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Dec. 19.—Rebels shell Colonel Geary's camp near | nounced by the publication of the correspondence Point of Rocks. Geary replies, and after a furions on the subject. Mason and Slidell are given up but cannonade drives the rebels back, and destroys | no apology made, nor is Captain Wilkes suspended several houses where their sharpshooters are con- from command. cealed. The enemy lost 18 killed and wounded.--.

Dec. 29.- Pillage of the town of Commerce, Mo., A band of “Moccasin rangers" (rebel) plunders the by men from Jeff Thompson's force. town of Ripley, Va. Dec. 20. ---Battle of Dranesville. For particulars the Federal and Confederate authorities, by General

Dec. 30.--The first regular cartel passed between see pages 470–71.-Partial destruction of the Mis. Huger (rebel) announcing the readiness to deliver souri railway by the rebels. One hundred miles of

240 prisoners of war from Richmond.--Destruction track between Hudson and Warrenton disabled ; l of the rebel light vessel and local battery at Wilstations, water tanks, bridges and wood burned. mington, N. C., by an expedition from the steamer -- Attack on the rebels at Hudson by Major Mckee, Mt. Vernon. in which he kills 10 and takes 17 prisoners.—Sinking of the stone fleet in Charleston harbor, Operations tion consisting of three National gunboats, under

Dec. 31.--Biloxi, Miss., surrenders to an expedicommence on the 19th.–Jackson's (rebel) forces appear on the Potomac opposite Williamsport and prize also secured in the bay. The town is aban

command of Coinmodore Melancthon Sinith. A at points a few miles below. His design is supposed | doned after the removal of the guns from the water to be to cross and sack the town.

battery. Dec. 22 --Sharp skirmish at Newport News between Colonel Max Weber's men and rebel cavalry arrested on the British steamer Trent, are delivered

Jan. 1, 1862.-Mason and Slidell, rebel emissaries and infantry. The rebels are “ punished" for in

up to the British Government --Fort Pickens again terfering in foraging operations.

opens its guns on the land batteries and Navy Dec. 23.-Rosecrans, from Wheeling, issues an ad. | Yard at Pensacola Bay.--Expedition against the dress to his troops, proclaiming an end of the cam

rehel fortification at Port Royal ferry. The battery paign.

at that point was abandoned on the approach of the Dec. 24.-Expedition from General Pope's com. Federal gunboats and infantry. maud visits Lexington, Mo., destroying foundry, fer

Jan. 2.--Bombardment, by Federal gunboats, of ry boats, &c.-The War Department (Federal) is.

the rebel baitery on Cockpit Point, Potomac river, sues orders discontinuing enlistments of cavalry.

Jan. 3.--Large arrest of bridge burners near Hun. Enough are pronounced to be in the service.-Fluffcon, S. c., occupied by Federal forces under newell, Mo., by Colonel Glover.-Reconnoissance

by Colonel Max Weber to Big Bethel, Va. General Stevens.

Jan. 4.-General Milroy's expedition, under Ma Dec. 25.--Bridge burned by the rebels over Charlestun river, on the Hannibal and St. Joseph and destroys the large amount of rebel winter store

jor Webster, enters Huntersville, Western Virginia ruilway.

at that point.--Heavy skirmish at Bath, Va. Feder Dec. 26.- Arrival in New York of General Scott, ais driven back upon Hancock by Jackson's ad from his brief visit to Europe. He returns fearing yance. a war between Great Britain and the United States

Jan. 5.--Fortifications erecting around Richmond, on the Mason-Slideii emeute.

