« PreviousContinue »
The Test Resolves.
every constitutional act of their representatives as | 13th); but their quick repassage, by the vigilantly and faithfully as though it originated with Legislature, over his veto, warned him that myself.”
the game of secession was dead in Kentucky. The Legislature did not sympathise with This action was called the sentiments here expressed, to any empha- for by the perilous state of
the People. tic degree. The House (Sept. 11th) adopted affairs. A dispatch from a resolution directing the Governor to issue Louisville, Sept. 9th, stated: “The irritation a proclamation ordering the Confederate between the Unionists and the secession eletroops, encamped in the State, to evac- ment in this city is hourly increasing. The uate the soil of Kentucky. The vote on the best informed politicians hold that the crisis passage of the resolution stood 71 in favor has been reached, and that the neutrality to 26 against. It then refused to suspend phantom will give way in a few days to a the rules, in order to allow the introduction hostile collision, and that Kentucky will of a resolution ordering the Governor to issue share the fate of Missouri. The Union men a proclamation ordering both the Federal of this city loudly demand prompt and enand Confederate troops to evacuate the State.ergetic action on the part of the Legislature
This was promptly fol- for suppressing rebel movements in the State,
lowed, by the passage and are very restive under the dilatory policy through both Houses, of the following loyal thus far pursued. A delegation of Tennessee and decided resolves :
Secessionists, assisted by Senators Brecken“ Resolved, That Kentucky's peace and neutrailty ridge and Powell, ex-Governor Morehead and have been wantonly violated, her soil has been in others, are exerting their utmost to prevent vaded, the rights of her citizens have been grossly the Legislative endorsement of the formation infringed by the so-called Southern Confederate of military camps in the State. A call for forces. This has been done without cause ; there. additional volunteers is urged by more de fore,
cided Unionists." * Be it resolved by the General Assembly of the Com
The Confederates were, monwealth of Kentucky, That the Governor be re.
Military Plot and quested to call out the military force of the State to
of course, restive under
Counter-plot. expel and drive out the invaders.
this state of things. The · Resolved, That the United States be invoked to game of plot and counter-plot among militagive that aid and assistance, that protection against ry commanders commenced early in the invasion which is granted to each one of the States month. General Grant, the Federal officer by the 4th section of the 4th article of the Constitu- in command at Cairo, telegraphed to the tion of the United States.
Legislature, September 5th, that the rebel “ Resolved, That General Robert Anderson be, forces, in considerable numbers, had invaded and he is hereby, requested to enter immediately Kentucky, and were occupying and fortifying upon the active discharge of his duties in this mili- strong positions at Hickman and Chalk tary district.
Bluffs. To this communication the LegislaResolved, That we appeal to the people of Ken
ture replied, that his message, and one from tucky by the ties of patriotism and honor, by the ties of common interest and common defense, by
Governor Harris of Tennessee, had been rethe remembrances of the past, and by the hopes of ferred to a special committee. The Tennesfuture National existence, to assist in repelling and
see oligarch wrote: “ The Confederate troops driving out the wanton violators of our peace and that landed at Hickman last night, did so neutrality, the lawless invaders of our soil." without my knowledge and consent, and, I
This passed the House by a vote of 68 to am confident, also without the consent of the 26-indicating the Union strength in that President. I have telegraphed President “ conservative" body. But, Governor Ma- Davis, requesting their immediate with. goffin, although he had promised to obey and drawal," enforce, faithfully, the mandate of the Legis- Grant resolved not to await the invitation lature, had not counted upon this loyalty. extended by Governor Harris to General Polk He attempted to stay the Union-ward set of to abandon Kentucky soil, but to compel the the tide by a veto of the resolutions (Sept. I evacuation of Hickman by counter-occupancy.
On the morning of the 6th, early as Sept. 5th. He had not even the Military Plot and Counter-plot.
he was in Paducah, Ken- pretence of “ Federal invasion,” in that di
tucky, with two regiments rection. His movement was an open menace of infantry, one battery and two gun boats. of Kentucky, but designed, more particularHe found many rebel flags flying in different ly, to cut off East Tennessee from Federal aid. parts of the city, in expectation of the arrival The staunch loyalty to the Union of the vast of the Southern army, which was reported majority of the people of that section, gave three thousand eight hundred strong, sixteen the Confederate chiefs some cause of alarm; miles distant. Loyal citizens tore down the and dispositions were made of their forces rebel flags on the arrival of our troops. not only to crush out the Union uprising, but Grant took possession of the telegraph office, to keep out Federal aid. railroad depot and the Marine Hospital. He These invasions by the found large quantities of complete rations Southern army so clearly
Kentucky Troops in and leather for the Southern army. The fol- indicated the rule of the lowing proclamation was immediately pub- bayonet to accomplish Confederate designs, lished:
that the Unionists of the State hastened the “ I have come among you not as an enemy but as formation of regiments to fill Kentucky's your fellow citizen. Not to maltreat or annoy you, quota of National forces. Rosseau's brigade but to respect and enforce the rights of all loyal was already in the field. Hon. Ja's S. Jackcitizens. An enemy in rebellion against our com
son organized a regiment of cavalry, which mon Government, has taken possession of and
was ready for service by Sept. 20th. Other planted his guns on the soil of Kentucky and fired upon you.
