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WOMEN OF THE
Express stated that fifty-four | were represented as being very entbusiastic Movement of Troops
hundred men were already for the war. This display or review was
in the field and ready to preparatory to the march, North, of Louisiamarch, and announced that two regiments na's quota. The ladies of the city had prehad started for Virginia.
viously held a meeting (April 23d) to organThe First South Carolina regiment of volize a relief association for providing the volunteers, Colonel Maxcy Gregg, started "for unteers with clothing.
the set of war on the Potomac,” April 23d. And here we may say
The Women of tho
The Charleston Courier said: “The call made that the female portion of upon South Carolina has been promptly re- Southern communities was sponded to. Governor Pickens has been per- quite as devoted to the war as the most arfectly overwhelmed with offers of brigades, dent Secessionist could desire. It, ere long, battalions, regiments, and companies, all de- became their pride and boast to say—“my sirous of being accepted as volunteers for Vir- husband,” or “my son” or “my brother is in ginia. The reverence felt for her soil by the Confederate army.” The making of lint South Carolinians, is only equalled by the and bandages, the manufacture of clothing, spirit and enthusiasm of the people to be the the gathering of funds for the support of the first to defend her, and, if necessary, with the families of volunteers, became their chief ocbest blood of the State.” This sounded large; cupation, If men faltered in their hope or but, considering that the State, according to faith, they had only to hear the not always the census of 1860, contained only fifty-seven sweetly worded invective of their maids and thousand white male adults, it was certain matrons against the “ ruthless invaders," the that the “overwhelming” offers would not hirelings of old Lincoln,” the “barbarians greatly exceed the entire male population. of the New England mills,” to re-inspire Yet, this same journal--to illustrate the ir- their wavering ardor in the cause of secession, responsible character of Southern journalism The Richmond Inquirer of April 27th gave --in a previous article assumed that the State the number of Confederate troops at that point had (in April) ten thousand men under arms as three thousand and twenty-two. By May 1st at Charleston, and twelve thousand in other the number was increased to sixty-two hunportions of the State, and had, besides, fifty- dred, and by the middle of the month the eight thousand enrolled and organized troops force was so large that the permanent line of --in all eighty thousand effective men, or defense facing the Potomac, was discussed. twenty-three thousand more than the entire Norfolk and Harper's Ferry were made secure, male adult population of the State! Such Yorktown was occupied; batteries were ioassumptions were made in the interests of cated on the Potomac, and sufficient troops " the cause," and were among the instrumen- were posted in the vicinity of Arlington talities used to inspire the people with confi- Heights to excite much uneasiness -- a feel. dence in regard to their own resources and ing only relieved by General Scott's first abilities to overcome opposition,
grand stroke (May 24th), the occupation of the The New Orleans papers of April 30th gave Potomac from Alexandria up to Georgetown, glowing accounts of the grand military dis- the seizure of the Loudon and Hampshire play of the day previous. Between three and railway terminus, with cars, locomotive, &c., four thousand troops, of all arms of the ser- and of the terminus of the Orange and Mac Fide, participated. The people of the city nassus Gap railroad.
MILITARY MOVEMENTS IN Τ Η Ε NORTH. ENORMOUS CONTRIBU
TIONS OF FUNDS BY LEGISLATURES, CITIES, &C. GOVERNOR
TROOPS. THE BLOCKADE ENFORCED. THE
THE Free States' Govern- | assembled April 22d, and, on the 25th, voted The States' Ren.
ors, without exception, an- one million dollars to arm and equip its voldezvous.
swered the President's call unteers, The Legislature of Indiana voted for troops by calling together their respect five hundred thousand dollars, April 29th. ive Legislatures, and by taking such other | The New Jersey Legislature met April 30th, steps as would hasten the dispatch of the and the Governor recommended two million complement first called for. The several | dollars for war purposes. May 3d, the Conrendezvous designated by the War Depart- necticut Legislature appropriated two millment, were as follows: New York, N. Y. ions for the public defense. City, Albany, Elmira ; Pennsylvania, Phil- These contributions of
Enormous Free Conadelphia, Harrisburg ; New Jersey, Trenton; Legislatures, cities, and
Auburn, N. Y..