Va., are announced as progressing satisfactorily. It Dec. 27.-Intelligence received of the good pro- is assumed that, in three months, the city will be gress of National arms in New Mexico unler com impregnable. mand of Colonel Canhy. Forts Craig and Stanton bad been retaken and, at the last dates, the Federal

Jan. 7.--Expedition against and destruction of a officer was en route to retake Fort Fillmore, betray Colonel Dunning, from General Kelley’s conmaud.

rebel nest at Blue's gap, near Romney, Va., by ed by Colonel Lynde. Colonel Canby had had a

--Skirinishi near Paintsville, with Humphrey Marstirring campaign.-Bridges over the Fabius and

shall's (rebel) brigade. Marshall retires before the Nurii Fabius rivers, Mo., destroyed by the rebels. --Rebel forces in front of Washington are announc

Federal cavalry of Major Bowles, Colouel Garfield ed to have gone into winter quarters : considering occupies Paintsville from which Marshall fled in

great precipitation. the campaign ended. Dec. 28. --General Prentiss, hunting up the bridge Co, B, Second Virginia (Union) voludteers, Captain

Jan. 8.--Desperate fight between 17 men from buruers and rebel camps in Northern Missouri, attacks Colonel Dorsey at Mount Zion Church, Boone

Latham, and 30 guerrillas, on Dry Fork, Randolph

Co., Va. After an hour's “Indian fight' the guer. county. After a sharp contlict the rebels are utter

rillas fled, leaving six dead upon the field. Federal ly routed, with a very heavy loss in killed, wounded ald prisoners. See page 457.--Colonel Vandeveer loss, six wounded.--Severe struggle at Roan's tan(Thirty-fifth Ohio) destroys the rebel salt works on yard, in Randolph Co., Mo. Majors Torrence and

Hubbari's Federal cavalry attacks the rebel PoinFishing creek, Ky.-Sharp conflict of cavalry at

dexter's fortitied camp and routs the rebels. Camp Sacramento, ky. A scouting party from Colonel Jackson's Kentucky cavalry fell in with a strong de property is all burned, and 25 wagons of provisions, tachment of Forrest's rebel cavalry. After a severe

clothing, powder and arms secured. hand to hand struggle the Federals fled, losing Cap.

Jan. 9.-Colonel H. Anisansel, with two compatain Bacon killed and eleven wounded and prisoners. nies of Virginia Union cavalry. pursue a large body The rebels confessed to a greater loss, including of busliwhackers who had plundered Sutton, Va. Lieutenant-Colonel Merriweather killed. The Na- The rugamullins were come up with thirty miles east tionals fought with astonishing intrepidity against of Sution when a fight iminediately ensued. Thirty overwhelming odds.

of the “rebel agents" were killed, wounded and ---Settlement of the “ Trent difficulty' first an

taken prisoners, and their large train of plunder se.


cured.-Colonel Garfield comes up with Humphrey Jan. 19.- Battle at Logan's farm near Mill Spring, Marshall's force south of Paintsville, Ky. A battle Ky. Crittenden's and Zollicoffer's forces defeated follows in which Marshall's command is soon sent by General Thomas with heavy loss; Zollicofier flying. See page 424.

being among the slain. See pages 426-28, Jan. 10. •Reconnoissance in force by General Mc- Jan. 21.--- Return to Cairo of McClernand's com Ciernand from Cairo to the vicinity of Columbus, mand from the reconnoissance in force toward Co. Ky., to locate the rebel situation.

lumbus. The expedition was boldly conducted and

proved very successful. Jan. 11.—The enemy burns two large bridges on the Louisville and Nashville railroad between Mun

Jan. 23.–Stone ladened hulks (second fleet) are fordsville and Bowling Green, expecting Buell's ad- sunk in the Mallit channel approach to Charleston. vance in conjunction with Grant's advance from Jan. 26.-Reconnoissance by Colonels Willich and Cairo.-Sharp fight between three rebel gunboats Starkweather up the Nashville and Louisville R. R., from Columbus, Ky., and Commodore Foote's two from the vicinity of Munfordsville.—Expedition de gunboats Ekses and St. Louis, which cover the land- parts from Fort Royal to Savannah harbor. ing of Grant's forces at Fort Jefferson. The rebel

Jan. 28.—Engagement in the Savannah river eg. boats driven back, and followed up to the Columbus tuaries between the Federal gunboats and Commo. batteries.- Colonel Garfield, having routed Humn- dore Tatnall's gunboats. The Commodore phrey Marshall's brigade near Prestonburg, takes tires." possession of that place.