Colunbus and Hickman are in his regiments rapidly formed, particularly after hands. He is moving upon your city. I am here General Robert Anderson assumed command to defend you against this enemy, to assist the au
of the “Department of Kentucky,” Sept. 201h. thority and sovereignty of your Government. I The Legislature did not long hesitate. Invahave nothing to do with opinions, and shall deal | sion and the occupancy of their soil by the only with armed rebelliou and its aiders and abet. Confederates broke down all barriers and tors. You can pursue your usual avocations with left no time for delay in the choice of their out fear. The strong arm of the Govern:nent is course. The legislators did not hesitate in exhere to protect its friends and punish its enemies. pressing their loyalty and devotion to the Whenever it is manifest that you are able to defend
Union. yourselves and maintain the authority of the Gov
Sept. 25th an amended bill was introduced ernment and protect the rights of loyal citizens, I shall withdraw the forces under my command.
in the House, from the Committee on Milita. “ U. 8. GRANT,
ry Affairs, calling out forty thousand volun. ** Brigadier General Commanding."
teers from one to three years, which was Polk's forces rapidly congregated, and Co- passed by a vote of sixty-seven to thirteen, lumbus was occupied Sept. 7th, by a force of The Senate concurred by a vote of twenty-one ten infantry regiments, six batteries, and to five. The same day the Senate also passed, three battalions of cavalry. He gave the by sixteen to ten, a bill providing that KenLegislature his reasons for this advance. They tuckians who have voluntarily joined the were, substantially, that he had occupied the anti-force invading the State, shall be incapapoints named in anticipation of their occu
ble of taking any estate in Kentucky by depancy by the Federal forces.
vise, bequest, or distribution, unless they reWhile this was the mili- | turn to their allegiance within sixty days, Movements on the
tary condition of affairs in or escape from the invaders as soon as pos
the West, the Confederates sible. were not idle in the East. Zollicoffer occu
From that moment “neutrality” was endpied Cumberland Gap and an advance ed, and Kentucky was true to her traditions position in its vicinity, on Kentucky soll, as of patriotism and fealty to the Constitution.
PROCEDURE IN MISSOURI. HISTORY
HUNDRED DAYS!" RULE.
THE disaster to our army | may come to the possession of the State without Disorganized State of
at Wilson's Creek was pre- being captured by the United States. It is furtber
ceded by much important enjoined on all citizens of suitable age, to enroll political action. The reorganization of the themselves in military organizations, that they may State Executive (see page 293] did not result take part in the defense of the State. All citizens in a peaceful acquiescence by the Secessionist who are embodied under the act of the last Assem
bly, commonly called the Military law, are notified element. Jackson's emissaries were both
that the act has been abrogated, the troops disalarmed and maddened at the deposition of banded, and the act of the same session for the aptheir chief. Soon, the entire area of the State pointment of a Major-General has been apnulled, became the seat of a relentless and distress- and all soldiers are enjoined to cease acting in a ing guerrilla war, which the want of arms and military capacity. If those citizens who, at the call of military organization prevented the Union of the late Governor, have taken up arms, choose ists from putting down. Fremont addressed to return voluntarily to their homes, to the peaceful himself to a suppression of the bands of vil- pursuit of their occupations, they will find in the lains roaming every where in quest of plun- present Executive a determination to afford them der and blood; but, the heavy demands all the security in his power, and there is no doubt made for field forces to cope with the organ- officers and their troops of the Confederate States,
entertained that they will be unmolested. The ized armies of Pillow, Price and McCullough, who have invaded Missouri, are notified that it is left bim but small means for chasing out the against the will of the people of Missouri that they ruffian freebooters. August 5th, Governor should continue on the soil of the State, and that
Gamble was constrained to their continuance in Missouri will be considered an
arrest and punishment of horrors of war, which Missouri wishes to avoid. the guerrillas. As it illustrates the state of They are, therefore notified to depart at once from affairs at its date, we quote:
the State." “I do hereby strictly charge and enjoin upon all This heralded a strong sheriffs, and other magistrates who are conservators effort in Northern Missouri of the peace, to use all the powers conferred upon to place that section under them by law in arresting and bringing to punish- martial law. The county seats of Warren, ment all persons who disturb the public peace by Montgomery, Lincoln, Calloway, Andrain, using violence against any of their fellow citizens ; Pike, Rollo, Monroe, Randolph, Howard, and especially are you charged to bring to justice all who combine to practice violence against other
Mason, Shelby, Marion, Lewis, Knox, Lynn, persons on account of their political opinions; and Scotland, Clark and Livingston counties, it if force should be employed to resist you in the was arranged, should be occupied by the discharge of your duties to an extent that you can. Union forces. The occupation comprised the not overcome, by the means provided by law, you following features : are charged to make known that fact to this depart- “ The commanding officers of the forces will ap. ment, that proper measures may be taken in such point committees of public safety from the respon. cases. It is enjoined on all citizens that they per. sible citizens of the county, whose duty it shall be form the duty of giving information of deposite of to preserve the peace in their respective counties, munitions of war belonging to the State, that they | Each committee shall consist of not more than four
Martial Law in
LIEUTENANT-GOVERNOR REYNOLDS' PROCLAMATION.