50.000 New Hampshire, Portsmouth; Vermont, Bur
5,000 Dunkirk, N. Y 20.000 lington; Massachasetts, Springfield; Rhode Amesbury, Mass... 5,000 Dover, N. H.. 10.000
Acton, Mass.... 5,000 Damariscotta, Me.. 3,000 Island, Providence; Connecticut, New Haven. Boston, Mass. 186.000 Elizabeth, N.J..
Brooklyn, N. Y.... 75,000 Elkhart, Ind.... At these points arrangements were made for Bridgeport, ct..... 31,000 Erie, Pa...
Burlington, Vt..... 3,000 Evansville, Ind... 15.000 quartering the quotas, and for dispatching
10.000 Fall River, Mass... 10,000 regiments to the seat of danger, as rapidly us
Batavia, N. Y.. 4,000 Flemington, N. J... 5.0000
Buffalo, N. Y..... 110.000 Fond du Lac, Wis., 4.000 they were organized.
Burlington, N. J.... 4,000 Gloucester, Mass. 10.000
Bordentown, N. J.. 3,000 Gleus Falls, X, Y... 10,000 The Legislatures, on as- Bradford, Vt.... 2,000 Great Falls, N. H... 10.000 Patriotism of the State
Bridgeton, S. J.... 1,000 | Greensburg, Ind.... sembling, immediately adLegislatures.
Benditori, Mass... 2,000 Georgetown, Mass.. 5.000 dressed themselves to the Bennington, Vt..... 10.000 Galena, Di
Barre, Jass... 2,000 Hudson, N. Y.... 4.000 questions of finance and military organiza- Braintree, Mass.
2,000 Hamilton Ohio.
Bedford, N. Y.. 1.000 Hoboken, NJ.. 2.000 tion demanded by the sudden emergency. Brunswick, Me.... 1,000 Hornellsville, N. Y. 1.041)
Bilighton, N, Y.. 10.000 Hartford, Conn.... 64.000 As early as April 15th, the New York Legis
Connecticut, State. . 2,000.000 Harrisburg, Pa....
Cincinnati... lature (then being in session) voted three
.2.000.000 280,000 Illinois, Slate..
Charlestown, Mass., 10.000 Indiana, State......1,000,000 million dollars for arming and equipping Chicago, III. 20.000 Jowl, State.
100.000 Circleville, Ohio.... 2,000 | Ithaca, N. Y.
10.000 troops for immediate service. New York
Cobasset, Mass.. 1,000 Ipswich, Mass.. 4.000 city (April 22d) appropriated one million
Clinton, V. Y.... 1,000 Jersey City, N. J... for the same purpose, and five hundred thou
Concor, Mass... 4.000 Janosville, Wis.... 6.000
Concord, NH... 10,000 Kenton, Ohio... sand dollars for the support of families of Canandajgua, N. Y. 7,000 | Krene, N. H.. 10,000
5,000 Lyon, Mass.. the volunteers. The Vermont Legislature Cass County, Ind... 6,000 | Lockport, N. Y.... 2,000
TIE PRESIDENT'S SECOND
CALL FOR TROOPS.
$5,000 | Rhode Island, State. $500,000 passage to the Capital, by any and every route es. Lowell, Mass.... 8,000 Rochester.....
69,000 London, Ohio....... 1,000 | Rockland, Me... 10.000 sential to the purposes of the Government, must be Lancaster, la... 5.000 Salem, Mass..
attained peaceably if possible, but by force of arms Lebanon county, Pa. 10,000 Stowe, Mass..
2.000 Mine, State.... .1,300.000 i Schenectaily, N. Y. 2,000 if necessary. The time for temporizing and forbearMichigan, sari's pl's. 50.000 Seneca Falls, N. Y.. 3.000 Bhilwalkee, Wis.... 31.000 Stockbridge, Mass.. 3,000 ing with this rebellion is past. On Saturday last an Marblebad, Mass.. 6,000 1 Sycamore, Ill...... 4.000
additional requisition was made for twenty-five regi. Mallon, Mass..... 2.000 St. Ullans, Vt.. 10.000 Madison, Ini..
