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any terms. The power to regulate commerce that she could not go out until she had complied does not include the power to destroy it, or to with the regulatio:). put any such restrictions upon it.

C. G. MEMMINGER, The undersigned beg leave, further, to submit

Secretary of Treasury. to the consideration of Congress the question of the propriety of allowing the State to export pro- EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT, MILLEDGEVILLE, May 21, 1864. duce and import supplies necessary for State Your telegram of the tenth did not reach me use, free of export and import duties, as the im- till yesterday. The act of Congress to which portations are made for the public use and in you refer, which prohibits the exportation of cotfurtherance of our cause.

ton and other productions, except under such In considering this question, it is hoped Con- uniform regulations as shall be made by the gress will not fail to take into account the fact President, has in it this express proviso, that that the Legislatures of part, if not all, the nothing in this act shall be construed to prohibit States, have passed laws exempting cotton and the confederate States or any of them from exother property belonging to the confederate gov: porting any of the articles herein enumerated ernment, within the limits of the State, from all on their own account.” The three hundred State tax; and they submit, whether, upon prin- bales of cotton upon the Little Ada belong to ciples of reciprocity and comity, apart from the the State of Georgia, and I propose to export it want of constitutional power in Congress to tax on State account to pay for blankets for Georgia State property, it is not the duty of Congress to soldiers, and if any surplus, to apply it to the exempt State property, including exportations purchase of cotton-cards for the people of the and importations by the States, from all confed- State, under an act of the Legislature. erate taxation. The undersigned beg leave to I deny your right to repeal the act of Congress add that it is not their intention to import ar- by your order, or to refuse clearance to the State ticles of luxury, or indeed, any articles not under any just rule of construction which you necessary for the public use, and for the comfort can apply to the plain proviso in the act of Conof the troops froin their respective States, in gress. I therefore, again demand clearance as a military service.

right, not as a favor, and waiving for the present April, 1864.

the question of your right to ask it of the State, J. E. Brown, Governor of Georgia. offer to pay export duties. CHARLES Clark, Governor of Mississippi.

Joseph E. BROWN. T. H. Watts, Governor of Alabama.

Hon. C. MEMMINGER, T. B. VANCE, Governor of North-Carolina.

Secretary of the Treasury, Richmond, Va.



Governor Joseph E. Brown : EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT, MILLEDGEVILLE, May 9, 1964. Your telegram of the twenty-first instant is I have purchased thirty thousand soldiers' received. Clearance cannot be given except in blankets for the State of Georgia, now in the conformity with the regulations of the President. Islands, and have to send out cotton to pay for

C. G. MEMMINGER, them. The steamer Little Ada, chartered by the

Secretary of the Treasury. State, has been loaded for three weeks with about three hundred bales of cotton ready for She lies thirty miles from Charleston. I

Doc. 138. ask clearance for her to go out now, while we bave dark nights. She is detained at heavy ex

SECRET REBEL CIRCULAR. pense to the State. I solicit an early reply. JOSEPI É. BROWN.


HUNTSVILLE, ALA., Tuesday, April 19, 1864. Richmond,

I HAVE to-day come in possession of a secret

circular, issued in Charleston five months before

RICHMOND, May 10, 1864. the firing on Sumter. The document is genuine. His Excellency Governor Brown :

It is signed by one of the wealthiest and ablest Your telegram of the ninth to the President lawyers of South-Carolina, and the copy which in relation to steamer Ada, has been referred to I inclose to the Tribune was addressed to one this department. On the twelfth of April a tel. of the most prominent and influential citizens egram was sent you, stating that the act of Con- of Alabamı-a Iluntsville rebel whom General gress, imposing restrictions on export of cotton, Logan ordered south of our lines. required that the regulations of trade should be It should be borne in mind that this circular uniform.

was issued before the meeting of the Congress Therefore the requirement that one half of the of 1861-62—before the introduction of the Critcargo of every outward-bound vessel should be tenden resolutions-before the Peace Congress. for account of the confederate States, cannot be Yet now, after nearly three years of unparalleled relinquished as an exception in your favor. war, you find incompetent officers and unworthy

April twenty-seventh, Mr. Lamar. applied for citizens proposing these same “disclaimers and a clearance for the steamer, and was informed 'overtures.



