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columns of cavalry came in on both sides of the
ANOTHER ACCOUNT. colored brigade, drawn up to receive thein, the mutual cheers were deafening.
The following letter was written by a member This incident is marked from the fact that of the Fourth Pennsylvania cavalry, who particiheretofore the army of the Potomac, and par- pated in the raid : ticularly the cavalry, have entertained a marked
DETACHMENT Fourth PENNSYLVANIA CAVALRY, dislike to colored troops. After resting awhile
YORKTOWN, VA., March 5, 1864.
} they resumed their march down the peninsula.
Dear CAPTAIN: Before this reaches you, you General Davis, who led, had several men shot by will have read in the newspapers the full account guerillas, and General Kilpatrick and his at- of “Kilpatrick's great raid;" but, notwithstandtendants chased a body, capturing a lieutenant ing all that, I may be able to give you some facts and two men.
and incidents which the newspaper reporters The force picked up on the way one of the es- have no knowledge of. caped Richmond prisoners, a Colonel Watson or On the twenty-seventh ultimo a detail of five Watkins, of an Ohio regiment. The troops went hundred men was made from our brigade, prointo camp a few miles from Fort Magruder on portioned as follows: one hundred of the Fourth Thursday night, and yesterday were to move to Pennsylvania cavalry; one hundred Sixteenth Williamsburgh for the purpose of procuring for- Pennsylvania cavalry, and three hundred of the age and rations, and resting the command. First Maine cavalry. We reported to General
This raid has been one of the most daring of Kilpatrick the same day. We bivouacked near the war, and but for the two fatalities mentioned his headquarters, and the next day, a little after would have proved a complete success. The men dark, we started on our expedition with a force of and horses have borne the hard marching re- between three thousand and four thousand men. markably well, the saddles not being removed About three hours, however, before starting, an during the trip, and but little sleep being given advance force of five hundred men was sent ahead to the men.
to clear the ford, and draw the attention of any The men made themselves quite at home with small parties of “rebs" who might be straggling the inhabitants, and the stock of poultry, hogs, around. We crossed Ely's Ford at one o'clock in etc., has somewhat decreased. The people gener- the morning, without opposition, and pushed forally were given to lying, none of them having ward rapidly, passing, in our course, Chancellorsany thing to eat, either for man or horse. Among ville, of historic fame, and at daylight we entered other acquisitions large piles of confederate Spottsylvania Court-House. The numerous campmoney were secured and squandered with a fires around the place indicated that the “ Johnrecklessness befitting their easy acquisition. One nies” were around, but upon our approach they party paid eighty-odd dollars for a supper for had fled precipitately, too much frightened to eight, comprising the best the house afforded. offer any resistance to our advance. On we went,
The ratio with the people was four dollars stopping only at long intervals for a few moments graybacks for one of greenbacks. A large num- rest and refreshment for ourselves and horses. ber of horses also found their way along with We proceeded rapidly, passing through Mount the command, and many a soldier has mementoes Pleasant, Markham, and Childsburgh. Up to of Richmond, gathered inside the fortifications. this time we had followed up the trail of our adOver five hundred prisoners were taken, but vanced five hundred, but at Mount Pleasant we from the nature of the expedition it was impos- diverged from the main road to go to Childsburgh, sible to bring them in.
whilst our advance had taken the road leading The casualties have not yet been ascertained. to Frederickshall, with the understanding that Colonel Dahlgren, Major Cook, and Lieutenant- they were to join us at Hanover Junction. At Colonel Litchfield, with about one hundred and Childsburgh we struck for Beaver Dam Station, fifty men, are missing. The latter is known to on the Virginia Central Railroad. When we had have been wounded.
proceeded about two miles from Childsburgh, we Too much praise cannot be awarded Colonel suddenly came upon a rebel engineer train and Dahlgren, nor too much regret felt at his suppos- captured the whole thing, engineers and all. ed capture. Not fully recovered from the loss of They were going to Fredericksburgh, and had his leg in the charge upon Hagerstown, he volun- much valuable apparatus with them. About teered his services to General Kilpatrick, and was three o'clock P.M., we dashed into Beaver Dam assigned to the most important command in the Station, captured the telegraph apparatus and expedition.
