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been lavishly used to bribe the Ashland district, and GovBreckenridge's
Breckenridge's citizens--that armed pos- ernor of the State, you have
Last Address. session of the State had known, trusted and honored been taken under false pretences—that the him, during a public service of a quarter of a cen
tury. He is eminent for his ability, his amiable Legislature had been awed and bribed into a
character and his blameless life. Yet this man, betrayal of the State's independence, &c., &c.
withou indictment, without warrant, without accuHe presented this picture for contemplation:
sation, but by the order of President Lincoln, was " Fellow citizens, you have to do now, not with seized at midnight, in his own house, and in the this fragment of a Legislature, with its treason bills
midst of his family, was led through the streets of and tax bills, with its woeful subserviency to every Louisville, as I am informed, with his hands crossed demand of the Federal despotism, and its woeful and pinioned before him—was carried out of the neglect of every right of the Kentucky citizen; but
State and district, and now lies a prisoner in a foryou have to deal with a power which respects nei
tress in New York harbor, a thousand miles away. ther Constitution nor laws, and which, if successful,
Do you think that any free Legislature, ever assem. will reduce you to the condition of prostrate and bled in Kentucky since the days of Charles Scott bleeding Maryland. General Anderson, the military and Isaac Shelby, until now, would have permitted dictator of Kentucky, announces in one of his pro- such a spectacle to dishonor the State ? No! fel. clamations that he will arrest no one who does not
low citizens, the Legislature could not have been act, write or speak in opposition to Mr. Lincoln's
free! Government. It would have completed the idea if
"I would speak of these things with the simple he had added, or think in opposition to it. Look at
solemnity which their magnitude demands, yet it is the condition of vur State under the rule of our new
difficult to restrain the expression of a just indigna. protectors. They have suppressed the freedom of
tion while we smart under such enormnities. Mr. speech and of the pres. They seize people by Lincoln has thousands of soldiers on our soil, nearly military force upon mere suspicion, and impose on
all from the North, and most of them foreigners, them oaths unknown to the laws. Other citizens
whom he employs as his instruments to do these they imprison without warrant, and carry them out
things. But few Kentuckians have enlisted under of the State, so that the writ of habeas corpus cannot
his standard, for we are not yet accuetomed to his reach them.
peculiar form of liberty. * Every day foreign armed bands are making seizures among the people. Hundreds of citizens, old
“I will not pursue the disgraceful subject. Has and young, venerable magistrates, whose lives have Kentucky passed out of the control of her own been distinguished by the love of the people, have people? Shall hirelings of the pen, recently importbeen compelled to fly from their homes and families
ed from the North, sitting in grand security at the to escape imprisonment and exile at the bands of Capitol, force public apinion to opprove these usurNorthern and German soldiers, under the orders of
pations and point out victims ? Shall Mr. Lincoln, Mr. Lincoln and his military subordinates. While
through his German mercenaries, imprison or exile yet holding an important political trust, confided by the children of the men who laid the foundations of Kentucky, I was compelled to leave my home and
the Commonwealth, and compel our noble people family, or suffer imprisonment and exile. If it is
to exhaust themselves in furnishing the money to asked why I did not meet the arrest and seek a trial,
destroy their own freedomı? Never, while Kentucky my answer is, that I would have welcomed an arrest
remains the Kentucky of old-never, while thonto be followed by a judge and jury; but you well
sands of her gallant sons have the will an'l the nerve know that I could not have secured these constitu
to make the State sing to the music of their rifles!" tional rights. I would have been transported be- Yet, in spite of the Senator's rhetoric, there yond the State, to languish in some Federal fortress was no rebellion against the acts of the loyal during the pleasure of my oppressors. Witness the Legislature. The arrest of ex-Governor fate of Morehead and his Kentucky associates in Morehead and of others plotting treason their distant and gloomy prison.
against the Union, was loudly called for by “ The case of the gentleman just mentioned is an
leading Kentuckians, as a matter of public example of many others, and it meets every element in a definition of despotism. If it should occur in safety. The suppression of the Louisville
Courier was also an act to suppress conen England, it would be righted, or it would overturn
irs the British empire. He is a citizen and native of cy and disloyalty-a mere step of self-defense. Kentucky. As a member of the Legislature, Speak. The Anderson characteriseil as a military er of the House, Representative in Congress from dictator was the hero of Fort Sumter---8
South Eastern Kon
Battle of Wild Cat.
