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cases, in the repeated filibustering expe- of “Wheaton;" and Mr. Lawrence (the ditions of Walker against Central Ame- editor of the second annotated edition of rica, and the acquittal under it of Lopez, “Wheaton”), in a recent speech at Bristol, the invader of Cuba, are proofs that its stated that "as far as respects the comaction cannot always be relied upon; plaint founded on the recognition of the and this is further corroborated by the belligerent rights of the Confederates, I difficulties now being experienced in deal. cannot use too strong language in proing with the “Hornet,” at Wilmington. nouncing its utter baseless character. Although, as Mr. Fish says, there have No tyro in international law is ignorant been prosecutions under it, it is believed that belligerency is a simple question of that from the trial of Gideon Henfield in fact. With the late Sir Cornewall Lewis, 1793 to the present day there has never we may ask, if the array of a million of been a criminal conviction.

The only

men on each side does not constitute result of the proceedings in rem has been belligerency, what is belligerency? But to restore prizes, never to punish priva- what was the proclamation of the Presi. teering; and the effect of the bonds which dent, followed up by the condemnation the Act provides may be taken, that the of your ships and cargoes for a violation owners of a vessel shall not themselves of the blockade which is established, but employ her in a belligerent service, and a recognition of a state of war? At this which has, it is believed, never been moment the United States, in claiming practically enforced, is, as Mr. Bemis, of the property of the late Confederate Go. Boston, points out in his volume on vernment, place before your tribunals American neutrality, to add so much to their title on the fact of their being the the price of the vessel.

successors of a de facto Government. I With regard to the claims for “vast repeat that, however valid our claims national injuries," it may be as well to may be against you on other grounds, observe that Professor Wolsey, the emi. there is not the slightest pretext for any nent American jurist, has repudiated claim against you based on the public them as untenable, while the strongest admission of a notorious fact, the existarguments in favour of the recognition of ence of which has been recognized by Confederate belligerency are to be found every department of the Federal Govern in the notes to Mr. Dana's eighth edition ment."

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1.-AN ACCOUNT OF THE GROSS PUBLIC INCOME OF THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND, In the Year ended the 31st day of December, 1869, and of the actual Issues within the same period, exclusive of sums applied to the Redemption of Funded

or paying off Unfunded Debt, and of the Advances and Repayments for Local Works, &c. INCOME.

£ d. EXPENDITURE.

£ 8. d. £ Customs

22,073,000 0 0 Interest and Management of the Per-
Excise
20,739,000 0 0 manent Debt

22,437,194 14 11
Stamps
9,365,000 0 0 Terminable Annuities

3,426,996 4 10
Taxes (Land and Assessed)
2,774,000 0 0 Interest of Exchequer Bonds

105,500 0
Property Tax
7,531,000 0 0 Interest of Exchequer Bills

143,889 8
Post Office

4,700,000 0 0 Interest on Bank Advances for Deficiency 8,328 1 Crown Lands (Net)

363,000 0 0 Interest on Bank Advances in Aid of Ways and Means

5,227 7 9

26,127,135 16 11 MISCELLANEOUS:

£

CHARGES ON CONSOLIDATED FUND :-
Civil List

406,259 1 1
Military and Naval extra Receipts
and proceeds of Old Stores sold 1,027,746 0 9

Annuities and Pensions

287,988 7 3
Amount received from the Reve.

Salaries and Allowances

144,467 19 10
nues of India on account of the

Diplomatic Salaries and Pensions

91,959 11 8

Courts of Justice
Effective and Non-effective Charges

686,383 12 6
of British Troops serving in that

Miscellaneous Charges

182,941 3 8

1,799,999 16 0
Country
567,750 0 0

SUPPLY SERVICES :-
Allowance out of Profits of Issue re.