operator, and in less than ten minutes the whole The greatest consternation prevailed in Rich- station, with all its buildings, etc., was in flames. mond during the fighting, as well it might. The We ascertained that a train from the Junction men who have been battled of their prey-the was due in a few minutes. General Kilpatrick rebel capital — feel that they would have been despatched a party from the First Maine to atgloriously successful if the authorities at Wash- tack when it came up, but we were a little too ington had permitted General Butler to coöperate late. They saw the smoke and flames of the with them, and keep Pickett's infantry employed burning station and stopped just before the party down the Peninsula.
sent out to attack them came up. The trainguards fired a few shots at our party and then they reversed motion and rushed back to Han.
REBEL REPORTS AND NARRATIVES
over Junction. I will say here that it was the Our whole force now succeeded in crossing a Fourth and Sixteenth Pennsylvania cavalry regi- branch of the Pamunkey. Lieutenant Grant, of ments that destroyed the station, our brigade the Fourth Pennsylvania cavalry, was in combeing in advance that day. It was our intention mand of the skirmish-line. Just as they were to go to Hanover Junction and destroy the station in the act of crossing, they discovered a body of also, but for obvious reasons we changed our troops coming toward them. They were dressed course and struck directly for Richmond. in blue, and it was soon discovered that they
I will not take time nor space to describe all were friends. Upon coming up they proved to the incidents along the route; suffice it to say be our advance party; there were only about that we burnt another station on the Fredericks- three hundred left-they were surrounded at burgh and Richmond Railroad. On Tuesday, at Frederickshall, lost all their field-officers, and noon, we passed within the first line of fortifica- about two hundred men, the remainder cutting tions around Richmond. We took up a position their way through. The next day we were renear Old Church, threw out our skirmishers, enforced by three regiments of cavalry and a and opened a brisk artillery fire on them of two nigger" brigade of infantry, from Williamshours duration. We lost one officer-a captain burgh; but we were completely worn out, as -killed. We now directed our course toward well as our horses; we needed rest, so the colWhite House, but halted for the night at Bidnel-umn was headed for Yorktown, which place was la Cross-Roads—threw out our pickets, and in a reached without any note-worthy incident. Our drenching rain, lay down to get a few hours' appearance created the utmost consternation sleep, of which we all stood very much in need; wherever we went: had a thunderbolt fallen in but fate ordained it otherwise. General Kilpat- amongst them, they could not have been more rick had set his heart upon taking Richmond, astonished than to see a Yankee column gallopand for that purpose he detailed Major Taylor ing along with perfect impunity, so near Richwith four hundred men of his (Taylor's) com- mond. mand, consisting of First Maine, Fourth' Penn- On the whole, I can't say that I regret the sylvania, and Sixteenth Pennsylvania, who were trip; but if we had known that we were coming to lead the advance, and all the rest were to fol- on this raid we might have made some different low in due time. The preliminaries were all ar- arrangements about clothing and rations. ranged and the enterprise ready to be carried Your sincere friend,
T. W. B. into execution, when we were attacked. This, of course, knocked the project on the head, and it had to be abandoned. The night was awful
RICHMOND, March 1, 1864. dark. The rebs came down upon us with a Yesterday afternoon intelligence reached the yell that made us think of Pandemonium; but city that a heavy column of Yankees had made we soon got our lines formed and advanced upon their appearance in the neighborhood of Frederthem, when they hastily fell back, not, however, ickshall, on the Virginia Central Railroad, fifty until they had killed the Lieutenant-Colonel of the miles from Richmond. The statement was someSixth Michigan, and captured about two hundred what startling, because of the known fact that of the men of that regiment.