Christian gentleman in the or gathering at Camp Wild Breckenridge's truest sense of the word. Cat, between Great and
tucky. The statement that most of Little Rockcastle rivers, the Federal army of invasion was composed was designed to operate against Zollicoffer, of foreigners whom Lincoln employed to do then in possession of Cumberland Gap, with his behests was outrageously untrue, since an advance to Barboursville. The rebels, for Ohio, Indiana and Illinois furnished from three weeks of October, carried terror through their own citizens, the great mass of troops the adjacent country. Union men fled or called to Kentucky's aid. And so the record
were given over to the cruel mercies of Con. The entire appeal was grounded upon federate jailors in East Tennessce; families a perverse sentiment of loyalty ; it would were stripped of their means of sustenance or have had but little foundation for its conclu-criven out from their homes into exile. Assions had the Senator been truly impartial sassins lurked everywhere to shoot down and neutral.
any “suspicious person." The position of the bel- Not desiring the presence The Military Position.
ligerents, October 15th, in- of Colonel Garrard's force dicated an early collision. Sherman's ad- at Camp Wild Cat, Zollicoffer resolved to vance to Nolin Creek, twenty miles from strike him before reenforcements could arGreen River, commanded by Generals Ros- rive. To this end he advanced against the seau and McCook, it was thought would meet position with six regiments of infantry, one Buckner's and Hardee's combined forces at of cavalry and a battery of six light pieces. any moment. A flank movement upon Lou- Reconnoitering and demonstrating during isville by Polk and Pillow was feared. Oc- Sunday, October 20th, he made his attack on tober 17th Sherman urgently telegraplied the the morning of the 21st. General Schoepff War Department for reenforcements. The
having arrived on the ground, assumed comnext day, Secretary of War Cameron and Ad- mand. Ordering forward the Thirty-third jutant - General Thomas visited Sherman's Indiana, four companies under command of headquarters, on their return to Washington Colonel John Coburn, advanced and took from a tour of inspection in Fremont's de possession of an eminence called Round Hill. partment. Seeing the imminence of the dan-one-half mile from the camp. This advance, ger, eight thousand troops were ordered on
two Tennessee regiments of the enemy assailby special trains from Pittsburg, Indianapo-ed on the hill, pressing up under cover of the lis and Chicago. General Ward, in command woods, and when quite near the summit, at Camp Jolinson, at Greensburg, dispatched opening a rapid fire of musketry.* Colonel messengers, October 18th, for reenforcements, Woodford soon joined Colonel Coburn, with learning that a rebel column three thousand | about two hundred and fifty Kentucky cavstrong was advancing in that direction. He
alry. These troops bore the brunt of the fight feil back twelve miles to Campbellville, to with such persistence as to break the enemy's await reenforcements. No enemy, however, attempted charge; and, after an hour's fire, confronted him. All the enemy's. efforts seemed to be directed to the Federal advance * The enemy here tried the ruse so fatally suc. toward Bowling Green-whose loss would cessful at the battle of Edwards' Ferry, Virginia, of be a severe blow to the Confederate occupa
personating Federal troops. One Tennessee regi.
ment advanced out of the woods, with their caps tion and winter campaign in Western Ken
on bayonets, shouting : “ we are Union men!" tucky. The rapid angmentation of Union
Lieutenant Knight, iu cunimand of a breast work forces under Sherman, and at Cairo and Pa
which the Indianians had thrown up, spraug to the ducah, soon placed the rebels strictly on the embaukinent and ordered inis men not to tire, supdetensive. By November 1st Louisville was posing the looked-for reenforcements bad arrived. considered safe, and arrangements were then In a moment the Tennesseans sent in a volley and making for prosecuting the advance against pushed on to carry the work. They fairly wilted, Columbus and Bowling Green.
however, before the sheet of flame which leaped In Eastern Kentucky, the column gathered from the crest of the work like an avenging heraid.
Battle of Vild Cat.