Jan. 29.--Fifty men of the Thirty-seventh New Jan. 12.-The rebels continue the destruction of York, under Lieutenant-Colonel John Burke, start depots, culverts and property along the line of the late on the night of the 28th from Heintzelman's Louisville and Nashville railway north of Bowling division position, push on to a house near Occoquan Green.--Burnside's advance sails from Fortress bridge where a body of rebels are enjoying a dance. Monroe for Hatteras inlet.

The rebels resist with great fury and only surrender Jan. 13.-Simon Cameron resigns his seat in the after nine Texan rangers, and one officer (a Major) Lincoln cabinet as Secretary of War. Edwin M.

are killed. Stanton is nominated by the President to the vacan- Jan. 30.-Successful launch of Erricson': irer cy, and his nomination confirmed on the 14th. floating battery Monitor

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PRIOR to General Scott's Charleston or Savannah, Scott's Programme of

Scott's Programme of Combined Operations. retirement from the posi- would have served also as

Combined Operations. tion of General-in-Chief, he a base for prosecuting the had fully arranged the entire winter's cam- war into the enemy's very heart—of severing paign. Among other military strokes he had, his important railway connections and of in conjunction with the Navy Department, cutting off his ease of inland transport. It planned the several combined land and sea thus assumed a grave importance as a milexpeditions which resulted so gloriously to itary step. The Burnside expedition proposed the cause of the Government, viz.: those as its work, the severance of direct coast against the forts at Hatteras Inlet, Port Roy- communication between Richmond and al, and Mississippi River (New Orleans). The Charleston-looked to the reduction of Norfirst conception of these enterprises came folk by an approach from the south, and from his room at the War Office; and in his formed the nucleus of an army of occupation room were they arranged in detail. They designed for the reduction of the State and were designed to prelude the grand move-its restoration to the Union. The expedition ments of the winter, of the armies of the against New Orleans looked to the command east and west — avant couriers of coming of the Mississippi River and the restoration events. If they now stand alone-as having of Louisiana to Federal rule, as well as an no relation to advances into the interior and eventual descent upon Mobile and Galveston. down the Mississippi River—it is only be- If these expeditions answered their primacause Scott's plans were but partially car- ry purposes only after a long season, it was ried out.

from no lack of foresight in their original In the expedition to Port Royal it is true conception; and that they were allowed to the commanders chose the point of attack remain mere isolated adventures is to the after the squadron left Fortress Monroe, and | discredit of those responsible for the conduct that its leading object was to secure one or of the war after Scott's withdrawal from two good harbors of refuge where the block-command. When the future sits in judgment ading vessels might find a depot and safe on the nerveless and aimless policy which resort during the winter; but, any point characterized the movements of our arms in chosen—Bull's Bay, Winyaw Bay, Port Royal, | the three months succecding November 1st,

1861, it will be to pronounce a sentence of appertaining to a perma

The Port Royal disapprobation if not of condemnation. nent land occupation in an

Expedition. Seventy-seven vessels enemy's country. TwentyThe Port Royal

sailed and steamed out of two thousand men composed the crews and Expedition.

Hampton Roads, on the land forces embarked. Their destination was morning of Tuesday, October 29th, stretching a mystery Very few, even of those engaged out to sea, then heading for the South. It in the adventure, knew of its ultimate point was a fleet of conquest, bearing one of the of operations. The press and people were most superb armaments that ever floated in excited on the topic, and the suspense beAmerican waters.* Frigates, sloops-of-war came intense after it was known that the fleet and gunboats were mixed in with stately had actually put to sea. Not until Noyemocean steamers; while these had in tow nu-ber 10th was the veil lifted and the country merous small craft-all loaded to their fullest permitted to know where the blow had fallcapacity with war materiel and men. For en. Then, through reports from rebel sources, sixty days had the expedition been organ- it was ascertained that the Port Royal forts izing, gathering not only vessels of war and had been assailed. A day more sufficed to transports, but also vast stores of everything announce, through the same channel, that the