3 outer works, and by the time I reached the field, CHARLESTOX, Nov. 10, 1860.

at ten o'clock, A.M., had forced the enemy to In September last, several gentlemen of their main fortifications, situated on the bluff or Charleston met to confer in reference to the po- bank of the Mississippi River, at the mouth of sition of the South in the event of the accession Coal Creek. of Mr. Lincoln and the Republican party, to The fort is an earthwork, crescent-shaped; is power. This informal meeting was the origin eight feet in height and four feet across the top, of the organization known in this community as surrounded by a ditch six feet deep and twelve 6. The 1860 Association."

feet in width; walls sloping to the ditch, but The objects of the Association are:

perpendicular inside ; it was garrisoned by 1. To conduct a correspondence with leading four hundred troops, with six pieces of field-armen in the South, and, by an interchange of tillery. A deep ravine surrounds the Fort, and information and views, prepare the slave States from the Fort to the ravine the ground descends to meet the impending crisis.

rapidly. 2. To prepare, print, and distribute in the

Assuming command, I ordered General Chalslave States tracts, pamphlets, etc., designed to mers to advance his line, and gain position on awaken them to a conviction of their danger, the slope, when our men would be perfectly proand to urge the necessity of resisting Northern tected from the heavy fire of artillery and musand Federal aggression.

ketry, as the enemy could not depress their 3. To inquire into the defences of the State, pieces so as to rake the slope, nor could they and to collect and arrange information which fire on them with small arms, except by mountmay aid the Legislature to establish promptly ing the breastworks and exposing themselves to an effective military organization.

the fire of our sharp-shooters, who, under cover To effect these objects, a brief and simple con- of stumps and logs, forced them to keep down stitution was adopted, creating a President, a inside the works. Secretary and Treasurer, and an Executive Com

After several hours' hard fighting, the desired mittee, specially charged with conducting the position was gained, not, however, without conbusiness of the Association. One hundred and siderable loss. Our main line was now within sixty-six thousand pamphlets have been pub

an average distance of one hundred yards from lished, and demands for further supplies are re: the Fort, and extended from Coal Creek, on the ceived from every quarter. The Association is right, to the bluft or bank of the Mississippi now passing several of them through a second River, on the left. and third edition.

During the entire morning the gunboat kept The Conventions in several of the Southern

up a continuous fire in all directions, but withStates will soon be elected. The North is pre-out effect, and, being confident of my ability to paring to soothe and conciliate the South by dis- take the Fort by assault, and desiring to prevent claimers and overtures. The success of this further loss of life, I sent, under flag of truce, a policy would be disastrous to the cause of South- demand for the unconditional surrender of the ern union and independence, and it is necessary garrison, a copy of which is hereto appended, to resist and defeat it. The Association is pre marked 'No. i, to which I received a reply, paring pamphlets with this special object. Funds marked No. 2. are necessary to enable it to act promptly. “The

The gunboat had ceased firing, but the smoke 1860 Association” is laboring for the South, and of three other boats ascending the river was in asks your aid.

view, the foremost boat apparently crowded with I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, troops, and believing the request for an hour Robert N. GOURDIN,

was to gain time for reënforcements to arrive, and that the desire to consult the officers of the

gunboat was a pretext by which they desired Doc. 139.

improperly to communicate with her, I at once

sent the reply, copy of which is numbered 3, THE FORT PILLOW MASSACRE.

directing Captain Goodwin, Assistant Adjutant

General of Brigadier-General Chalıners, to reHEADQUARTERS FOR FEST's April 26, DE PARTMENT, }

main until he received a reply, or until the expir, TENN., .

ation of the time proposed. COLONEL: I have the honor respectfully to for- My dispositions had all been made, and my ward you the following report of my engagement troops were in a position that would enable me with the enemy on the twelfth instant, at Fort to take the Fort with less loss than to have withPillow :

drawn under fire, and it seemed to me so perMy command consisted of McCullock's bri- fectly apparent to the garrison that such was the gade of Chalmers's division, and Bell's brigade case, that I deemed their surrender without furof Buford's division, both placed, for the expedi-ther bloodshed a certainty. tion, under command of Brigadier-General James After some little delay, seeing a message deA. Chalmers, who, by a forced march, drove in livered to Captain Goodwin, I rode up myself to the enemy's pickets, gained possession of the where the notes were received and delivered.

The answer was handed me, written in pencil, * See Document 1, page 1, ante.

on a slip of paper without envelope, and was, as

Chairman of the Executive Committee.


well as I remember, in these words: “Negotia- almost decimated garrison. Fortunately for those tious will not attain the desired object.” As the who survived this short but desperate struggle, officers who were in charge of the Federal flag some of our men cut off the halyards, and the of truce had expressed a doubt as to my pre- United States flag floating from a tall mast in the sence, and had pronounced the demand a trick, centre of the fort, came down; the forces stationed I handed them back a note, saying: “I am Gen- in the rear of the fort could see the flag, but eral Forrest. Go back and say to Major Booth were too far under the bluff to see the Fort, and that I demand an answer in plain, unmistakable when the flag descended they ceased firing; but English: Will he fight or surrender ?” Return- for this, so near were they to the enemy, that ing to my original position, before the expiration few, if any, would have survived unhurt another of twenty minutes I received a reply, copy of volley. As it was, many rushed into the river which is marked No. 4.