The Condition of
the Tennessecans withdrew Cumberland River, at the
to reorganize for a stronger mouth of White Oak Creek, effort, leaving seventeen of their dead on the where he waited the exfield. Many of their dead and most of their pected advance. He still retained the passage wounded they succeeded in carrying off. at Cumberland Gap, to provide for retreat and
This little fight was the precursor of a to check any attempt of the Federalists to second attempt in the afternoon, upon the reach East Tennessee through that, its most position ; but, the celerity of movement of natural avenue of approach. How the longthe Seventeenth Ohio, Colonel Connell, and suffering and heroic people of that now his. the Fourteenth Ohio, Colonel Steedman, toric region looked for the promised relief gave the Unionists so much the advantage to press in through that gorge! The stream that Zollicoffer's hopes were dashed, and, at of life which leaped from the rock at the night, he beat a quick retreat toward Cum- touch of Moses' rod, did not send a wilder berland Gap. These two regiments, last thrill of joy through the famishing hearts of named, made marches of extraordinary expe- the suffering people of God, than the clarion dition to relieve Colonel Garrard from his of promised deliverance which iang through perilous position, and arrived in time to the valleis and over the hills of East Tennesthrow a few shot into the disordered ranks see, in the fall of 1861. Nor did the wail of of the rebels. They then gave premonition the mothers of Israel over Herod's slaughter of the gallantry and endurance which distin- of their offspring send out upon the air a guished them throughout the war.
more appalling cry of pain than went up This rather badly con- from the scaffolds and dungeons of Tennessee ducted attempt to capture when that deliverance was withheld. Truly
Camp Wild Cat was fol- we need not go to old-time histories for leslowed by no further rebel demonstration in sons when the story of East Tennessee offers that quarter.
Zollicofler finally took up a us its record of joys and sorrows, of sufferings, strong position opposite Mill Spring, on the but not of triumvlis.
The Condition of
HISTORICAL SUMMARY OF EVENTS,-N0. 6.
FROM NOVEMBER 1st, 1861, TO FEBRUARY 1st, 1862.
Nov.1.-Lieutenant-General Winfield Scott is re- Nov. 9.-General Halleck ordered to the command tired, at his own request, from active service, and in Missouri, and General Buell to Kentucky. General George B. McClellan raised to the position Nov. 10.-Rosecrans dispatches General Benham of General-in-Chief. See pages 351, 52.
up the Kanawha river to cross at Loup creek and --Surprise of a large rebel camp at Renwick, Mo. march toward Fayetteville. The design is to get in Rebels scattered, losing about fifty in killed and the rear of Floyd and cut off his escape, while the prisoners, and all their camp stuff.- Rosecrans' main body of the Union army should assail the rebel camps on Gauley river cannonaded by Floyd. front and right.—Rebel descent on Guyandotte, West
Nov. 2.-Fremont, at Springfield, Mo., is relieved Virginia. One hundred and fifty of the Ninth of his Department command by orders from Wssh- Virginia Federal volunteers surprised and many of ington. General Hunter takes temporary command, them killed or taken prisoners. The people of the Nov, 3d, and soon ordered a retreat of the entire town, having co-operated in the attack, two-thirds arnıy.-Engagement in Platte City, Mo. Rebels routed
of their village was burned the next day, by a sechy Major Joseph, with a loss of 13 killed and wound-tion of the Fifth Virginia volunteers. ed and 30 prisoners.
Nov. 11.-Colonel Anthony, with 100 of his KanNov. 4.—Colonel Dodge takes possession of Hous- sas“ Jayhawkers,” assails and routs the rebels in ton, Mo., capturing a large amount of rebel stores, camp near Kansas City, after a sharp fight. Feder.
al loss, 8 killed and 8 wounded, rebel loss not several prisoners and a mail for the rebel army.
known.- Engagement at New Market bridge, near Nov. 5.-General Nelson occupies Prestonburg, Fortress Monroe. Colonel Max Weber defeats the Kv., baving driven the rebel General “ Cerro Gordo enemy. Rebel loss, 2 killed.--Gallant reconnois. Williams” up the Big Sandy river to Piketon, whitho sance of Colonel Graham over the Potomac at Maer he soon pursues and again routs him (on the 8th). thias point. Williams then flees to the mountains, his forces quite
Nov. 12.-General Heintzelman makes a recon. disorganized.
