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thereof each colonel, $12; each lieutenant-colonel, $11; each major, $10; ea babutant $6; each surgeon, $10; and each surgeon's mate, $6. That every non-commissioned officer, musician, and private of the artery and infantry, shall receive annually the following articles of L ra el thing, to wit: one hat, one coat, one vest, two pair of woollen


o pair of linen overalls, offe coarse linen frock and trowsers for fatigue e. tung, four pair of shoes, four shirts, two pair of socks, two pair of short 28, one blanket, one stock and clasp, and one pair of half gaiters: a i the secretary of war is hereby authorized to cause to be furnished to the paymasters of the respective districts, such surplus of clothing as he may dem expedient, which clothing shall, under his direction, be furnished sudi rs, when necessary, at the contract prices, and accounted for by them out of their arrears of monthly pay.]


SEC 9. That the President of the United States cause to be arranged the Lô ...**, non commi missioned officers, musicians, and privates of the several corps of troops now in the service of the United States, in such manner as form and complete, out of the same, the corps aforesaid; and cause the -mumerary ofheers, non-commissioned officers, musicians, and privates,

1 seharged from the service of the United States, from and after the 1st–ay of April next, or as soon thereafter as cir'umstances may permit. Suc. 10. That the officers, non-commissioned officers, musicians, and 1* vates, of the said corps, shall be governed by the rules and articles of war, which have been established by the United States in Congress assemFi by such rules and articles as may be hereafter by law establishedPred, merertheless, That the sentence of general courts-martial, extending to the loss of life, the dismission of a commissioned officer, or which

al respect the general officer, shall, with the whole of the proceedin s ↑ much cans, respectively, be laid before the President of the United w to is hereby authorized to direct the same to be carried into exen, or otherwise, as he shall judge proper.

* 11' That the commissioned officers who shall be employed in the postaiting aervice, to keep up, by voluntary enlistments, the corps as afore1 shui be entitled to re eive, for every effective, abie-bodied citizen of Estd States, who shall be duly enlisted by him for the term of five tears and mastered, of at least five feet six inches high, and between the te green and thirty-five years, the sum of 82: Provided, neverthe That this regulation, so far as respects the height and age of the reem, ↑ shall not extend to musicians, or to those soldiers who may re-enlist the service: And provided, also, That no person under the age of twnty- ne years shall be enlisted by any officer, or held in the service of

ted States, without the e nsent of his parent, or guardian or masfret kad and obtained, if any he have; and if any officer shall enlist atvrare in contrary to the true intent and meaning of this act, for every

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℗ he shall forfeit and pay the amount of the bounty and clothing ske person së re rusted may have re eived from the public, to ha - out of the Ivy and emoluments of such offer

Tie Pree dent is to prescribe the el thing by the 24 Anni 1×16, chap 6), nec ! Jerat. 16 m.


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SEC. 12.1 [That there shall be allowed and paid to each effective ablebodied citizen, recruited as aforesaid, to serve for the term of five years, a bounty of $12; but the payment of $6 of the said bounty shall be deferred until he shall be mustered and have joined the corps in which he is to serve.]

SEC. 13. That the said corps shall be paid in such manner that the arrears shall at no time exceed two months, unless the cir'cumstances of the case shall render it unavoidable.

[SECTIONS 14 and 15 are omitted here because they are the same as sections 11 and 12 of 29 January, 1816, chap. 16.]

SEC. 16. That the paymaster shall perform the duties of his office, agreeable to the direction of the President of the United States, for the time being: [and before he enters on the duties of the same, shall give bonds with good and sufficient sureties, in such sums as the President shall direct, for the faithful discharge of his said office; and shall take an oath to execute the duties thereof with fidelity; and it shall, moreover, be his duty to appoints from the line, with the approbation of the President of the United States, the several paymasters to districts and assistants prescribed by this act; and he is hereby authorized to require the said paymasters to districts, and assistants, to enter into bonds, with good and sufficient surety, for the faithful discharge of their respective duties.]

