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Address of the Rebel

Generals.

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modern art and practiced skill | umph and complete victory. We thank you for
could devise, invaded the soil doing your whole duty in the service of your coun.
of Virginia.

try.”

JOSEPH E. JOHNSTON, “ Their people sounded their approach with tri

"G. T. BEAUREGARD." omphant displays of anticipated victory. Their It would be well for the

Atrocity towards the Generals came in almost regal state. Their minis. memory of the Confeder

Wounded and Dead. ters, Senators and women came to witness the imate leaders if the historian molation of this army and the subjugation of our

were spared the painful task of recording the people, and to celebrate these with wild revelry.

scenes which followed their victory. A bat“ It is with the profoundest emotions of gratitnde tle-field strewn with the dead and dying, an to an overruling God, whose hand is manifest in

air echoing with the shrieks of the wounded, protecting our homes and your liberties, that we,

it would be supposed were surroundings calyour Generals commanding, are enabled, in the name of our whole country, to thank you for that culated to excite all the best emotions of the patriotic courage, that heroic gallantry, that de human heart-emotions of pity, the desire to voted daring, exhibited by you in the actions of the relieve suffering, the wish to soothe the 18th and 21st of July, by which the host of the ene couch of the dying. But, we have the blastmy was scattered, and a signal and glorious victory ing record before us which shows that pity was achieved.

and mercy were dead in bosoms “fired" for “ The two affairs of the 18th and 21st were but the Southern cause; and we read, with minthe sustained and continued efforts of your patriot- gled feelings of disgust, indignation and ism against the constantly recurring colors of an shame, that these conquerors on the field enemy fully treble our numbers, and this effort was

treated their dead and wounded enemy and crowned on the evening of the 21st with a victory their prisoners, with a refinement of atrocity so complete that the invaders were driven from the field, and made to fly in disorderly rout back which only finds its parallel, in the horrors to their intrenchments, a distance of over thirty perpetrated by the Chinese Imperalists on miles.

their rebel victims, under the eyes and guns They left upon the field nearly every piece of of the English. their artillery, a large portion of their arms, equip- In the report of the Committee appointed ments, baggage, stores, &c., and almost every one under the resolution of April 1st, 1862, to of their wounded and dead, amounting, together | “collect evidence with regard to barbarous with the prisoners, to many thousands; and thus treatment by the rebels, at Manassas, of the the Northern hosts were driven by you from Vir- remains of officers and soldiers killed in batginia.

tle there," we have all the data necessary to “ Soldiers, we congratulate you on event

confirm previous insinuations of extreme which insures the liberty of our country. We con

cruelty practiced upon our wounded and the gratulate every man of you whose glorious privi.

fiendish lege it was to participate in this triumph of courage

usage

shown to the remains of and truth, to fight in the battle of Manassas. You

our dead by the Confederates after their vichave created an epoch in the history of liberty, and tory. It appears by the evidence adduced, unborn nations will rise up and call you blessed that our wounded languished for several Continue this noble devotion, looking always to the days, some on the field, others in disgusting protection of the just God, and before time grows and overcrowded quarters, before any attenmuch older, we will be hailed as the deliverers of tion was paid to them--that our own sura nation of ten millions of people.

geons, who had voluntarily remained on the Comrades, our prothers who have fallen have field after the battle in order to be permitted earned undying renown, and their blood, shed in our

to care for their friends, were forbidden to holy cause, is a precious and acceptable sacrifice to the Father of Truth and Right; their graves are be.

exercise any care for the suffering-that side the tomb of Washington, their spirits have young and inexperienced surgeons were enjoined his in eternal communion. We will hold the couraged to “operate" on our wounded.soil in which the dust of Washington is mingled with that food and water both were doled out in the dust of our brothers. We drop one tear on meagre quautities and in unsuitable quality their laurels, and move forward to avenge them.

-that insults of words were unceasing and " Soldiers, we congratulate you on a glorious tri- I at times very gross—that in Richmond the

an

66

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Wounded and Dead.

Wounded and Dead.

prisoners were treated like dogs—and, final- | the statements of other wit

He met a free negro,

Atrocity towards the ly, that the dead were mutilated on the field, nesses. in their graves, and at the dissection-table named Simon or Simons, who to gratify the malignity of those who pro-diers to exhibit the bones of the Yankees. “I found,'

stated that it was a common thing for the rebel sol. fessed to claim “chivalry” as exclusively

he says, “ in the bushes in the neighborhood, a part of their own. The report of the Committee is

a Zouave uniform, wlth the sleeve sticking out of the frightful to peruse, the evidence is so over

grave, and a portion of the pantaloons. Attempting whelming, so damning. We can quote but to pull it up, I saw the two ends of the grave were still a few paragraphs that the reader may judge unopened, but the middle had been pried up, pullfor himself as to the nature of the offense ing up the extremities of the uniform at some places, which forever mast cover the names of those the sleeves of the shirt in another, and a portion of concerned with infamy.