Army

14,075,400 0 0
ceived from the Bank of England,
per Act 24 Vict. c. 3

Navy:

9,403,835 5 6
138,578 0 0
Abyssinian Expedition

3,300,000 0 0
Other Miscellaneous Receipts

1,436,300 12 10
Miscellaneous Civil Services

9,317,208 7 10
3,170,374 13 7 Salaries, Superannuations, &c., of Cus-
toms and Inland Revenue

2,571,225 19 0
Ditto ditto of Post Office

2,324,2490 0
Packet Service

1,241,338 0 6

42,233,256 12 10
· Total Ordinary Expenditure £70,160,392 5 9
Expenses of Fortifications (provided for by Money raised by
Ännuities created)

300,000 0

Total Expenditure £70,460,392 5 9
Excess of Income over Ordinary Expenditure in the year
ended 31st December, 1869

554,982 7 10
Deduct-Expenses of Fortifications, as above 300,000 0 0

254.982 7 10
Total Income. £70,715,374 13 7

£70,715,374 13 7

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Balances in the Exche-S England

2.-AN ACCOUNT OF THE BALANCES OF THE PUBLIC MONEY Remaining in the Exchequer on the 31st day of December, 1868; the amount of Money raised by additions to the Funded or Unfunded Debt, and the amount

applied towards the Redemption of Funded or Paying off Unfunded Debt in the Year ended the 31st day of December, 1869; the total amount of Advances and
Repayments on account of Local Works, &c., in the same period ; and the Balances in the Exchequer on the 31st day of December, 1869.
At the Bank of £
£ $. d. Exchequer Bonds paid off, viz. :-

£
d.

£ $. d.
quer on the 31st De.
Balances in the Exche-S 4 England
*2,606,084 12 5

Series L., dated 18th March, 1865 600,000 0
At the Bank of
cember, 1868.

P. 23rd September, 1868. 1,000,000 0 0
Ireland 1,086,684 91

N. 12th December, 1867 . 700,000 0 0
Money raised in the Year ended 31st
3,692,769 1 6

2,300,000 0 December, 1869 :-FUNDED DEBT :

Exchequer Bills paid off in Money

138,500 0 By the creation of Terminable Annuities,

Advances in aid of Ways and Means repaid

2,000,000 0
per Acts 30 & 31 Vict. c. 145 (to

Advances for Purchase of Bullion, and for Local Works, &c. 1,471,043 8 11
provide for the Expense of constructing

Advances for New Courts of Justice

20,000 0
certain Fortifications), to expire on the

Advances for Greenwich Hospital

100,000 0 0
5th April, 1885, as follows:-

At the Bank of
£ Annuity com-

quer on the 31st De.

+2,259,718 5 10
12th Mar. 1869 16,783 mencing 200,0000

0
6 April, 1869

cember, 1869

At the Bank of
Ireland

850,473 12 3
Ditto 6 April,
100,000 0 0

3,110,191 18 1
1869
UNFUNDED DEBT :-

300,000 0 0
Exchequer Bonds, per Acts 31 & 32 Vict.

c. 27, and 32 & 33 Vict. c. 22, as

follows:-
Series Q., dated 18th March, 1869, and
payable 18th March, 1870

600,000 0 0
Series R., dated 12th December, 1869,
and payable 12th March, 1871

700,000 0 0

1,300,000 0 0
Advances in aid of Ways and Means

2,000,000 0 0
Repayments on account of Advances for the Purchase of
Bullion, and for Local Works, &c.

1,521,983 17 8
Repayments on account of Advances for New Courts of
Justice

70,000 0 0
Excess of Income over Total Expenditure, in the year ended
31st December, 1869

254,982 7 10

20th July

8,278 {

* No balance remaining of the Money raised for Fortifications.

£9,139,735 7 0

# No balance remaining of the Money raised for fortifications.

£9,139,735 7 0

Treasury Chambers, Whitehall, 12th January, 1870.

JAMES STANSFELD.

PROMOTIONS AND APPOINTMENTS.

Jan. 1. Sir James Fergusson, Bart., to be Governor and Commander-in-Chief of the Colony of South Australia and its dependencies ; Charles Du Cane, Esq., to be Governor and Commander-in-Chief of the Colony of Tasmania and its dependencies; and William Hales Franklyn, Esq., to be Civil Commissioner and Col. lector of Taxes for the Seychelles Islands.

