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Mr. Curtis of Nebraska with Mr. Willis. delivery at any destination other than the Hoffman, Ill. Merrow
Mr. Short with Mr. Thompson of Louisi- ofice of mailing;
(2) Three cents for each ounce or fraction Holifield Miller, Calif. Schenck
Mr. Harrison of Wyoming with Mr. Regan. thereof, when mailed for local delivery at Holmes
Miller, Kans. Scherer
Mr. Mailliard with Mr. Brooks of Louisiana. the office of mailing, except as prescribed in Holtzman Miller, Nebr. Scrivner
Mr. Kersten with Mr. Chatham.
paragraph (3) of this subsection; and Hope Miller, N. Y. Scudder Mr. Busbey with Mr. Wheeler.
(3) Two cents for each ounce or fraction Horan Mills Secrest
thereof, when mailed for local delivery at Hosmer Mollohan Seely-Brown Mr. WILLIAMS of Mississippi. Mr.
post offices where free delivery by carrier is Howell Morano Selden
Speaker, how am I recorded? Hruska
not established and when the matter is not
The SPEAKER. The gentleman is re-
collected or delivered by rural or star route Hyde MOSS Shelley corded as voting "yea."
Mr. WILLIAMS of Mississippi. Mr. (b) In the case of first-class matter mailed
Speaker, under rule 8, clause 1, of the without prepayment of any postage or withJames Mumma
out prepayment of the full amount of postMurray
Simpson, Ill. Rules of the House of Representatives I Javits
age due, the Postmaster General is authorNatcher
Simpson, Pa. do not feel qualified to vote on this par-
ized to prescribe by regulation the conditicular measure. I therefore withdraw Jensen Nelson Smith, Kans.
tions under which such matter shall be deJohnson, Calif. Nicholson Smith, Miss. my vote of "yea" and vote "present." livered to the addressee or returned to the Johnson, Wis. Norblad
The result of the vote was announced sender. The conditions so prescribed shall Jonas, Ill. Norrell
be stated in such manner as to permit deJonas, N. C. Oakman
Spence Jones, Ala, O'Brien, Ill. Springer
Mr. WILLIAMS of Mississippi. Mr. livery of such mail to the addressee whenever Jones, Mo. O'Brien, Mich. Staggers Speaker, I ask unanimous consent to
it is practicable to do so consistent with Jones, N. C. O'Brien, N. Y. Stauffer
the collection of the charges prescribed in Judd
extend my remarks at this point in the
accordance with subsection (c) of this secKarsten, Mo. O'Hara, Minn. Stringfellow RECORD.
tion. Kean O'Konski Sullivan
The SPEAKER. Is there objection (c) The Postmaster General is authorized Kearney O'Neill
to the request of the gentleman from to prescribe by regulation from time to time Keating Ostertag Taylor Mississippi?
the charges to be collected on delivery in the Kee Passman Teague There was no objection.
case of any matter of the first class mailed Kelley, Pa. Patten Thomas
without prepayment of any postage or withKelly, N. Y. Patterson Thompson,
Mr. WILLIAMS of Mississippi. Mr.
out prepayment of the full amount of postKeogh Pelly Mich.
Speaker, on the rollcall just complet- age due. In determining such charges, the Kilburn Pfost Thornberry
ed, I am recorded as voting "present.” Postmaster General shall take into considerKilday Philbin
Tollefson King, Calif. Phillips
In view of the fact that I am not re- ation the postage actually due, and, to the King, Pa. Pilcher
extent practicable, the additional expense Kirwan Pillion Utt ure, I feel that I should take this means
incurred by reason of the failure to pay the Klein Poage Van Pelt to clarify my personal position on the minimizing the incidence of such mailings.
applicable postage and the desirability of Kluczynski Poff
(d) Regulations issued by the Postmaster Krueger Preston
Clause 1, rule VIII of the Rules of the
General under subsections (b) and (c) shall,
House of Representatives provides that to the extent prescribed therein, supersede Lane Prouty
Wainwright every Member "shall vote on each ques- existing laws, regulations, and orders governLanham Rabaut
tion put unless he has a direct or pecu- ing the subject matter covered thereby. Lantaff Radwan
(e) Section 12 (a) of the act of October 30, Rains Warburton niary interest in the event of such ques
1951 (39 U. S. C. sec. 246f (a)), is amended LeCompte Ray
tion." Lesinski Rayburn Westland
by inserting before the period at the end
Further, Jefferson's Manual of Par- thereof a semicolon and the following: Lipscomb Reams
liamentary Practice, paragraph 376, "(9) for returning undeliverable letters McCarthy Reed, Ill. Wickersham states:
and parcels of the first class from the deadMcConnell Reed, N. Y. Widnall McCormack
letter office to the senders." Rees, Kans. Wier
Where the private interests of a Member McCulloch Rhodes, Ariz. Wigglesworth are concerned in a bill or question, he is to.
Second-class mail McDonough Rhodes, Pa. Williams, N. J. withdraw.
SEC. 102. (a) Section 2 (a) of the Act of McIntire Richards
Williams, N. Y. McMillan Riehlman Wilson, Calif.
