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THE

BATTLE

OF

FREDERICKTOWN.

335

Warsaw.

а

Hardee and Thompson, who draw their sup- The order of march included the forces of plies through Arkansas, will be cut off, they Lane and Sturgis, who were to leave Kansas will be compelled to retreat, and our flotilla and join Fremont's divisions on the Osage and the reenforcements can descend the river river, Hunter was to march by way of Verto assist in the operations against Memphis sailles, McKinstry from Syracuse, Pope from and the attack upon New Orleans."

near Booneville, and Siegel from Sedalia. This sets forth the cam- Warsaw was the point of crossing the Osage. The Army

paign arrahged. It settles The Commanding-GeneOrganization.

Siegel's Advance to the point that Fremont ral reached Warsaw Octohad a plan, and had not abandoned his ori- ber 17th, to find the indeginal idea of an advance down the Mississip- fatigable Siegel in possession. Deficient in pi river. The army as organized embraced transportation, he impressed horses, mules, five divisions, under the commands respect- oxen, wagons and "go-carts” of every descripively of Generals Hunter, Popė, Siegel, Mc- tion, enough to drag his baggage. For his Kinstry and Asboth. It numbered about food he foraged along the way, buying, beg. thirty thousand men, including tive thousand ging, or exacting enough to sustain his men. cavalry and eighty-six pieces of artillery—a It was an odd march, but one happily illuslarge number of the guns being rifled. The trating the German General's qualities as the infantry was not uniformly, but was regarded leader for emergencies. as effectively, armed, although much distrust The Osage was bridged, after five days and was entertained of the Austrian and Belgian nights of extraordinary exertions, and a safe muskets with which the “ Army of the West” passage thus secured for the army and its was supplied. They were the only arms ob- trains. October 22d the troops begun to pass tainable at that time. The cavalry was badly over.

The onward march was not delayed -provided—Colonel Carr's regiment having the several divisions pressing forward as rapno sabres. The Fremont Huzzars were also idly as the means in their power would perdeficient in that necessary arm.

mit, Asboth's bringing up the rear. The route The Secretary of War, Mr. Cameron, ac- pursued was by Bolivar to Springfield. Siccon panied by Adjutant-General Thomas and gel was on the lead. The zealous German U. Ş. Senator Chandler, visited the camp at feeling that the defeat at Wilson's Creek was Tipton, October 13th. Their purpose was

to be redeemed, forgot the pains of the retreat personally to examine into the condition of from Springfield in the arduous toils of the things. The Adjutant-General's report to the advance to reconquer. Secretary of War, made October 30th, was

The brilliant affair of particularly severe on Fremont.*

Fredericktown happened

October 21st. It seemed * He said : “ General Hunter expressed to the the precursor of success to Fremont's plans Secretary of War his decided opinion that General | The rebels were known to be in force at. Fremont was incompetent, and unfit for his exten. Fredericktown. On the 15th Captain IIawsive and important command. This opinion he gave kins, of the Independent Missouri Cavalry, reluctantly, for the reason that he held the position was ordered from Pilot Knob to reconnoitre of second in command.

in that direction. This he did so effectnaliy “ The opinion entertained by gentlemen of posi- as to bring on a sharp engagement near the tion and intelligence, who have approached him is, town with the enemy's pickets. He gallantly that he is more fond of the pomp than of the reali- held his ground all night and the next day, ities of war-that his mind is incapable of fixed al during which time he was unsuccessfully attention or strong concentration—that by his mis.

tacked three times. Reenforcements coming management of affairs since his arrival in Missouri, the State has almost been lost--and that if he is forward, consisting of Major Gavitt's Indi:na continued in command the worst results may be Cavalry and five companies of Colond Alex. anticipated. This is the concurrent testimony of a ander's 21st Illinois, the rebels were pressed large number of the most intelligent men in Mis- and driven in to their permanent lints around souri.”

the town. There the struggle was briel but

The Battle of Fredericktown.

The Battle of Fredericktown.

severe and very satisfactory | Body Guard, led by its
to the Federal forces. It captain, Zagonyi.

