(c

66

Ill.

66

(6

Shelbyville and Knightstown,
Rushville and Shelbyville,
New Albany and Salem, open
Crawfordsville and Wabash,

Terre Haute & Richmond (to Indianapolis),
Indianapolis & Bellefontaine (open to Union).
Bellefontaine and Indiana (Galion to Union),
Lawrenceburg and Upper Mississippi, open
Evansv. & Crawfordsv. (open to Terre Haute),
Martinsville and Franklin,

Northern Indiana. See Southern Michigan.
Galena & Chicago Union (open to Freeport),
St. Charles Branch,

Aurora Branch,

66

Chicago and Rock Island,

66

Chicago and Mississippi,

66

Great Western, Long Point to Naples, Illinois Central (Chicago to Mobile), open Mich. Central (Detroit to Chicago),

(6

66

"(

Southern Mich. & N.Ind. (Monroe toChicago),
Erie and Kalamazoo (Adrian and Toledo),
Tecumseh Branch,

66

Detroit and Pontiac,

Miles in Length. 61

77

102

45

20

87

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Wisc. Milwaukee & Mississippi, open

66

Rock River Valley Union,

Total out of New England and New York, 9,813

Total in the United States,

17,1461

25

100
15

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XXVI. PUBLIC LANDS.

THE public lands belonging to the General Government are situated, 1st. Within the limits of the United States, as defined by the treaty of 1783, and are embraced by the States of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, and that part of Minnesota east of the Mississippi River, all of which have been formed out of the Northwestern Territory, as conveyed with certain reservations to the United States by New York in 1781, by Virginia in 1784, by Massachusetts in 1785, and by Connecticut in 1786; also the lands within the boundaries of the States of Mississippi and Alabama north of 31° north latitude, as conveyed to the United States by Georgia in 1802. 2d. Within the Territories of Orleans and Louisiana, as acquired from France by the treaty of 1803, including the portion of the States of Alabama and Mississippi south of 31°; the whole of Louisiana, Arkansas, Missouri, Iowa, and that portion of Minnesota west of the Mississippi River; the Indian Territory; the district called Nebraska; the Territory of Oregon, and the region lying between Oregon and Minnesota, north of 42° and south of 49° north latitude. 3d. Within the State of Florida, as obtained from Spain by the treaty of 1819. 4th. In New Mexico and California, as acquired from Mexico by the treaty of 1848.

Within the limits recognized by these treaties and cessions, the public lands covered an estimated area of 1,584,000,000 acres. In this is not included any territory acquired from Mexico by the treaty of 1853. Exclu

sive of the lands in Oregon, California, New Mexico, Utah, the Indian and Nebraska Territories, the entire area of the public domain is stated, after a careful examination, to have been 471,892,439 acres. Up to June 30, 1853, $142,283,478 had accrued from sales of land to that date. The aggregate outlay of every kind upon these lands to the same date, including cost of purchase, of surveying, and of selling, was $88,994,013, leaving as net profit to the government $53,289,465, or an annual average of nearly a million of dollars for the last fifty years. If there should be added to this, at the rate of $1.25 per acre, the value of the land granted for bounties, schools, internal improvements, &c., it would amount to more than double the above sum. There yet remain of the surveyed lands 96,940,709 acres, worth (net, after deducting cost of selling) $116,018,641, and of the unsurveyed lands 137,635,629 acres, worth (net) $161,873,263. Total, $277,891,904. The average cost per acre to the government of acquiring title, &c. to the lands is 14.41 cents; of survey, 2.07 cents; of selling and managing, 5.32 cents; in all 21.80 cents; while it receives $1.25 per acre, or a net profit on each acre sold of $1.032.

The following table shows the sales of public lands and the proceeds thereof from the year 1833 to 1853, inclusive. The sales, however, by no means show the amount of public lands disposed of during the year; for there were during the year ending June 30, 1853, located with military bounty land warrants and other certificates, 6,151,787 acres, donated for railroads, 1,427,457 acres, and selected by the States as swamp lands, 16,684,253 acres. Full details of the present condition of the public lands, and of the various grants and donations thereof for purposes of education and of internal improvement, are given in the American Almanac for 1850, pp. 180 et seq.

The Secretary of the Interior states "that the principle of granting alternate sections, and selling those reserved at double the ordinary price, has been found by experience to be most salutary."

Quantity of Public Land sold, and the Amount paid for it, in each Year, from 1833 to 1853, inclusive.

Years.

Acres.

Dollars.

Years.

1833

1837

3,856,227.56 4,972,284.84 1844 1834 4,658,218.71 6,099,981.04 1845 1835 12,564,478.85 15,999,804.11 1846 1836 20,074,870.92 25,167,833.06 1847 5,601,103.12 7,007,523.04 1848 1838 3,414,907.42 4,305,564.64 1849 1839 4,976,382.87 6,464,556.79 1850* 1840 2,236,889.74 2,789,637.53 1851+ 1841 1,164,796.11 1,463,364.06 1852t 1842 1,129,217.58 1,417,972.06 1853t

1843

Number
issued.

Acres

therein.

