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Halleck's Counter


ed in getting three or four spies within the ties north of the Missouri

Price's Disposition. Federal lines, until, at length, Halleck re- river, and simultaneously plied : “No order of yours can save from to burn railway bridges, rolling stock and punishment spies, marauders, robbers, incen- stations. This was to occur on the 20th of diaries, guerrilla bands, &c., who violate the December when the entire rebel force was to laws of war.” Yet, though the country assume the offensive and defensive on the swarmed with these “ irregulars,” none were line of the river, with the ultimate design of dealt with according to orders : not a cut-foraging for supplies in Kansas and Iowa. It throat was hung, not a guerrilla shot, not a was a boldly conceived enterprize but imbridge burner made to taste the halter. At practicable owing to the superiority of Halthis time Tennessee dungeous and gallows leck in men and supplies. A number of were crying aloud with the blood of Tennes- valuable bridges were burned on the North see citizens; yet, the Confederate authorities Missouri and on the Hannibal and St. Joseph had the effrontery to characterize Halleck's railways, and some rolling stock destroyed. orders as “ inhuman,” while a bloody retalia- The rapidity of Halleck's combinations, howtion was threatened for his “monstrous pro- ever, arrested the general destruction decedure.” General Price but practiced the signed by the ambitious Price. dissimulation common to almost every Con

December 13-15th, Genfederate leader from Jefferson Davis down to eral Prentiss in command

Disposition. Colonel Wigfall.

at St. Joseph, moved down An order issued Decem- toward Lexington, where the rebels then Order Closing the

ber 13th, closed the Mis- were in occupation, and from which point

souri and Mississippi rivers Price’s army drew enormous supplies in proto commerce, except under military surveil-visions, clothing and men—the counties conlance. An immense contraband transporta- tiguous voluntarily contributing, it is said, tion was carried on by means of the rivers more to sustain the Confederate cause than and their tributaries, and Halleck at once all the rest of the State. With Prentiss' addressed himself to its suppression. The movement General Hunter co-operated. His fleet of gunboats thien gathered at Cairo and forces were so disposed as to concentrate St. Louis, gave him a sharp police, and soon north or south of Lexington as might be rethe rebels found it hazardous business to quired. A dispatch dated Tipton, Dec. 16th, communicate with their sympathising friends said: “Yesterday orders were received here in St. Louis and up the Missouri. Up to for all the forces at this post to hold theinthat date much provisions, clothing, medi- selves in readiness to march at a moment's cines and not a small quantity of arms found notice. At the same time General Pove, their way down the Mississippi, chiefly by commanding the Department of Central Mismeans of small boats pulled down-stream in spuri, at the head of nearly all the troops in the darkness, or under the shadows of the winter quarters at Otterville, marched westshores.

ward towards Warrensburg, for the purpose, Price concentrated his it is generally believed here, of cutting off Price's Disposition.

forces at Osceola, early in General rice, whom our scouts reported December. Halleck's disposition was such making forced marches to reach Generals as to hold the rebel there. The Confederates Slack and Stein, now in the intrenchments at took up a camp position five miles from Lexington. Every body is on the qui vits the town, leaving General Rains with his di- for startling and good news, as universal convision in the place. All through the western fidence is felt in the ability and bravery of and central counties the enemy swarmed - General Pope and his army." their plundering and murdering propensities The point of interest again became Lexing. preferring the “ detached service,” of which ton. It was soon diverted to a point about Price himself was chief administrator. He twenty miles to the south of the river, in the arranged, as one means of carrying out the vicinity of Warrensburg, whither Pope had objects of his campaign, to “raise” the coun- moved to plant himself between Price and








the river. Pope disposed toward Clinton, hoping to bag more of Price's Pope's Advance from

his forces with ingenuity supplies and recruits. About one hundred

and manœuvred them with of the unwary were secured, together with consummate skill. Strong detachments were several wagons of stores. left at Laurine bridge, Georgetown, Sedalia, Pope now directed his march to Warrensand at a point twelve miles southwest of the burg, from whence he proceeded eastwardly latter place-dispositions made to blockade to a point about half way to Knob Noster, all the avenues of communication between where the Clear Fork creek crossed the direct Price's camps—then at Rose Hill and Clin- Warrensburg and Sedalia road. There he ton, north of the Grand river branch of the arrived on Thursday, Dec. 19th, to learn from Osage, and at Osceola — and Lexington. his scouts that the heavy supply train of Pope's main body pushed on toward Clinton, which he was in pursuit was at Milford, but he shrewdly diverged from the Clinton only seven miles away, on the north side of the road thirty miles from Sedalia, bearing to the Blackwater river nearly opposite the mouth west for the purpose of cutting in between of Cedar Fork creek. Clinton and Rose hill. But, to lure out From Milford two roads