Zagonyi's Charge 00

Springfield. ended by Alexander's with- Before the advance of the drawal to await the combined movement on Union army the rebel leaders retreated, to the place from the east and west. On Friday, the south of Springfield. There they October 18th, General Grant ordered forward gathered, in great force, all their energies from Cape Girardeau, a strong force ander being directed to a stand near that point. Colonel Plummer, to Fredericktown, to inter- Lyon had there been overcome, and the enecept the forces of Jeff. Thompson and Colonel my hoped there to deal Fremont a finishing Lowe. The command of Plummer consisted blow, thus again to open the way to St. Louis. of Marsh's Eighteenth Illinois regiment, a | Approaching the rebel rendezvous Siegel resection of Taylor's battery and Stewart's and solved to “feel” of his old foes, and, if possiLehman's companies of cavalry, all from Cai- ble, to learn of their disposition and strength. ro; also a part of Plummer's Eleventh Mis- He called to his aid the celebrated “Prairie souri regiment; a part of Ross' Twenty-first Scouts," commanded by Major Frank White. Illinois regiment, and a section of Campbell's This fine mounted troop had but just come buttery, all from Cape Girardeau. At the in from their recapture of Lexington (see Apsame time, Colonel Carlisle was ordered to pendix, for Major White's Report,] when, move forward from Pilot Knob to the same wearied and broken, they were ordered to point with his own regiment—the Thirty- strike out for the arduous reconnoissance. eighth Illinois ; the Thirty-third Illinois reg

The Federal advance was then in camp on iment, Colonel Hovey; the Twenty-first Illi- the Pomme de Terre river, thirty-four miles nois regiment, Colonel Alexander; the Eighth south of Warsaw and fifty-one north of Wisconsin regiment, Colonel Murphy; the Springfield. The Major with his troop imFirst Indiana cavalry, Colonel Baker; Captain mediately put out and was on his way when, Hawkins' Missouri independent cavalry, and on the 24th (of October) he was joined by four six-pounders and two twenty-four pound-Zagonyi, who assumed command of the expeers, under Major S. Chatfield, of the First dition, by order of Fremont. Zagonyi had Missouri light artillery. These several bodies with him one half of his Guard, provided made a junction at Fredericktown on the with only one ration. The march to Springmorning of the 21st. The rebels had passed field was to be forced, in order that the enemy south twenty-four hours preriously, about should be surprised and the place secured twenty-five hundred strong, but had halted before rebel reenforcements could reach it. near the town, taking up a good position for | The combined Scouts and Guard marched all a stand. The battle soon followed, the Thursday (October 24tlı) night; briefly restenemy being drawn up in the woods and a ed Friday morning, then pushed on and were flanking field, while their artillery — four before Springfield at three P. M., on the 25th eighteen-pounders-covered their front. Ma- -the fifty-one miles having been accomplishjor Schofield opened on the guns, and the ed in eighteen hours. fight soon became general. It raged with Eight miles from Springfield five mounted much fury for about two hours, when the rebels were caught; a sixth escaped and rebels retreated in great confusion, leaving alarmed the forces in the town, whose about sixty dead on the field-Colonel Lowe strength, Zagonyi learned from a Union farmbeing among the number. A hot and eífect-er, was fully two thousand strong. Nothing ive pursuit' was kept up for twenty miles. was left but a retreat or bold dash. Zagonyi The enemy was scattered in demoralization. did not hesitate. His men responded to his The Federal troops were well handled and own spirit fully, and were eager for the ad. fought with the utmost spirit.

venture, let it result as it would. Vajor This success of the movement against the White was so ill from over work that, at 2arebel force occupying the eastern section of gonyi's entreaty, he remained at a farm house the State, was followed quickly by the memo- for a brief rest. The farmer offered to pilot rable charge into Springfield, by Fremont's the Body Guard around to the Mount Vernon

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approach on the West— wrote: “ Sharp - shooters Zagonyi's Charge on

Zagonyi's Charge on hoping to effect a surprise were concealed behind the Springfield.

