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and then taken to there house. (To no rose bush (thorny choice!) and waited. castle, mark you!)

He waited for the head gardener who "They had two dear dear children was working near, to go away. Then that were very beautiful

he quickly took a piece of scented note “They live very very happy all there paper, which he had taken from a satin lives and every boby love them.' bag, that hung around his horse's

And who would not love a princess kneck. He then took a jeweled pencil in a setting such as this a whole

from his pocket and wrote a message chapter is needed for these gardens of to the little princess. He drew a small the girls — and with this simple out- gold arrow from his quiver and tied the come of the tale, true to the child's note to it, and shot it through the open present life!

window of the princess's room. Just at ‘And while the king was gone a that time the princess left her room and young prince came riding by the castle did not read the note. and saw the little princess smelling the Soon a maid came to clean the room fragrant violets and roses and all the and she saw the arrow. She read the pretty flowers, and picking some beau- message and wickedly thought that she tiful sweet-peas. The prince became in would answer it. She took some of the love with the princess, and thought he princess's note paper and ...' would like to meet her.

For one of the girls, the meeting of 'One day the prince was taking a the prince and princess does not occur ride and he met the pretty princess in until the prince - the princess at a disthe end of the woods crying, near a tance sees him repulsed from the castle, pond and the prince went up to her and and by letter suggests to him the ruse said, “what are you crying for little - disguises himself as a doctor and is princess.” and she said with a sob. “I called in when the princess feigns illhave lost my ball in this pond and I ness. Two girls, in these stories, hold can't get it. The said, "if you dont in reserve the surprise that the prince

“ mind I will get it for you.” and at the is really the king's own son, the longhe dived in to the pond, in a few sec- lost brother of the princess. Another onds he came up with the princess'es girl has the marriage come before the ball and he gave it to her, and she said, king's return; and when he hears the "oh thank you.” And she ran home news it is to him such a shock that he to the castle and she lived happily ever dies of 'heart failure.' But this seems after.'

not to have delayed the bridal journey With the older girls fancy clambers first, to the prince's home, then to and blossoms and comes to such fruit- China for two years, and finally they age that there is no time even for its both took a year and a half of paintowner to gather it all.

ing. Yet in spite of this somewhat 'And while he was gone


Bohemian existence, 'they were very prince came riding by the castle and happy together and for the rest of their saw the lovely princess in her window. lives they lived happilly together.'

. Imediately he fell desperately in love Yet the boys, too, are not withwith her and wished to speak to her. out invention. For one of them also, This was difficult because the king had the meeting of prince and princess is all suitors put to death.

brought about by guile: the prince is ‘Being an active person, the prince disguised as a peddler. Another boymanaged to scramble over the stone author has the king, in his anger at the wall of the castle garden. He hid in a princess's pride, give her to a beggar;



with whom a three years' sojourn is so the air and with a "Get out,” orderchastening that she now obediently ed him out of the castle. And then weds the prince. But for cumulative she walked up the stairs but did not surprise and hairbreadth 'scapes and notice a great tub of water which the final tragedy, I find nothing to exceed wash jap had placed there, because her this web from a boy of nine, just able chin was so high the air and she fell to scrawl big letters:

head-first in the tub of water.' ‘A young prince past the castle and Yet if we can straighten our faces told the princess of her beauty. He and summon judgment, we shall find showed her a mirror in witch she saw the girls' tales - in spite of flashes herself. When the king came home he from the boys — showing an imaginaput the prince in prison. The princess tion richer and more vivid, with a more got the keys from theguard and set the delicate feeling of congruity. In the prince free. The they ran and got on many stories read, but three of the horseback and road away to the princes girls' seemed wholly bare; while of the castle. The princess father too many boys' full thrice this number bore these men for the prince father. So then the negative signs. More of the girls' tales prince and the princess take a ship seemed highly imaginative; and their and sail away but the ship hits the stories, here as in the earlier experirocks and sinks and the fish eat the ments, have more of dialogue, with its prince and princess up.

sense of the speaking presence of the 'THE END?

person. And if we note the characters

beyond those given, we find that here Here is an infant Dumas, preparing again the girls give us the fuller stage: to hold his own even in an art where beside princess, prince, and king, there women show such skill.

