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s. 5. G. B.

8. 9. 1.

or customs in England. The 10 Ann. c. 19. 13 Geo. 3. C. 56, 14 Geo. 3. c. 72. 23 Geo. 3. c. 70. 27 Geo. 3.

c. 31 & 32. may be referred to for this purpose. And 41 Geo 3.c.91. it is enacted by the 41 Geo. 3. c. 91. s. 5. G. B. that if

any person shall counterfeit or forge, or cause or procure Forging certifi, to be counterfeited, &c. any certificate authorized or ente required to required to be granted by any officer of excise by virtue be given by any officer of e.rcise, of any act of parliament in force immediately before the a felony.

passing of this act, and relating to any of the duties of excise, or if any person shall knowingly or willingly give any false or untrue certificate as aforesaid, or shall knowingly or willingly accept or receive any false, &c. certificate as aforesaid; or fraudulently alter or erase any true certificate after the same shall be given by the proper officer; or if any person shall knowingly or willingly publish, or make use of any such certificate so

counterfeited, &c, altered or erased, he shall be guilty Hoo punished.

of felony, and be transported for 7 years, &c. The 48 Geo. 3. c.82. 48 Geo. 3. c. 82. I. enacts (s. 9.) that if any person (not

authorized and appointed by the commissioners of inland Alaking, &c.

excise and taxes, and not for the use of the said comframe, &r.fig the making of missioners) shall make, or cause or procure to be made, paper wilh the words

, 8c. pecu- or shall knowingly aid or assist in the making, &c. or, far too he paper without being so authorized or appointed, shall know

by commissioners or ingly have in his custody or possession, without lawful

of excise, &c. for permits, &c.; escuse, (the proof whereof shall be on the person accused)

any frame, mould, or instrument, for the making of paper, with the words, marks, or devices peculiar to and appearing in the substance of the paper used by the said commissioners, for such permits, certificates, tickets, and receipts (for the conveyance and protection of certain exciseable goods in Ireland); or if any person (except as before excepted) shall make, &c. any paper in the substance of which the words, marks, or devices peculiar to and appearing in the substance of the paper used by the said commissioners for such permits, &c. shall be visible; or if any person (except as before ex

cepted) shall by any art, mystery, or contrivance, cause Or making such or procure, or knowingly aid or assist in causing, &c. graving, &c. the words, &c. peculiar to, &c. the paper used by the said commissioners for such permits, &c. to appear visi

ble

paper; or en

such plates ;

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ble in the substance of any paper; or if any person (not
authorized as aforesaid,) shall engrave, cast, cut or
make, or cause to be engraven, &c. any plate, type, or
other thing, in imitation of or to resemble any plate or
type made or used by the direction of the said commis-
sioners for the purpose of making or printing of the pa-
per to be used for such permits, &c.; every such of-
fender shall be adjudged a felon, and be transported for
life, or for 7 years, as the court who shall try such per- punished.

A felony koro
son shall direct.

Next with respect to another description of official Persons forging papers: The 2 & 3 Ann. c. 4. Eng. (which provides rificate of regisfor the public registering of deeds, conveyances, and more of derdesin

counties
wills, within the West Riding of the county of York, of England,
and directs a memorial of all such to be registered in a 983 Ann. c. 4.

how punished.
certain manner at Wakefield, and that the registrar shall s. 19. Eng.
indorse a certificate of such registry on every such deed,
&c.) enacts s. 19. that if any person shall forge or coun-
terfeit any such memorial or certificate as herein-before
mentioned and directed, he shall be liable to such pains
and penalties as by the 5 Eliz. c. 14. Eng. are imposed
upon persons for forging or publishing of false deeds,
&c. whereby the freehold or inheritance of any person
in lands, &c. may be molested, &c. And the 5 Ann.
c. 18. Eng. (which provides for the inrolling deeds of 5 Ann. c. 18.