6,000 sug Harbor, N. Y.. 3,000 ments of infantry, and one of cavalry. There have Mowt Holley, N. J. 3,000 Sar. Springs, N. Y.. 2,000
been more companies tendered than will make up the Morristown, N. J... 3,000 Southboro, Mass..
2.000 Mystic, Ct...
7.000 Syracuse, N. Y.. 34,000 entire complement. The Governor communicates Madison, Wis... 9,000 Salisbury, Mass 5.000 Marlboro', Mass....
the fact that the Banks of the Commonwealth have
1.000 10,000 Shelburne, Vt..... Marshfield, Mass... 5,000 Schuylkill Co., Pa.. 30,000 voluntarily tendered any amount of money necessary New York State....3,000,000 Sutton, Mass..
6.000 New York City.....2,17:3,000 Troy, X. Y....
48,000 for the common defense and general welfare of the New Jersey State...1,000,000 | Toledo, Ohio..
State and nation. The loan of five hundred thousand Newark, N. J...... 136.000 Taunton, Mass..... 40.000 New Haven, Ct..... 30.000 Utica, V. Y.
20.000 dollars is not yet exhausted, as it is impossible to Norwich, Ct..
13,000 Upper Sandusky, 0. 5.000 New London, Ct.... 10,000 i Vermont, State... :1,000,000 have the accounts properly settled; but a much N. Brunswick, N. J. 2.000 Wisconsin, State.... 225.000
larger sum will be required. The Legislature has been Neetham, Mass.... 3.000 Wymouth, Jass... 5.000 Newtown, Yas... 8,000 Wilipington, Ohio... 3.000 convened not only to complete the reorganization N. Audover, Mass.... 3,000 Waynesville, Ohio.. 2,000 Noblesville, Ind... 10.000 Waltham, Mass.... 5.000
of the militia laws of the State, but to give the Gov. Nwbury, Mass... 3.000 W. Cambridge, Mass. 10.000 ernor authority to pledge the faith of the Common. Newburyport, Mass. 4.000 Woodstock, V't.... 1.000 Ohio, State. .3.000.000 Watertown, N. Y... 3.000
wealth to borrow such sums of money as may be Os15-go, X. Y. 13,000 Warsaw, X Y....
3.000 Ottawa, lll.... 18,000 Watertown, Mass...
necessary for the extraordinary requirements. In
2,000 Pennsylvania, State.3,500,000 Waterford, N. Y.. 8.000 order to protect the border, he recommends the im. Philadelphia.... 330.000 Westboro', Mass... 8.000 Plymonth, Mass.. 2.000 West Troy, N. Y...
mediate organization of fifteen regiments of cavalry
7,000 Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 10,000 Woburn, Mass...
5,000 and infantry, exclusive of those called into the Piqua, Ohio... 20.000 Warsaw, N. Y.
3.000 Patirgon, V. J...... 10.000 10bury, Conn.... 5.000 service of the United States. He recommends the Portland, Me. 31.000 Webster, Mass..
act legalizing the authorizing of appropriations of
Second Call for Troops. Governor Curtin's Message.
lature assembled April 30. made public until May 3d,
The Message of Governor when the President issued the following proCurtin may be referred to as indicative of the
“WASHINGTON, Friday, May 3d, 1861. spirit which animated the State Executives
“ Whereas, existing exigencies demand immediate to which the Legislators fully responded. The and adequate measures for the protection of the abstract report was as follows:
National Constitution and the preservation of the "Gov. Curtin's Message on the opening of the ex- National Union by the suppression of the insurrectra session, speaks of the unexampled promptness tionary combinations now existing in several States and patriotism with which Pennsylvania and other for opposing the laws of the Union and obstructing loyal States have responded to the call of the Presi. the execution thereof, to which end a military force dent. It says that the slaughter of Northern troops in addition to that called forth by my Proclamation in Baltimore, for the pretended offense of marching of the fifteenth day of April, in the present year, at the call of the Federal Government peaceably appears to be indispensably necessary, now, there. over soil admittedly in the Union, with the object of fore, I, Abraham Lincoln, President of the United defending the common Capital, imposes new duties States, and Commander-in-Chief of the Army and and responsibilities on the State and Administration. Navy thereof, and of the militia of the several States This state of things cannot be submitted to, whether when called into actual service, do hereby call into Maryland may profess to be loyal to the Union or the service of the United States forty-two thousand otherwise. There can be permitted no hostile soil, and thirty-four volunteers, to serve for a period of no obstructed thoroughfare, between the States un- three years, unless sooner discharged, and to be doubtedly loyal and their National seat of Govern. mustered into service as infantry and cavalry. The ment. There is reason to hope that the route proportions of each arm and the details of eurolla through Baltimore may be no longer closed against ment and organization will be made known through the peaceable passage of our people armed in the the Department of War; and I also direct that the service of the Government, but we must be fully as- regular army of the United States be increased by sured of this, and oninterrupted enjoyment of the the addition of eight regiments of infantry, one regi.