come trooping in from rear and wings A lumbering awkwardness in many the mother of the princess, the prince's of the boys' tales gives them their own mother and father, maids of honor, attraction. One cannot but take de- huntsmen, guards. light in a story where there is breath- There is with them also an unthinkless proposal and acceptance at sight, ing penetration into the secrets of emoand where the sole occasion of delay tion; a nicety, a sensitiveness, which is that the princess must first pack her rarer in the boys. Your male child too ‘things,' whereupon she will be rite often has his prince blare out his pasout.' And there is humor perhaps not sion headlong from the road. But wholly unconscious — the writer is a hearken to this cooing, this seemly heslad with a rich Irish name in this itation, from a maid of nine. story where the 'wash jap' gives a 'A young prince came by the castle glint of Californian color:

and stop. He rong the door bell and -dismounting his horse he stepped said let me come in. Why? said the into the castle.

princess. I am very tired. I wish to 'He at once saw the princess and stay here this night. All right said the said, “O maid you are so beautiful, prince(ss) in a sweet voice, you my. that I am compelled by my father to Night came, in the middle of the night carry you off.”

the King came home, the prince was 'The princess would not believe this waiting for hem to come. The princess until she had looked at her image in his said, in a sweet voice a prince is here. A bright buckle.

prince, said the King? The next day ‘But she then put her chin high in the king died, and she said in a low


voice. Will you stay with me every Now with any approach to life and unday. I am feeling Blue. Yes said the derstanding, the situation here is conprince do you love me said the princess ceived by but few of the children, and in a sweet voice. Yes I love you. Oh? these are always girls. In several of do you love me. The next day they their stories, but in none of the boys', were marry they rode on White horses the princess fails at first to recognize to the castle.'

the face seen in the glass, fails to Nor do the girls show ignorance of recognize it even as a reflection. She the fiercer and less sympathetic emo- sees it as a picture, a strange and beautions, like anger and revenge. Yet the tiful picture, and nothing more. thought of war as the fruit of the And beyond, though close upon this prince's boldness here came solely from incident, comes a triple test. There is the boys. And quite in keeping, they at the very opening of the story a more often imagine the prince to ob- suggestion of three events to come: tain the princess by some violence to the princess's discovery of her beauty; law and order — they alone have him some consequence of this discovery elope with her or forcibly abduct her. perhaps vanity in her, or a simple and With the boys, furthermore, and as we unchanged mind; and the return of the might expect, marriage plays a some- king. It is uncommon for the story to what diminished part; the boys can be carried to such completion that all more readily than the girls accept some three of the motives come to their fruiother ending for their tale, — perhaps tion. But among those who do thus some comic retribution to the princess round out the tale, the girls are in greatfor her vanity, possibly the death of the er number. They more often seem to prince and his betrothed before their feel the still-unsatisfied interests in the wedding day. Yet with the girls, too, narrative, are aware of its interlacing the tale may close not with marriage, parts; consequently they may be said but with the cure of the princess's van- to be more sensitive to an important ity; not in farce, however, but by a element of form. means in keeping with a tale of chivalry - by her imprisonment. And in

IV one of the girls' stories already given, we had an idyllic outcome: the princess And now as we turn homeward on plays in the wood, and the prince re- our lingering way, which — if we have covers her lost ball, there by the quiet looked only to the children — has been pool. But beyond romantic love and as through some bee's meadow where marriage, the love of little children is flowers still are dewy, would it not be deeper in the woman-child; for to many well to part without contention? Have a little girl, but not to a boy, the tale is we not brought with us some shadow unfinished until the babes have come. of proof that woman's mind, before it

If there is still a moment before we is touched by custom, is readier and weary, the contrast in the ways of the richer than man's?' some member of imagination can perhaps be further

our company may say. And another shown almost as by touchstones; and might answer, ‘Proof, rather, that she first by the incident of the mirror. Un- is swayed by feeling, and cannot reatil the princess stands before a glass, son.' But quieting these restless ones, after the prince's coming, it will be re- let us defer to the later afternoon - or membered that she had never seen her- to another day — all questioning. For self or any face or object thus reflected. the wider judgment calls for a wider


survey. And even of the imagination outer influences to make the boy and in the realm of story, it must not be girl unlike in taste for color and dress thought that we have seen what comes and in their games and in fortitude, of the flight of the one rare bird in a yet we commonly find little or no myriad; for we have been looking, not pressure from elders nor any canon at genius, but at the general, and what framed and honored by the children is met on any morning stroll.

themselves that aside from their own Yet we have seen that near life's endowment and impulse would cause opening there is a clear contrast in one them early to differ in so secret a posaspect of the mind. In imagination di- session as the power to weave a tale. rected to form a story the plain and Minor influences from without there common girl excels the boy. But, it doubtless are; but in the main I believe will be asked, is not even this due to we have here an important and a natexternals? In part, perhaps, but hard- ural contrast in the minds that later ly altogether. For while there are are to belong to women and to men.