SEC. 17. That it shall be the duty of the military agents, designated by this act, to purchase, receive, and forward to their proper destination, all military stores, and other articles for the troops in their respective departments, and all goods and annuities for the Indians, which they may be directed to purchase, or which shall be ordered into their care by the department of war. They shall account with the department of war, annually, for all the public property which may pass through their hands, and all the moneys which they may expend in discharge of the duties of their offices respectively; previous to their entering on the duties of their offices, they shall give bonds with sufficient sureties, in such sums as the President of the United States shall direct, for the faithful discharge of

1 Supplied by 11 January, 1812, chap. 14, sec. 12.

2 See, as to his duties, the 8 May, 1772, chap. 37, sec. 3; and the 24 April, 1816, chap. 69, sec. 4.

In $20,000, by the 8 May, 1792, chap. 37, sec. 3; in such sums as the Secretary of War shall direct, by the 24 April, 1816, chap. 69, sec. 6.

The construction of which is not affected by local laws. 7 Peters, 435-449.

5 The rest of this section seems to be supplied by the 2 March, 1821, chap. 13, sec.

9, and 24 April, 1816, chap. 69, sec. 6, and the acts referred to in the notes to these


Office abolished.

See n. to sec. 3.

the trust reposed in them; and shall take an oath faithfully to perform the dates of their respective offices.

Se 1 That if any non-commissioned officer, musician, or private, shall desert the service of the United States, he shall, in addition to the penalties mentioned in the rules and articles of war, be liable to serve, for and during such a period, as shall, with the time he may have served previous to las desertion, amount to the full term of his enlistment; and such * der shall and may be tried by a court-martial, and punished, although the term of his enlistment may have elapsed previous to his being apprehended or tried.

19. That every person who shall procure, or entice, a soldier in the serv; e of the United States to desert, or who shall purchase from any ♦ idier his arms, uniform clothing, or any part thereof; and every captain để và mmanding officer of any ship or vessel, who shall enter on board such ship or vessel, as one of his crew, knowing him to have deserted, or otherwise carry away any such soldier, or shall refuse to deliver him up to the opiers of his commanding officer, shall, upon legal conviction, be fined, at the discretion of any court having cognizance of the same, in any sum not ex veding $500, or be imprisoned, any term not exceeding one year.

St 2) That every officer, non-commissioned officer, musician, and priTate shall take and subscribe the following oath or affirmation, to wit: "I, AB mnly swear, or affirm, (as the case may be,) that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the United States of America, and that I will serve them honestly and faithfully, against their enemies or opposers ever; and that I will observe and obey the orders of the President of the United States, and the orders of the officers appointed over me, acwring to the rules and articles of war."


21 That whenever a general court-martial shall be ordered, the Pres, lent of the United States may appoint some fit person to act as judgeady wate, who shall be allowed, in addition to his other pay, $1.25 for every day he shall be necessarily employed in the duties of the said court, ati in cases where the President shall not have made such appointment,

be pater general, or the president of the court, may make the same. 2 That where any commissioned officer shall be obliged to incur ay extra expense in travelling, and sitting on general court-martial, he la da - Werda frasonable e impensation for such extra expense, actually not exceeding $1.25 per day to officers who are not entitled to and not exceeding $1 per day to such as shall be entitled to forage.

IN 1971

• Ihat no non-commissioned officer, musician, or private, shall de arrunted, or subject to arrest, or to be taken in execution, for any debt „ake the sum of $20, contracted before enlistment, nor for any debt contracted after enlistment

24,' That, whenever any officer or soldier shall be discharged from De weste except by way of punishment for any offence, he shall be al> wed his pay and rations, or an equivalent in money, for such term of

The 19th, 17th, and 29th sections supplied by the 16th, 17th, and 18th sections of the * Jan 1×12 - Sap 14, and of the articles of war, 10 April, 1×06, chap. 20, *A atzeals wale is n wajƒinted for the army, by the 2 March, 1×49, chap. *3, A aliajalge aly rate general and julges advocate for each army in the field, J. 1-42

• T.

* extra expense is again provided for by the 11 Jan. 112, chap. 14, see 20. • 1. exem¡ ↑ u from arrest is re enacted by the 11 Jan. 1×12, chap. 14, sec. 21,

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* IL a sert, m is supplied by the 11 Jan. 1912, chap. 14, ser. 22, and subsequent

pensation for his services and travelling expenses, to be computed from the commencement of the time of his actual residence at the seat of government, any thing in the "Act for the better organizing of the troops of the United States, and for other purposes,' to the contrary notwithstanding.


SEC. 2. That the pay of the assistant of the adjutant-general, in addition to his pay and other emoluments in the line of the army, shall be $40 per month, which shall be in full compensation for his extra services and travelling expenses, to be computed from the time of his entering upon actual service.