noissance in force from Alexandria to Occoquan Nov. 6.—Expedition from the gunboat Cambridge, creek. up Corrstowan creek, Va. A rebel vessel burned. Lieutenant Gwin in command.-- The Grand Jury in Lockwood moves from Baltimore and occupies the
Nov. 13.—A strong Federal column under Gen. session at Frankfort, Ky., finds indictments for trea- counties of Virginia lying east of the Potomac. son against thirty-two prominent citizens of the State, who have embarked in the Southern cause. --Zollicofler retires from Cumberland ford to
-Grant and McClernand's expedition against Bel-Cumberland gap, Tenn. mont, Mo., sails from Cairo.---General Hunter repu- Nov. 14.-General Benham, dispatched by Rose. diates the Price - Fremont “treaty."'-— Rosecrans crans to strike upon Floyd's rear, falls in with the opens on Floyd's batteries on Gauley river, and si- rebel outposts at McCoy's mills and defeats them. leuces them.
Fifteen of the enemy killed, including Colonel Crog. Nov. 7.---Battle of Belmont, Mo. Rebels routed han. Floyd's main force escapes to the South. and their camp and property destroyed. The Federals on returning to their transports are assailed Geary crosses at Point of Rocks and surprises a
- Meeting of planters at Macon, Ga.-Colonel by a heavy force from Columbus but cut their way rebel force about to locate a battery, killing 3 of the through. The loss on both sides is very heavy. See
enemy. page 413.--Attack on the Port Royal forts by the
Nov. 15.–Fast day in the Confederate States. fleet under Dupont. The forts silenced after a heavy bombardment of five hours. Union loss, 8 killed Nov. 16.--Expedition of General Paine from Paand 23 wounded. See pages 385-90
ducah to Lovettsville. No enemy found. Nov. 8.-Bridges burned in East Tennessee by the Nov. 17.--Attack upon and rout of Hawkins? Unionists. See page 419.-- Arrest of the rebel com- (rebel) camp near Rumsey, Ky. Twenty-five rebels missioners, Mason and Slidell, on the British steam- taken prisoners, with 300 horses, &c. Colonel Al. er Trent, by Captain Charles Wilkes, in command corn commands the Federals, whose loss is 10 killed of the steam sloop-of-war San Jacinto. See pages and 15 wounded.--General Schepff, by a forced 397-411, for all the official correspondence in the march of four days, reaches Crab Orchard, Ky.,
with his Camp Wild Cat forces.--Attack upon re
oruits for Price's army, near Palmyra, Mo. Rebell - Rebel dash at Salem, Mo. Rebels repulsed loss, 3 killed, 5 wounded and 16 prisoners.
with considerable loss, by Major Bowen's cavalry. Nov. 18.-Captain Foote, U. S. N., assigned to
--Reconnoissance in the vicinity of Vienna, Va., lol. the fleet operating in the Western rivers. - North lowed by a rebel surprise of the Federal cavalry C'nolina "jrovisional” Convention meets at Hat- (120). The troopers return to camp minus forty
tire men. teras. Forty five counties represented. The se. cession of the State repudiated, provisional Govern- Dec. 4.-Spirited skirmish near Anandale, Va, or appointed, &c., &C.-- More of Price's recruits Colonel Taylor, with 30 of his men (Third N.Jersey) (50) captured near Warrenburg, Mo.
surprises and cuts to pieces, by an ambush, a troop Nov. 19.--Burning of the ship Harvey Birch by the
40 rebel cavalry.—John C. Breckeuridge expelled Confederate privateer Nashville, near Southampton, from the U. S. Senate.- Landing at slip island of England. ---Warsaw, Mo., burned by the rebels.
the advance of Butler's expedition against New OrGeneral Halleek assumes command in Missouri.- leans. General Phelps in command issues a proclaJefferson Davis sends in his Message to the Confed
mation which forewarns the people that he comes
upon a crusade against slavery as well as against erate Congress. See pages 430-33.--The gunboat
those in rebellion. Conestoga reconnoiters up the Tennessee. Nov. 20.--Sailing from New London and New
Dec. 7.-General John Pope is assigned command Bedford of the fleet of old hulks loaded with stone,
of all the Federal forces between the Missouri and
Osage rivers. The force is composed largely of to be sunk in Southern harhors.--Grand review of McClellan's troops before Washington.--Rout of the
Fremont's old troops.- Capture at Rogers' Mill, notorious rebel marauder, Hays, near Kansas City, near Glasgow, Mo., of the notorious robber Captain by Colonel Burchard and 24 men. Hays' residence Sweeny, by a detachment of Federal cavalry onder burned.