October 30, 1951 (39 U, S. C., sec. 289a), is
Mr. Speaker, due to the fact that I McVey Riley Wilson, Ind. would be one of the veterans personally mediately following “April 1, 1953,” and by
amended by striking out the word "and" imMachrowicz Rivers
affected by the bill just passed, I felt inserting before the colon immediately folMack, Ill. Roberts
Winstead Mack, Wash. Robeson, Va. Withrow
compelled under the Rules of the House lowing "April 1, 1954” a comma and the folMadden Robsion, Ky. Wolcott
to withdraw from voting and to be re- lowing: “(4) by an additional 10 percent, Magnuson Rodino
based on rates now in force, beginning on. Mahon
Rogers, Colo. Yates Marshall Rogers, Fla. Yorty
April 1, 1955, (5) by an additional 10 percent, Martin, Iowa Rogers, Mass. Young
based on rates now in force, beginning on Mason Rogers, Tex. Younger POSTAL FIELD SERVICE EMPLOYEES percent, based on rates now in force, be
April 1, 1956, and (6) by an additional 10 Matthews Rooney
Mr. REES of Kansas. Mr. Speaker, I ginning on April 1, 1957”. The term “rates
move to suspend the rules and pass the now in force", as used in the amendments ANSWERED "PRESENT”-1
bill (H. R. 9245) to establish a joint made by this subsection to section 2 (a) of Williams, Miss. committee of Congress to study postal such act of October 30, 1951, means the rates
in force immediately prior to April 1, 1952. NOT VOTING—34
field service reclassification, to increase
(b) The rates increased by subsection (a) Angell Grant
masters, officers, and employees in the charge of one-fourth of 1 cent computed on Brooks, La. Harrison, Wyo. Short
postal field service pending reclassifica- each individually addressed copy or package Buckley Heller
tion pursuant to recommendations of of unaddressed copies. Busbey Kersten, Wis. Sutton
(c) The rates of postage on copies of pubCamp
such joint committee, and for other
lications having second-class entry mailed
by others than the publishers or authorized Curtis, Nebr. McGregor Wheeler
news agents, sample copies mailed by the Davis, Tenn. Mailliard Willis
The Clerk read the bill, as follows:
publishers in excess of the 10 percent allowDodd Patman
ance entitled to be sent at tho pound rates,
Be it enacted, etc.-
and copies mailed by the publishers to per
TITLE -POSTAL RATES So (two-thirds having voted in favor
sons who may not be included in the rethereof), the rules were suspended and
quired legitimate list of subscribers, shall be, the bill was passed.
SEC. 101. (a) The rates of postage on mail in the case of publications weighing 8 ounces The Clerk announced the following matter of the first class (other than postal or less, the applicable rates now or hereafter
cards and private mailing or post cards) prescribed by law on third-class matter, and, pairs: shall be as follows:
in the case of publications weighing in excess Mr. Angell with Mr. Camp.
(1) 4 cents for the first ounce or fraction of 8 ounces, the applicable rates now or hereMr. Weichel with Mr. Perkins.
thereof, and 3 cents for each additional after prescribed or authorized by law on Mr. McGregor with Mr. Sikes.
ounce or fraction thereof, when mailed for fourth-class matter.
Determination of class of post office and (3) Section 2 (d) of the act of October 30, SEC. 103. (a) The rates of postage on compensation of postmaster and certain 1951 (39 U.S. C., sec. 289a (d)). third-class matter shall be 3 cents for the employees
(b) All laws or parts of laws inconsistent first 2 ounces or fraction thereof, and 11/2 Sec. 106. (a) On and after January 1, 1955, with this title are hereby repealed or modicents for each additional ounce or fraction 85 percent of the gross postal receipts of all fied to the extent of such inconsistency. thereof up to and including 8 ounces in classes of post offices shall be counted for the
Application to Guam weight, except that on matter mailed by re- purpose of determining the class of the post ligious, educational, scientific, philanthropic, office or the compensation or allowances of
SEC. 108. This title shall have the same. agricultural, labor, veterans', or fraternal or- postmasters or other employees whose com
force and effect within Guam as within other ganizations or associations, not organized for pensation or allowances are based on the possessions of the United States. profit and none oz the net income of which annual receipts of such offices. Nothing
Effective dates inures to the benefit of any private stock- contained in this subsection shall operate to SEC. 109. This title shall take effect on holder or individual, the rates shall be as decrease the compensation or allowances in
January 1, 1955, except that section 102 (a) follows: effect on the effective date of this subsection
and (b) shall take effect on April 1, 1955. (1) One and one-half cents for each 2 for postmasters and other employees in the ounces or fraction thereof on books and cat- postal field service on such date whose com
TITLE II—POSTAL EMPLOYEES PAY AND
CLASSIFICATON alogs of 24 pages or more, seeds, cuttings, pensation or allowances are based upon the bulbs, roots, scions, and plants not exceeding annual receipts of such offices.