Springfield. in that direction, as the trees close to the fence along enemy was, thought to be aligned for the side the lane, and a small number in some assault on the Bolivar road to the North. Of underbrush near the foot of the hill. Anothis detour White knew nothing. After his ther detachment guarded their train, holding rest he pushed on with his guard of five men possession of the county fair-ground, which and a Lieutenant, to overtake his command. was surrounded by a high board-fence. This He travelled up to the very outskirts of the position was unassailable by cavalry from town, yet did not come up with his men. the road, the only point of attack being down Supposing them to be in possession of the the lane on the right; and the enemy were place, he pushed on, and soon found himself so disposed as to command this approach in a rebel camp—a prisoner. He was imme- perfectly. The lane was a blind one, being diately surrounded by a crew of savages, who closed, after passing the brook, by fences and at once resolved to have his life. Captain ploughed land: it was, in fact, a cul-de-sac. Wroton, a rebel officer, only saved the Major If the infantry should stand, nothing could and his guard from murder by swearing to save the rash assailants. There are horsemen protect them with his life. The blood-thirsty sufficient to sweep the little band before wretches were only kept at bay by the con- them, as helplessly as the withered foreststant presence of the rebel officer. It was leaves in the grasp of the autumn winds; evident that they did not entertain any of there are deadly marksmen lying behind the Mr. Lincoln's “anxiety” regarding retaliation. trees upon the heights and lurking in the

Zagonyi's detour of twelve miles was no long grass upon the lowlands; while a long surprise. He arrived on the outskirts of the line of foot stand upon the summit of the town to find the enemy awaiting him, twenty- slope, who, only stepping a few paces back two hundred strong, including four hundred into the forest, may defy the boldest riders. cavalry. It was indeed rushing into the jaws Yet, down this narrow lane, leading into the of death, but the heart of the bold Hunga- very jaws of death, came the three hundred." rian apparently took no counsel of fear. To Of the charge itself the same writer drew this his officers he said : “Follow me and do like graphic picture: me !” To his men he shouted: “Comrades ! “ They pass the fair-ground. They are at the The hour of danger has come: your first bat

corner of the lane where the wood begins. It runs tle is before you. The enemy is two thou- close to the fence on their left for a hundred yards, sand strong and you are three hundred. If

and beyond it they see white tents gleaming. They any of you would turn back you can do so

are half-way past the forest, when, sharp and loud, now.” Not a man stepped from the ranks. column; horses stagger, riders reel and fall, but

a volley of musketry bursts upon the head of the He then added: “I will lead you. Let the the troop presses forward undismayed. The farther watch word be The Union and Fremont !

corner of the wood is reached, and Zagonyi beholds Draw sabres ! By the right flank-quick trot | the terrible array. Amazed, he involuntarily checks -march !!" With a wild shout, the com- his horse. The rebels are not surprised. There to manding form of the Hungarian in the front, his left they stand crowning the height, foot and the intrepid assailants dashed forward to a horse ready to engulph him, if he shall be raso bloody field.

enough to go on. The road he is following declines Twelve hundred of the enemy's infantry rapidly. There is but one thing to do--run the were posted along the edge of a piece of gauntlet, gain the cover of the hill, and charge up thick timber, on the crown of a hill. Their the steep. These thoughts pass quicker than they

can be told. He waves his sabre over his head, and cavalry occupied an advance spur of the hill before a clump of woods. The entire position lop! he dashes headlong down the stony road.

shouting, 'Forward! follow me! quick trot! gal. was enclosed by a stout rail fence, while, in the first company, and most of the second, follow. front, at the foot of the hill, flowed a miry From the left a thousand muzzles belch forth a hiscreek, Zagonyi must advance to the assault sing flood of bullets; the poor fellows clutch wildly along a narrow lane. Major Dorsheimer at the air and fall from their saddles, and maddened

6

horses throw themselves upon | voice rises through the air : 'In Zagonyi's Charge on the fences. Their speed is not open order-charge !' The line

Zagonyi's Charge og Springfield.