The Capture at Price, a cavalry force of two hundred and diverge-one to Warrensfifty men under Major Hubbard, drawn from burg and one to Sedalia. the First Missouri, pressed on to Clinton. Pope at once dispatched two bodies of cavOnly the enemy's pickets were found there, alry, under Colonel Davis and Major Marand Hubbard dashed on, driving in the out shall, to approach the town by both roads. guards until he had gone twelve miles be- Colonel Jefferson C. Davis took the Warrensyond Grand river toward the Osceola (main) burg route, and just before dark came dashcamp. He then turned northward again, se- | ing up to the Blackwater. Davis, with a curing his prisoners (sixty in number) and a battalion of the Iowa cavalry, passed from considerable quantity of supplies, horses and the approaching road, designing to ford the

This bold dash into its very lines river by swimming if necessary, in order to greatly excited the Osceola camp; but Price reach and surprise the enemy's right; while did not come out as hoped. He only pre- the remainder of his forces-composed of pared for retreat.

companies B, C and D of the Fourth cavalry, The main body of Pope's regulars under command of Lieutenant

two brigades, after diverg- Amory, pressed on over the narrow bridge. Chilhowe.

ing from the Clinton road, The rapid evolutions of the regulars anticistruck out for Chilhowe, a point between pated Davis' movements. They crossed over Rose hill and Clinton, The Federal cavalry at high speed to send consternation into the rode over the surrounding country, picking rebel camps; and Davis came up (having failup great numbers of men and a large quanti- ed to ford the stream owing to its deep and ty of stores traveling south from Lexington swift current) to find the whole affair settled : for Price's camp. The enemy's force at Rose Amory had received the surrender of the hill, about twelve hundred in numbers, be camp and contents. This prize was found coming informed of Pope's approach sudden- to consist of Colonels Robertson and Alexly fied-taking a direct road to the south; ander, Major Harris, Lieutenant-Colonel Rob. nor did they restrain their weary soles inson, seventeen Captains, thirty Lieutenants, until the Osage was passed at a point south one thousand three hundred and forty priof Johnston. Pope dispatched the regiments vates, one thousand stand of arms, one thouof Colonels Brown and Foster, with a strong sand horses and mules, sixty-three wagon. force of cavalry, and a section of flying artil- loads of supplies, besides rations, small arins, lery in pursuit; but the rebels were too fleet- saddles and extra clothing claimed by the footed--they all escaped. The pursuit was privates. discontinued at Johnston-the cavalry and A writer from the scene of action, said of artillery returning direct to Chilhowe, while these really admirable operations : Colonel Foster, with the infantry, passed up “During the six days' absence of this expedition


The Pursuit from

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it has performed one of the most of depredations and outrages of every kind commitResults of Pope's

arduous undertakings ever ac- ted by a man named St. Gordon, a leader of rebel Operations.

complished. The distance trav. marauding bands, I give you notice that unless you elled by some of the cavalry forces is not less than seize and deliver the said Gordon to me at these from eight hundred to one thousand miles. In many headquarters within ten days from this date, or cases they rode day and night, with only two or drive him out of the country, I shall send a force to three hours rest in the twenty-four, and this was your city with orders to reduce it to ashes, and to continued day after day, and night after night, till, burn the house of every secessionist in your county, in many cases, men and horses fell from atter ex- and to carry away every slave. haustion. The untiring energy and sagacity of Gen. “ Colonel Jennison's regiment will be entrusted eral Pope in conducting this expedition, as well as with the execution of this order. the immense importance of its results, will be fully “ The following persons are particularly directed appreciated by the people. I have no doubt that to this notice : David Hunt, Clinton Cockerill, James General Halleck, aided by this able officer, and sec- Merryman, Robert Cain, John Murray, H. T. Freeonded also by the veteran Steel, will very soon de land, William Paxton, W. C. Bemington, Andrew velop plans that will either force Price to a capitu- Tribble, R. P. S. Ely, Jackson Miller, Robert Clark, lation or drive him ignominiously from the State, W. Tutman, H. M. Cochrane, Samuel M. Hayes, Joand thus settle at once and forever the question of seph Todd and Jonas Burkhart. National supremacy in Missouri."