SEC. 201. (a) The rates of basic compen. 8 ounces in weight; and
(b) In the case of the post office at Wash. sation, other than rates referred to in sub(2) Two cents for the first 2 ounces or ington, D. C., the Postmaster General may, section (b) of this section, of postmasters, fraction thereof, and one cent for each addi
in his discretion, add to the gross receipts officers, and employees in the postal field tional ounce or fraction thereof, on all other
of such office counted for the purposes of service whose rates of compensation are prethird-class matter.
subsection (a) of this section not to exceed scribed by the act entitled "An act to re
75 percent of such gross receipts. (b) Upon payment of a fee of $50 for each
classify the salaries of postmasters, officers, calendar year or of $15 for each quarter of a
(C) Notwithstanding any other provision and employees of the Postal Service; to escalendar year and under such regulations as
of law, the salaries of postmasters at fourth- tablish uniform procedures for computing the Postmaster General may prescribe for the
class post offices, as fixed by law, shall be compensation; and for other purposes", collection of postage and for facilitating the
deemed and taken to be full compensation approved July 6, 1945 (Public Law 134,
for the clerical labor in the issuance of handling of such matter in the mails, sep
79th Cong.), as amended, are hereby inarately addressed identical pieces of thirdmoney orders at such offices.
creased by 5 percent except that no such class matter in quantities of not less than 20 Repeal of existing provisions of law
rate shall be increased by less than $200 per
annum. pounds, or of not less than 200 pieces, may SEC. 107. (a) The following provisions of be mailed at pound rates of postage ap- law are hereby repealed:
(b) (1) That part of the compensation plicable to the entire bulk mailed at one (1) Section 202 (a) (4) of the act of Feb
schedule headed “Grades and Salaries of time. The rate of postage on third-class ruary 28, 1925, as amended by section 4 of Employees in the Automatic Grades” and matter mailed in bulk under this subsection the act of May 29, 1928 (39 U. S. C., sec.
contained in section 11A of such act of July shall be 16 cents for each pound or fraction 283);
6, 1945 (Public Law 134, 79th Cong.), as thereof with a minimum charge per piece of (2) Section 204 of the act of February 28, amended, which provides hourly rates of 11/2 cents, except that in the case of books 1925 (39 U. S. C., sec. 288);
compensation, is amended to read as follows: and catalogs of 24 pages or more, seeds, cuttings, bulbs, roots, scions, and plants the
“Hourly rates rate shall be 10 cents for each pound or fraction thereof with a minimum charge per
"Clerks in post offices of the 3d class; piece of 11/2 cents. The rate of postage carriers in village delivery service - $1. 435 $1. 485 $1.54 $1. 59 on third-class matter mailed in bulk under Charmen and charwomen..
1. 495 1. 55 this subsection but without individual ad
Mail handlers, messengers, watchdresses for delivery under regulations pre
men; operators of the pneumatic
tube service; garagemen-drivers.. 1. 645 1. 695 1. 75 1.80 scribed by the Postmaster General shall be Special delivery messengers in post subject to a minimum charge per piece of 2 offices of the ist class...
1. 645 1. 695 1.75 1.80 $1. 855 | $1. 905 $1. 96 cents. The rates of postage prescribed by Clerks; carriers in city delivery servthis subsection shall not apply with respect
ice; driver mechanics; general me
chanics; dispatchers of the pneuto matter mailed by religious, educational, matic tube service...
1.80 1.855 1. 905 1.96 2.01 $2.065 $2.115 scientific, philanthropic, agricultural, labor, Postal transportation clerks....
1.80 1.855 1. 905 1. 96 2.01 2.065 2. 115
2.02 veterans' or fraternal organizations or asso
Special mechanics.. ciations, not organized for profit and none of the net income of which inures to the benefit of any private stockholder or individual,
(2) The rates of basic compensation of such costs, not to exceed $100 per annum, and the existing rates of postage shall conpostmasters at post offices of the fourth class
as he may prescribe and shall reimburse tinue to apply with respect to such matter. are hereby increased by 5 percent.
such employee purchasing uniforms pur(C) Pieces or packages of third-class mail
(c) This section shall not apply to skilled- suant to such authorization for the cost
thereof. trades employees of the mail-equipment of such size or form as to prevent ready
Uniforms furnished to, or pur
chased by, an employee under this section facing and tying in bundles and requiring shops, job cleaners in first- and second-class individual distributing throughout shall be
post offices, and employees who are paid on shall become the property of such employee.” a fee or contract basis.
SEC. 204. So much of section 1310 (a) of subject to a minimum charge of 5 cents each.
(d) The increases in rates of basic com- the Supplemental Appropriation Act, 1952 Controlled circulation publications pensation provided by this section shall not (Public Law 253, 82d Cong.), as precedes the SEC. 104. The rate of postage on the pub, apply to longevity salary increases.
first proviso therein shall not apply to the lications defined in section 203 of the act
SEC. 202. Section 16 (r) of such act of total number of permanent employees in of July 3, 1948 (39 U. S. C., sec. 291b), when July 6, 1945 (Public Law 134, 79th Cong.), as the field and departmental service of the Post mailed by the publisher and regardless of
amended, which relates to travel allowances Office Department; except that no employee the weight of individual copies, shall be 11
for employees in the Postal Transportation shall be given a permanent appointment by cents for each pound or fraction thereof,
Service who are assigned to road duty, is reason of the enactment of this section of computed on the entire bulk mailed at one
amended by striking out “$6 per day” and this act who has not qualified therefor under time, but not less than 11/2 cents per piece,
inserting in lieu thereof "$9 per day." normal civil service procedures.