the pantaloons. Dr. Swalm (one of the surgeons, After detailing a number whose testimony has already been referred to) pointAtrocity towards the of cases of violent injury and ed out the trenches where the secessionists had

buried their own dead, and, on examination, it apoutrage inflicted upon

the living, the report proceeds to consider the tes- peared that their remains had not been disturbed at

all. Mr. Scholes met a free negro, named Hampton, timony adduced of violence and barbarism who resided near the place, and when he told him toward the bodies of the dead :

the manner in which these bodies had been dug up “Revolting as these disclosures are, it was when he said he knew it had been done, and added, that the committee came to examine witnesses in refer. the rebels had commenced digging bodies two or ence to the treatment of our heroic dead that the three days after they were buried, for the purpose, fendish spirit of the rebel leaders was most promi- at first, of obtaining the buttons off their uniforms, nently exhibited. Daniel Bixby, jr., of Washington, and that afterwards they disinterred them to get testifies that he went out in company with Mr. G. A. their bones. He said they had taken rails and pushSmart, of Cambridge, Massachusetts, who went to

ed the ends down in the centre under the middle of search for the body of his brother, who fell at Black. | the bodies, and pried them up. The information of burn's Ford in the action of the 18th of July. They the negroes of Benjamin Franklin Lewis corroboratfound the grave. The clothes were identified as

ed fully the statement of this man Hampton. They those of his brother on account of some peculiarity said that a good many of the bodies had been stripin the make, for they had been made by his mother; ped naked on the field before they were buried, and aud, in order to identifiy them, other clothes made that some were buried naked. I went to Mr. Lewis's by her were taken, that they might compare them, house and spoke to him of the manner in which

"• We found no head in the grave, and no bones of these bodies had been disinterred. He admitted any kind---nothing but the clothes and portions of that it was infamous, and condemned principally the the flesh. We found the remains of three other Louisiana Tigers, of General Wheat's division. He bodies all together. The clothes were there ; some admitted that our wounded had been very badly flesh was left, but no bones.' The witness also

treated.' In confirmation of the testimony of Dr• states that Mrs. Pierce Butler, who lives near the

Swalm and Dr, Homiston, this witness avers that Mr. place, said that she had seen the rebels boiling por. Lewis mentioned a number of instances of men who tions of the bodies of our dead in order to obtain had been murdered by bad surgical treatment. Mr. their bones as relics. They could not wait for them Lewis was afraid that a pestilence would break out to decay. She said that she had seen drumsticks

in consequence of the dead being left unburied, and made of 'Yankee shinbones,' as they called them. stated that he had gone and warned the neighbor. Mrs. Butler also stated that she had seen a skull that hood and had the dead buried, sending his own men one of the New Orleans artillery had, which, he said, to assist in doing so. On Sunday morning (yesterhe was going to send home and have mounted, and day) I went out in search of my brother's grave. that he intended to drink a brandy punch out of it we found the trench, and dug for the bodies below. the day he was married.

They were eighteen inches to two feet below the “ Frederick Scholes, of the city of Brooklyn, New surface, and had been hustled in in any way. In York, testified that he proceeded to the battle-field one end of the trench we found, not more than two of Bull Run on the fourth of this month (April) to or three inches below the surface, the thigh bone or find the place where he supposed his brother's body a man which had evidently been dug up after the was buried. Mr. Scholes, who isa man of unques. | burial. At the other end of the trench we found the tioned character, by his testimony fully confirms shin-bone of a man, which bad been struck by a musket ball and split. The bo- | taken out, beheaded, and burnAtrocity towards the dies at the ends had been prieded, was that of Major Ballou, be

Atrocity towards tho Wounded and Dead.

Wounded and Dead. up. While digging there, a party cause it was not in the spot of soldiers came along and showed us a part of a shin. where Colonel Slocum was buried, but rather to the bone, five or six inches long, which had the end right of it. They at once said that the rebels had made sawed off. They said that they had found it among & mistake, and had taken the body of Major Ballou other pieces in one of the cabins the rebels had de- for that of Colonel Slocum. The shirt found near the serted. From the appearance of it, pieces had been place where the body was burned I recognized as sawed off to make finger rings. As soon as the ne- one belonging to Major Ballou, as I had been very groes noticed this, they said that the rebels had had intimate with him. We gathered up the ashes conrings made of the bones of our dead, and that they taining the portion of his remains that were left, and had them for sale in their camps. When Dr. Swalm put them in a coffin together with his shirt and the saw the bone he said it was a part of the shin-bone blanket with the hair left upon it. After we had of a man. The soldiers represented that there were done this we went to that portion of the field where lots of these bones scattered through the rebel huts the battle had first commenced, and began to dig sawed into rings,' &c. Mr. Lewis and his negroes for the remains of Captain Tower. We brought & all spoke of Colonel James Cameron's body, and soldier with us to designate the place where he was knew that it had been stripped, and also where it buried. He had been wounded in the battle, and had been buried.' Mr. Scholes, in answer to a ques. had seen from the window of the house, where the tion of one of the committee, described the different captain was interred. On opening the ditch or treatment extended to the Union soldiers and the trench we found it filled with soldiers, all buried with rebel dead. The latter had little head-boards placed their faces downward. On taking up some four or at the head of their respective graves and marked; five we discovered the remains of Captain Tower, none of them had the appearance of having been mingled with those of the men. We took them, placdisturbed.