the greater portion of the reserve artillery of the We now directed our course in such a manner army of Northern Virginia was quartered at that as to strike the Pamunkey about eight miles point, and without an adequate force for its proabove White House. The next morning it was tection. Later in the afternoon, the report reachascertained that the rebs were following used the city that the whole of the artillery, amountup. About ten o'clock we formed a line of bat- ing to some eighty pieces, had been captured; but tle. Two squadrons of the First Maine were this, in turn, was contradicted by a statement deployed as skirmishers, the remaining two that the enemy did not go to Frederickshall, squadrons and the Fourth and Sixteenth Penn- but struck the railroad some two miles south of sylvania were drawn up for a charge. In about that point, where they tore up a portion of the ten minutes our skirmishers attacked them, and railroad track. After inflicting this damage on almost immediately after, the devils saw our the road, they left, taking a southerly direction. colors and came down toward us on a charge. We are inclined to think, from all the informaCaptain Cole, of the First Maine, was ordered tion we can gather in relation to the affair, that to meet the charge, which he did in gallant style, this latter statement is, in the main, correct. The completely routing them, and driving them like raid is no doubt intended to interrupt communisheep before him.
cation between General Lee's army and RichIn this charge the rebs lost five killed and mond, but it is hoped that, like Stoneman's raid quite a number wounded and captured. We last spring, it may prove a failure. only sustained a loss of two captured from the Passengers by the Fredericksburgh train, last First Maine.
night, state that the Yankee force consisted of Our advance party of five hundred had not one brigade of cavalry, and several pieces of arformed a junction with us yet, and we began to tillery ; that they crossed at Ely's Ford, on the have some apprehension for their safety. Rappahannock, and passed through Spottsylva
We now pushed on for the Pamunkey, about via Court-House about eleven o'clock on Sunday four miles distant—the rebels had gotten all night. they wanted from us, and molested us no further. A despatch was also received yesterday after
noon from Colonel Mallory, commanding at Char- flouring-mills in the county, among them, the lottesville, that a cavalry force of the enemy were Dover Mill, some twenty-five miles above the threatening that point, and that our troops were city. General Henry A. Wise, who was at the fighting them about three miles from the town. residence of his son-in-law, Mr. Hobson, in GoochLate last night, report stated that they had been land, narrowly escaped capture. He was at Mr. repulsed, and had retired.
Hobson's when the enemy went to Mr. Seddon's The train which left this city yesterday morn- place, and hearing of their presence in the neighing, carried, as a passenger, General R. E. Lee, bood, he put out for Richmond, and arrived here and for a while, those who feed upon rumors had about the middle of the day yesterday. This colit circulated that the train had been captured, umn of the enemy is said to have consisted of and General Lee made prisoner. For this, how- four regiments of cavalry and one battery of arever, there was no foundation, as information had tillery. A report reached the city last night that been received of the safe arrival of the train at a portion of them had crossed James River, whilst Gordonsville. Some uneasiness was, felt in the others were moving in the direction of Richmond early part of the evening, for the safety of the on the Westham plank-road, with the view, it is down passenger-train, due here at seven o'clock, conjectured, of forming a junction with the colbut it was ascertained later in the night that it, umn that was repulsed on the Brook turnpike. too, was safe.
If it be true that any portion of them crossed the
RICHMOND, March 2, 1864. James River—which was doubted at the War The raid of the enemy, so sudden and unex-Office-the design doubtless is, in conjunction pected, has so completely interrupted telegraphic with those approaching on the Westham road, to communication that little is known of the damage attempt the release of the prisoners on Belle Islinflicted by them on the Virginia Central Rail- land. About nightfall, musketry-firing was heard road; but what little we have been able to ascer- on the plank-road, supposed to be about five miles tain leads to the belief that the injury to that road distant from the city, and as a body of our troops has been comparatively trifling.
had been sent in that direction, the inference is, After leaving Frederickshall, on Monday even that they had come up with the approaching ening, the force seems to have divided, a portion of emy. Of the result of the firing we had learned them passing through the upper part of Ilanover nothing up to the time of writing this article. County to the Fredericksburgh Railroad, which Later. -Since writing the above, some fifteen they are reported to have struck between Taylors- prisoners, captured at different points along the ville and Ashland, and the others moving off line of the enemy's routes, have been brought in. through Louisa into Goochland County.