SEC. 203. Section 3867 of the Revised which rate shall remain in effect until other
SEC. 205. Any increase in rate of basic Statutes is hereby amended to read as compensation by reason of the enactment wise provided by Congress: Provided, That follows:
of this title shall not be considered as an the rate of postage on copies of such publi- "SEC. 3867. The Postmaster General may “equivalent increase” in compensation withcations when mailed by other than the pube prescribe a uniform dress to be worn by city in the meaning of section 701 of the Classifilishers, or when forwarded to the addressee and village delivery letter carriers, special. cation Act of 1949, as amended, in the case or returned to the sender, shall be 3 cents for delivery messengers, motor-vehicle em- of postmasters, officers, and employees in the the first two ounces and 11/2 cents for each ployees, custodial guards, elevator opera- postal field service who transfer or are transadditional ounce,
tors, and watchmen. The Postmaster Gen- ferred to positions within the purview of the Domestic airmail
eral shall furnish uniforms to each such em- Classification Act of 1949, as amended.
ployee for whom a uniform dress is so pre- SEC. 206. In the exercise of the authority SEC. 105. The rate of postage on domestic
scribed, at a cost not to exceed $100 per granted by section 81 of title 2 of the Canal airmail as defined in section 2 of the act
annum with respect to each employee, Zone Code, as amended, the Governor of the of August 14, 1946 (39 U. S. C., sec. 462a), except that, in any case where in his judg- Canal Zone is authorized to grant, as of the weighing 8 ounces or less (except postal ment it is in the interest of the postal field effective date of this section, additional comcards and private mailing or post cards) shall service, he may authorize any such employee pensation to postal employees of the Canal be 7 cents for each ounce or fraction thereof. to purchose uniforms, at such times and at Zone Government, based on the additional
compensation granted by this title to similar ately after subsection (a) thereof a new classification and pay plan for the postal employees in the field service of the Post subsection (b) to read as follows:
field service shall provide a method for deOffice Department of the United States.
“(b) The salaries of employees paid under termining the rates of basic compensation SEC. 207. This title shall have the same the provisions of this section shall be read- which postmasters, officers, and employees force and effect within Guam as within other justed at the beginning of the first com- shall receive under whichpossessions of the United States. plete pay period in each fiscal year.”
(1) the principle of equal pay for substanSEC. 208. (a) Section 7 of the act entitled (f) Section 14 of such act of July 6, 1945, tially equal work shall be followed; and "An act to reclassify the salaries of post
as amended, is amended by adding immedi- (2) variations in rates of basic compensamasters, officers, and employees of the Postal
ately after subsection (a) thereof a new sub- tion paid to different postmasters, officers, Service; to establish uniform procedures for section (b) to read as follows:
and employees shall be in proportion to subcomputing compensation; and for other pur
"(b) The salaries of employees paid under stantial differences in the difficulty, responsiposes”, approved July 6, 1945 (Public Law the provisions of this section shall be read- bility, and qualification requirements of the 134, 79th Cong.), as amended, is amended to
justed at the beginning of the first complete work performed and to the contributions of read as follows: pay period in each fiscal year.”
postmasters, officers, and employees to effi(g) That part of subsection (1) of section ciency and economy in the postal field service. “Method of payment
14 of such act of July 6, 1945, as amended, Such plan shall contain compensation sched"SEC. 7. (a) The compensation of post- which precedes the first proviso is amended
ules which set forth the various grades to masters and per annum rate employees shall to read as follows:
which positions in the postal field service are be paid in 26 installments. Each such in- “(1) Temporary employees in the custodial
to be allocated and provide the rates of basic stallment shall be the compensation for a service paid on an annual basis shall be paid
compensation, and the ranges of such rates, pay period of 2 weeks. The compensation at the rates of pay of grade 1 of the posi
which are to be applicable to such grades. of hourly rate substitute employees and tion in which employed and shall, at the
Such plan also shall contain provisions other hourly rate employees shall be com- beginning of the first complete pay period
whichputed for each pay period of 2 weeks on the following 52 weeks of satisfacory service in
(A) grant to personnel in the postal field basis of the number of hours of work per- each pay status, be advanced successively to
service the right to obtain appropriate review formed by such employees during such pay the rates of pay of the next higher grade
by the Civil Service Commission of all classiperiod. of such position; and temporary employees
fications of their positions; "(b) To compute an hourly rate for postin the custodial service paid on an hourly
(B) prohibit reductions in the rates of masters and per annum rate employees, the
basis shall be paid at the rates of pay of per annum rate shall be divided by 2080.
