Page images
PDF
EPUB

ADDRESS

ов

GENERAL LYON.

279

Kansas settlers, to prepare them for fresh | traordinary provisions for the

Lyon's Address. duty in their old cause—the cause of revo- purpose of effecting their cherlution and slavery. The Governor and his ished object-the disruption of the Federal Governforces debarked at Booneville, near which ment. The bill provides for an obligation to the preparations were at once taken for defense. State, on the part of all persons enrolled under Lyon's rapid movements compelled the rebels United States, when the Constitution requires all

its provisions, irrespective of any obligation to the to great exertions. The country along the

State officers to take an oath of allegiance to the river, from Booneville to the Kansas border, United States. This of itself is a repudiation of all was strongly secession, contributing men and authority of the Federal Government, whose Conprovisions for the Governor's camp. Above stitution is the supreme law on the part of the State that it again became loyal, owing doubtless Government, its officers, and such citizens as might to its close proximity to Kansas and Iowa. choose to adopt the provisions of the bill, and, Colonel Curtis' sudden appearance at St. Jo- coupled as it was, on the part of the Legislature and seph, with his Iowa volunteers, also had the Governor, with declarations hostile to its authomuch to do in confirming the faith of the rity and in sympathy with those who were arraved loyalists. Colonel Bates' First Iowa volun- in a condition of actual hostility against it, could

leave no doubt of its object to carry out the proteers were distributed along the line of the visions of this extraordinary bill, having in direct North Missouri Railway to protect its pro- view hostilities to the Federal Government. It was perty and to be within easy supporting dis

so denounced by General Harney, who character. tance. These dispositions of Federal forces ized it as a Secession ordinance in his proclamation confined Jackson's hope of immediate co-op- of 14th of May last. That proclamation, doubtless, eration to the region round about Booneville. gave rise to an interview between General Harny

After reading the proclamation of Jackson and General Price, that resulted in an agreement (see page 166), Lyon prepared an address, which it was hoped would lead to a restoration of tranwhich was published on the 17th. It gave quillity and good order in your State. That a repudiahis version of his relations with the Gover

tion of the military bill, and all efforts of the militia nor, and also announced the War Depart

of the State under its provisions, was the basis of

the agreement, was shown as well by this proelio ment's instructions under which he had act

mation of General Harney immediately preceding it, ed and intended to act. This important and

as by a paper submitted to General Price, containing well-written document it is necessary to give the preliminary conditions to an interview with him. at length, since it is the brief of the whole

This agreement failed to define specifically the Federal action in Missouri:

terms of the peace or how far a suspension of the " To the Citizens of Missouri:

provisions of the military bill should form a part of " Prior to the proclama- it, though, from the express declaration of General Lyon's Address.

tion issued by Governor Harney at the time of the conference, as well as Jackson, of date of June 12th, it is well known to from the foregoing paper, a suspension of any action you that the Governor and Legislature sympathized under the bill until there could be a judicial deterwith the rebellion movements now in progress in mination of its character by some competent tributhe country, and had adopted every means in their nal, must in good faith be regarded as a fundamenpower to effect a separation of this State from the tal basis of the negotiation. General Government. For this purpose, parties of “Nevertheless, immediately after this arrangeavowed Secessionists have been organized into mili- ment, and up to the time of Governor Jackson's tary companies throughout the State, with the full proclamation inaugurating complaints of attenipts knowledge and approval of the Governor. The es- to execute the provisions of this bill, by which most tablishment of encampments in the State at an unexasperating hardships have been imposed upon usual period of the year, and authorized for an in- peaceful, loyal citizens, coupled with persecutions definite period, could have had no other object than and proscriptions of those opposed to its provisions, the concentration of a large military force, to be have been made to me as Commander of the Unised subjected to the provisions of the military law then States forces here, and have been carried to the in contemplation, and subsequently passed-a bill authorities at Washington, with appeals for reliat, 80 offensive to all peaceable inhabitants, and so pal. from the Union men of all parties of the Stair who pably unconstitutional, that it could be accepted by have been abused, insulted, and, in some instances, those only who were willing to conform to its ex- driven from their homes.