They say that the column of their forces which Early in the day yesterday, nothing could be approached on the Brook road are under General heard from Ashland, on account of the interrup- Kilpatrick, and that the column which went into tion of the telegraph line, and nothing could be Goochland is commanded by General Gregg. The learned of the column of the enemy that struck main body of Kilpatrick's forces crossed the Chickthe railroad at that point, until they appeared on ahominy at Meadow Bridges, late in the afternoon. the Brook turnpike, a few miles from the city. The rear-guard went into camp last night at the This was about ten o'clock A.m. They were gal- junction of the Mechanicsville and Meadow Bridglantly met by a detachment of battery-troops, es roads. cominanded by Colonel Stevens. After an en- Whilst in Groochland, Gregg's force burned the gagement of some thirty minutes with light field- barn of Hon. J. A. Seddon. It is also reported pieces, they were driven off and retired in the di- that they carried off with them Mrs. Patterson rection of the Meadow Bridges, on the Central Allan, who is under indictment for treason in the road. During the firing, the enemy threw sev- confederate court. This is only rumor, and eral shells at the fine mansion of Hon. James Ly- should be received with allowance. ons, one or two of which, we understand, passed Kilpatrick's party visited the premises of Mr. through the building, but happily without in. John P. Ballard, about three miles from the city, flicting any material damage. It was reported and stole from his stables a pair of valuable carlast night, that this column had encamped about riage-horses.* five miles from the city, on the Mechanicsville
ANOTHER ACCOUNT. road. In the fight on the Brook road, Colonel Stevens had one man killed and seven wounded.
RICHMOND, March 2, 1864.
Our last notice of the movements of the enemy This force of the enemy is variously estimated at from one thousand to five thousand cavalry, and closed with their appearance at Frederickshall, on a battery of artillery. The best information we
the Central Railroad, and the approach of another
column toward Charlottesville. The latter, we have, leads to the impression that their force at this point did not exceed one thousand three hun- learn, were met by our cavalry under Colonel dred. In the fight, nothing but artillery was
Caskie, and repulsed. At Frederickshall they used.
tore up the track for a considerable distance, The column that went into Goochland County and, it is trustworthily reported, captured and paid a visit to the house of the Hon. James Sed brought off several of our officers and eight pieces don, Secretary of War. We heard last night,
of artillery stationed there, besides doing considthat the damage done by them on his place erable damage by destroying the carriages, and amounted to but little. They burnt two or three' * Richmond Dispatch, March 1st and 21.
otherwise rendering it unserviceable for immedi- vicinity of the city, where they intended and ex
pected to arrive last night, to effect a junction, Leaving Frederickshall on Monday, they cross-probably, with a column from the direction of ed the Central Railroad and divided into two de- Ashland. The negro, however, intentionally or tachments, one moving in the direction of James ignorantly piloted them in a wrong direction, and River Canal, and the other of Ashland, where it they landed in Goochland, as above stated, about spent Monday night.
daylight yesterday, for which they hung him yesThe force penetrated yesterday (Tuesday A.m.) | terday morning. to the farm of John A. Šeddon, Secretary of War, It is reported that a detachment from this colin Goochland County ; burned his barn and sta- umn went to the river at Mannakin's Ferry, it ble, and it is reported by escaped men that his was believed with the intention of crossing it, if dwelling-house was in flames. They burned all practicable, and coming over on the south side. the flour and saw-mills in the vicinity, including Whether they succeeded or not we have not learnthe Dover flour-mills and barns, and the mills of ed. Some of the privates expressed regret at the Stanard & Morson ; destroyed a number of freight burning of houses, but said they acted under orand other boats in the canal, and did considera- ders. À negro belonging to Stanard was cap; ble damage to the iron-works at Mannakio. The tured, and, after being with them all day, feigned only damage done to the canal beside the destruc- sickness, and being sent off under guard, three tion of boats, was cutting the lock at Simpson. of our pickets galloped up and captured the YanGeneral H. A. Wise was at the time on a visit to kee, and released the negro. his son-in-law, whose farm adjoins that of Secre
About three o'clock yesterday afternoon, the tary Seddon, but fortunately became apprised of enemy advanced toward the city by the Westtheir approach in time to make his escape. He ham or River road, evidently the same force that arrived in the city yesterday.