basic compensation of personnel on the rolls grade 1 of the position in which employed
on the date such plan (or any part thereof) "(c) To compute a daily rate for postand shall, at the beginning of the first com
becomes operative, by reason of the institumasters and per annum rate employees, the plete pay period following 52 weeks of satis
tion and operation of such plan (or any part hourly rate shall be multiplied by the numfactory service in each pay status, be ad
thereof); ber of daily hours of service required. vanced successively to the rates of pay of
(C) prohibit reductions in rates of basic the next higher grade of such position:”. "(d) Subsections (b) and (c) of this sec
compensation of any personnel, by reason of
(h) Section 15 (b) of such act of July tion shall not apply to carriers in the rural
any classification actions taken at any time delivery service. Whenever, for pay compu6, 1945, as amended, is amended by striking
under authority of such plan with respect to out "and shall be promoted successively at tation purposes, it is necessary to convert the the beginning of the quarter following 1
the positions occupied by such personnel, so basic annual rate of compensation of carriers
long as such personnel remain in the same year's satisfactory service in each grade until in the rural delivery service to a basic daily
positions or are assigned to perform and do they reach grade 8”, and by inserting in lieu or biweekly rate, the following rules shall thereof "and shall be promoted successively
perform work of the same level of difficulty, govern:
responsibility, and qualification requirements at the beginning of the first complete pay “(1) An annual rate shall be divided by period following 52 weeks of satisfactory
as the work which they were performing in 312 to derive a daily rate. service in each grade until they reach
such positions; and “(2) A daily rate shall be multiplied by
(D) preserve for personnel in the postal grade 8.” 12 to derive a biweekly rate.
field service on the rolls on the date such (i) That part of section 18 (f) of such
plan (or any part thereof) becomes opera"(e) All rates shall be computed to the act of July 6, 1945, as amended, which pre
tive the increases in rates of basic compennearest cent, counting one-half cent and cedes the first proviso is amended to read
sation provided by this act. over as a whole cent.
as follows: “(f) When a pay period for any postmaster "(f) Each temporary employee in the mail Such plan also may contain such provisions or employee begins in one fiscal year and equipment shops paid on an annual basis and proposals consistent with the purposes of ends in another fiscal year, the gross amount shall be paid at the rate of pay of the
this section as the Postmaster General deems of the earnings of such postmaster or em- lowest grade provided for a regular employee
advisable in the light of the needs of the ployee for such pay period may be regarded in the same type of position in which such Post Office Department, the best interests of as a charge against the appropriation or temporary employee is employed, and shall, personnel in the postal field service, and the allotment current at the end of such pay at the beginning of the first complete pay public interest. period."
period following 52 weeks of satisfactory (b) In the light of and pursuant to the (b) Section 8 of such act of July 6, 1945, service in each pay status, be advanced suc
investigation and study made under subsecas amended, is amended by adding at the cessively to the rates of pay of the next higher
tion (a) and in accordance with the purposes end thereof a new subsection (d) to read grade of such position:".
of such subsection, the Postmaster General as follows:
(1) The first section of the act of April 15,
shall transmit to the Congress, on or before "(d) The salaries of postmasters, assist1947 (Public Law 35, 80th Cong.), as
March 15, 1955, a classification and pay plan ant postmasters, and supervisors paid under amended, is amended by striking out “shall
for the postal field service. Such plan shall the provisions of
be prepared with due regard for the legislathis section shall be
be promoted successively at the beginning readjusted at the beginning of the first
of the quarter following 1 year's satisfactory tive forms and procedures of the Congress complete pay period in each fiscal year.” service in each grade" and by inserting in
and shall be accompanied by an appropriate (c) Section 9 (b) of such act of July 6, lieu thereof "shall be promoted successively
written explanation of the provisions, obat the beginning of the first complete pay jects, purposes, and effects thereof. The de1945, as amended, is amended by adding
period following 52 weeks of satisfactory livery of such plan and explanation thereof at the end thereof a new sentence to read service in each grade."
shall be made to both Houses on the same as follows: "The salaries of superintendents
(k) All laws or parts of laws inconsistent day. and assistant superintendents of classified
with the amendments made by this section (c) Except as may be otherwise provided stations shall be readjusted at the beginning
are hereby repealed or modified to the extent pursuant to subsection (e) of this section, of the first complete pay period in each necessary to carry out the purposes of and the provisions of such classification and pay fiscal year.” conform to such amendments.
plan for the postal field service shall take (d) Section 11A of such act of July 6, 1945, SEC. 209. (a) The Postmaster General is effect upon the expiration of the first period as amended, is amended by striking out authorized and directed to make a thorough
of 60 calendar days of continuous session "and shall be promoted successively at the investigation and study of various methods of the Congress, following the date on which beginning of the quarter following 1 year's for the classification of positions and the such plan is transmitted to the Congress; but satisfactory service in each grade to the determination of salaries in the postal field
only if, between the date of transmittal and next higher grade until they reach the top service and all matters relating thereto
the expiration of such period of 60 days there automatic grade” and by inserting in lieu
(including personnel and pay benefits and has not been passed by either of the two thereof "and shall be promoted successively administration), in order to provide a plan
Houses, by affirmative vote of a majority, a at the beginning of the first complete pay (to be submitted by the Postmaster Gen- quorum being present, a resolution stating in
substance that that House does not favor period following 52 weeks of satisfactory
eral to, and to be subject to review by, the service in each grade to the next higher
Congress, in accordance with the provisions such plan.
of this section and section 10) for the (d) For the purposes of subsection (c) of grade until they reach the top automatic
establishment of a uniform, integrated, and this sectiongrade."