}

ville.

“ That relief I conceive it to ly occur, and unhappy consequences should follow, Lyon's Address.

be the duty of a just Gov. I would hope that all aggravation of those evenis ernment to use every exertion in its power to may be avoided, and that they may be diverted give. Upon this point the policy of the Government from the innocent and may fall only on the heads is set forth in the following communication from the of those by whom they have been provoked. department at Washington :

“In the discharge of these plain but onerous du. "1" ADJUTANT-GENERAL'S OFFICE,

ties, I shall look for the countenance and active co. WASHINGTON, May 27th, 1861. 5 operation of all good citizens, and I shall expect Brigadier-General W. S. HARNEY,

them to discountenance all illegal combinations or * Commanding Department West, St. Louis : organizations, and support and uphold, by every " Sir : The President observes with concern that lawful means, the Federal Government, upon the notwithstanding the pledge of the State authorities maintenance of which depend their liberties and to co-operate in preserving the peace in Missouri, the perfect enjoyinent of all their rights. loyal citizens in great numbers continue to be (Signed,)

N. LYON, driven from their homes. It is immaterial whether “ Brigadier-General United States Volunteers, these outrages continue from inactivity or indispo- Commanding." sition on the part of the State authorities to prevent Lyon landed at Jefferson

The Battle of Boono. them. It is enough that they continue, and it will City on the morning of the devolve on you the duty of putting a stop to them | 15th, where several addisummarily, by force under yonr command, to be

tional transports soon arrived with troops aided by such troops as you may require from Kan

from St. Louis. Having installed Colonel sas, Iowa and Illinois. The professions of loyalty to

Boernstein as Military Governor, on the afterthe Union by the State authorities of Missouri are not to be relied upon. They have already falsified

noon of the 16th he proceeded up the their professions too often, and are too far commit- river in three steamers with his troops, conted to secession to be admitted to your confidence, sisting of the regiment of Colonel Frank and you can only be sure of their desisting from Blair, one half of Boernstein's men, severa! their wicked purposes when it is not in their power companies of regulars and a detachment of to prosecute them. You will, therefore, be unceas regular artillery, under command of Captain ingly watchful of their movements, and not permit Totten. This force reached Rockport on the the clamors of their partisans and opponents of the morning of the 17th, and immediately crossmeasures already taken, to prevent you from check- ed the river to seek for the Secessionists, ing every movement against the Government, how- whose encampment was four and a half miles ever disguised, under the pretended State anthority. below Booneville, on the Missouri river. GovThe authority of the United States is paramount,

ernor Jackson and Price had their head-quarand whenever it is apparent that a movement, whether by order of State authority or not, is hostile, ters at Booneville; and, on the morning of you will not hesitate to put it down.

the 17th, had about three thousand five hun. (Signed,) L. THOMAS, Adjutant-General." dred half-armed men awaiting their orders. “ It is my design to carry out these instructions in Informed of the rapid approach of Lyon, their letter and spirit. Their justice and propriety Jackson and Price resolved not to make a will be appreciated by whoever takes an enlighten- stand, and had (on the 16th) ordered the ed view of the relations of the citizens of Missouri State Guards to disband; but, the appearto the General Government. Nor can such policy ance of Lyon on the 17th arrested the unsetbe construed as at all disparaging to the rights or

tled movements of the disconcerted rebels dignity of the State of Missouri, or as infringing in and compelled them to fight or surrender. any sense upon the individual liberty of its citizens.