THE scene of the tale which follows son with care and pride. In the brief is laid in the Kirghiz Steppes, part of summer the Cossacks lead a life of the Central Asiatic plateau which is the enchantment. All winter they live in ultimate birthplace of all our Western filthy, ill-ventilated, subterranean onemodes of thought and culture and reli- room hovels; yet, strange to say, they gion. Here the writer was engaged for are scrupulously clean about their perseveral years in directing the opera- sons, never eat without washing the tions of a large mining company. This hands first, and always remove their sparsely settled territory came under outer boots on entering a tent or house. the sway of the Russian Empire about The peasant is in a class rigidly defifty years ago. Villages are scattered fined by law. Once a peasant always a through it at rare intervals, some set- peasant. He is one of a community tled by Russian peasants, others by whose members own their land in comCossacks (Kirghiz); the two classes are mon. Each man has the use of a cernot mixed.

tain plot of land for a few years and The Cossacks are a nomadic people, then exchanges it with some one else. more nearly self-governing and inde- Under this deadening system the land pendent than the peasants, and pro- is doomed to inevitable impoverishportionately better off. Their system ment. In spite of the fatherly soliciof land-tenure is interwoven with the tude with which the peasant is treated privileges and the obligations of caste, by the Imperial government, his lot is which are passed down from father to not likely to improve.

The Russian women are a thing hateful burdens; the storm doors and apart from the men. At table they pre- windows oppress your house with an fer to sit together at one end while the airless grasp; each year it seems as men cluster at the other. There is no though spring were delayed and would sustained conversation at the women's never come. end, but among the men there is a con- It was toward the end of April, 1906, tinual stream of talk. The woman's that Henry Fordham and I were sitfunction is primarily to be the mother ting in the company's office, lamentof children and secondarily to care for ing the slow progress of the seasons, the house, which means the kitchen, as and wondering whether the weather the rest of the house is seldom cared for. was showing any signs of change. The

Here, as elsewhere in Russia, rank old Kirghiz, Baijan, was making up is inevitably insisted upon; but this is the stoves for the night; in the next part of the machinery of law and order. room could be heard the ceaseless click Humanly each man feels himself on an of the counting boards, as the clerks equality with the next. You are Ivan added the interminable

pay-rolls. Ivanovitch (John, son of John) alike Outside, a camel transport train had to the commonest workman, to your just arrived from the mines, - heavy personal friend, and to the Governor two-humped beasts, with their long General; and so are they to you.

fur knickerbockers, and humps lying There is no beauty to the eye in this flabby on their backs; the only living strange, flat land, diversified by rocky animal that can look an icy blizzard in areas and forests, and to the south by the face without quailing; each camel rough hills, but there is a beauty which lashed to a small pair of runners to can be felt and to which one cannot which was fastened a basket, in which remain indifferent. In speaking of the was piled about seven hundred pounds country I usually call it 'the desert,' of rich copper ore. Inside the carrier's for though it is not the desert of shift- office, the Kirghiz drivers were thawing sands that we all know, I think the ing out and chattering in shrill voices: word describes it better than any other. ‘Aksha kerek, aksha kerek, Bai! (Give

With these few words of introduc- us our money, boss.) And we could tion I pass on to one of my clear recol- hear the invariable answer of our translections.

portation clerk: 'Aksha ajok, aida!' I

[There is no money; go away.) But this

did not satisfy them at all, and the hubIt had been a long, tedious winter. bub rose and fell till Fordham yawned All winters are tedious when they are and murmured something about sendseven months long. The first dash of ing the cashier to Akmolinsk for cash, the frost giants over the hills in the au- and then, rousing himself, called in a tumn is inspiriting, and the first jangle loud tone, 'Ivan, o Ivan!' and the of sleigh-bells over fresh snow makes felt-lined door opened and Ivan Korde the blood tingle, but before the first of came in, a large Esthonian, of the Guild May has come, the fierce winds have of Accountants of St. Petersburg, bondswept bare the level places, and where ed to the company by his guild. the snow lies it is driven into ice-drifts 'Ivan, can you go to Akmolinsk toand glazed and polished by the blasts morrow?' of the ceaseless storms. The landscape “Yes, I can.' looks tired and is tired, and so are you. “How much money do we need?' Your fur coat and felt overshoes are *Twenty thousand roubles.'

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