equitable classification and pay system for (1) continuity of session shall be consid(e) Section 13 of such act of July 6, 1945, all postmasters, officers, employees, and po- ered as broken only by an adjournment of as amended, is amended by adding immedi- sitions in the postal field service. Such the Congress sine die; but
(2) in the computation of the 60-day pe- charge the committee be made with respect (d) No employee shall be reduce in comriod, there shall be excluded the days on to any other resolution with respect to the pensation by reason of the amendments which either House is not in session because plan.
made by this section. of an adjournment of more than 3 days to a (g) When the committee has reported, or SEC. 213. This title shall take effect as day certain.
has been discharged from further considera- follows: (e) Any provision of the plan may, under tion of, a resolution with respect to the plan, (1) Sections 207, 209, 210, and 211 and this provisions contained in the plan, be made it shall at any time thereafter be in order section shall take effect on the date of enoperative at a time later than the date on (even though a previous motion to the same actment of this act; which the plan shall otherwise take effect. effect has been disagreed to) to move to (2) Sections 201, 205, and 206 shall take
(f) If such classification and pay plan be- proceed to the consideration of such resolu- effect on the first day of the first pay period comes effective, such plan shall be printed tion. Such motion shall be highly privileged which begins after the date of enactment of in the Statutes at Large in the same volume and shall not be debatable. No amendment this act; as the public laws and shall be printed in to such motion shall be in order and it shall (3) Sections 202, 203, and 204 shall take the Federal Register.
not be in order to move to reconsider the vote effect on the first day of the first calendar (g) Any increase in rate of basic compen- by which such motion is agreed to or dis- month following the calendar month in sation by reason of the institution and opera- agreed to.
which this act is enacted; and tion of such classification and pay plan for (h) Debate on the resolution shall be (4) Sections 208 and 212 shall take effect the postal field service shall not be consid- limited to not to exceed 10 hours, which shall on the first day of the second calendar month ered as an “equivalent increase” in compen- be equally divided between those favoring following the calendar month in which this sation within the meaning of section 701 of and those opposing the resolution. A motion act is enacted. the Classification Act of 1949, as amended, further to limit debate shall not be debatable. in the case of postmasters, officers, and emNo amendment to, or motion to recomit, the
The SPEAKER. Is a second deployees in the postal field service who trans- resolution shall be in order, and it shall not
manded? fer or are transferred to positions within the be in order to move to reconsider the vote by Mr. MURRAY. Mr. Speaker, I depurview of the Classification Act of 1949, as which the resolution is agreed to or dis- mand a second. amended. agreed to.
The SPEAKER. Is the gentleman opSEC. 210. (a) This section is enacted by the (i) All motions to postpone, made with
posed to the bill? Congress:
respect to the discharge from committee, or
the consideration of, a resolution with re(1) As an exercise of the rule-making
Mr. MURRAY. I am not, Mr. Speaker.
The SPEAKER. Is any Member oppower of the Senate and the House of Repre- spect to the plan, and all motions to proceed sentatives, respectively, and as such it shall
to the consideration of other business, shall posed to the bill? be considered as part of the rules of each be decided without debate.
Mr. DAVIS of Georgia. Mr. Speaker, House, respectively, but applicable only with
(j) All appeals from the decisions of the I demand a second. respect to the procedure to be followed in Chair relating to the application of the rules
The SPEAKER. Is the gentleman such House in the case of resolutions (as of the Senate or the House of Representa
? defined in subsection (b) of this section); tives, as the case may be, to the procedure opposed to the bill?
Mr. DAVIS of Georgia. I am, Mr. and such rules shall supersede other rules relating to a resolution with respect to the
Speaker. only to the extent that they are inconsistent plan shall be decided without debate. therewith; and
SEC. 211. In the exercise of the authority Mr. REES of Kansas. Mr. Speaker, I (2) With full recognition of the constitu- granted by section 81 of title 2 of the Canal ask unanimous consent that a second tional right of either House to change such
Zone Code, as amended, the Governor of the be considered as ordered. rules (so far as relating to the procedure in Canal Zone is authorized to adopt the postal
The SPEAKER. Is there objection to such House) at any time, in the same manner
field service classification and pay plan, or and to the same extent as in the case of any
the request of the gentleman from Kanany part thereof, made operative pursuant
sas? other rule of such House.
to sections 209 and 210 of this title, as of the (b) As used in this section and section 9,
date or dates such plan, or any part thereof, There was no objection. the term "resolution" means only a resolu
becomes operative, for postal employees of Mr. REES of Kansas. Mr. Speaker, I tion of either of the two Houses of Congress,
the Canal Zone Government. The Post- yield myself 7 minutes.
master General shall make available to the the matter after the resolving clause of which is as follows: "That the
Mr. Speaker, I would like to clear up -- does Governor of the Canal Zone copies of such
2 or 3 matters that have been brought not favor the postal field service classification
matter relating to such plan as may be necesand pay plan transmitted to Congress by the sary to carry out the purposes of this sec
to the attention of the Members of the Postmaster General.”, the blank space therein
House. One of them is that both bills tion, including descriptions of positions and being filled with the name of the resolving rates of compensation
provided for therein. now before you, as one bill, have been House.