persons, and whenever it can | laying down their arms at the nearest military post, slartial Law in Northern Missouri.
be conveniently done the conn- and by performing their duty hereafter as peaceful
ty officers shall be elected and lawful and law-abiding citizens, they will not be members. No one thus appointed shall be permite molested by military forces, nor, so far as the Gented to decline, or shall fail to perform the duties, eral commanding can influence in the matter, will under such penalties as the Commanding-General they be subjected to punishment, unless they have shall affix. - These committees are charged, accordo committed murder or some other aggravated of ing to orders issued by General Pope, with maintain fense." ing peace and order in their respective counties, All these rapid and stringent regulations and shall have power to call out the citizens of the bid fair to secure the peace of Northen Miscounty, to assemble at sach time and place and in souri ; while the progress of Lyon southward, such numbers as may be necessary to secure these objects. Any one who shall refuse to obey such gave hopes of a defeat of the rebel armies or call will be turned over to the military authorities. ganized for the invasion of the States by way If the people of the counties respectively are not of Springfield—a hope soon doomed to a bitable or willing to enforce the peace among them
ter disappointment. selves, and to prevent the organizing of companies The absconding Governor Jackson, and to make war upon the United States, the military Lieutenant-Governor Reynolds, were co-opeforce will perform the service, but the expenses rating with the Confederate authorities dumust be paid by the county in which such service is ring the latter part of July and the early part necessary. To secure their prompt payinent a levy of August to secure the means of overrunning of a sufficient amount of property will be made by the State. Reynolds issued the officer in command.
Lieut. Governor Rey.
his proclamation as "acting “On the call of a majority of the Committee of Governor," in the absence Safety in each county, troops will be sent to keep of Jackson, dated New Madrid, July 31st, in the peace, but as such expeditions are for the benefit of the people concerned—who have in nearly which he advised the people of Missouri, every case the power to discharge the service them among other things : selves--the troops will be quartered upon them and
“In an address to you on the 8th inst., I stated be transported by the county in the manner speci- that, on a proper occasion and at a proper time, fied above, the whole period it may be necessary
our brethren of the South would extend us efficie nt for them to remain.
aid in our struggle for our liberties. That occasion “ If
, in consequence of a disturbance not reported and that time have arrived. The sun which shone by the Committee, the General commanding finds it in its full midday splendor at Manassas is about to necessary to send a force into any county to restore
arise upon Missouri. At the instance of Governor order, they will be, in like manner, billeted upon Jackson, expressed through Major E. C. Cabell, of the county, unless the combinations against the
St. Louis, Commissioner of Missouri to the Confedepeace are too powerful to be resisted, or the parties rate States, and in gratification of the wish which engaged in them were organized in other counties, during the last two months I have labored to acand brought on the disturbance by actual invasion. complishi, I return to the State to accompany, in my It is not believed that the first case can arise in any
official capacity, one of the armies which the war. county of North Missouri, and in the second, the
rior statesman, whose genius now presides over the forces will be marched into the county or counties affairs of our half of the Union, has prepared to adwhere the marauding parties were organized, or
vance against the common foe. In thus doing jus. from wherever they made the invasion, and will
tice to the warm and active sympathy of the Presi. like manner be quartered on them. If peace and
dent and people of the Confederate States for our good order are preserved the troops will not be re
cause, I also feel bound to allude to the very essenquired. When they are disturbed they will be re
tial aid rendered us by Major Cabell. As our Comstored at the expense of the county.