“ D. HUNTER, The writer's prophecy was quickly veri

Major-General Commanding." fied : Price's pretty projects had all miscar- This was a strong proceeding; but, as in ried, and the again stricken chief turned his the case of the old man and the boy stealing face southward, followed by his now fully

his fruit-milder measures only excited rebel disorganized forces. He preceded his men.

derision. He therefore resorted to the stern General Rains covered the "withdrawal.” rule of holding the enemy's immediate symBridges were burned and roads obstructed pathisers responsible for their outrages. Jento prevent the apprehended pursuit. The nison, schooled in suffering and wise from long bridge at Warsaw, a monument of Fre- his own wrongs, was not a man to shrink mont's labors, was among those destroyed. from extreme measures against those who, But, no immediate pursuit was made. Hal- as “ border ruffians," had caused so much leck was not then prepared for the onward

blood-shed on Kansas soil in 1856. to Springfield. Pope's successes were a sur- But, no efforts seemed to avail. Even after prise to his superior as well as to the enemy. the retreat of Price's forces,* the reign of

Much remained to do in clearing out the ruffianism continued. Under date of Denumerous bands of bridge burners, guer-cember 26th, Halleck was forced to proclaim rillas and thieves who roamed over the coun- martial law “in and about all the railways try. Prentiss' and Hunter's troops did good in the State”—thus reviving another of Freservice against the vagabonds. They had, mont's much maligned measures. One by for several weeks, been employed in trying one the instruments adopted by “the Pathto stay the destruction and suffering wrought finder” to suppress the rebellion in Missouri, by these strolling bands, but only with par- were resumed as the only treatment adapted

tial success. Well mount to the unusually malignant and cruel type Efforts to Suppress

ed, thoroughly acquainted which the insurrection in Missouri assumed. Guerrillas.

with every by path, fast- The order was promulgated owing to sudness and avenue of escape, it was almost im- den and apparently preconcerted (second) possible to encompass their destruction. efforts of the secessionists to burn bridges and Severe measures were called for. Hunter destroy property. When Price's army reissued the following order, which the rebel treated, large numbers of his recruits, which authorities of course stigmatized as scending all the rules of civilized warfare :”

* The General stated to his troops that he had “ HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF KANSAS,

retreated by orders from the Confederate headquar. Fort LEAVENWORTH, Dec. 20, 1861.

As the retreat was a flight upon compulsion, “ TO THE TRUSTEES OF PLATTE CITY, &c.:

his “ orders" came rather late to save his military * Gentlemen : Having received reliable information prestige.

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It was

had been gathered from the bloodless; they were, on the Elorts to Suppress

Efforts to Suppress river counties, returned to contrary, quite generally acGuerrillas.

their homes, professing to companied with bloodshed accept the amnesty offered by Halleck to all and frequently proved of a sanguinary charac. who would lay down their arms. These men, ter. The affair at Silver creek (January 8th) as in most cases of those taking the oath of alle was of this nature. Major Torrence, of the First giance, accepted the clemency extended only Iowa cavalry, was put on the track of the that they might the more effectually strike rebel emissary Colonel Poindexter, who, as a their foe. Honor and principle alike were recruiting agent for the cause of Governor dead virtues in the Confederate breast when Jackson, had established a camp of rendez“the Yankees” were concerned. And this vous at Silver creek, in Howard county, as was not strange when we consider that their well as minor camps in Roanoke and Johncause was grounded in dishonor. A letter son counties. The Major scoured the country from St. Louis, December 27th, said: “A around thoroughly. At length, joined by new secret secession organization, confined to Major Howard's battalion, a section of Colothis State, has been discovered, and at the nel Merrill's dragoons under Major Hunt, proper time full particulars will be given to and one company of the Fourth Ohio, Cap. the public. The oaths and obligations are tain John Foster, the camp at Silver creek, of the most diabolical description, and bind about thirty miles north of Boonesville, was the members to do anything to overthrow assailed.

a most gallant affair, in the present Government of the United which officers and men vied in valor. The States.” Anything for success I was the pass enemy after a sharp defense fled, leaving the word.