Springfield. for an instant checked ; farther opens out to give play to their down the hill they fly, like wasps driven by the sword-arm. Steeds respond to the ardor of their leaden storm. Sharp volleys pour out of the under riders, and quick as thought, with thrilling cheers, brush at the left, clearing wide gaps through their the noble hearts rush into the leaden torrent which ranks. They leap the brook, take down the fence, pours down the incline. With unabated fire the and draw up under shelter of the hill. Zagonyi looks gallant fellows press through. Their fierce onset is around him, and to his horror sees that only a fourth not even checked. The foe do not wait for themof his men are with him. He cries, “They do not they waver, break and fly. The Guardsmen spur come --- we are lost!' and frantically waves his into the midst of the rout, and their fast-falling sabre.

swords work a terrible revenge. Some of the bold. “ He has not long to wait. The delay of the rest est of the Southrons retreat into the woods, and of the Guard was not from hesitation. When Cap- continue a murderous fire from behind trees and tain Foley reached the lower corner of the wood thickets. Seven Guard horses fall upon a space pot and saw the enemy's line, he thought a flank attack more than twenty feet square. As his steed sinks might be advantageously made. He ordered some under him, one of the officers is caught around the men to dismount and take down the fence. This shoulders by a grape vine, and hangs dangling in was done under a severe fire. Several men fell, and the air until he is cut down by his friends. he found the wood so dense that it could not be “ The rebel foot are flying in furious haste from penetrated. Looking down the hill, he saw the flash the field. Some take refuge in the fair-ground, some of Zagonyi's sabre, and at once gave the order, hurry into the corn-fields, but the greater part run *Forward !' At the same time, Lieutenant Kenne. along the edge of the wood, swarm over the fence dy, a stalwort Kentuckian, shouted, Come on,

into the road, and hasten to the village. The boys! remember Old Kentucky!' and the third Guardsmen follow. Zagonyi leads them. Over the company of the Guards, fire on every side of them | loudest roar of battle rings his clarion voice---from behind trees, from under the fences—with Come on, Old Kentuck! I'm with you! And the thundering strides and loud cheers, poured down flash of his sword-blade tells his men where to go. the slope and rushed to the side of Zagonyi. They As he approaches a barn, a man steps from behind had lost seventy, dead and wounded men, and the the door and lowers his rifle ; but before it has carcasses of horses are strewn along the lane. Ken- reached a level, Zagonyi's sabre-point descends nedy is wounded in the arm, and lies upon the stones, upon his head, and his life-blood leaps to the very his faithful charger standing motionless beside him. top of the huge barn door. Lieutenant Goff received a wound in the thigh; he The conflict now raged through the village-in kept his seat, and cried out, * The devils have hit the public square, and along the streets. Up and me, but I will give it to them yet!

down the Guards ride in squads of three or four, “ The remnant of the Guard are now in the field and wherever they see a group of the enemy, charge under the hill, and from the shape of the ground the upon and scatter them. It is hand to hand. No one rebel fire sweeps with the roar of a whirlwind over

bnt has a share in the fray." their heads. A line of fire upon the summit marks The Scouts, owing to some confusion of the position of the rebel infantry, and nearer and on orders, did not share in the glory of the the top of a lower eminence to the right, stand their charge. The two companies of Captains horse. Up to this time no Guardsman has struck a Fairbanks and Kehoe pressed up along the blow, but blue coats and hay horses lie thick along lane to a point where Zagonyi entered it, the bloody lane. Their time has come. Lieutenant aiming to get in the enemy's rear, so that Maythenyi with thirty men is ordered to attack the when driven over the hill by Zagonyi, they cavalry. With sabres flashing over their heads, the could cut the flying rebels to pieces. This little band of heroes spring towards their tremendous foe. Right upon the centre they charge. The

movement was ordered by some one, but by

whom is not known. It could not have dense mass opens, the blue coats force their way in, and the whole rebel squadron scatter in disgraceful been made by Zagonyi for he needed every man flight through the corn-fields in the rear.