s. 8. Eng.
bargain and sale of lands, &c. within the West Riding
of York, and also for the entering of judgments, statutes,
or recognizances affecting lands within said West Rid-
ing, at the said register office,) also enacts (s. 8.) that if
any person shall forge or counterfeit any entry of the
acknowledgment of any bargainor in any such bargain
and sale, or any such memorial, certificate, or indorse-
ment as herein mentioned and directed, he shall incur
such pains and penalties as by the 5 Eliz. c. 14. Eng.
are imposed upon persons for forging or publishing of
false deeds, &c. ut supra. And the 8 Geo. 2. c. 6. s. 31.
c

c.
Eng. extends said provisions of both statutes to the North s. 31. Eng.
Riding of the same county. And the 7 Ann. c. 20. Eng. 7 Ann.c. 20.
which is an act for the public registering of deeds, con- s. 15. Eng.

.
veyances, and wills, and other incumbrances which shall
be made of, or that may affect any lands, &c. within

the

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8 Geo. 2. c. 6.

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s. 17. Ir.

& Ann.c. 10.

S. 4. Ir.

8. 4. Ir.

the county of Middlesex,) by s. 15. inflicts the like punishment as the 2 & 3 Ann. c. 4. and 5 Ann. c. 18. supra, upon such persons as shall forge or counterfeit any entry of the acknowledgment of any such memorial, cer

tificate, or indorsement, as therein mentioned or di6 Ann. c. 2. rected. The 6 Ann. c. 2. Ir. (sereral provisions of

which have been already stated vol. 1. p. 544. to 551.) Similar procis enacts (s. 17.) that if any person shall forge or countersions in Ireland,

feit any such memorial or certificate as herein mentioned, he shall incur such pains and penalties as by the 28 Eliz. c. 3. Ir. are imposed upon offenders therein mentioned. And the & Anu. c. 10. Ir. which amends

the 6 Ann. c. 2. supra, contains the like provision. 8 Geo. 1. c. 15. And the 8 Geo. 1. c. 15, Ir. which amends and explaios

the 6 Ann. and 8 Ann, also enacts (s. 4.) that if any person shall forge or counterfeit any such certificate as herein mentioned, he shall incur such pains and penalties az by the 28 Eliz. c. 3. Ir. are imposed upon offenders therein mentioned for forging of any false deed or writing sealed, whereby any estate of freehold

or inheritance may be molested, &c. Forging, &c.

The 12 Geo. 1. c. 32. Eng. (wlich is an act for better name or hanı! of

ges' securing the monies and effects of the suitors of the neral, c.lo amy certificate, court of chancery, &c.; and the other clauses of which &c. in order to have been already mentioned, ante p. 360.) enacts (s. 9.) money, a capital that if any person shall forge or counterfeit, or procure felony.

to be forged, &c. or willingly (*act] or assist in the 12 Gen. 1.c. 32. $.!. Eng. forging, &c. the name or (thand) of the said accountant 23 & 24 Geo.3. general, [Ithe said register, the said clerk of the report

office,] or any of the cashiers of the said governor and ftes hand write ing," in 25&24 company of the bank of [ŞEngland,] to any certificate, Geo.3. c.22. Ir. report, entry, indorsement, declaration of trust, note,

"not" in 23& 24 Geo. 3. direction, authority, instrument or writing, for or in

order to the receiving or obtaining any the money or “ Ireland" in 23 & 24Geo... effects of any of the suitors of the said court of chancery; | & 3

or shall forge, &c. or procure to be forged, &c. or wilfully act or assist in forging, &c. any certificate, &c. made by such accountant general, &c.; or shall utter or publish any such, knowing the same to be forged,

&c.

accountant

" aid” in

4. 22. Ir.

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2. 22. Ir.

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!" Or conr! of exchequer," here added in 23 & 24 Geo. 3. e. 22. Ir.

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32Geo 2. c. 16.