SEC. 212. (a) The first sentence of the first well considered by our committee. Com(c) All resolutions with respect to the
section of the act entitled "An act to provide plete hearings were held on the legislapostal field service classification and pay plan postal field service”, approved May 3, 1950 uniform longevity promotional grades for the
tion you are considering at this time. shall be referred, by the President of the Senate or the Speaker of the House of Rep
(Public Law 500, 81st Cong.), as amended, Reports have been filed with the House resentatives, only to the Committee on Post
is amended by striking "out longevity grades and any and all Members have had a Office and Civil Service of the Senate or the
A, B, and c” and inserting in lieu thereof chance to read those reports, if they so Committee on Post Office and Civil Service of "longevity grades A, B, C, and D.”
desired. Let there be no misunderstandthe House of Representatives, as the case
(b) Subsection (b) of the first section of ing, and let no one say that you did not may be. such act of May 3, 1950, as amended, is
have any chance to know about this leg(d) If the committee to which has been amended to read as follows:
islation. I make that statement in rereferred a resolution with respect to such
"(b) Each such postmaster or employee postal field service classification and pay plan who is serving in a regular position on the ply to certain criticisms that have been
made heretofore. has not reported such resolution before the
date this amendatory subsection takes effect expiration of 10 calendar days after its inor who is appointed to such a position at
Our time is limited, of course, but both troduction, it shall then (but not before)
any time thereafter, shall be assigned to of these bills and the material in them be in order to move either to discharge the longevity grade A at the beginning of the have been discussed over and over again committee from further consideration of
first complete pay period following the com- by Members of the House. So I shall such resolution, or to discharge the commit
pletion of 13 years of service, to longevity discuss quite briefly the contents of the tee from further consideration of any other
grade B at the beginning of the first comresolution with respect to such postal field plete pay period following the completion of proposed legislation. service classification and pay plan which has 17 years of service, to longevity grade C at the
The bill as amended will provide: been referred to the committee.
beginning of the first complete pay period First. A permanent 5-percent increase (e) Such motion may be made only by a following the completion of 21 years of serv- for all postmasters, officers, and emperson favoring the resolution, shall be highly ice, and to longevity grade D at the beginning ployees in the postal field service with privileged (except that it may not be made of the first complete pay period following the
a minimum of $200, except in the case after the committee has reported a resolu- completion of 25 years of service.”
(c) Section 2 of such act of May 3, 1950, as
of fourth-class postmasters and hourly tion with respect to the plan), and debate thereon shall be limited to not to exceed 1 amended, is hereby amended (1) by striking rate employees. hour, to be equally divided between those out the word "quarter” and inserting in lieu Second. A fourth longevity grade for favoring and those opposing the resolution. thereof “first complete pay period”, and (2) personnel of the postal field service. No amendment to such motion shall be in by inserting before the period at the end Third. A reclassification for all postorder, and it shall not be in order to move to thereof a comma and the following: "and masters, officers, and employees in the reconsider the vote by which such motion on and after the effective date of this is agreed to or disagreed to. amendatory provision shall be assigned to
postal field service by requiring that (f) If the motion to discharge is agreed longevity grade D at the beginning of the
the Postmaster General submit to Conto or disagreed to, such motion may not be first complete pay period following the com- gress by March 15, 1955, a proposal for renewed, nor may another motion to dis- pletion of 25 years of service."
job evaluation of the positions of postal field service personnel. This proposal and also to provide a beginning on the Under the reclassification program must contain schedules which set forth reclassification of postal employees' sal- provided by this bill, along with their grades and salaries of postal field sery- aries. Such an overhauling of the salary present salary and the 5-percent inice positions, and provisions assuring structure of postal field service employ- crease this bill provides, the employees postal employees (a) of the right to ees has been urged for many years by cannot suffer a salary loss. There can appeal their classification to the Civil various responsible groups who have be no downgrading of an individual emService Commission; (b) that those on conducted investigations of this problem.
conducted investigations of this problem. ployee now or in the future. All emthe rolls when the plan, or any part At long last it has received the atten
At long last it has received the atten- ployees will have the right to appeal thereof, becomes operative will not suf- tion of Congress in legislative form. their classification to the Civil Service fer any loss in salary; and (c) that they We also propose to include an increase Commission. What more could an emwill not be downgraded. This plan will in postal rates-one recommended by our ployee want? It can be challenged, in take effect unless disapproved within 60 committee and justified even without a my judgment, only by those who do not days by a majority of either House of pay raise. Unless the cost of the salary want to have a fair salary standardCongress, a quorum being present. bill is made up by postal rates, it will
those who do not want to receive equal Fourth. An increase in the allowable increase by $150 million the amount of pay for equal work—those who do not per diem for employees in the transpor- the postal deficit which must otherwise want a properly adjusted scale recogtation service to $9 per day from the be made up by taxes. These taxes, of
These taxes, of nizing higher salaries for increased present rate of $6 per day.
course, are levied upon everyone regard responsibility.