entire property of the camp, even their supAt length, however, the vigilance practiced plies. by the several excellent officers in command Major Torrence destroyed everything along the lines of the roads, succeeded in of value and returned to Booneville to rebreaking up the principal organized gangsceive the thanks of his commander for his of marauders. On the 2d of that month it dashing little "guerrilla campaign.” The was said from St. Louis : “Dispatches re- loss of the rebels was twelve killed, twentyceived at Halleck's headquarters announce two wounded and fifteen prisoners. The the capture of the notorious Jefferson Owens, Federals lost three killed and ten wounded. Colonel Jones and fifty of their bridge burn- Colonel Jennison's rangers scouted the couning gang, near Martinsburg, Adrian county, ties along the Kansas line so thoroughly, and by General Schofield, commander of the State acted with such decision, as to rid that secmilitia, and the various guerrilla bands along tion of the most malignant evil-doers. His the north Missouri railroad have been pretty procedure though severe was called for by thoroughly scattered.”

the treachery of many of the people, and the Further arrests occurred, in which the unsparing cruelty of the guerrilla bands First Kansas, Colonel Deitzler, took an active which they assisted to maintain. To General part. This regiment held Lexington after Prentiss was assigned the 'Army of North its second occupation, and succeeded in se- Missouri.' His labors were directed to keepcuring camparative peace to that immediate ing open the Hannibal and St. Joseph railsection ; but, here and there the spirit of in- way. To anticipate the bridge burners in cendiarism would break forth. It may be their efforts he fell upon the rebels at every said the central section of the State was not opportunity. The attack at Zion's Church actually freed from these visitations of the in Boone county, amounted to a battle—the enemy until late in the spring of 1862. The rebel loss being twenty-tive killed, a large numerous conflicts with bands of guerrillas, number wounded and thirty prisoners. By the chase and exploration for them, would this rapid stroke a strong rebel organizatiou form, if written, a very exciting and novel under Colonel Dorsey was broken and effectchapter. Such encounters were not always ually scattered (Dec. 28th). It was the last

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of Jackson's recruiting offices in the very laid down the law: "Martial

Halleck's Proceedingen heart of the State.

law having been declared in

Agajast Secessioniste. Halleck carried out his this city by authority of the Hallock's Proceedings

administration with a firm President of the United States, all the civil Against Secessionists.

hand. His military rule authorities, of whatever name or office, are was rigid but not oppressive except to seces hereby notified that any attempt on their sionists whose conduct rendered them ame-part to interfere with the execution of any nable to Orders. St. Louis swarmed with order from these headquarters, or impede, these “ friends of the South," who were, chief- restrain, or trouble any officer duly appointed ly, persons of wealth, wedded to the South to carry such order into effect, will be regardby close affinities or by trade. Upon this ed as a military offense, and punished accordcluss Halleck's order No. 13, levying contri- ingly. The Provost-Marshal-General will arbutions to support the refugees, bore with rest each and every person, of whatever rank some severity. Several of those assessed re- or office, who attempts in any way to prevent fused to comply with the demand; whereupon or interfere with the execution of any order the General-Commanding ordered out an ex- issued from these headquarters. He will call ecution under which property was seized, to upon the commanding officer of the Departcover the first assessment and twenty-five per ment of St. Louis for any military assistance cent, additional, as provided for in order No. he may require." 24. This action was resisted by a replevin After this there was very little interference process served on the Provost-Marshal, at the with the military power; and the decision instance of one Samuel Engler. Halleck in- then shown did more to “subjugate" the dis. stantly committed Engler and his attorney to loyal element than a great victory over

Price prison, and an order soon issued banishing and Rains. Engler beyond the lines of the Department. The operations in Grant's district during All this higher-authority proceeding created January properly constitute the preliminary great excitement; but, that it was required, narrative to the expeditions against Forts none who knew the dangers of a civil process Henry and Donaldson. We therefore reserve from a Missouri court could deny. In the their details to one of the opening chapters special order of banishment Halleck thus of Volume III.






By orders promulgated | were disposed as stated on Disposition of Troops.

Disposition of Troops. November 9th, 1861, reor- page 316. In addition to garizing the several military departments, the forces there named, were Reynold's troops Brigadier-General W. S. Rosecrans was as- holding Cheat Mountain; and still further signed the Department of Western Virginia north, guarding the line of the Baltimore and [See page 414]. His forces November 1st, Ohio railway, was General B. F. Kelley's

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