ed them in a coffin, and brought them home.' “ The evidence of that distingnished and patriotic “In reply to a question of a member of the com. citizen, Honorable William Sprague, Governor of the mittee as to whether he was satisfied that they were State of Rhode Island, confirms and fortifies some buried intentionally with their faces downward, of the most revolting statements of former witness- Governor Sprague's answer was, “Undoubtedly!

His object in visiting the battle-field was to re- Beyond all controversy !' and that it was done as cover the bodies of Colonel Slocum and Major Bal- a mark of indignity.' In answer to another onestion lou, of the Rhode Island regiment. He took out as to what their object could have been, especially with him several of his own men to identify the in regard to the body of Colonel Slocum, he replied: graves. On reaching the place he states that we Sheer brutality, and nothing else. They did it on commenced digging for the bodies of Colonel Slo. account of his courage and chivalry in forcing his cum and Major Ballou, at the spot pointed out to us regiment fearlessly and bravely upon them. Ho by these men who had been in the action. While destroyed about one half of that Georgia regiment, digging, some negro women came up and asked which was made up of their best citizens.' When whom we were looking for, and at the same time the inquiry was put whether he thought these barsaid that “ Colonel Slogun” had been dug up by the barities were committed by that regiment, he rerebels, by some men of a Georgia regiment, his sponded, by that same regiment, I was told.' head cut off, and his body taken to a ravine thirty or While their own dead were buried with marble head forty yards below, and there burned. We stopped and foot stones, and names upon them, ours were digging and went to the spot designated, where we buried, as I have stated, in the trenches. This emi. found coals and ashes and bones mingled together. nent witness concludes his testimony as follows: ‘I A little distance from there we found a shirt (still have published an order to my second regiment, to buttoned at the neck) and blanket with large quan. which these officers were attached, that I shall not tities of hair upon it, everything indicating the burn- be satisfied with what they shall do unless they give ing of a body there. We returned and dug down at an account of one rebel killed for each one of their the spot indicated as the grave of Major Ballou, but own number.' found no body there; but at the place pointed out “ The members of your committee might content as the grave where Colonel Slocum was buried, we themselves by leaving this testimony to the Senate foard a box, which, upon being raised and opened, and the people without a word of comment; but was found to contain the body of Colonel Slocum. when the enemies of a just and generous Govern. The soldiers who had buried the two bodies were ment are attempting to excite the sympathy of satisfied that the grave had been opened; the body disloyal men in our own country, and to solicit the

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Wounded and Dead.

aid of foreign governments by | too startling, for its leaders. They disreAtrocity towards the

the grossest misrepresentations garded the sanctity of the oaths they had taken of the objects of the war, and

to support the Constitution; they repudiatof the conduct of the officers and soldiers of the ed all their obligations to the people of the republic, this, the most startling evidence of their Free States; they deceived and betrayed their insincerity and inhumanity, deserves some notice at

own fellow citizens, and crowded their armies our hands." The Report further adds :

with forced levies; they drove from their “The outrages upon the dead will revive the recol- midst all who would not yield to their deslections of the cruelties to which savage tribes sub. potism, or filled their prisons with men who ject their prisoners. They were buried in many would not enlist under their flag. They cases naked, with their faces downward; they were have now crowned the rebellion by the perleft to decay in the open air; their bones were petration of deeds scarcely known even to carried off as trophies, sometimes, as the testimony savage warfare. The investigations of your proves, to be used as personal adornments, and one committee have established this fact beyond witness deliberately avers that the head of one of controversy. our most gallant officers was cut off by a secession

