Page images
[ocr errors]

his office and the brilliant generalship of Lee had all caused great dissatisfaction in the country.

307 Re-election. Before election day important land and naval victories had been gained. Lincoln received 212 out of 233 electoral votes.

308 Message to congress. The great question before the country at this time was the passing of the thirteenth amendment to the Constitution by which slavery should be made impossible forever in the United States.

This was passed 31 January 1865; 119 voted for it, 56 against and 8 did not vote. The issue was considered uncertain up to almost the last and the result was received by the antislavery party with the wildest demonstrations of joy. A salute of 100 guns announced the result.

313 Letter to W. T. Sherman. General W, T. Sherman took the city of Savannah after his famous march to the sea 24 December 1864. Thus the Confederate army was diminished to practically one force, that about Richmond.

314 Peace conference. Lincoln afterwards went himself to meet the peace commissioners but they seemed to desire armistice rather than peace and the conference came to nothing

315 Draft of message to congress. This was the president's last attempt to save the south from financial ruin; it was not, however, change of opinion but death that put a stop to his efforts and placed in his stead men so much less far-seeing and considerate. At the cabinet meeting, according to Mr. Nicolay, “ with the words 'You are all

, opposed to me,' sadly uttered, the president folded up the paper and ceased the discussion.”

316 Second inaugural. This inaugural and the Gettysburg address are the high water mark of Lincoln's eloquence. The London Times called this inaugural the most sublime

state paper of the century. Exactly two months later this address was read over Lincoln's grave.

320 Last public address. Lee had surrendered 9 April 1865. The president's last public utterance centres around the question before the country-reconstruction-a process that, had he lived, it is fair to suppose would have been far better and more speedily accomplished. Lincoln was assassinated on the evening of the fourteenth.


Abraham Lincoln: A History. 10 vols. Nicolay and Hay.
Life of Abraham Lincoln. Herndon and Weik.
Life of Abraham Lincoln. Ward H. Lamon.
Early Life of Abraham Lincoln. Ida M. Tarbell.
Abraham Lincoln. Noah Brooks.
Life of Abraham Lincoln. Isaac N. Arnold.
Administration of President Lincoln. Henry J. Raymond.
Abraham Lincoln, a Man of the People. Norman Hapgood.
The True Abraham Lincoln. W. E. Curtis.
Life of Lincoln. J. T. Morse.
Memoirs. U. S. Grant.
McClellan's Own Story. G. B. McClellan.
The American Conflict. Horace Greeley.
History of the War Between the States. A. H. Stephens.
History of the United States from the compromise of 1850.

J. F. Rhodes.
Lincoln Memorial Bibliography. A. S. Boyd.


among, 76.

Abolitionism, the right way to re- Amnesty, offer of general pardon
gard, 13.

and, 311.
Abolitionist, Lincoln declared an, Anarchy, tendencies toward, 11;

relation to secession, 195.
Abolitionists, southern recruits Anderson, W. G., letter to, 28.

Andrews, sentenced to be
Admission of states into Union, shot for desertion, 291.

Lincoln's position as to, 117, Antietam, battle of, 259.

Apprenticeship of negroes, 273,
Africa, return of negroes to, 76, 321.

Army of the Potomac, McClel-
African slave-trade, forbidden, lan's plans for movement of,

77, 78; revival of, by Doug- contrasted with the president's,
las's popular sovereignty doc- 216 ; McClellan relieved from
trine, 146, 147, 196 ; period of command of, 260; congratula-
extinguishment of, 154 ; Dem- tions to, 269; Hooker assigned

ocratic call for revival of, 159. to command, 275.
Aliens, Lincoln's attitude toward, Asbury, Henry, letter to, 136.

Ashmun, George, letter to, 176.
Allen, Col. Robert, letter to, 6. Assassination, reason for, 163.
Ambition, Lincoln's personal, 5; Atlanta, Ga., Sherman's march

misdirected, 12, 15, 275; well to Savannah from, 313.
directed, 14, 275.

Autobiography of the president,
American Baptist home mission 104, 327.

society, preamble and resolu-
tions of, 299.

Baker, Col. E. D., Campbellite
American people, patriotism of, influence for, 47; patriotism

7, 8, 11-15, 191; resources, of, 265.
advantages, and powers of, Baltimore, Md., address at sani-
276, 310; loyalty of, 203, 204, tary fair in, 295.
308, 309, 316.

Banks, Maj. Gen. Nathaniel P.,


letter to, regarding impedi- Burnside, Maj. Gen. Ambrose E.,
menta, 263.

letter to, 281.
Barnburners, support Gen. Tay- Butler, Maj.-Gen. B. F., feeds
lor, 60.

negroes at New Orleans, 251 ;
Bedell, Grace, letter to, 178.

in Louisiana, 262.
Belmont, August, letter to,

Cabinet, Seward declares that
Bible, as authority for slavery, there must be union in the,
125, 148.

200; question of dismissing a
Bixby, Mrs., mother of five sons member of the, 302 ; disap-

killed in battle for the Union, proves the recommendation of
letter to, 308.

appropriation of money for the
Black Hawk war, Lincoln's ser- southern states, 316.
vice in, 64, 104.

Cameron, Simon, suggests arm-
Black Republicanism, southern ing of negroes, 294.
definition of, 161.

Canisius, Theodore, letter to, 143.
Blair, Frank P., Jr., gradual Capital, relation of labor and,
emancipation scheme, 130.

213, 214.
Bramlette, Thomas E., governor Cass, Gen. Lewis, invasion of

of Kentucky, conversation with, Canada, 64 ; eating and work-
regarding working of emanci- ing capacities of, 65–67.
pation, 293.

Central America, question of ne-
Brooks, Preston S., on slavery, gro colonization in, 246, 247.
132, 135.

Chase, Salmon P., Lincoln's opin-
Brown, Gratz, gradual eman- ion of, 147, 175.
cipation scheme, 130.

Chicago, Ill., fragment of speech
Brown, John, war-cry of Demo- at Republican banquet, 93;

crats against Republicans, 160 ; speech at, 105; speech at, 139 ;
Republicans not implicated, Republican national
160, 161; peculiarity of his tion at, 176 ; reply to commit-
insurrection, 163.

tee from religious denomina-
Browning, O. H., 57, 107; letter tions of, asking the president
to, 209.

to issue a proclamation of
Browning, Mrs. 0. H., letter to, emancipation, 250.

Cincinnati, Ohio, speech at, 147.
Buchanan, James, Pierce's opin- Clay, Henry, campaign work for,

ion of his election, 93 ; likened in Indiana, 48; on annexation
to Lear, 94.

of Texas, 51 ; presidential pos-
Bullitt, Cuthbert, letter to, 23 sibilities, 57 ; influence on Tay-


« PreviousContinue »