and were drowned, and the actual loss of life While these negotiations were pending, the will, perhaps, never be known, as there were steamers from below were rapidly approaching quite a number of refugee citizens in the Fort, the Fort; the foremost was the Olive Branch, many of whom were drowned and several killed whose position and movements indicated her in- in the retreat from the Fort. tention to land. A few shots fired into her In less than twenty minutes from the time the caused her to leave the shore and make for the bugles sounded the charge, firing had ceased, and opposite one. Other boats passed up on the bar the work was done. side of the river; the third one turned back. One of the Parrott guns was turned on the glin

The time having expired, I directed Brigadier- boat. She steamed off without replying. She General Chalmers to prepare for the assault. had, as I afterward understood, expended all Bell's brigade occupied the right, with his ex- her ammunition, and was, therefore, powerless in treme right resting on Coal Creek. McCullock's affording the Federal garrison the aid and protecbrigade occupied the left, extending from the tion they doubtless expected of her, when they centre to the river. Three companies of his left retreated toward the river. regiment were placed in an old rifle-pit on the left Details were made, consisting of the captured and almost in the rear of the Fort, which had Federals and negroes in charge of their own ofevidently been thrown up for the protection ficers, to collect together and bury their dead, of sharp-shooters or riflemen in supporting the which work continued until dark. water-batteries below. On the right, a portion I also directed Captain Anderson to procure a of Barton's regiment of Bell's brigade, was also skiff and take with him Captain Young, a capunder the bluff and in the rear of the Fort. tured Federal officer, and deliver to Captain Mar

I despatched staff-officers to Colonels Ball and shall, of the gunboat, the message -- copy of which McCullock, commanding brigades, to say to them is appended, and numbered 5. that I should watch with interest the conduct of All the boats and skiffs having been taken off the troops; that Missourians, Mississippians, and by citizens escaping from the Fort during the enTennesseans surrounded the works, and I desired gagement, the message could not be delivered, alto see who would first scathe the Fort. Fear- though every effort was maile to induce Captain ing the gunboat and transport might attempt a Marshall to send his boat ashore by raising a landing, I directed my aid-de-camp, Captain white flag, with which Captain Young walked up Charles W. Anderson, to assume command of and down the river, in vain, signalling her to the three companies on the left and rear of the come in, or send out a boat. She finally moved Fort, and hold the position against any thing that off, and disappeared around the bend above the might come by land or water, but to take no part Fort. in the assault on the Fort.

General Gilmore withdrew his forces from the Every thing being ready, the bugle sounded the Fort before dark, and camped a few miles east of charge, which was made with a yell, and the it. On the morning of the thirteenth, I again works carried, without a perceptible halt in any despatched Captain Anderson to Fort Pillow, for part of the line. As our troops mounted and the purpose of placing, if possible, the Federal poured into the fortifications, the enemy retreat-wounded on board their transports, and report ed toward the river, arms in hand, and firing to me, on his return, the condition of affairs at back, and their colors flying-no doubt expect the river. I respectfully refer you to his report, ing the gunboats to shell us away from the bluff numbered 6. and protect them, until they could be taken off My loss in the engagement was twenty killed or reënforced.

and sixty wounded. That of the enemy unAs they descended the bank an enfilading and known ; two hundred and twenty-eight were deadly fire was poured into them, by the troops buried on the evening of the battle, and quite a under Captain Anderson on the left, and Barton's number were buried the next day by detail from detachment on the right. Until this fire was the gunboat fleet. We captured six pieces of opened upon them, at a distance varying from artillery, namely, two ten-pounder Parrott guns, thirty to one hundred yards, they were evidently two twelve-pounder howitzers, and two brass ignorant of any force having gained their rear. six-pounder guns, and about three hundred and The regiments which had stormed and carried fifty stand of small-arms. The balance of the the Fort, also poured a destructive fire into the small-arms had been thrown into the river. All rear of the retreating and now panic-stricken and the small-arms were picked up where the enemy

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threw them down—a few in the Fort, the balance of the twenty-second of February, 1864, with the scattered from the top of the hill to the water's Eighty-fourth Illinois, Colonel Waters, Seventyedge.