1,605,264.06 2,016,044.30 Total, 78,135,917.45 100,212,193.20

85,597 171,557 8,888

266,042 25,384,640

The following table shows the number of land-warrants issued under the acts of 1847, 1850, and 1852; the number located; and the number now outstanding.

Acts.

Act of 1847,

66 1850,

66

1852,

Total.

12,897,280

11,992,320

513.040

*From January 1st to June 30th.

Acres.

Dollars.

1,754,763.13

2,207,678.04

1,843,527.05 2,470,303.17

2,263,730.81
2,521,305.59
1,887,553.04
1,329,902.77

Number

located.

769,364.48
1,846,847.49

1,553,071.00
1,083,495.21

79,286

116,523
3,286

199,095

2,904,637.27 3,296,404.08 2,621,615.26 1,756,890.42

998,841.26 2,390,947.45 1,975,658.54 1,804,653.24

Acres.

12,040,760
8,376,600
189,160

20,606.520

Number
Outstand❜g

6.311

55,034
5.602

66,947

Acres.

838,520 3,615.720 323,880

4,778,120

† For year ending June 30th.

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XXVII. BANKS IN THE UNITED STATES.

THE following abstract of the condition of the State Banks throughout the Union is taken from a letter of the Secretary of the Treasury to the Speaker of the House of Representatives, dated May 6, 1854, which is printed as House Document No. 102. The information was obtained in compliance with a resolution of the House adopted as long since as July 10, 1832. The following statement of the method of preparing the tables is taken from the "Letter."

"In all the tables prepared in the Treasury Department, the following general rules have been observed:

"1. The net amount of the capital of the banks has been given whenever it could be ascertained. So, whenever a bank appears to have bought shares of its own stock, that amount has been deducted from its gross capital. Bank stock thus bought in stands on the same footing as bank stock not paid in.

"2. The capital is placed first, and next to it 'loans and discounts, stocks, real estate, and other investments,' to show at one view the whole investments of each bank supposed to yield income, and the ratio these investments bear to the capital paid in.

"3. The next four columns, 'sums due by other banks, notes of other banks on hand, specie funds, and specie,' comprise all the immediate means of the banks.

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"4. The next three columns, 'circulation, deposits, and sums due to other banks,' comprise all the immediate liabilities of the banks.

"Under the head of 'deposits' are included 'dividends unpaid,' and all other sums due on demand, as far as could be ascertained.

"5. The four columns, 'circulation, deposits, sums due to other banks, and other liabilities,' include all the liabilities of the banks, excepting what is due to their own stockholders for capital paid in, and profits acquired.

6

"6. From these general tables the items 'profit and loss, surplus and contingent funds,' &c., &c., are excluded; partly because they are, as Mr. Gallatin observes, merely balancing accounts,' and partly because they cannot be conveniently introduced on a sheet of the size of that on which the public documents are printed."

In the following statements are included, it is believed, all the incorporated banks that were in operation in the beginning of 1851 and the beginning of 1854, a few scattering ones excepted, and these consisting chiefly of banks that had but lately commenced business.

In the State of Texas there is one bank doing a small business, from which no returns have been received.

In the States of California, Florida, Arkansas, and Iowa, and in the Territories of New Mexico, Oregon, Washington, Utah, and Minnesota, there are no incorporated banks.

In the returns from some of the banks of Pennsylvania, and those of some other States, a considerable amount of specie is believed to be embraced under the head of “specie fund,” but the exact amount cannot be ascertained.

1. Comparative View of the Condition of the Banks in the different States in 1850-51, und 1853-54.

State.

Georgia,

Alabama,

Louisiana,

Mississippi,

Tennessee,

Kentucky,

Missouri,

Illinois,

Indiana,

Ohio,

Date.

Michigan,

Wisconsin,

Jan., 1851
April, 1853
Nov., 1850
Dec., 1853
Nov., 1850
Feb., 1854
Jan., 1851

Jan., 1854
Jan., 1851
Jan., 1854

No.

No. of of BranB'ks. ches.

Maine,

Oct., 1850 32
Jan., 1854

60

Vermont,

Massachusetts,

Rhode Island,

63

Connecticut,

41

New Hampshire, Dec., 1850 22
Dec., 1853 35
Aug., 1850
27
Aug, 1853 33
Sept., 1850 126
Sept., 1853 137
Sept., 1850
Sept., 1853 77
April, 1850
April, 1853 53
Sept., 1850 197
Feb., 1854 312
Jan., 1851 26
Jan., 1854
38
Nov., 1850 53
Nov., 1853 61
Jan., 1851
Jan., 1854

New York,

New Jersey,

Pennsylvania,

5,147,741 10,663,627 974,895 5 17,926,222 39,430,145 1,428,354 5 19,768,864 48,656,884 1,141,649