missioner, he has displayed at Montgomery and To preserve the peace is the duty of all good Richmond a zeal and ability in our behalf which decitizens, and so all will alike suffer from the breach
serve the very highest praise. He remains at Rich. of it. Men of every shade of political opinion can
mond to represent our interests. It gives me great act together in the discharge of a duty as full of in. pleasure thus publicly to acknowledge his importerest to one
tant services." as another. All persons who have hitherto been led away to take up arms against the The proclamation then proceeded, at some United States are notified that by returning and length, to cite, in the sounding sentences so
peculiar to Southern docu-ed, menace General Lyon Lieut. Governor Rey.
The Military Proments, and with the falsity | in Southwest Missouri by
of statement so habitual to threats of attack from GenSouthern dignitaries, from Davis down to erals Price and Rains, while the forces at New Wigfall and George Sanders, the history of Madrid and Pocahontas effect a juuction at events which had necessitated the advance Pilot Knob, and from thence march on St. of the army of the “gallant Pillow." His Louis, take it, reinstate Governor Jackson, rhodomontade ended with the following ap- and, with this city as a base of operations, peal:
wrest Missouri from the General Government." “ Citizens of Missouri: In this decisive crisis of If this really was the enemy's programme, our destiny, let us rally as one man to the standard | Fremont's disposition of his forces was such of our State. The inscription on the border of Mis- as to meet them at the points menaced, St. souri's shield warns us against division among our- Louis and Cairo, rather than to cope with selves. “United we stand, divided we fall.' I par- them in the field until his strength would ticularly address myself to these who, though South
seem to justify an attitude of offense. St.Louis, erners in feeling, have permitted a love of peace to
like Washington, was a point of too much lead them astray from the State cause. You now
importance to be left in peril; and the Comsee the State authorities about to assert with powerful forces their constitutional rights ; you behold manding-General proceeded, with all haste, the most warlike preparation on the globe, the peo. to place it in a state of defense by the erecple of the lower Mississipi valley, about to rush with tion of batteries and earth-work forts at their gleaming bowie-knives and unerring rifies to several covering points. He also massed aid us in driving out the abolitionists and their Hes- troops there, forming a camp of general rensian allies. If you cordially join our Southern dezvous, where his reviews, if they did not friends the war inust soon depart Missouri's bor- vie with those of the Commanding-General ders ; if you still continue either in apathy or in in of the East, still presented a pagcant the like direct support of the Lincoln government, you only of which few persons ever had witnessed. bring ruin upon yourselves by fruitlessly prolonging Arms, ordnance and stores came in, by Aug. the contest. The road to peace and interval secu
25th, in heavy instalments, from the East, by rity is only through union with the South. We will receive you as brothers, and let bygones be by- finder's” standard, in vast numbers, from
express trains. Men flocked to the “Pathgones; rally to the Stars and Bars in union with our
every State of the Northwest. The levee glorious ensign of the Grizzly Bear." Governor Jackson reappeared by his “De
swarmed with steamers hurrying in and out
accomplishing Fremont's orders. The city claration of Independence," issued also from
became a vast arsenal and barracks, where New Madrid, August 5th. It was published
men of thirty nationalities swelled the Union as a reply to the “ Address” promulgated by
ranks. the Convention (see pages 293–94] to the had the General been as fortunate in making
It was a sudden creation of an army: people in vindication of its action in depos- use of his men as in gathering them, he would ing Jackson and reorganizing the State Gov-have whipped treason out of Missouri
, and ernment. Jackson's “ Declaration” especially have sent consternation to the rebel heart addressed itself to a vindication of his own course. Having the two documents before the General in the East was preparing to take
throughout the entire Mississippi valley, while him the reader will be able to form his own
Manassas. estimate of their merits. [The “Declaration”
The defeat (Aug. 10th) of Lyon, at Wilis given at length in the Appendix.]
son's Creek, and the retreat of the Union arAs stated by Reynolds, Pillow was in pos- my from Southwestern Missouri to Rolla, left session of New Madrid, Jeff. Thompson's the way open for McCullough and Price to army of about six thousand men was above march upon Jefferson. They were somewhat New Madrid, in Mississippi county. It was slow in availing themselves of their great adannounced that the rebel plan was “to keep vantage, but the dismal forebodings of the up a threat to attack Cairo and Bird's Point, gallant Lyon were verified; his rapid conPO As to keep the Union troups there employ-I quests were lost, and the Unionists of all that