Price, being sick, retired from all conduct of The recent proclamation of Governor Jackson, by

affairs. Colonel Marmaduke, then in comwhich he has set at defiance the authorities of the United States, and urged you to make war upon mand at the camp, resolved to fight. Hoping them, is but a consummation of his treasonable pur- to surprise the National troops ere they could poses, long indicated by his acts and expressed land from their transports, the rebel Clonel opinions, and now made manifest. If, in suppress. started for the landing (some two miles be. ing these treasonable projects, carrying out the low) only to meet Lyon at the head of his policy of the Government and maintaining its digni- force, moving in good order direct for camp. ty as above indicated, hostilities should unfortunate- | Skirmishing followed, when the State ad

66

[blocks in formation]

vance fell back. Marmaduke placed his , ing long experienced the mildness of the Genforce — consisting of two regiments and a eral Government, still feel confident that this stron

detachment of cavalry—in good posi- mildness cannot be overtaxed even by faction to receive the attack. Totten opened tious hostilities, having in view its overwith his guns, the infantry filed left and throw; but lest, as in the case of the late right along the road, and opened with mus- Camp Jackson affair, this clemency shall still ketry. It was but a brief matter, however, be misconstrued, it is proper to give warning for the rebels soon gave way and fled with that the Government cannot always be exmuch precipitation to their partially for- pected to indulge in it to the compromise of tified quarters. Upon that place, a how its evident welfare.” He then added : itzer on board one of the steam transports “ Hearing that those plotting against the Governwas made to bear, and planted its shots so ment have falsely represented that the Government cleverly that Marmaduke's men incontinently troops intended a forcible and violent invasion of scattered in disorder, leaving as spoils for the Missouri for purposes of military despotism and ty.

ranny, Union army a large amount of camp equip

I hereby give notice to the people of this age, much stores, considerable clothing, arms, with the business, right and property of every de

State that I sliall scrupulously avoid all interference &c., &c. A battery of two guns command- scription recognized by the laws of the State, and ing the river, abandoned by the rebel infan- belonging to law-abiding citizens. But it is equally try, was taken, together with its horses, my duty to maintain the paramount authority of the equipments and men. The howitzer on the United States with such force as I have at my com. transport, having a good view of the flying mand, which will be retained only so long as oppofoe, added to their terror by a few shots, sition makes it necessary, and that it is my wish, which did some havoc.

and shall be my purpose, to visit any unavoidable Thus ended the “battle of Booneville”-a rigor arising in this issue upon those only who pro

voke it. mere farce of a fight at best. Jackson viewed the smoke of the battle from afar, and fled above mentioned, have taken up arms, or who are

“ All persons who, under the misapprehensions to the west with all the haste of a bearer of

now preparing to do so, are invited to return to dispatches. Price“ retired” toward Warsaw, their homes and relinquish their hostilities toward whither many of the troops made their way the Federal Government, and are assured that they - their design being eventually to form a may do so without being molested for past ocjunction with the advancing forces of Mc- currences." Cullough and Rains. The Federal loss was This dispersion of the

Onslaught at Cole. two killed and ten wounded. The enemy's rebels was followed by their loss was about forty killed and wounded and hasty retreat towards the south. A strong a large number of prisoners. From Boone- detachment of the “ State Guard,” retreating

ville Lyon issued his first towards Warsaw, on the 18th, fell upon a Lyon's Proclamation.

military proclamation to half-organized regiment of Home (Federal) those in arms and to the citizens. After re- Guards commanded by Captain Cook, at Cole, ferring to the treasonable act of Jackson in killing .twenty - three of them, wounding his late proceedings, the General recurred to twenty and bearing off thirty as prisoners. his own procedure in suppressing the insur- This savage onslauglit by over twelve hunrection sought to be created. His descent on dred men upon a surprised and only partially that point had resulted in his seizure of a ' armed foe, mustering, all told, about four number of the troops who had gathered to hundred muskets, was the revenge tlie ruffithe standard of rebellion, most of whom were ans wreaked for their defeat on the previous “ prisoners of immature age” who had been, day. They found the unsuspecting Union. by their own professions, induced to take up ists in a barn, and shot into it at their pleaarms against the Government through the sure, from behind trees and fences, picking calumnies and falsehoods of the rebel lead- off every man who ventured in sight. A

These he had released, saying: “I have gallant sally was made by Captain Cook, by done this in spite of the well-known facts which the remnant of his little force escaped that the leaders in the present rebellion. hav- slaughter entire.

ers.