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&c. with intention to defraud any person whatsoever;
every sueh offender shall be guilty of felony without
benefit of clergy. The 23 & 24 Geo. 3. c. 22. Ir. con-
tains the like clause, but with such variation as is noted
in the margin.
The 32 Geo. 2. c. 14. Eng. (which directs the re- Forgino nume,

&c. of the reo
ceiver of prefines at the alienation office to receive the ceiter of presines
post fine at the same time on every writ of covenant a capital jelony.
sued out for the passing of fines in the court of C. B. s. 9. ing.
and indorse the receipt thereon, with his name and the
mark of his office,) enacts (s. 9.) that any person who
shall make, forge, or counterfeit, or cause or procure to
be made, &c. the mark or hand of such receiver, where-
by such receiver, or any other person, may be defranded,
or suffer any loss thereby; shall be guilty of felony
without benefit of clergy. To this there is no corres-
ponding statute in Ireland.
The clause of the 26 Geo. 2. c, 33. Eng. which relates Marriage regis-

ters and certified to the offences of forgery, &c. in respect to marriage cutes. registers, and licenses, has been already stated, ante 26 Geo...c.33.

s. 16. Eug.

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p. 749.

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c.2.1. s. 17. iv.

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The 21 & 22 Geo. 3. c. 24. Ir. (which is one of the Forging certifie

cate of chois acts for removing the penal disabilities, &c. of such ca

qualification tholics as shall take the oath, &c. prescribed by the 13 vuths bring

taken, a capital & 14 Geo. 3. c. 35. Ir, and which requires that the founy. names of such as shall take said oath, &c. shall be in- 21 & 22 (+0.3. rolled at the Rolls office, and a certificate thereof granted, as already stated, ante vol. 1. p. 502-3.) enacts (s. 17.) that if any person shall forge or counterfeit, or procure to be forged, &c. or willingly assist in the forging, &c. any such certificate, he shall be guilty of felony without benefit of clergy.

The 39 Eliz. c. 17. Eng. which requires certain tes. Testimonials of timonials of justices of peace as licenses for wandering wandering sura soldiers and mariners, makes it a capital felony to forge ninets. such testimonials, as already stated, ante p. 753.

s. 2. Eng. The 4 Geo. 2. c. 18. Eng. recites, that certain trea

Forging, &c a ties or conventions have been concluded with the several Mediterranean

Puss, a capital states and governments of Barbary, by which it is sti- feluny. pulated that all ships belonging to his majesty, or any : Geo. 2. c 18.

s. 1. Eng. VOL. II.

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of

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of his subjects, may freely pass the seas, and enter into

, the ports and harbours of the said states, upon producing passes of a certain form; and enacts, that if any person shall, within Great Britain or Ireland, or any of his majesty's dominions, or without, falsely make, forge, or counterfeit, or cause or procure to be falsely made, &c. or wittingly or knowingly act or assist in the false making, &c. any pass for any ship, commonly called a Mediterranean Pass, or shall counterfeit the seal of office, or the hand of the lord high admiral of Great Britain and Ireland for the time being, or of any commissioner for executing the said office; or shall alter or erase any true and authentic pass issued or made out by the lord high admiral, &c.; or shall utter or publish as true any such false, forged, counterfeited, altered or erased pass, knowing the same to be false, &c.; every such person, being convicted of any of the offences aforesaid in any proper court of Great Britain, Ireland, or any of his majesty's plantations beyond the seas, where such offence shall be committed, shall be guilty of felony without benefit of clergy. Provided (s. 2.) that

such crime which shall be committed in any country or place out of Great Britain, either within the dominions of the king, or without, shall and may be inquired of, &c. in any shire or county of Great Britain, by virtue of the king's commission of oyer and terminer,

.

, and gaol delivery, or before any court of justiciary in Scotland, as if there committed. And the 27 Geo. 3. c. 27. Ir. also enacts (s. 2.) that if any person shall forge or counterfeit, or cause or procure to be forged, &c. or shall be aiding and assisting in forging, &c. or causing to be forged, &c. any pass, commonly called a Mediterranean pass, for any ship, with intent that sucha forged, &c. pass, shall be made use of to procure any person any benefit belonging to a Mediterranean pass; or shall utter, publish, or make use of the same, knowing the same to be forged, &c.; or shall counterfeit the seal of office under which such passes are authorized by his majesty to be granted, or the hand writing of any person authorized by lis majesty to grant such passes,

and

s. 2.

every

Offences where tried.

27 Geo.3. c.27. Ir.

Analogous statule,

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