Delaware,

Maryland,

Jan., 1851
Jan., 1854
Oct., 1850

Virginia,

North Carolina,

3,789,250

1,293,185 2,264,313 52,986 1,343,185 2,915,602 62,681 8,123,881 14,900,816 760,417 9,558,409 18,358,441 825,339 9,824,545 19,646,777 269,914 Jan., 1854 16 39 12,796,466 24,913,789 2,259,812 Nov., 1850 13 6,056,726 150,000 Dec., 1853 16 4,818,565 10,366,247 64,175 South Carolina, Jan., 1851 12 2 13,213,031 23,312,330 963,611 Mar., 1854 16 2 16,073,580 24,365,690 2,775,059 Dec., 1850 11 10 13,482,198 11,421,626 1,574,349 Dec., 1853 11 7 12,957,600 13,567,469 2,193,848 Jan., 1851 1,800,580 4,670,458 70,361 Jan., 1854 2,100,000 5,865,142 471,156 Jan., 1851 20 12,370,390 19,309,108 Jan., 1854 10 17,359,261 29,320,582 April, 1851 Jan., 1854 1 Jan., 1851 4 Oct., 1853 9 Jan., 1851 5 Jan., 1854 9 Jan., 1851 1 Jan., 1854

842,000

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57

None.

31

10

$3,248,000 $5,830,230 5,913,870 11,166,519 2,375,900 3,821,120 3,376,000 6,518,188 2,197,240 4,423,719 $40,500 2,914,040 6,840,932 117,125 36,925,050 63,330,024 43,270,500 77,172,079 11,645,492 15,492,547 15,917,429 22,844,911 2 9,907,503 15,607,315 213,164,594 24,601,165 644,962 1 48,618,762 107,132,389 13,177,944 1 79,018,980 203,008,077 21,4 1,453,585 3,754,900 7,158,977

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31 13 5,554,552

118,460 112,275
240,165

362,585
6,881,568 10,992,139
6,599,872 11,846.879
7,536,927 12,536,305|
26 10,869,665 21,398,386
1,209,131
1,215,405
None.
1,702,456

3,533,463
3,958,055
None.

13 2,082,950

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1

1

None.

Stocks.

151,277 121,414

432,902 538,042

694,962

802,124

None. 586,404 1,780,617

4,395,099

7,247,366 3,257,064

8,718,366 17,059,593 2,200,891

8,013,154 17,380,255 2,808,337
764,022
1,084,718

1,319,305 420,521

2,199,093

None.
600,000

None.
1,163,066

637,725 None. 578,721

Comparative View of the Condition of the Banks in the different States in 1850-51, and 1853-54.

State.

Maine,

New Hampshire,

Vermont,

Massachusetts,

Rhode Island,

Connecticut,

New York,

New Jersey,
Pennsylvania,

Delaware,

Maryland,

Virginia,

North Carolina,

South Carolina,

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Real Other In-Due by other Notes of Specie
Estate. vestments. Banks. other B'ks.

Funds.

$111,905
116,842

43,670
54,153

94,497

$778,955 $187,435 1,581,596 365,490 447,453 91,444 587,859 157,667 1,001,789 127,637 104,768 $16,324 1,301,033 185,999

988,235 1,090,463

5,335,003 4,048,521 6,666,412 5,346,161 283,844 13,461 441,164 537,761 264,812 28,145 1,004,863 844,329 389,983 396,035 1,657,411 245,349 103,614 384,800 713,414 1,890,685 436,538 202,204 3,321,589 736,120 10,403,509 3,031,957 10,498,824| 5,272,690 151,528 11,529,939 3,488,890 18,175,670 270,546 183,468 1,578,663

$2,376

267,804 224,448 432,378 42,685 32,849 1,134,4131,230,064 4,266,916 2,591,962 2,864,944 1,007,843 652,756 5,375,738 3,804,410 3,879,120 117,981 2,000 306,545 74,600 51,022 124,262 352,286 81,511 177,293

199,848

73,324 306,909

111,296

405,245 768 1,173,200 965,796 78,552 321,007 28,256 1,681,036 158,827 1,595,092 764,282 240,498 1,925,652 552,153 756,551 26,259 2,710,180 1,271,453 127,806 18,785 1,074,794 483,947 137,154 1,842,569 643,821 338,429 266,205 5,020,998 810,895 419,370 1,369,582 1,611,709 645,639 7,195,063 2,377,715 3,117,466 535,593 8,176,932 712,950 1,735,422 603,957 125,697 81,000 960,334 63,865 65,321 31,500 362,084 2,255,169 2,042,149 2,225,896 1,954,164 2,163,055 2,416,526 8,400 302,641 9,970 4,742 84,049 662,520 1,559,418 516,980 67,322 1,443,721 451,396 419,070 440,127 2,451,155 550,879 416,192 307,368 3,284,405 1,115,780 123,928 273,317 66,028 37,510 116,151 121,372 152,781 282,590 None. None. None. None. 13,202 880,541 233,576 364,233 108,485 845,062 224,842 289,673 127,238 1,985,114 715,305 451,593 460,692 3,373,272 1,195,655 332,909 3,534,970 1,438,342 404,691 109,096 742,843 108,941 None. None. 325,946 151,154

13,309 729,186

221,626 65,083

144,998

95,170 None.

None.

8,461

141,300 247,852

1,200,000

126,890

543,978

None.

128,860 93,460

171,855

195

4,282

None. 20,136

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