Sir George Markham Giffard, Knight, a Vice-Chancellor, to be a Judge of the Court of Appeal in Chancery, in the room of the Right Hon. Sir William Page Wood, Knight (now Lord Hatherley), resigned

6. The dignity of a Baronet of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland granted unto the Right Hon. Maziere Brady, of Hazelbrook, in the county of Dublin, and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten.

12. The Hon. Frederick John Bruce to be Page of Honour to Her Majesty, vice the Hon. Spencer Frederick Jocelyn, resigned.

14. The Most Noble Henry FitzAlan, Duke of Norfolk, took the oath of Earl Marshal.

Robert Ogilvie, Esq., M.A., Head Mas. ter of Milnes Institution, Fochabers, N.B., and William Jolly, Esq., English Master in the Edinburgh Collegiate School, to be two of Her Majesty's Inspectors of Schools in Scotland; and the Rev. Henry Hughes, of Christ Church, Oxford, B.A., to be one of Her Majesty's Inspectors of Schools in England.

William Wellington Cairns, Esq., to be Lieutenant-Governor of the Island of St. Christopher and of the Island of Nevis.

21. The Rev. James Bowling Moz. ley, B.D., to be Canon of the Cathedral Church of Worcester, vice the Hon. and Rev. John Fortescue, deceased.

28. Commander Edward Wingfield Shaw, R.N., to be Lieutenant-Governor of the Town and Fort of Malacca and its dependencies.

29. Paolo Vella, Esq., LL.D., to be one of Her Majesty's Judges for the Island of Malta ; and Charles Fitz Wil. liam Cadiz, Esq., to be Attorney-General for the Island of Tobago.

Sir Thomas Edward Colebrooke, to be Lieutenant and Sheriff Principal of the Shire of Lanark, in the room of Robert Montgomery, Lord Belhaven, deceased.

The Right Rev. Father in God John, Bishop of London, to be Dean of Her Majesty's Chapels Royal.

Feb. 4. The honour of Knighthood conferred on William Milbourne James, Esq., a Vice-Chancellor.

John Hampden King, Esq., to be a Puisne Judge of the colony of British Guiana ; and Melford Campbell, Esq., to be President of the Council of the Turks and Caicos Islands and their depen. dencies.

- 5. The Right Hon. George, Lord de Tabley, Lord Justice Sir George Markham Giffard, and James Stansfeld, Esq., sworn of Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council.

6. The dignity of a Knight of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland granted unto William Young, Esq., Chief Justice and President of the Legislative Council of the Province of Nova Scotia.

Charles Calvert Eden, Esq., now a Third Secretary, to be a Second Secre. tary Her Majesty's Diplomatic Service.

12. Edmund Yeamans Walcott Henderson, Esq., C.B., late LieutenantColonel in the Corps of Royal Engineers, to be the Commissioner of Police of the metropolis, in the room of Sir Richard Mayne, deceased.

13. The Most Noble William Ame.

lius Aubrey de Vere, Duke of St. Alban's, of Divorce and Matrimonial Causes, and and the Right Hon. George William, the heirs male of his body lawfully beLord Lyttelton, by Her Majesty's com- gotten, by the name, style, and title of mand, sworn of Her Majesty's Most Baron Penzance, of Penzance, in the Honourable Privy Council.

county of Cornwall. The dignity of a Knight of the United

Frederick Aloysius Weld, Esq., Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland to be Governor and Commander-in-Chief granted unto Hugh William Hoyles, Esq., of the Colony of Western Australia and Chief Justice of the Colony of New- its dependencies. foundland.

8. William Alexander Parker, Esq., 25. The Rev. George Prothero, to be Chief Justice of the Supreme Court M.A., to be a Canon of the Collegiate of the Island of St. Helena. Church of St. Peter, Westminster, vice 9. Mr. Hugh Guion M‘Donell, now Dr. Christopher Wordsworth, Bishop of a Second Secretary in Her Majesty's Lincoln.

