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addition allowances amount annum appear army Assistant Association Bermuda Board British building called Captain cent charged clerks clothing colonel colonies commanding Commissioners committee continued cost Crown Customs direct Ditto duty effect employed engines England establishment estimates evidence expenditure expenses fact Financial Reform foreign forests four give Government granted head horses House important income increase interest Ireland labour land less Liverpool London Lord manufactures matter means military millions namely navy necessary never object obtained officers Ordnance paid Parliament pensions persons practical present produce profit question reason received reduced Reform Association regiments rent repairs respect Royal salary Secretary Shillings ships sold soldier staff Stamp supply taxation timber Tracts trade whole
Page 5 - Every tax ought to be so contrived as both to take out and to keep out of the pockets of the people as little as possible, over and above what it brings into the public treasury of the state.
Page 14 - It is to be observed, that, in order to constitute a legal wreck, the goods must come to land. If they continue at sea, the law distinguishes them by the barbarous and uncouth appellations of jetsam, flotsam, and ligan.
Page 10 - Protection, because it conduces to his own individual benefit ; but it may be that I shall leave a name sometimes remembered with expressions of good-will in the abodes of those whose lot it is to labour and to earn their daily bread by the sweat of their brow, when they shall recruit their exhausted strength with abundant and untaxed food, the sweeter because it is no longer leavened with a sense of injustice.
Page 10 - Yet, by some such fortuitous liquefaction, was mankind taught to procure a body, at once, in a high degree, solid and transparent, — which might admit the light of the sun, and exclude the violence of the wind...
Page 5 - ... the smuggler is often encouraged to continue a trade which he is thus taught to consider as in some measure innocent; and when the severity of the revenue laws is ready to fall upon him, he is frequently disposed to defend with violence, what he has been accustomed to regard as his just property. From being at first, perhaps, rather imprudent than criminal, he at last too often becomes one of the hardiest and most determined violators of the laws of society.
Page 6 - Fourthly, by subjecting the people to the frequent visits and the odious examination of the tax-gatherers, it may expose them to much unnecessary trouble, vexation, and oppression; and though vexation is not, strictly speaking, expense, it is certainly equivalent to the expense at which every man would be willing to redeem himself from it.
Page 5 - Secondly, it may obstruct the industry of the people, and discourage them from applying to certain branches of business, which might give maintenance and employment to great multitudes. While it obliges the people to pay, it may thus diminish, or perhaps destroy, gome of the funds which might enable them more easily to do so.
Page 1 - Such tenants as held under the king immediately, when they granted out portions of their lands to inferior persons, became also lords with respect to those inferior persons, as they were still tenants with respect to the king, and, thus partaking of a middle nature, were called mesne, or middle, lords.
Page 16 - Act," and that the personal estate in respect of which such probate or letters of administration are to be or have been granted, exclusive of what the deceased may have been possessed of or entitled to as a trustee, and not beneficially, but without deducting anything on account of the debts due and owing from the deceased...