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usurpation of their sanctuary rights and privileges, where the negroes are met with the same biting sarcasms and blasting irony and scorn, as the Jews met the Gentiles when they drove them from their places in the temple and filled them with ordinary traffic, so that our Saviour in going into the temple had to pass through herds of cattle, flocks of sheep, and busy crowds who were selling turtle doves and exchanging money; indignant at the profanation of the sacredness of his house, he took a whip and drove them out of the temple, and overturned the tables of the moneychangers. And were our Saviour now on earth, would he not be indignant with the proud Yankees who drive men of a different colour from themselves from their places in the sanctuary, and show his displeasure by rebuking them, exclaiming, 'My house shall be called a house of prayer for all people, but ye have made it a den of thieves," a brotherhood of thieves. Can we succeed any better in finding this deep, broad substratum of principle in our survey of the enlightened sentiments or opinions of the people? Had the people been touched with the fine issues that proceed from moral and religious principles, the overwhelming masses thereof would not have acquiesced in the death of that noble hero and martyr, John Brown, or demanded his execution for doing what he would have had every slave do to him under similar circumstances, and what the grand old Puritans covenanted to do in the cabin of the Mayflower at all costs and risks. Where, then, shall

we find this deep, broad substratum of moral and religious principle? Shall we find it in the fearful struggle now going on between the North and South? Is the fierce war spirit that is now cherished by the religious war crusaders, so called, evidence of its existence? If so, Robespierre and his coadjutors in the French revolution were great saints; and liberties lost, wrongs endured, hopes blasted, and sufferings undergone must be regarded as the work of a genuine philanthropy, putting darkness for light, and evil for good. And yet this terrible issue, which is sweeping all the mounds of authority, and ornaments of civilisation and safeguards of virtue before it, as with a whirlwind, is the only issue before the country. If this be the deep, broad substratum of moral and religious principle referred to by Dr Guthrie and his coadjutors the pro-Federals, what a terrible libertyloving element it must be; and how it illustrates those scenes of unutterable horror which marked the era of the French revolution! In the report of the committee adopted at the 46th anniversary meeting of the Liverpool auxiliary of the Wesleyan Missionary Society, recently held in Brunswick Chapel, Liverpool, there occurs the following extraordinary passage: -"We have no educated barbarian who tests the quality of his revolver and practises his own sportsmanship upon the bodies of the poor heathen whose souls he is sent to save. Nor can we find any one so afflicted with a mathematical monomania as to be driven by its delusions to leave his poor sheep in the

wilderness of heathenism, and return to England to bewilder those who are already in the fold, to tread down their pasturage and foul the waters of life. Happily, such is the prompt efficaciousness of our discipline, that, should such a prodigy appear, the very next mail would carry out his sentence-" His Bishopric let another take!"" Have our Wesleyan brethren had no M'Clintock and Bishop Simpson in their midst to bewilder those who are in the fold, &c., by their misrepresentations of the condition of the Northern Branch of the Methodist Episcopal Church? and as those same divines are in full fellowship with those extraordinary "soldiers of Christ in America," described under the following heading in the Liverpool Mercury, May 20th.


At a recent meeting of the Methodist Episcopal Church, in New York, several of the reverend speakers denounced the rebellion of the South, and the conduct of the Confederates in extraordinary language. The Rev. Dr. Osborne, of White Plains, said he "had to contend against a great deal in his district, for the infamous Copperheads, sympathisers with the South, were as thick as blackberries, and he often felt as if he would. like thrashing a man to be a Christian virtue, that he might have the privilege of digging into such fellows." Here there was a loud laughter from the reverend auditory, as well as a fluttering of


fans in the galleries. Encouraged by this, Dr. Osborne went on to say "that if he were President Lincoln, instead of suspending the writ of habeas corpus, he would suspend the Copperheads." A Rev. Mr Foster said that "the South hated the Yankees, despised, scorned, and held them in ridicule, and he for one hoped that the war would go on until such hellish, devilish ideas were whipped out of the people of the Southern States. To accomplish that object he did not care if the war went on for one, two, or ten years." A second Mr Foster, recently from New Orleans, where he had acted as chaplain to a regiment, complained of the ladies of that city, who insulted every Yankee they met in the streets, sometimes crossing on the other side to show their contempt. The common cry among them was, "Take care of your pockets, here's a Yankee coming." "He wanted that feeling whipped out of the Southern people by shot and shell." The Rev. J. R. Wakely informed the Conference that "the proper way to treat a Copperhead was to stamp your heels on him." As the same divines are in full fellowship with these soldiers, has any mail taken out the sentence to the above, "Your fellowship let others take?" How sad to contemplate such a degeneracy in our race in America! Mr Newdegate condescends to inform us that we need not be surprised at our condition, or with the troubles which have come upon our land. "You have got no established religion! Your President is not the vicegerent of Christ! You have

no bench of bishops, or fat livings for Churchmen! Consequently you are a nation accursed of God!" His Excellency, Charles Francis Adams, ambassador to this country from America, says that they are to be traced to the "consequences of royal piety, in his Majesty King James the Second making his religion his politics, and his politics his religion." "I may not forget," to quote, “a resolution which his Majesty made, and had a little before entered upon it at the council board at Windsor or Whitehall, that the negroes in the plantations should all be baptised, exceedingly declaiming against that impiety of their masters prohibiting it, out of a mistaken opinion that they would be ipso facto free." "Had James, therefore," says Adams, "seen the true connexion between the maxims of Jesus Christ, and the relation of master and slave in the plantations, Christianity would in time have gained the mastery over slavery in America, as it did in Europe. He mistook it, and the consequence has been that slavery has gained the mastery over Christianity in one half of the Union. Religion, therefore, is the handmaid of oppression, and liberty is wounded in the house of her friends." And Secretary Seward, in his address to the Parliamentary Reform Association at Paisley, traces the continuance of our troubles to the power of European opinion: “If all Europe could not only think but speak as you do, there would soon be no civil war or insurrection here." What a trio of distinguished sages! If the assurances of Mr Paterson, therefore, "that the people of England

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