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The First in the



“On to Washington!” shop and the plough, their nets and barges, soon became the rallying homes and kindred, inspired by the love of

cry throughout the North. country, and the rights of mankind.” The mere intimation of the programme for To place on record the

Massachusetts' Re. seizing the Capital, filled all minds with a story of the gathering in lively apprehension of the danger at hand, Massachusetts, will illusand hastened the movements of the military trate the spirit which animated her sons in authorities of the several States. To Penn- embarking in the Union's defense; while the sylvania belongs the honor of having placed orders issued for the service, by the State the first troops in Washington-six hundred Executive, show to mankind what energy and reaching the Capital on the fourth day after unflinching Will control that section of the the President's call. Massachusetts may, Union, which it pleased certain Southern however, claim the credit for being “first in orators and writers to characterize as the the field" with her regiments, as she was the abode of "mudsills” and “ tinkers."* We first to suffer in the Union's cause. The

* Let us here refer to a special case. The leadreadiness of the "Old Bay State” to meet the ing organ of Southern Views and Pro-Slavery crisis is characteristic of the spirit of her Polity was De Bow's Review. Its course, for the people, and of the intelligence of her rulers. six years preceding 1860, was one of studied defa. Foreseeing the coming conflict, a General mation of the North and its people. It prevaricated Order was issued as early as January 16th facts, falsified figures, misstated local and national (1861), for placing the militia on a footing for issues, traduced character and motives, and, in service. April 1st the Legislature passed an

short, devoted all the resources of a malignant act appropriating twenty-five thousand dol- mind, to develop the idea of Southern independ.

ence. How will the reader be astonished to learn lars for equipments and cartridges for two

that the Review was printed by Northern presses, thousand troops. Over three thousand new

and supported almost wholly by Northern patrons ! Springfield (rifle) muskets were distributed.

It was ostensibly published in Washington and New When the hour came it found Massachu- Orleans; but was composed, printed and bound at setts prepared. “ Forewarned, forearmed !”

79 John street, New York; was there boxed se. apparently was her motto. Adjutant-Gene- cretly and sent away to come back to subscribers ral Schouler, in his Report for 1861, says: from the South. Its circulation scarcely ever ex“For three months previous to the attack on ceeded thirty-five hundred copies; yet, by repre. Sumter our volunteer militia, in anticipation sentations of its “enormous Southern patronage," of some great traitorous movement in the it was enabled to obtain a heavy advertising list. South, had been drilling almost nightly in

From this source the politic De Bow pocketed from their several armories, so that when the

ten to fifteen hundred dollars monthly-all contrisummons came from the President, the fiery Review only lived to defame. The moral turpitude

buted by that Northern capital and energy which his cross' was sent over the Commonwealth, and, and baseness of the Secession spirit had an active, in obedience to the call, men came forth as

living embodiment in the moral turpitude and base. in the brave days of old, leaving the work

ness of De Bow's Review.

Massachusetts' Re


Massachusetts' Re


will, therefore, quote fromed to Stoneham, with orders for
the Adjutant-General's re- Captain Dike. He reported to

me at eight o'clock the next The first call for troops was by a telegram from morning, that he found Captain Dike at his house in Senator Wilson, dated at Washington, April 15th, Stoneham, at two o'clock in the morning, and placed requesting twenty companies to be sent immedi- your Excellency's orders in his hands; that he read ately to Washington, and there mustered into ser-them, and said: “Tell the Adjutant-General that I vice. In the course of the day were received formal shall be at the State House with my full company requisitions by telegraph from the Secretary of War by eleven o'clock to-day.' True to his word, he and Adjutant-General of the United States, for two reported at the time, and that afternoon, attached full regiments of the Massachusetts militia. In com

to the Sixth, the company left for Washington. pliance there with, Special Order No. 14 was issued Two days afterward, on the 19th of April, during on the same day, directing Colonel Jones, of the that gallant march through Baltimore, which is now Sixth regiment, Colonel Packard, of the Fourth, a matter of history, Captain Dike was shot down ('olonel Wardrop, of the Third, and Colonel Mun while leading his company through the mob. Sev. roe, of the Eighth, to muster their respective com- eral of his command were killed and wounded, and mands on the Boston Common forthwith, ‘in com- he received a wound in the leg, which will render pliance with a requisition made by the President him a cripple for life.” of the United States.' This order was sent by mail The two regiments for Fortress Monroe deand by special messengers to the Colonels, who parted by steamers on the evening of April severally resided at Lowell, Quincy, New Bedford,

17th. The Sixth regiment left for Washand Lynn. The companies were scattered through ington the same evening by railway, via New the cities and towns of Plymouth, Bristol, Norfolk,

York, Philadelphia, and Baltimore. GenEssex, and Middlesex counties. In obedience to orders, nearly every company in the eral Butler, with the Eighth, followed on the