The bays to face the foe.

The third company of the follow them sabreing the fugitives. Days after, the Scouts, under Captain Naughton, strove to enemy's horses lay thick among the uncut corn. join Zagonyi by riding through the gap in

“Zagonyi holds his main body until Maythenyi dis- the fence, made by Captain Foley. It was a appears in the cloud of rebel cavalry; then his fearful attempt. The dragoons fairly melted

OCCUPATION

OF

8PRINGFIELD.

339

field.

before the infantry fire, and tions of the same service. We have given Zagonyi's Charge on

only five succeeded in pass the story of their brief service quite at length Springfiei

ing over to the General's in order to illustrate one of those episodes of position under the hill. Major White, after the war which ever will remain as a landa series of remarkable adventures, succeeded mark of heroism and devotion. in effecting not only his escape, but the cap

This success was followture of his captors. He reached town the ed by a forced march into Occupation of Springe next morning, at the head of an extemporized Springfield, Siegel still on guard of farmers and five Scouts, bearing the advance. A thirty miles stretch was Captain Wroton along with him, as prisoner. made October 27th, by that division, and to Dorsheimer gave a novel and humorous ver- it was assigned the honors of a first entry. sion of the occupation" of Springfield- How well Siegel knew each street, each house,

“ Zagonyi having retired, with all his remain- each hill around! The town had for him ing forces toward the North, fearing an at- memories at once pleasurable and painful. temp to cut off his retreat. He said: “At The Federal army was received by the peoday-break White rode into Springfield at the ple as deliverers : October 27th was a galahead of his captives and a motley band of day. Little did the sanguine and expectant Home Guard. He found the Federals still inhabitants realise that they were soon to be in possession of the place. As the officer of given once more over to the brutal reign of highest rank, he took command. His garri- the Confederates. son consisted of twenty-four men. He sta

Asboth arrived with the rear division Octioned twenty-two of them as pickets in the tober 30th, and was soon followed by General outskirts of the village, and held the other Lane, with his Kansas brigade. McKinstry's two as a reserve. At noon the enemy sent in division was then on the Pompe de Terre, a flag of truce, and asked permission to bury seventy miles away, and Pope was still strugtheir dead. Major White received the flag gling along down from the North. So with with proper ceremony, but said that General Hunter. The rebels, led by Price in person, Siegel was in command and the request were at Neosho, fifty-four miles to the southwould have to be referred to him. Siegel west of Springfield. His command, it was was then forty miles away! In a short time reported, included McCullough's forces and a written communication purporting to come all of Jackson's “State Guard,” as well as from General Siegel, saying that the rebels Rains' motley army-numbering, all told, might send a party under certain restric- about thirty thousand men. Fremont's then tions to bury their dead. White drew in available strength was about thirteen thousome of his pickets, stationed them about sand, of all arms. A sudden march upon the field, and under their surveillance the Springfield by the Confederates might drive Southern dead were buried."

the Federal General to close quarters, but no The place was not retained, however : Ma- such dashing movement was made by Price, jor White “evacuated” the position to re-though he began his forward march from turn with his Scouts to camp. The Guard Neosho as early as October 27th. fell back towards Bolivar. The loss of the Pope's division arrived at headquarters Guards was fifty-three-killed, wounded and November 1st and 3d-having marched sevmissing; that of the Scouts was thirty-one-enty miles in two days. McKinstry's corps hulf of that number being of Naughton's soon followed. The apprehensions of Frecompany of Irish Dragoons. This was the mont were appeased by this addition to his first and last exploit of the Guardsmen. They strength, and he awaited Price's disposition returned, soon after, to St. Louis, along with in confidence. Fremont. Their rations and forage were de- The long threatened blow came at last. nied them and they were disbanded-asham- On the morning of November 2d a messenger ed of their soiled and ragged garments, and arrived at Springfield, from St. Louis, beurhumiliated at their usage. Such are the for- ing the order, signed by General Scott, of tunes of those at the mercy of opposing fac- Fremont's removal from command. He was

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