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四刃45

CAPTAIN ROALD AMUNDSEN
WHO, ON DEC. 14, 1911, RAISED THE NORWEGIAN FLAG AT THE SOUTH POLE, THEREBY

WINNING THE RACE AGAINST FOUR COMPETING PARTIES TO
BE FIRST AT THE ABSOLUTE SOUTH

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Copyright, 1912, by International News Service, New York
SECRETARY OF STATE KNOX
ON HIS VISIT TO PANAMA AND THE CARIBBEAN REPUBLICS

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HOUGH in days preëminent China was practically without railroads. for man's conquest of Nature Lhassa was unknown, forbidden to the by science and engineering, white man. During a century and a half Amundsen's journey to the men had tried to reach the South Pole

South Pole, like Peary's to and failed, and the North Pole had baffled the North Pole, was made with only the the efforts of 400 years. appliances of previous generations. The Within a dozen years white men have poles were discovered by the endurance traveled over the great desert, visited of dogs and men, spurred on by the old Lake Chad, made a protectorate over spirit of adventure and the lust for difficult Timbuctoo. The days of the Mahdi and dangerous tasks that stirred the ad at Khartoum are ended and any tourist venturers of old. In another century or may travel there comfortably by rail. two the era of the pole discoveries will be The Cape to Cairo railroad is an assured hailed as the good old times when men were fact. The heart of Africa is now no more still men and civilization had not made the remote from the popular imagination than world effete.

Oklahoma City was in 1900. The twelve years ending with the dis In South America the Trans-Andean covery of the South Pole are as full of railroad is in full operation across the dramatic achievement as the days of continent as the Trans-Siberian is across Drake and Raleigh, for not even in those Asia. Even China has her railroads. times was there a more extraordinary series Lhassa has been visited by a British army of discoveries and conquests packed into and both poles are the common property a dozen years.

of every fireside that boasts of books, In 1900 only one man had been the magazines, or newspapers. length of Africa by land, and the Cape Such a record may justify a feeling of to Cairo railroad was but a dream. There pride that the spirit of conquest and was not a railroad across South America. adventure is as alive as ever and accomA great part of Siberia was without rail panied with all the courage and hardihood or road except the old caravan trails. that blessed any earlier generation.

Copyright, 1912, hy Doubleday, Page & Co. All rights reserved.

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