The Sixth cut its way above regiments arrived in Boston the next day. The succeeding day. first were three infantry companies from Marble through Baltimore; the Eightli opened the head, under Captains Martin, Phillips, and Board- route to the Capital through Annapolis, in man. They arrived at the Eastern depot at nine company with the New York Seventh, (Nao'clock, A. M., and were welcomed by a large mul- tional Guards.) The Third and Fourth titude of people, who cheered the gallant and de- reached Fortress Monroe April 20th--thus voted men as they marched to their quarters at securing that stronghold from the conspirFaneuil Hall, through rain and sleet, to the music


grasp The Third embarked the of · Yankee Doodle. During the entire day the

same day on the Pawnee, for Norfolk, where troops arrived at Boston by the different railroad

it assisted in destroying the immense proptrains.

“ A dispatch from Senator Wilson on this day erty of that valuable Depot and Navy-yard(April 16th,) stated that Massachusetts was to fur all of which was offered up on the shrine of nish immediately four regiments, making one bri- revolution,- an offering which the country gade, with one Brigadier-General. Brigadier-Gene- will be slow to believe was justified or ral Benjamin F. Butler, Third Brigade, Second Divi- proper. sion, M. V. M., was ordered on the 17th to take

The passage South of the Massachusetts command of the troops."

men created the most intense enthusiasm The orders detailed the Fourth and Third

along the route. It was a march between regiments to proceed to Fortress Monroe- walls of human beings, waving kerchiefs and the Sixth and Eighth to Washington direct, banners over them, and speeding them on the two latter under general command of their way with blessings. Baltimore was General Butler. These incidents are added : reached at noon on the 19th. The Sixth “Captain Pratt, in command of the Worcester

was closely followed by the Pennsylvania company, received his order to join the Sixth regi

Seventh ment late in the afternoon of the 16th, and he was

an unarmed regiment. Colonel in Boston with his full command early on the morn

Jones, of the Massachusetts Sixth, in his reing of the 17th. was nine o'clock in the evening port of April 22d-after the arrival at Washof the 16th before your Excellency decided to at ington—thus recounted the incidents of the tach the commands of Captains Sampson and Dike attack on his men, in the streets of Balti to the Sixth regiment. A messenger was dispatch- | more :

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Massachusetts' Re.


Massachusetts' Re


After leaving Philadelphia, difficult to get reliable informaI received intimation that our tion in regard to the killed and

passage through the city of wounded, but believe there Baltimore would be resisted. I caused ammunition were only three killed. to be distributed and arms loaded, and went per- “ As the men went into the cars, I caused the sonally through the cars and issued the following blinds to the cars to be closed, and took every preorder, viz. :

caution to prevent any shadow of offense to the ** The regiment will march through Baltimore in people of Baltimore ; but still the stones flew thick column of sections, arms at will. You will, un- and fast into the train, and it was with the utinost doubtedly, be insulted, abused, and perhaps as- difficulty that I could prevent the troops from leav. saulted, to which you must pay no attention what. | ing the cars and revenging the death of their com. ever, but march with your faces square to the front, rades. After a volley of stones, some one of the and pay no attention to the mob even if they throw soldiers fired and killed a Mr. Davis, who, I have stones, bricks, or other missiles; but if you are fired since ascertained by reliable witnesses, threw a upon, and any one of you are hit, your officers will stone into the car. Yet that did not justify the firorder you to fire. Do not fire into any promiscuous ing at him, but the men were infuriated beyond concrowds, but select any man whom you may see trol. On reaching Washington, we were quartered aiming at you, and be sure you drop him.'

at the Capitol, in the Senate Chamber, and are all "Reaching Baltimore, horses were attached the in good health and spirits." instant that the locomotive was detached, and the The Pennsylvania Seventh was assailed as cars were driven at a rapid pace across the city. it stood in and around the President-street After the cars containing seven companies had depot. Totally unarmed, it was soon scatreached the Washington depot, the track behind tered, and returned to Philadelphia in a dis

a them was barricaded, and the cars containing band organized condition. and the following companies, viz. : Company C, of The New York Seventh, Lowell, Captain Follansbee, Company D, of Low

New York and Rhode

one of the most thoroughly ell, Captain Hart, Company I, of Lawrence, Capo trained and efficient regi