A concentration of Na- Colonel Boernstein issued his proclamation Lyon's Policy.

tional troops followed Ly- at Jefferson City on the 17th of June, anon's occupation of Jefferson and Booneville. nouncing the flight of the Governor and State A quick campaign was to be prosecuted, in officers. He declared his purpose to co-operorder, if possible, to crush the Secessionists ate with the judicial and civil authorities to before they could receive aid from the Con- preserve law and order. federacy or could effect a thorough organ- Colonel Siegel arrived at

Movement of Troops ization among themselves. Lyon's policy | Springfield, in the south

Southward, was characterized by decision. His percep- western section of the State, tions were clear, his movements rapid, his June 23d, and was quickly followed by the enthusiasm inspiring. He was the right man regiments of Colonels Salomon and Brown. in the right place. Had Government thrown On the 24th, five companies of cavalry, six men and means into Missouri to his call, he companies of infantry and dragoons, and two would have swept the rebels from the State companies of volunteers, in all about one in a few weeks' time. But, Gorernment was thousand five hundred men, with one battery, so deeply absorbed in affairs around Wash all under the command of Major S. D. Sturington that Lyon's plans were left to be con- gis, left Kansas City destined for the same summated with no further help than the ad-point. Lyon's forces at Booneville lacked so joining States could bestow in furnishing a much for transportation as to be unable to few regiments of partially armed men.

The move southward after Price, and to co-operfirst regiments of Missouri volunteers were ate with the troops already passed down by armed cliefly through the exertions of Gen- way of Rolla, until July 2d, when, with three eral Lyon and Colonel Frank Blair; but the thousand men, he took up his march ria inadequate supply of arms soon restricted the Smithton for Osceola, there to effect a juncusefulness of the Missouri Unionists, and thus tion with Sturgis' force. He left the nortlicrippled Lyon to a serious degree.*

western section of the State in the keeping

of three regiments—the Second and Third * To show how slowly arms were supplied to the Iowa and Sixteenth Illinoismall under the several States, for placing their volunteers in the

general command of Colonel Smith, with field, we may give the following table of the deliveries from the Springfield. (Massachusetts) Armory deemed amply sufficient to control the seces

head-quarters at Palmyra. This force was from April 1st to July 1st, 1861 :

sion element and to protect the railway prop

erty in that region. To Stats, for

Learning that Jackson was coming down arining volun.

through Cedar county, from the north, with

his “ gathered bands of ragamuffins and cut8,405 throats," Siegel pushed out from Springfield

to Mount Vernon to prevent his junction with

3.704 Price, who was then near Neosho, with about Niw Hampshire .7,720 24,900

St. Louis Arsenal, 2,500 muskets of '22; 2,500 New Jersey.. Penusylvania...5,000 4,000

11.000 muskets of '40--total, 5,000. lichigan..

West Point Cadets, 300 rifle muskets of '55.

Carlisle Barracks, two twelve-pound howitzers1.040

1,000 total to the regular army, 11,914.

As the Springfield armory was the chief source of -7,500 14.220 62,952 2,462 1,853 88.987 reliance, it will be seen how utterly inadequate the Duriug the same time there were delivered to the supply was to the donand. The deficit was made several Government arsenals the following, for Gov. up by the purchase of all arms manufactured by the ernment disposition and use : New York Arsenal, several extensive private factories of Colt's arms, 2,200 muskets, patent of '42; 2,600 rifle muskets, the Ames' rifle works, &c. Agents were also dis. patent of '55; ten Coehorn mortars- total, 4,810. patched to Europe, and by July 1st large importa

Washington Arsenal, 802 rifle muskets of '55. tions of Enfield rifles and Belgian arms began to Alleghany Arsenal, 1,000 rifle muskets of '55. flow in.

Musk ts.
Patent of 1822.

Musk ts.
latent of 1840.

Muskots.
Patent of 1842.

Rite Muskets.
Patent of 1855.

Rifles. latent of 1842

Total to
each Sute.

teors and Home

Guards.

1,070

Vermont..
Massachusetts..
Connecticut
Rhode Island...
Maine....

300 590 216

443

770 7.462 1,730

340 3,360 2.000

1.946
1,000

660

344

New York..

40

2.000 32.660 1,850

1.850 2.000 10.000 1,500

Ohio..