went to Goochland. They formed into line of The other detachment, that came to Ashland, battle not far above the city, and, from the brisk was accompanied by a battery of artillery, and firing of musketry heard in that direction about approached on the Brook turnpike, about six dusk, it is supposed that a fight occurred. The miles north-west of the city, yesterday morn- enemy were afterward reported to have been reing. They were promptly met and kept in check, pulsed. Several prisoners were brought in about and finally handsomely repulsed, by a portion of eight o'clock last night. Up to the late hour of engineer troops under Colonel W. II. Stephens, writing this we learned no particulars. who manned a few sections of light artillery. A The body of raiders is under command of Genduel ensued, and shots were exchanged for about eral Kilpatrick, celebrated in connection with the two hours. The enemy then withdrew in the raid of last spring, over very much the identical direction of Mechanicsville, burning the trestle route. Besides the general destruction of properwork of the Central Railroad across the Chicka- ty, one of the principal objects of the raid was hominy in their retreat. Our loss in the fight on evidently the release of the prisoners in this the Brook road was one killed and six or seven city, but the plan miscarried by the treachery or wounded, but we are unable to learn their names. ignorance of this negro guide. It is not to be Neither the force nor the loss of the enemy is yet supposed that it would have been successful, ascertained, as they carried their dead and wound- had it been otherwise. The whole force is estied with them. We captured two prisoners, who mated at about two large brigades, and whatever were committed to Libby Prison.
the object, they have won a title to considerable During the retreat of this column they threw boldness, to say the least of it. two or three shells at the dwelling-house of the
Later. --Last night at about a quarter past ten Hon. James Lyons, which exploded in the yard o'clock, brisk artillery-firing was heard in the without damage. They stopped the carriage of direction of Meadow Bridges or Mechanicsville, Mr. John P. Ballard, took out both the horses, and which continued half an hour. It proceeded, carried off the horses of Mr. Goddin. The latest doubtless, from the column that retreated in that report we have from this retreating column is, direction. It was reported that a skirmish octhat they had halted five or six miles from the curred earlier in the night on the Westham city to take refreshments. They are probably road, in which the enemy charged Hurley's batendeavoring to make their escape by way.of the talion and the Twenty-eighth Virginia regiment, White House. We omitted to mention a report who were in charge of the main body, and were that they saluted Camp Lee with a few shells, repulsed. We heard of no casualties, but this lacks confirmation.
An official communication received last night, The detachment that went to Goochland, ac- expresses the opinion that Meade is advancing cording to the statement of an escaped prisoner, against General Lee. The same opinion is enincluded a large body of negroes, mounted and tertained in a high official quarter. If Meade armed. They seized and brought with them a means fight, it may begin to-day, the weather considerable number of negroes as they passed permitting, though it may be only a demonstrathrough the country, as well as a large number tion in favor of the raid on the city. of horses, which were brought into requisition whenever others were exhausted and gave out.
ANOTHER ACCOUNT. Before leaving the Central Railroad they impress
RICHMOND, March 4, 1864. ed into service a negro guide, to pilot them to the In concluding our report yesterday, we stated
that the raiders had succeeded in effecting their In addition to the names already published by escape hy crossing the Pamunkey at Piping us, we have heard of the following wounded in Tree. Subsequent information has satisfied us the late fights: Of Henly's battalion-privates that this statement was erroneous, and that only D. T. Carter, S. McLain, R. B. Green, and Gray a small portion of the enemy's forces crossed Deswell. Of the Armory battalion-Lieutenant the Pamunkey in their retreat. The main body, Truehart, slightly in shoulder; private Jones, after passing Old Church, in Hanover County, mortally; private Rees, badly in the neck. moved down into New-Kent, on their way, doubt. Among the local troops, we understand our total less, to Williamsburgh.