Island Moving. tain Pickering, and Company C, of Stoneham, Cap. ments in the country, volunteered en masse to tain Dike, were vacated by the band, and they proceeded to march in accordance with orders, and had proceed to the Capital and to serve for one proceeded but a short distance before they were

month, while troops were coming forward furiously attacked by a shower of missiles, which from the more distant States. It left the came faster as they advanced. They increased city of New York on the morning of the 19th, their step to double-quick, which seemed to infu- (April.) It was followed by the Rhode Island riate the mob, as it evidently impressed the mob Marine artillery, commanded by Col. Tompwith the idea that the soldiers dared not fire, or had kins, splendidly equipped, numbering one no ammunition, and pistol shots were numerously hundred and thirty men, with one hundred fired into the ranks, and one soldier fell dead. The I and ten horses and eight choice guns. This order, Fire, was given, and it was executed ; in con

battery was the first contribution of that galseguence several of the mob fell, and the soldiers lant little State, and in its perfections was again advanced hastily. The Mayor of Baltimore

but a type of all which followed from Goverplaced himself at the head of the column, beside Captain Follansbee, and proceeded with them a

nor Sprague's hands. short distance, assuring him that he would protect The excitement which reigned throughout them, and begging him not to let the men fire ; but the country, consequent on the attack by the the Mayor's patience was soon exhausted, and he Baltimore mob, was intense. It was the first seized a musket from the hands of one of the men, blood shed in the war, and served only to agand killed a man therewith ; and a policeman, who gravate and consolidate Northern animosity. was in advance of the column, also shot a man with The steps soon taken by & revolver.

the mob cut off all commu- Washington cut or “ They at lagt reached the cars, and they started

nication with Washington immediately for Washington. On going through the train, found there were about one hundred and by the direct railway, thus placing the Capi

The District thirty missing, including the band and field music. tal in a most critical position. Oar baggage was seized, and we have not as yet militia, the Pennsylvania advance companies, Seen able to recover any of it. I have found it very the Massachusetts Sixth, the Navy Yard ma

nor to the President


rines, and two companies of regulars quarter-| loyal, but that they were all at the mercy of el near the city, were all upon which its a set of vagabonds, led by the Secessionista safety had to depend for several days. A of the city and by wild spirits who rushed in determined descent of the Baltimore rowdies, from Virginia --a reckless and terribly excited and of the Virginia forces already organized, horde, numbering nearly twenty thousand would place the city in imminent peril of men, all armed and eager for a fray. destruction or capture. Arlington Heights, The Mayor and Gover

The Mayor and Gover. on the West of the Potomac, and Georgetown nor, on the 19th, dispatched Heights on the North, commanding the Capi- messengers to Washington, tal completely, were open to the enemy, and remitting the following letters : so remained for many days. General Scott, “Sir : This will be presented to you by the Hon. Adjutant-General McDowell, and several able H. Lenox Bond, George W. Dobbin, and John C. and trusty officers of the regular army, were Brune, Esqs., who will proceed to Washington by on the alert, however, and never, for a mo

an express train, at my request, in order to explain

fully the fearful condition of our affairs in this city. ment, were unprepared for any emergency.

The people are exasperated to the highest degree To their vigilance and the prestige which attached to the General-in-Chief's presence, versally decided in the opinion that no more troops

by the passage of troops, and the citizens are unidoes the country owe the preservation of its should be ordered to come. National City in those days of alarm,

“ The authorities of the city did their best to-day During the two days suc- to protect both strangers and citizens, and to preThe Mob Triumph.

ceeding the attack in Bal- vent a collision, but in vain ; and but for their great

timore, the mob hastened efforts a fearful slaughter would have occurred. to complete their work of “ preventing the “Under these circumstances, it is my solemn duty Northern hordes from crossing Maryland soil to inform you that it is not possible for more sol. to subjugate the South,” by destroying va

diers to pass through Baltimore, unless they ight

their way at every step. rious railroad bridges and draws. Before the

“I therefore hope and trust, and most earnestly work of destruction was stayed, several im

request, that no more troops be permitted or ordered portant and valuable connecting structures by the Government to pass through the city. If were ruined, the telegraph wires were severed, they should attempt it, the responsibility for the and the vicinity of Baltimore became a pan bloodshed will not rest upon me. With great demonium where the canaille reigned supreme. respect, your obedient servant, The Governor and the City authorities were

“GEO. WM. BROWN, Mayor." alike powerless, for the moment, to stay the “I have been in Baltimore since Tuesday evening, violence and terror, particularly as the Chief and co-operated with Mayor Brown in his untiring of Police and most of the Board of Police efforts to allay and prevent the excitement, and Commissioners were sympathizers with the suppress the fearful outbreak as indicated above, mob.

and I fully concur in all that is said by him in the

above communication. Very respectfully, your Immediately after the attack on the troops,

obedient servant, the Governor and Mayor “advised" that no

“ THOMAS HICKS, Governor of Maryland. more troops should be brought forward by

“ To his Excellency, President LINCOLN." the Philadelphia and Baltimore Railway;

To these communications the President and also soon “ advised” that the troops then on the route, or at the President-street depot,

responded :

“I tender you both my sinbe“ returned to Philadelphia,—requests with

cere thanks for your efforts to which the President of the road hastened to

keep the peace in the trying comply. The Baltimore and Ohio Railway situation in which you are placed. For the future, was also "advised” not to allow troops to troops must be brought here, but I make no point pass over the line of that great thoroughfare of bringing them through Baltimore. from the West and North, and gave its as- “Without any military myself, of course I must sent to the demand. All this was in defer- | leave details to General Scott. He hastily said, this ence to the moh. Not that the city and State morning, in presence of these gentlemen: 'March authorities and railway managers were dis-them around Baltimore, and not through it.'