The President's Second Call for Troops.
Enforcement of the
ment of cavalry, and one regi- | treme labor to put in com-
gether a maximum aggregate for the immediate emerincrease of twenty-two thousand seven hundred and gencies of the war, without any reference to fourteen officers and enlisted men, the details of which demands for the blockade service. It was, increase will also be made known through the Deindced, only by the hearty co-operation of partment of War; and I further direct the enlist
merchants, ship-owners and masters, founders ment, for not less than one nor more than three
and builders, that the Secretary of the Navy years, of eighteen thousand seamen, in addition to
was enabled to meet the requisitions for the present force, for the naval service of the United States. The details of the enlistment and organiza transports and convoys; yet his assiduity extion will be made known through the Department tended to the imperative requirements of the of the Navy. The call for volunteers, hereby made, blockade; and, one by one, the ports desigand the direction for the increase of the regular nated were placed under the surveillance of army, and for the enlistment of seamen hereby given, the Union flag. It was fully nine months together with the plan of organization adopted for before the immense coast-line from Fortress the volunteers and for the regular forces hereby Monroe to Brownsville could be so patrolled authorized, will be submitted to Congress as soon as with cruisers and guarded by local ships as assembled.
to render egress and ingress impossible; but, “ In the mean time I earnestly invoke the co-ope from the very day the first vessel appeared ration of all good citizens in the measures hereby off the leading harbors, the commerce of those adopted for the effectual suppression of unlawful violence, for the impartial enforcement of Constitu- ports ceased almost as completely as if a bar tional laws, and for the speediest possible restora- had grown across their channels. The world tion of peace and order, and with these, of happiness never before witnessed a fleet created as rapand prosperity throughout our country.
idly; nor has any modern Government ever “ In testimony whereof I have herennto set my been called upon to perform so vast a service hand and caused the seal of the United States to be which was performed as well. That, out of affixed.
the almost interminable lagunes of the South" Done at the City of Washington, this third day ern coast–where available harbors opened of May, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight through every few leagues of sand and swamp hundred and sixty-one, and of the Independence of —a few small craft should have broken the the United States the eighty-fifth.
blockade” is not singular: or, that the manySigned, ABRAHAM LINCOLN.
mouthed ports of New Orleans, Savannah and By the President,
Charleston should have sent cargoes to, and “ WILLIAM H. SEWARD, Secretary of State.” received them from, the Bermudas and Cuba, Prior to this the President had issued his
or from England direct, in swift-sailing steamsecond Proclamation of blockade (April 27th) ers, is not evidence of the covering the coasts of North Carolina and inefficiency of that block
English Interference. Virginia--thus sealing them from commerce. ade, when the intricacies of the coast are Virginia oysters, pine wood and tobacco, and fully understood, or the cupidity of English North Carolina rosin and tar languished on traders is appreciated. It is to the distheir lagunes and river banks, and those States honor of the English Government that it found that their revenues almost instantly sought to force the blockade, so far as to ceased. Nothing was left for their people to make one of its nearest and most available do but to fight or starve; therefore the cry islands—that of New Providence—a regular “to arms !” became as suddenly popular as rendezvous for Southern vessels. The port the loss of trade had been complete.