, · Fifth. A uniform allowance of $100 less of the amount they use the postal Now, may I turn to the postal-rate annually for those employees required service. When they are met by raising
features of this bill? to wear uniforms.
postal rates, they are at least partly paid Right at this point I should like to pay Sixth. A modification of present law by individuals who use the postal service a tribute to Postmaster General Summerwhich restricts the number of perma- in direct proportion to the use made by field. Many of the opponents of postal nent appointments in the Federal serv- the individual or business firm con- rate increases have pointed to the treice. This will permit the granting of cerned.
mendous savings he has made in operatpermanent appointments to a large The need for reclassification in postal ing costs and say that with such a reducnumber of temporary and indefinite em- service is admitted by postal employees,
tion in the postal deficit, rate increases ployees in the postal field service.
as well as by postal employee organiza- should not be necessary. No greater Seventh. A biweekly pay period for tions. It is a necessary step in the per
tions. It is a necessary step in the per- tribute could be paid, although possibly personnel of the postal field service. sonnel program in the Post Office De- unwittingly, to a man who has given Total cost of the salary increases is partment. Employee groups have ex
unstintingly and without regard to per$151,533,000.
pressed concern that Congress continue sonal sacrifice of his time and effort, I want to say to the Members of the control over specific salary rates. In
both in the field of postal employees House that this legislation is also a com- order to satisfy that situation, and in
classifications and postal rates. promise. It is a compromise with re- order that those who wish to have an
Mr. Summerfield has, through his own spect to either part 1 or part 2 of this other look at a reclassification plan be
individual efforts and those of the staff measure. There is nothing unusual unusual fore it becomes effective, this bill pro
he has selected around him and with about that. Speaking about precedent, vides the reclassification proposal of the
the cooperation of our committee, we did this same thing once before in Postmaster General will be submitted to brought about economies, and reduced this Congress, and all we are doing is the Congress, and such plan cannot go
the postal deficit of the Truman adminfollowing that same precedent. After into effect if either the House or the
istration of $700 million down to $400 all, does not this House control its own Senate disapproves.
million this last year. precedents. The question as I see it is
The postal employees salary bill in
The postal deficit is the responsibility whether this legislation is right or wrong. cludes many other benefits to postal em
of all of us. We cannot expect one man Let us not find excuses on the basis of ployees—benefits they have sought for
to solve all of it. The Postmaster Genprecedents to determine our votes. Why a number of years. It includes a
eral has brought about a sharp reduction not vote on the question as to whether
in the deficit through introduction of fourth longevity grade for personnel of the legislation is right? the postal field service. It includes
good business methods and economies. Incidently, since the matter of bringa uniform allowance of up to $100
Our committee has also helped by ining bills to the floor has been mena year for postal employees required
sisting that departments pay the cost of tioned, I call your attention to four other to wear uniforms. It will permit handling their mail and by insisting that bills being considered under suspension.
the airmail subsidy be paid by the demore permanent appointments in the No one has offered a word of criticism
postal field service. It establishes a bi- partment charged with the supervision with respect to the consideration of any weekly pay period. It increases the per
of the airlines. of those bills considered under the same
But there is a limit to the effect econdiem allowance of employees in the rule.
omies can have on the postal deficit. А Under my motion, this legislation is postal field service from the present $6 per day to $9 per day. I believe if the
few people have done their share. The being considered under suspension of Members of the House will take a search
responsibility now for increasing postal the rules. As the Members know, this
rates to absorb the cost of the postal ing look at this bill, they will find it has leaves a limited amount of time to discuss the provisions of this legislation. ten them about for many years. benefits in it that employees have writ
salary increase, as well as a small part of
the remaining deficit, rests with the 435 However, there has been so much con
Members of this House. I hope they will
. I have done my best to let the emtroversy and so much discussion of both
assume that responsibility and vote fabills that I feel reasonably sure that the ployees throughout the country know
vorably for this bill. Members are as familiar with the effect what we are trying to do for them in this bill. I know once this bill is passed
To continue with respect to postal of this legislation as they are of any
rates: and becomes law and they begin to feel bills that have been before this Congress.
FIRST-CLASS MAIL the benefits it provides, they will let you My motion provides for approval unknow in no uncertain terms that you
The bill as reported increases from 3 der suspension of the rules of the pro- have done a very generous act by ap
cents to 4 cents the rate on the first visions of H. R. 9836, recommended
I feel sure
ounce of first-class letter mail for deunanimously by our committee, relating proving this legislation.
livery outside the office of mailing. Only to pay and classification of postal em: bill calls for is presented to the Conwhen the reclassification proposal this
drop-letter mail makes a profit. No ployees, combined with a readjustment of postal rates, as reported by our comgress, there will be general agreement
change is made on rate on drop-letter mittee in H. R. 6052. I believe that the that it is fair, just, and should be put mail. It remains at 3 cents.
AIRMAIL membership is preponderantly in favor into effect. I know that when employee of the objectives of this legislation. groups are aware of the many saving
The rate on domestic airmail is in
creased from 6 cents to 7 cents an ounce, The objectives are, first, to provide a clauses and the protection of their privisalary increase for postal employees leges we have written into this bill, they
SECOND-CLASS MAIL commensurate with the cost of living will realize how well we have acted in First. In addition to the 10-percent since their last increase, July 1, 1951, their interest.
increase due April 1, 1954, under existing