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it should not be dependent upon international politics.

Too often small industries and specialized agricultural crops have been ruthlessly sold down the river as a concession in making agreements. I do not believe that any industry that is useful and beneficial to our civilization should be sacrificed for the sake of a trade negotiation.

It is my understanding that the representatives of foreign countries negotiating trade agreements have with them representatives of the industries being considered for trade negotiation. I am also informed that the American negotiators do not extend this same privilege to American interests. I believe this situation should be corrected by the administrative agencies, or Congress should act to see that the procedure is corrected. I believe that Congress should set up the rules in order to protect the economy of our own country.

The time has come when this whole situation must be brought into the open. GATT has its next annual meeting in Geneva in October. Why should Congress not have an observer at that session? Why should our State Department delegation not report to Congress? Why should anything like GATT activities be carried on without prior authorization by Congress? These questions have been left hanging too long. They should be answered without further delay.

Imperative Educational Needs of Youth






Wednesday, July 21, 1954

Mr. DOYLE. Mr. Speaker, by reason of unanimous consent heretofore granted me so to do, I am pleased to herewith present for your cordial attention and benefit, as well as the same for all of my distinguished colleagues the text of 10 points entitled "Imperative Educational Needs of Youth." This list was furnished me by one of the distinguished public school educators in the great 23d District, which I represent this my 8th year in the House. It came to me from Prof. Jack Robinson, superintendent of the Paramount Unified School District at Paramount, Los Angeles County, Calif. The communication from Professor Robinson called my attention also to an article in Collier's magazine, June 11, 1954, by Dr. Paul Elicker entitled "How Good Are Our Schools?"

Mr. Speaker, believing I have a right to assume you and all my other colleagues fundamentally agree with the 10 points listed and enumerated herewith, I wish to emphasize that I think we in Congress, together with the legislators at the State level of public responsibility, as well as at most other levels of public and official responsibility, are not yet paying sufficient heed to the necessity of

more intelligently and more adequately doing constructive things in the area of juvenile delinquency. When I make this comment I, of course, wish to be understood as believing that one of the very material factors entering into juvenile delinquency is parental delinquency.

and Nation, and to have an understanding of the nations and people of the world.

4. All youth need to understand the significance of the family for the individual and society and the conditions conducive to successful family life.

5. All youth need to know how to purchase and use goods and services intelligently, understanding both the values received by the consumer and the economic consequences of their acts.

6. All youth need to understand the methods of science, the influence of science on

human life, and the main scientific facts concerning the nature of the world and of


7. All youth need opportunities to develop their capacities to appreciate beauty in literature, art, music, and nature.

Mr. Speaker, I do not make this statement without bearing in mind the very enriching and enlightening experiences I had several years before I came to this great legislative body when I had the responsibility of being the chief juvenile county officer for a time in the Los Angeles Juvenile Court, and then later also having the benefit of enriching and enlightening experiences by reason of membership on the California State Board of Education. My recital of these experiences on my part are made primarily ancing activities that yield satisfactions to so that you and my colleagues may be further enabled to appraise my strong approval of these 10 points, and of my own remarks at this time made in connection therewith.

Here, for instance, is the text of two important telegrams I have received from the State of California. The first is from Roy E. Simpson, superintendent of public instruction at Sacramento, and is as follows:

Have been advised House Appropriations Committee has eliminated all Federal appropriations for State and White House Conferences on Education, Advisory Committee Education. Because of need to study vital on Education and Cooperative Research in educational problems I urge your support of Federal funds for these purposes.

The second is from Hon. John Anson Ford, chairman, Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors, and is as follows:

Understand the House Appropriations Committee deleted $165,000 for support of juvenile delinquency project of the Children's Bureau. This is the only Federal activity we know of that attempts to bring together law enforcement, juvenile courts, probation, and welfare on a national level to combat the growing tide of juvenile delinquency. Certainly hope that this relatively insignificant sum can be restored to continue this important work. This special project has made a real contribution during the last 3 years. Will you please do what you can to have the appropriation restored?

And following is the text of the 10 points which I have heretofore referred to and which are considered by the National Education Association as imperative educational needs of American youth.


(EDITOR'S NOTE.-Much of the program planning in high schools throughout the country today is based on the following 10 imperative educational needs of youth. The list was drawn up by the educational policies commission of the National Educational Association.)

1. All youth need to develop salable skills and those understandings and attitudes that make the worker an intelligent and produc

tive participant in economic life. To this end, most youth need supervised work experience as well as education in the skills and knowledge of their occupations.

2. All youth need to develop and maintain physical fitness and mental health.

3. All youth need to understand the rights and duties of the citizens of a democratic

society, to be diligent and competent in the performance of their obligations as members of the community and citizens of the State

8. All youth need to be able to use their leisure time well and to budget it wisely, bal

the individual with those that are socially useful.

9. All youth need to develop respect for other persons, to grow in their insight into ethical values and principles, to be able to live and work cooperatively with others, and to grow in the moral and spiritual values of life.

10. All youth need to grow in their ability

to think rationally, to express their thoughts clearly, and to read and listen with under


What Could He Expect?






Mr. HOFFMAN of Michigan. Mr. Speaker, if Syngman Rhee, a true patriot, has been aware of current events, just what did he expect when he came to America on his last visit?

He must have known that for several years a group of Americans, whatever may have been their intentions, are doing their utmost, by entangling us in the affairs of other nations, to destroy American independence.

They have succeeded in letting other nations shape our foreign policy, insisted that as the years went by, we build up the strength of potential enemies, one of whom, the Communists, they now say threaten world domination. We have given billions of dollars to other nations, more than a million American casualties to contain communism abroad, while here at home, through positions in the Federal Government, we have subsidized Communists in policymaking positions,


our National Government, fed, clothed, and sheltered them-yes, as American boys died all over the world allegedly fighting communism, until today it is doubtful if there is a country in the whole world where the body of some mother's son does not lie, the bones of some wife's husband lie buried in the sea-here in Washington the National Government has coddled, protected, and encouraged them.

Well do I recall the days when Martin Dies, Joe Starnes, yes, and the present Vice President, Richard Nixon, were fighting Communists; when members of

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