loss to be: Killed, three; mortally wounded, Yesterday afternoon, Colonel Bradley T. John- two; wounded, twelve; missing, five. son, with about forty of his Marylanders, assist- The injury sustained by this road from the ed by a detachment of the Ninth Virginia cav. raiders is slight, and only such as to prevent the alry, which had joined him, came up with their running of the trains for a few days. In the rear-guard, near Tunstall's Station, when a skir- neighborhood of the Chickabominy they demish ensued, resulting in the capture of seventy stroyed the trestle work over the Brook, and some of the raiders. This is probably the last heavy fifteen feet of what is known as the dry trestling pull that will be made upon them, as it is un on the other side of the Chickahominy. At derstood that the remainder of the party had Beaver Dam they tore up some hundred yards pushed on beyond New-Kent Court-House. or more of track, and burnt one or two unim
Thus ends the great raid which was designed portant railroad buildings. This is about the for the destruction of General Lee's communica-extent of the damage inflicted upon the road. tions and the liberation of the Yankee prisoners Some uneasiness has been expressed with in Richmond. The injury to the communications reference to our artillery at Frederickshall, and with the army of Northern Virginia can be re- apprehensions entertained that it sustained some paired in three days, and, instead of releasing damage from the raiders on Monday. The fact the prisoners already in our hands, they have that several of the artillery officers were capturadded not less than two hundred and fifty to ed by them excited these apprehensions. We their numbers.
are glad to state, however, that not a single piece It is somewhat difficult to ascertain the exact was injured, as the enemy were not at Frederloss of the raiders in killed and wounded. It is ickshall at all They struck
he railroad some thought that in the fights on Mick's and Green's three miles below that point. farms they had seventeen killed, and it is known The remains of Captain Albert Ellery, who that they had not less than twenty wounded. fell in one of the fights on Tuesday night, were In Hampton's night attack upon them, near At- interred in Hollywood Cemetery. They were follee's, he killed four or five and wounded as many lowed to their last resting-place by the battalion
In the several engagements which oc- of which he was a member, and Smith's batcurred, they must have lost, at a low estimate, talion band. Among the pall-bearers, we noticed twenty-five in killed and seventy wounded. Marshal Kane and Doctor Charles Magill.
Their loss in prisoners will reach two hundred and fifty. Up to seven o'clock yesterday evening, one hundred and seventy had been booked
RICHMOND, March 5, 1864. at the Libby, and these did not include the sev- The most important blow which has yet been enty captured by Colonel Johnson in the neigh- struck the daring raiders who attempted to enter borhood of Tunstall's.
this city on Tuesday last, was wielded by LieuWhat their net loss in horses will amount to tenant Pollard, of the Ninth Virginia cavalry, on cannot, of course, be estimated, as the number Wednesday night, about eleven o'clock, in the they stole in their line of march will go far to neighborhood of Walkertown, in King and Queen make up the number captured from them. They County. did not lose less than five hundred in killed and Lieutenant Pollard, with the greater portion captured. Beside the horses, they lost a Napo- of his own company, had been watching the leon gun, many saddles, carbines, sabres, pistols, movements of the enemy all day on Wednesday, blankets, etc. Altogether, the expedition was in King William, and ascertained that night that rather an expensive one to Kilpatrick's Govern- Dahlgren, with about two hundred of his deludment, taking into consideration the results ac-ed followers, had crossed the Mattapony at Ay. complished.
lett's. With his own men he crossed over and We were in error as to the name of the officer followed the retreating raiders. On reaching the who commanded this battalion in the recent forks of the road, a few miles above Walkertown, fight with the enemy on Green's farm. Captain Lieutenant Pollard learned that the enemy had John McAnerney, and not McIthaney, is his taken the river road, leading to that place.
He came to Virginia in the early part of Leaving a few men to follow on after them, he the war with the Third Alabama regiment, and quitted the main road with the larger portion of was wounded in the battles around Richmond. the force at his disposal, and by a circuitous His wound disabling him, he was appointed a route and forced march, he succeeded in throwclerk in the Post-Office Department. On the ing himself in front of the enemy and awaited day of the raid he assumed command of the bat- his approach. In the mean time, he had been talion as senior Captain, Major Henly being sick. I joined by the home-guards King and Queen
THE DEATH OF DAHLGREY.