Diplomatic Service and employed in Her March 1. The dignity of a Knight of Majesty's Legation at Copenhagen, to be the United Kingdom of Great Britain Secretary to Her Majesty's Legation at and Ireland granted unto Robert Hodg- Buenos Ayres. son, Esq., Chief Justice of the Island of 12. William Thomas March, Esq., Prince Edward.

to be Secretary for the Island of Jamaica. Admiral Sir George Rose Sartorius, 15. Mr. Rawson William Rawson, K.C.B., to be Vice-Admiral of the United C.B., to be Governor and Commander. Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland,and in-Chief of the Islands of Barbadoes, Lieutenant of the Admiralty thereof, in Grenada, St. Vincent, Tobago, and St. the room of Admiral Sir William Bowles, Lucia, and their dependencies; Sir BenK.C.B., promoted to be Admiral of the jamin Chilley Campbell Pine, to be Go. Fleet.

vernor and Commander-in-Chief of the 2. The Hon. William Owen Stanley, Islands of Antigua, Montserrat, St. Chris. to be Lieutenant and Custos Rotulorum topher Nevis, the Virgin Islands, and of the county of Anglesey, in the room Dominica, and their dependencies; Sir of Henry, Marquis of Anglesey, deceased. James Walker, K.C.M.G., C.B., to be

4. The Rev. Thomas Goodwin Governor and Commander-in-Chief of Hatchard, M.A., to be ordained and con. the Bahama Islands. secrated Bishop of the See of Mauritius.

29. Mr. Daniel Power Trench to be 27. The dignity of a Baron of the Collector-General for the Island of Ja. United Kingdom of Great Britain and maica; and Mr. Richard Gillard to be Ireland granted unto the Right Hon. Collector of Customs for the port of Sir John Laird Mair Lawrence, Bart., Kingston, in that island. Her Majesty G.C.B., G.C.S.I., lately Her Majesty's has also been pleased to appoint Mr. Viceroy and Governor-General of India, Robert Graham to be Collector of Cus. and the heirs male of his body lawfully toms, Principal Comptroller of Her Ma. begotten, by the name, style, and title jesty's Customs and Navigation Laws, of Baron Lawrence, of the Punjab, and and Registrar of Shipping for the Colony of Grately, in the county of South. of the Cape of Good Hope ; Mr. Henry ampton.

Martin Herbert Orpen to be Sub-Collector April 1. The dignity of a Knight of and Surveyor of Customs and Comp. the United Kingdom of Great Britain troller of Her Majesty's Customs and and Ireland granted unto Charles Far- Navigation Laws at Capetown; and Mr. quhar Shand, Esq., Chief Justice of the Charles Wemyss Pearson to be SubIsland of Mauritius.

Collector and Comptroller of Her Ma. Samuel Rennalls, Esq., to be a Member jesty's Customs and Navigation Laws of the Legislative Council of the Island at Port Alfred, in the aforesaid colony. of Jamaica ; and Richard Levinge, Esq., May 1. Major-General Edward Frome to be Treasurer for the Island of Do. to be Lieutenant-Governor of the Island minica.

of Guernsey, in the room of Major. 3. The Right Hon. John, Earl of General Charles Rochfort-Scott, whose Stair, K.T., to be Her Majesty's High period of service has expired. Commissioner to the General Assembly · 3. Charles Augustus Cobbe, Esq., of the Church of Scotland.

to be one of the Inspectors under the 6. The dignity of a Baron of the " Act to render more effectual the Police United Kingdom of Great Britain and in Counties and Boroughs in England Ireland granted unto the Right Hon. Sir and Wales," in the room of Colonel Wil. James Plaisted Wilde, Knight, Judge of liam Cartwright, resigned. Her Majesty's Court of Probate and 4. The dignity of a Knight of the Judge Ordinary of Her Majesty's Court United Kingdom of Great Britain and

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