10.000

1,500 6.812 1,040

[blocks in formation]

750

In lana.. Wisconsin.. Iowa.. Hissouri

[blocks in formation]

Total

THE BATTLE OF CARTHAGE.

288

on

eight hundred “State , disposed his forces for Siegel After Price.

Battle of Carthage. Guards” and Secessionists attack. The artillery was enlisted in that vicinity. The presence there, allotted : our left two six-pounders ; at that early day, of the General, proves that centre, two six-pounders and two twelvehis “illness" at Booneville, if it did prevent pounders ; two six-pounders on our right. bis sharing the honors of that fight, was not The enemy, occupying the highest ground in serious enough to retard his rapid transit to the prairie, had in position one six-pounder the south. Siegel, arriving at Mount Vernon, on the right and left, and in his centre one pressed on to Neosho, June 30th, hoping to twelve and two six-pounders. The fight engage and destroy Price's command, then commenced at half-past nine, when large to turn and crowd Jackson and his General bodies of infantry began to appear. The fircommanding, Parsons, back upon Lyon's ad- ing of the enemy was wretched. I have seen vance, This dashing movement failed—the much artillery practice, but never saw such valiant Price again having taken the alarm bad gunnery before. Their balls and shells and Aed toward Maysville. Siegel then turn- went over us, and exploded in the open praied his face to the north in quest of Jackson. rie. At eleven o'clock we had silenced their Ere he could reach the vicinity of Carthage, twelve-pounder and broken their centre so the entire commands of Rains, Parsons, Slack much that disorder was apparent. After the and Jackson had united at Rupes Creek, (July first five shots, the two secession flags which 4th,) eight miles north of Carthage.

they carried were not shown. They displayBrigadier-General Sweeny having, in the ed the State flag, which we did not fire at. meantime, reached Springfield, assumed com- At about two o'clock the cavalry attempted mand of the National forces, awaiting the ar- to outflank us, on both right and left. As rival of General Lyon. He ordered Siegel we had left our baggage trains three miles in to attack the foe, which he was quite ready the rear, not anticipating a serious engageto do,* though fearing for the result owing ment, it was necessary to fall back to prevent to the great disparity of numbers. On the their capture. Colonel Siegel then ordered morning of July 5th he broke camp near Car- two six-pounders to the rear, and changed thage and started to find the enemy. His his front, two six-pounders on the flanks, and force consisted of nine companies of his own the twelve and six-pounders in the rear, and (Tbird) regiment, under command of Lieu- commenced falling back in a steady and ortenant-Colonel Hassendeubel, Missouri vol. derly manner, firing as we went. unteers; seven companies of the Fifth regi- ceeded, with hardly a word to be heard exment, Colonel Salomon; and eight field pieces

cept the orders of the officers, until we reachunder command of Major Backof.

ed our baggage wagons, which had apAt nine o'clock, on a Battle of Carthage.

proached with the two companies left in refine prairie, three miles

serve. They were formed (fifty wagons) into beyond Dry Fork Creek, the rebels were dis

a solid square, and surrounded by the incovered at a balt--they, too, having broke fantry and artillery, as before. The retreat camp early on that morning to “find and

was without serious casualty, until we apwipe out the Dutch hirelings,” as one of their proached the Dry Fork Creek, where the leading officers afterwards wrote. The ene- road passes between bluffs on either side. my's force comprised State troops and volun- The cavalry of the enemy, eight hundred teers to the number of fifty-five hundred

strong, had concentrated on the opposite nearly one half mounted—and a battery of side of the creek, to cut us off. Colonel Sie

gel ordered two more cannon to the right Approaching to within eight hundred and left oblique in front, and then by a conyar is" wrote one who was present, “ Siegel centrated cross-fire poured in upon them a

* There is some doubt on this point. By some au- brisk fire of canister and shrapnell shell. thorities Siegel is said to have acted on his own re- The confusion which ensued was terrific, spousibility entirely. His official report to General IIorses, both with and without riders, were Sweeny would seem to indicate as much.

We pro

five guns.

« PreviousContinue »