* The comparative strength of the expedition will forts had fallen, and the Yankees had made be illustrated by a reference to some of the famous a lodgement on the soil of South Carolina at naval and land demonstrations of other times. The a vital point. “ Invincible Armada" of Philip II., which sent such The squadron as originally

The Squadron a terror through the English heart, was composed organized was composed and of one hundred and thirty-seven vessels of all grades, officered as follows, though all the gunboats whose capacity may be inferre i when it is announc- here named did not participate in the bomed that they bore on their decks only thirty-one bardment: thousand men, counting the orews. The prior de

Flag Omicer of the Fleet, SAMUEL F. DUPONT. monstration of Philip's father, Charles Vth., on Tu- Flag ship, Steam frigato Wabash, Commander Davis. nis, numbered five hundred Genoese and Spanish Gunboat Augusta, Commander E. G. Parrot. vessels, yet carried only thirty thousand men. That

Gunboat Curlew, Commander George H. Cooper. of Peter the Great, upon the Caspian sea,

Gunboat Florida, Commander J. R. Goldsborough. numbered

Gunboat Isaac Smith, Commander J. W. A. Nicholson. two hundred and serenty ships, but embarked no

Gunboat Mohican, Commander 8. W. Godon. more than nty thousand men. The expedition

Gunhoat Ottawa, Commander Thomas S. Stevens of Gustavus Adolphus to Germany, numbered fifteen Gunboat Pawnee, Commander R. H. Wyman. to eighteen thousand men; that of Jussuf against Gunboat Pembina, Commander P. Crosby. Candia, thirty thousand ; that of Kionperti against

Gunboat Penguin, Commander T. A. Budd.

Gunboat Pocahontas, Commander E. Drayton. the same stronghold, fifty thousand ; that of Charles

Gunboat R. B. Forbes, Commander H. S. Newcomb. XII. upon Denmark, fifty thousand. Hoche, in his

Gunboat Seminole, Commander J. P. Gillies. attempted descent upon Ireland, counted twenty- Gunboat Seneca, Commander Daniel Ammen. five thousand. Bonaparte's expedition to Egypt, Gunboat Unadilln, Commander N. Collins. consisted of twenty-three thousand men, with thir- The transport fleet embraced twenty-two teen ships, seventeen frigates, and four hundred ocean steamers, including such first class craft transports. Abercrombie's expedition to Egypt as the Vanderbilt, Atlantic, Baltic, Cahauba, numbered twenty thousand men; Cathcart's to Co-Ocean Queen, Ariel, Coatzacoalcas, Daniel penhagen, twenty-five thousand ; Wellington's to Webster, &c., &c. There were, besides, seven Portugal, fifteen thousand, and to Spain, thirty thon- smaller steamers, two steam tugs, three steam sand. Yet, the amounts of these adventures com

ferry boats and twenty-six sailing vessels. pared with the terrible guns mounted by the Federal

Among the latter were the celebrated ships feet, were but as old horse pistols to the Minie rifle. The English expedition against Washington num

Great Republic, Golden Eagle, &c., &c. All bered eight thousand, and against New Orleans fif- of these ships named were among the nuost

We teen thousand. The French expedition against Al- powerful in our commercial service. giers thirty thousand. The United States expedi- mention this to indicate to what extent ship tion, under General Scott, against Mexico, twelve owners co-operated with Government. Their thousand five hundred.

vessels all were volunteers.





The Land Forces.