of Nassau became, during the pendency of The blockade squadron was organized as the war, a regular port of entry and transrapidly as the demoralized state of the navy shipment for goods bound to and from the would allow. The shocking disorder reigning i rebellious States. Loads of arms, munitions, in that arm of the service (see Vol. I, pages ordnance, clothing, &c.—all contraband of 439-444,) when the Lincoln Administration war—found their way into the South through assumed its control, rendered it a work of ex- I the vigilance and daring of a few English
commanders.* That all was done with the hundred guns—many of them superb Colum. full knowledge of the authorities, both at the biads and Dahlgrens—at the disposal of the island and in England, admits of no question. Confederate authorities. The American people will be slow to forget May 11th, the steam frigate Niagara arthe commercial history of Nassau in 1861-2; rived off Charleston bar and sealed the main and that the reckoning will be fully paid entrance against commerce. Savannah was with interest, is the solemn purpose of every not closed until May 28th, when the gunboat American citizen.
Union appeared off the river mouths. The The steam frigate Minne- Brooklyn appeared off the Mississippi mouths The Vessels on Duty.
sota, flag-ship of the block- May 27th. Mobile was blockaded the same ading squadron, sailed on duty from Boston, day. Prior to this (May 22d) the fortificaMay 8th. At the same date the frigate Cum- tions at Ship Island, which had been seized berland, the Paronee and Monticello, with the by the Confederates, were abandoned. tug and gunboat Yankee, were off Fortress The President's procla
Military Departments Monroe, closing up the mouths of James mation for three years' and York rivers; while the four steamers of troops indicated the vigor the Aquia Creek line, heavily armed, were with which the Administration had detercruising up and down the Potomac - thus mined to meet the emergency. April 27th, sealing Virginia commerce by sea. The Con- the three military Departments of Washingfederate authorities, apprehending that the ton, Annapolis, and Pennsylvania were crepaval force gathering at Hampton Roads ated, their commands being given, respectmight be destined for the reoccupation of ively, to Colonel J. K. F. Mansfield, United Norfolk, sent thither heavy detachments of States Army, Brigadier-General of Volunteers troops, to man the batteries erected on Cra- B. F. Butler, and Major-General of Volunney Island, Sandy Point, at the Hospital, one teers Patterson. To these were added, May near Norfolk fort, and one three miles below 10th, the Department of the Ohio, including the Hospital, on the bluffs. All these points Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois, of which the of defense were rapidly made effective, and command was assigned to Major-General of were kept in a high state of efficiency. As Ohio Volunteers, Geo. B. McClellan. At the early as May 5th, one thousand and one hun- same date an order was issued requiring all dred Alabamians were in the defenses. At officers of the regular service to take and subthe same date, about ten thousand troops scribe anew the Oath of Allegiance to the were encamped in and around Norfolk, and United States. This order was rendered neat the Navy-yard barracks. An immense cessary by the still remaining number of offorce of laborers hastened to restore the prop- ficers who, if not traitors, so far sympaerty of the yard to its old condition, and soon thized with their Southern friends as to be had the satisfaction of placing over fifteen unsafe servants of their country. The order
* An incident illustrative of the length of Eng. produced the good effect of securing sevlisi presumption was had in the case of the fast steam.
eral desired resignations from the regular er Fingal, which loaded in England with a heavy service. Thus sifted, the regular officers becargo of rifles, ordnance, stores, &c., and started, came thoroughly reliable; and they formed with the full knowledge of the English authorities, to the nucleus for the order and organization run the blockade. She succeeded, by her fleetness, which rapidly sprung up throughout the enin getting into Savannah. The presumption of the tire Army of the Union. transaction was in the English Consul of Savannah The Department of Virginia, embracing sending the crew of the vessel North, under the pro- Eastern Virginia and North and South Carotection of the English filag, demanding their unre- lina, was created May 20th, and the command stricted passage, as English subjects, to some Northern port, for return to England! They were of
given to B. F. Butler, promoted to be Majorcourse forbidden to pass the lines, and sent back to
General of Volunteers, May 16th. enjoy the fruits of their ill-gotten gains. Their ves
General John A. Dix
named sel was afterwards burnt, to keep her from the guns Major - General of New York Volunteers, of the American squadron.
May 6th. He soon assumed command of