Captain Merrill. Nw. 22. -- Price's army crosses the Osage river
Dec. 8.-Final occupation of Port Royal island on its second trip to the North.--Rebel Camp above
and the village of Beaufort, s. C., by the Federal Newport News shelled and destroyed by Federal troops under General Stevens. gumboats.-Gallant affair at Brownsville. A band
Dec. 9.- ---Bombardment by the Federal gunboats (100) of Kentuckians repulse 300 rebels.
of the rebel position at Freestone point. The rebel Nov. 22–23.--Bombardment, by Fort Pickens, of
works and buildings all destroyed.-Severe battle the rebel batteries at Pensacola Bay. Fort McRae
in the Indian country, between the Confederate is silenced and Fort Barrancas much injured. The
forces (Texans and Indians) led by General Cooper village of Warrenton is destroyed and the Navy Yard
and the loyal Indians led by Oputheleyholo. It was gr -ally injured.
pronounced by the rebel authorities a drawn battle, Nov. 23.- The Steamers Constitution and Forest City, losses were great ou both sides. Cooper's force
though Opotheleyholo fairly won a victory. The with the advalice of Butler's expedition against New
was about 2000, that of the Chief about 500 greater. Orleans, sails from Portland, Me.-General Thomas,
He was aided by many old hunters and scouts. with his entire division, advances from Danville, Ky., Cooper" withdrew" fighting. to Columbia. This movement is desigued to give Zuilicoffer battle.
Dec. 10.-Sharp skirmish of pickets at Dam No. 4,
on the Potomac near Sharpsburg. One Federal Nov. 21.-Skirmish at Lancaster, Mo. Colonel
company entrapped and made prisoners. Moore meets the rebels, killing 13 and taking prisoners.--Tybee island taken possession of by the
Dec. 12.—Great conflagration in Charleston, S.C. Federal forces.
Over one half of the richest portion of the city is
consumed.---Colonel Merrill's cavalry return to de Nov. 25.---The rebel privateer Royal Yacht de
dalia from a very successful scouting expedition, stroyed in Galveston harbor, by an expeditiou from bringing in a number of rebel emissaries, officers, U.S. frigate Santee, commanded by Lieutenant Jou- spies, &c.-Skirmish at Green river, Ky., in which ett.
Co. I. of the Fifteenth Ohio repulses a rebel cavalry Nov. 26.-Second Grand Review of the forces of squadron. McClellan around Washington. -- Reconnoissance
Dec. 13.-Battle of Alleghany Summit. The Fed. by Colonel Bayard, from Langley's to Dranesville, erals under General R. H. Milroy assail the rebel Va.--- Reconnoissauce toward Huuter's hill from Vi- stronhgold, but ineffectually, owing to the want of enna.-Meeting of the Convention at Wheeling to artillery supports. Union loss, killed 20, wounded form a new State.-Commodore Tatnall, with three
107, missing 10. The rebel loss is known to have small steamers and one gunboat runs down from been severe. Colonel Edward Johnson commandFort Pulaski to engage the Federal fleet, in Cock
ed the rebel force, about 2000 strong. He “retires" after firing about forty shots.
Dec. 15.-Platto City, Mo., fired by the rebels, to
“ smoke out" the Federals. The court house and Nov. 27.-The Federal Government assumes com
post oflice are consumed. mand of all commerce on the Mississippi river below St. Louis.--- Reconnoissance up the Cousaw river, S.
Dec. 17.--Conflict at Munfordsville, Ky. Colonel C., by the guuboat Pawnee, Commander Drayton.
Willich's German regiment, Thirty-second Indiana,
encounter and repulse a strong force under General Nov. 28.-Reconnoissance by Colonel Cone from
Hindman. Federal loss 11 killed, 21 wounded. See Springfield, Va., toward Manassas.-Immense cone
pages 222-23. flagration of cotton on the plantations lying between Beaufort and Charleston, S. C.
Dec. 18.-Capture of Milford, Mo., by General
Pope's forces, with 1300 prisoners, great quantities Dec, 2.-Meeting of the Federal Congress.
of arms, supplies, &c.--Expedition of reconnoisDec. 3.-President Lincoln's Message read to Con- sance up the North and South Edisto rivers, S. C., gress. See pages 437-443.
by Commander Drayton.