The military section of any land batteries open, to

Preliminary Opera. the expedition, under com- indicate their whereabouts mand of Brigadier-General T. W. Sherman, to the fleet. To draw their was composed of three brigades, named and fire and determine their order of attack, the cfficered as follows:

gunboat Mercury, under Captain Gilman,

chief of the Engineer Corps, was despatched Under command of EGBRRT L. VIELE composed of

“along shore.” Several of the vessels of war New Hampshire Third, Oolonel E. W. Follows. Maine Eighth, Colonel Ice Strickland.

during the day dropt so far into the harbor, New York Forty-sixth, Colonel Rudolph Rosa.

as to tempt the enemy to “show his teeth,” New York Forty-seventh, Colonel Henry Moore.

which he did in a spirited manner, betraying New York Forty-eighth, Colonei James H. Perry.

a heavy battery on Hilton Head (afterwards SECOND BRIGADE, Under command of ISAAC INGALIS STEVENS, composed of discovered to be a well-appointed fort,) and Pennsylvania Fiftieth, Colonel Benjamin C. Christ.

two batteries on the opposite shores. The Pennsylvania Roundhead volunteers, Colonel D. Leasure.

Union gunboats and the batteries exchanged Michigan Eightb, Colonel Wm. M. Fenton. New York Seventy-Dinth, Lieutenant-Colonel W. H. Nobles. firc for about two hours, when Commodore THIRD BRIGADE,

Dupont signalled the vessels out of the fight. Commanded by Horatio Gates WRIGHT, composed of

Wednesday morning was fixed upon as the New Hampshire Fourth, Colonel Thomas J. Whipple Connecticut sixth, Colonel James L. Chatfield.

moment for the reduction of the enemy's batConnecticut Seventh, Colonel A. A. Terry.

teries; but, the flag-ship Wabash grounded Maine Ninth, Colonel Richworth Rich.

on Fishing Rip shoal, and did not get off The fleet moved out of until too late for tide-flow, which her heavy Preliminary Opera

Hampton Roads in fine or- draught required, in order safely to clear the

der, on the morning of Oc- bar and shoals. This unlooked for detention tober 29th-the flag ship in the lead, and gave the enemy time for reenforcements and arrived off Kibben Head (Port Royal harbor additional strengthening of his position. entrance) during the night of Sunday and Spades were busy all the day long flinging during the day of Monday, November 3d and up the soft sand into protecting walls, and 4th, after a very tempestuous passage.

guns appeared at new embrasures.

The gale was encountered off the North Carolina Federal fieet lay riding at anchor, all of Wedcoast which much distressed the small craft nesday and night, in the outer roadstead just and heavily ladened transports. Three of beyond the reach of the Confederate shot. them were disabled and returned in safety to Thursday (November 7th) Fortress Monroe; two foundered at sea with

was the momentous day. a loss, however, of only seven lives; two were the morning was one of the most beautiful driven ashore and abandoned. The presence of Southern latitudes. A gentle breeze broke of the several noble ocean steamers, as well as

the clear water's face into ripples, as if the the active exertions of the larger steam vessels Naiades were smiling at the tragedy which of war, saved the weaker transports from portended. Butterflies fluttered through the general disaster.

air, and the songs of Southern birds broke Early Monday morning Commander Du-the stillness with their waves of melody. pont dispatched gunboats to take soundings The vessels of war reposed in quiet majesty and verify the old topographical engineers' upon the still sea, as if enjoying the listlesssurvey of the channel. While engaged in ness of lazy life. Beyond them, yet farther this duty the rebel fleet, of five small steam- away from the rebel guns, swung the transers under command of Commodore Tatnall, ports at their anchors, swarming with the late of the United States Navy, put out from multitudes of brave men anxiously awaiting one of the estuaries, and engaged the recon- the clarion which should call them to arms. noitering and surveying boats. After a sharp A convocation of officers was held on the passage the rebel retired---evidently impress-flag-ship on Wednesday evening, at which ed with the smallness of his means to cope the Commodore unfolded his plan and gave with such antagonists. The forts on Hilton his final orders. At nine o'clock, Thursday head and Bay Point kept silence; nor did | morning, the vessels began to more into line

The Bombardment.


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