" Inhumanity to the living has been the ist to be turned into a drinking cup on the occasion leading trait of the rebel leaders; but it was of his marriage. Monstrous as this revelation may reserved for your committee to disclose as a appear to be, your committee have been informed that during the last two weeks the skull of a Union concerted system their insults to the wounded, soldier has been exhibited in the office of the Ser

and their mutilation and desecration of the geant-at-arms of the House of Representatives, gallant dead. Our soldiers taken prisoners in which had been yonverted to such a purpose, and honorable battle, have been subjected the which had been found on the person of one of the most shameful treatment. All the considerrebel prisoners taken in a recent conflict. The tes. ations that inspire chivalric emotion and timony of Governor Sprague, of Rhode Island, is generous consideration for brave men have most interesting. It confirms the worst reports been disregarded. It is almost beyond belief against the rebel soldiers, and conclusively proves that the men fighting in such a cause as ours, that the body of one of the bravest officers in the and sustained by a Government which in the volunteer service was burned. He does not hesitate midst of violence and treachery has given reto add that this hyena desecration of the honored corpse was because the rebels believed it to be the peated evidence of its indulgence, should body of Colonel Slocum, against whom they were

have been subjected to treatment never beinfuriated for having displayed so much courage fore resorted to by one foreign nation in a conand chivalry in forcing his regiment fearlessly and fict with another.” bravely upon them.”

The curtain of the tragedy of Bull Run How justly, in view of this horrible array was painted in tears and blood ; yet a scene of evidence, did the committee remark: was enacted behind the veil over which angels “Every step of this monstrous treason has must have wept: let us pray that the civilbeen marked by violence and crime. Noized world never again shall be pained by ite transgression has been too great, no wrong reproduction,

CHAPTER IV.

THE FIRST CAMPAIGN IN MISSOURI. LYON'S ADDRESS. HIS PUR

SUIT OF JAOKSON. BATTLE OF BOONE VILLE. EXCITEMENT THROUGHOUT THE STATE. MOVEMENT OF TROOPS TO THE SOUTH. BATTLE OF CARTHAGE. SIEGEL'S MASTERLY RETREAT. STATE OF AFFAIRS

AT ST. LOUIS IN JULY. BATTLE OF DUG SPRINGS. BATTLE OF WILSON'S CREEK AND DEATH OF LYON. RETREAT FROM SPRINGFIELD. DOINGS OF THE CONVENTION.

Governor Jackson's
Rendezvous at

Booneville.

scent on Booneville.

The campaign of Mis- | the united forces pushed on for Springfield, souri opened with Lyon's where it was understood the rebels were to

pursuit of Jackson. The gather in force. The Gasconade and Osage Governor, as announced, (see page 66,) fled River bridges having been burned, Lyon sefrom Jefferson City, June 12th, having issued cured transports and prepared to push after his proclamation calling out fifty thousand Price and Jackson immediately, proposing troops to repel “the invaders” and secure to strike them ere they should have time and the independence of the State. He took opportunity for placing a large army in the steamer on the 13th, for Booneville, having field. On the afternoon of Thursday, June loaded the transport with State ordnance, mu- 13th, the steamer Iatan left St. Louis for Jefnitions, stores, &c., which the vigilance of ferson City, having on board the Second batPrice had succeeded in securing for the an- talion of the First regiment Missouri volun. ticipated emergency. The troops called for teers, under command of Lieutenant-Colonel were ordered to rendezvous at Boonville, at Andrews, one section of Totten's light artil. which place the Governor resolved to make lery, and two companies of regulars, under a stand against the Federal forces.

Captain Lathrop. The steamer Suan also General Lyon was awake loaded and departed for the same point, General Lyon's Deto the emergency.

The with the First battalion of the First regi. forces at his immediate dis- ment, under Colonel Blair, and another secposal (four excellent regiments of volunteers tion of Totten's battery, and a detachment and several battalions of regulars) had been of pioneers. General Lyon and staff emready for moving for several days. Two barked in her. Other transports were orregiments of Iowa men were at Keokuk dered to follow. ready for co-operation.. Eight Illinois regi- While these steamers ments were placed within two hours' march were ploughing up stream, of St. Louis to await Lyon's requisition. the steamer White Cloud

On the night of the 12th, six companies of was pressing for Booneville, having on board Siegel's Missouri volunteers started for the the Governor, State officers, records, &c.. Rolla terminus of the south-west branch of well as a full load of cannon, military stores the Pacific Railroad—the four additional and troops. Other transports followed, bearcompanies following the next morning. This ing loads of “ State Guards” and the motley force left squads at all important bridges to masses of cut-throats who quickly responded protect them against incendiaries, but the to the call of Jackson and Price. The main body moved direct for Rolla, to watch “ Border Ruffians" had long been out of emthe rebels in that direction and to crush out ploy: here was a fine field and a congenial any uprising under the inspiration of Jack-service. They hastened to Price's standard son's Proclamation and Price's orders. Colo- in great numbers, having ground from their nel Salomon's regiment now followed, when “ Arkansas tooth-picks" the blood-stains of

The Rebel Forces at

Boonerille.

as

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