The President's An






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“I sincerely hope the Gene- , and thus call the State to account for the death of The President's

ral, on fuller reflection, will Massachusetts men, my friends and neighbors. If

consider this practical and pro- Colonel Lefferts thinks it more in accordance with per, and that you will not object to it. By this, a the tenor of his instructions to wait rather than go collision of the people of Baltimore with the troops through Baltimore, I still propose to march with will be avoided, unless they go out of the way to this regiment. I propose to occupy the town, and seek it. I hope you will exert your influence to pre hold it open as a means of communication. I have vent this. Now and ever I shall do all in my power then but to advance by a forced march of thirty for peace, consistently with the maintenance of the miles to reach the Capital, in accordance with the Government."

orders I at first received, but which subsequent All this was rendered unnecessary by the events, in my judgment, vary in their execution, destruction of the bridges. Until they could believing from the telegraphs that there will be

others in great numbers to aid me. Being accombe replaced and the tracks placed under

panied by officers of more experience, who will be guard, no troops could even pass around able to direct the affair, I think it will be accomBaltimore, except by choosing other routes plished. We have no light batteries; I have thereentirely-a choice General Butler was not fore telegraphed to Governor Andrew to have tho slow to make. He left Philadelphia April Boston Light Artillery put on shipboard at once, to. 20th, for Annapolis, having determined to night, to help me in marching on Washington. In open that route to the Capital. He wrote to pursuance of this plan, I have detailed Captaing Governor Andrew :

Devereux and Briggs with their commands, to hold

the boat at Havre de Grace. “ I have detailed Captain Devereux and Captain

Eleven, A. Y. Colonel Lefferts has refused to Briggs, with their commands, supplied with one

march with me. I go alone at three o'clock, P. M., day's rations and twenty rounds of ammunition, to

to execute this imperfectly written plan. If I suc. take possession of the ferry-boat at Havre de Grace,

ceed, success will justify me. If I fail, purity of infor the benefit of this expedition. This I have done

tention will excuse want of judgment, or rashness. with the concurrence of the present master of trans

“B. F. BUTLER." portation of the road. The Eighth regiment will remain at quarters, that they may get a little solid

This movement was a

General Butler's rest, after their fatiguing march. I have sent to complete success. Butler know if the Seventh regiment will go with me. I threw forward, on Saturpropose to march myself at the hour of seven o'clock day, the 20th, the companies of Capt's Deve in the morning, to take the regular eight and a quar- reux and Briggs (of the Massachusetts Eighth) ter o'clock ain to Havre de Grace. The citizens which proceeded to the ferry at Havre de of Baltimore, at a large meeting this evening, de-Grace, and occupied the place without opponounced the passage of Northern troops. They sition. The remainder of the troops having hare exacted a promise from the President of the

been advanced during the day, at six P. M. the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, not to send troops whole body embarked with General Butler over that road through Baltimore, so that any at

upon the ferry-boat Maryland, directly for tempt to throw troops into Baltimore entails a march of forty miles, and an attack upon a city of Annapolis

, and arrived off the capital of two hundred thousand inhabitants, at the beginning Maryland at a late hour of the night, to antiof the march. The only way, therefore, of getting cipate the treasonable intentions of an communication with Washington for troops from ganization in the vicinity, which had formed the North, is over the Baltimore and Ohio Railway, a plot to seize the United States frigate Conor marching from the West. Commodore Dupont, stitution, “Old Ironsides," that lay moored at the Navy-yard, has given me instructions of the off the Naval Academy wharf. Captain fact in accordance with these general statements, Devereux took • possession of the old frigate, upon which I rely. I have, therefore, thought I and had her towed out into the stream. could rely upon these statements as to the time it

The New York Seventh closely followed will take to proceed in marching from Havre de

Butler's advance. It took the transport Grace to Washington. My proposition is to join Boston, from Philadelphia, at three P. M. of Satwith Colonel Lefferts, of the Seventh regiment of New York. I propose to take the fifteen hundred urday, and steamed to Annapolis, arriving off troops to Annapolis, arriving there to-morrow about that place Monday morning early, to find the four o'clock, and occupy the capital of Maryland, Maryland hard aground. In this predicament 13




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