fifth Illinois, Colonel Bennett, Thirty-sixth InWe captured one hundred and sixty-four Fed- diana, Lieutenant-Colonel Carey, Thirtieth Inerals, seventy-three negro troops and about forty diana, Lieutenant-Colonel Hind, Eightieth Illinegro women and children, and after removing nois, Lieutenant-Colonel Kilgour, and Twentyevery thing of value, as far as able to do so, the Fourth Ohio, Lieutenant-Colonel Cockerill, with warehouses, tents, etc., were destroyed by fire. battery H, Fourth U. S. artillery, Lieutenant

Among our severely wounded is Lieutenant- Heilman; effective force, officers and men, inColonel Wiley M. Reid, assigned temporarily to cluding battery, one thousand seven hundred and the command of the Fifth Mississippi regiment, ninety-six. who fell, severely wounded, while leading his My brigade having the advance, and the Thirregiment. When carried from the field he was ty-sixth Indiana marching in front, we marched supposed to be mortally wounded, but hopes are toward Red Clay, or “Council-Ground," on the entertained of his ultimate recovery. He is a Georgia State-line, a distance of eight miles; arbrave and gallant officer, a courteous gentleman, rived there at half-past twelve P.M. I was there and a consistent Christian minister.

ordered by the General commanding the diviI cannot compliment too highly the conduct sion, to move on the road toward Dalton, and, if of Colonels Bell and McCullock and the officers possible, find the enemy. I advanced three miles and men of their brigades, which composed the to Wade's farm, and found the enemy's pickets, forces of Brigadier-General Chalmers. They drove them, and directed Captain Van Antwerp, fought with courage and intrepidity, and, with with his company of Fourth Michigan cavalry, to out bayonets, assaulted and carried one of the pursue them, which he did promptly, one and a strongest fortifications in the country.

half miles. Upon the cavalry rejoining the briOn the fifteenth, at Brownsville, I received gade, we returned to Red Clay and rested for the orders which rendered it necessary to send Gen- night. eral Chalmers, in command of his own division February 23d. Marched with the division via and Bell's brigade, southward. Hence, I have Dr. Lee's house twelve miles, to near Catoosa no official report from him, but will, as soon as Springs, Georgia, to make a junction with Fourit can be obtained, forward a complete list of our teenth corps; arrived there about nine o'clock P.M. killed and wounded, which has been ordered to February 24th. Marched back east to Dr. Lee's be made out and forwarded at the earliest pos- house, with division. I was here directed to sible moment.

move south-east toward Dalton, crossing the ridge In closing my report I desire to acknowledge three miles north of the place known as Tunnel the prompt and energetic action of Brigadier- Hill, with my infantry and one section of artilGeneral Chalmers, commanding the forces around lery, the latter under command of Lieutenant Fort Pillow. His faithful execution of all move- Stansbury. I passed the first and second ridges ments necessary to the successful accomplish- to a road running south on the eastern base of ment of the objects of the expedition, entitles the latter, along the road to Neil's farm, six him to special mention. He has reason to be miles from Dalton. At this point I made a juncproud of the conduct of the officers and men of tion with Colonel Long, in command of six hunhis command, for their gallantry and courage in dred cavalry. He was in position, and skirmishassaulting and carrying the enemy's works, with ing with the enemy. He had left Charleston, out the assistance of artillery or bayonets. Tennessee, passed around on Spring-Place road,

To my staff, as heretofore, my acknowledg- thence west by Varnell's Station to the position ments are due, for their prompt and faithful de- at which I found him. Neil's farm is six miles livery of all orders.

north-west of Dalton, and three miles north of I am, Colonel, very respectfully, your obedient the Chattanooga and Dalton Railroad. We both servant,

N. B. Forrest, advanced on the wagon-road south, toward GlaMajor-General Commanding. ze's house, at the railroad. The ridge to our

right at this place, (Neil's house,) soon changes

to south-east, and continues that direction until Doc. 140.

it passes beyond Davis's house, at the western

base of the ridge, at which point the road crosses OPERATIONS AROUND DALTON, GA. to the west side of the ridge. Five hundred yards

beyond, and south-east from the passage of the

road over a ridge, a gorge separates the ridge, FIRST DIVISION, FOURTH ARMY CORPS,

BLUE SPRINGS, TENN., February 29, 1864. of which the ridge bears to the west of south one Major W. II. Sinclair, A.A.G. First Division: and a fourth miles to the railroad, at a point three

Sir: I have the honor to report the part taken miles north of west from Dalton, and at a point by this brigade in the recent seven days before one and a half miles east of the gorge through Dalton.

Rocky-Face Ridge, or Buzzard's Roost, forming I was ordered by the Division Commander, and a valley east of Rocky Face Ridge about one and marched to take part in the reconnoissance to a half miles wide, running froin Davis's house ward the enemy from this place, on the morning south to the railroad a like distance. We stead.




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