[Approved, April 22, 1800.]

CHAPTER 46.-Approved, May 7, 1800.-Vol. 2, p. 61.

An Act for the regulation of public arsenals and magazines.2

That the several officers who now are, or hereafter may be, employed in the armories of the United States, shall be entitled to, and shall receive, the following compensations, in addition to their pay as established by law, to wit: A superintendent of such armory, three rations per day, or an equivalent in money; and a master armorer,3 two rations per day, or an equivalent in money.

SEC. 2. That if any person shall procure, or entice, any artificer, or workman, retained or employed in any arsenal, or armory of the United States, to depart from the same during the continuance of his engagement, or avoid or break his contract with the United States, or who after due notice of the engagement of any such workman or armorer, in any arsenal or armory, shall, during the continuance of such engagement, retain, hire, or in any wise employ, harbor, or conceal, such artificer or workman, the person so offending shall, upon conviction, be fined, at the discretion of the court, not exceeding $50, or be imprisoned, for any term not exceeding three months.

SEC. 3. That if any artificer, or workman, hired, retained, or employed, in any public arsenal or armory, shall, wantonly and carelessly, break, impair, or destroy, any implements, tools, or utensils, or any stock, or materials for making guns, the property of the United States; or shall, wilfully and obstinately, refuse to perform the services lawfully assigned to him, pursuant to his contract, every such person shall forfeit a sum, not exceeding $20, for every such act of disobedience or breach of contract, to be recovered in any court having competent jurisdiction thereof.

SEC. 4. That all artificers, and workmen, who are or shall be employed in the said armories, shall be, and they are hereby, exempted, during their term of service, from all military ser vice, and service as jurors in any court.

13 March, 1779.

2 See chap. 14, 2 April. 1794. Superintendent of Springfield and Harper's Ferry abolished 23 Aug., 1842.

CHAPTER 69.-Approved, May 14, 1800.-Vol. 2, p. 85.

An Act supplementary to the Act to suspend part of an Act, entitled “An Act to augment the army of the United States, and for other purposes.”

Tst it shall be lawful for the President of the United States to suspend any further military appointments under the act to augment the army of tee United States, and for other purposes, and under the ninth section of the act for the better organization of the troops of the United States, ated for other purposes, according to his discretion, having reference to nomy and the good of the service.

S. 2. That the President of the United States shall be, and hereby is, authorized and empowered to discharge, on or before the 15th day of June next all such officers, non-commissioned officers, and privates, as have berete fire been appointed, commissioned, or raised, under and by virtue of the sail acts, or either of them, except the engineers, inspector of artillery, ani inspector of fortifications: Provided always, That nothing in this act ntained shall be construed to authorize any reduction of the first four regements of infantry, the two regiments of artillerists and engineers, the two traps of light dragoons, or of the general and other staff, authorized by the several laws for the establishing and organizing of the aforesaid



c. 3. That to each officer, non-commissioned officer, and private, who chau từ discharged from service by virtue of this act, there shall be allowed at 1 raid, in adition to the pay and allowances to which they are now • utanixd by law, a sum of money equal to three months' pay of such officer, i qcommissioned officer, and private, respectively.

CHAPTER 9.-Approved, March 16, 1×02 —Vol. 2, p. 132.

An Act fizing the Military Peace Establishment of the United States,

4 Math'y pay. Stationery, adjutant and inspector. Paymaster. Aids of briga4er Pay officers and men. 5. Rations to be furnishe 1 in proportion to rank. The President to allow additional rations. Rations to women. Matrons and Barwe of hiepitals. 7. Money in lieu of forage 16 Paymasters to act by diree t of the President. To give bond. Oath of office. To appoint paymasters, an i nathorized to require bonds. 26. Corps of engineers organized Of whom.

mum 16 July 179% chap 76.

-1 March 1972 chap 4×, and 11 July, 179%, chap 72.

**** superse led by the act of 16 Mar h, 1×02 chap. 9.

• T.

jen me of this set in regard to pay subsisteree, clothing, al' wances for ta ar ddaaðilities and benefits and all wances generally, are ad pted by net Mar 1*1 The realne may be cons derei as repealed and stj'ed by that se therein referred ty See act 3 Mar h 1×17 secti na 4 in 17. see also sal to this act, 2× February, 18%, 26 Mareb, 1804, 12 April, 1xx, 24 *m*er, 1ס1, 23 August, 1×42.

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