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ed, as also all the cotton out of which it was built. ed, as we had scarcely eaten the day before. We have succeeded, so far, in gathering about The next morning, at day-break, the rebs comfour hundred and fifty bales of cotton, of which menced a vigorous attack on our pickets. We eighty are on the gunboats, and the rest on the mounted, formed, and rode out to meet the enetransports. Fisty-three bales are all of the C.S.A. my. Company E, commanded by Captain Wilthat have been captured, though but very little liam J. Bodenhamer, (a gallant and brave offiof any is marked at all. When we leave here, it cer) was sent to the right to flank the enemy, will be to go up the Little Schula, as far as the and the rest of the cominand attacked them in town of that name.
Then we go down the river, the front. In the early part of the fight, we fill up with coal, and ascend the Sunflower. drove them back about two hundred yards,
There has been no Union sentiment of any when the rebs, consisting heretofore of cavalry, moment or value expressed since our advent into were reënforced by a large force of infantry, these waters.
On the Sunflower, however, we compelling us to fall back to our former posihave reason to believe it is prominent. This is tion. Here a fire was kept up for two hours, an insignificant place, containing about forty when orders were received to fall back, as the houses of all kinds, and entirely of frame build- enemy greatly outnumbered us, (estimated at ings. The inhabitants have mostly fled, leaving one thousand six hundred.) We heard that we a few poor Irish. It is a rendezvous for dry-goods were to be aided by forces sent up the river, merchants, who obtain large supplies from Mem- to attack them in the rear, and by troops from phis via Friar's Point. We have met with no Helena, to attack them in that quarter. This young men as yet, all having been forced into fired the boys on, and made them fight with the army. The last military order of the rebels more vigor. Our wounded, among whom was is to remove or shoot all the negroes between the D. Edward M. Clark, of company A, (wounded ages of forty-five and sixteen. Some few negroes mortally,) were carried off the field to a neighhave already been shot by the rebel scouts. boring house, which was fitted up as a hospital,
I have been up the Tallahatchie as far as where and the wounded placed in charge of Dr. Cook, the Star of the West is sunk, which is directly contract surgeon at this post, who remained opposite the Fort, (Pemberton.) At the mouth with them, and is now in the enemy's hands. of the Yallabusha the Ed. J. Gay is sunk, the Company I, commanded by Lieutenant F. J. decks being just above water. About one mile McAdoo, and company L, covered the retreat, below, the Arcadia is sunk, with her upper-works till the wounded were all moved from the field, out, and nearly filling the river at this stage of and then joined the balance of the command. water, We found great difficulty in turning and We were closely followed, and fought constantcoming down, the light upper-works suffering to ly, for about five miles. 'We then halted, and some extent. The rebel steamer Sharpe was the ground being favorable, formed to receive burnt a few days ago in the Yallabusha, to pre- the enemy, and while doing so, we discovered vent her falling into our hands. As the river is that they were about to make a flank movement falling quite rapidly, and with thirteen boats in to cut us off, compelling us again to take up our the fleet, I think I shall drop down below the bars. line of march. Here Lieutenant-Colonel J. W. I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient serv- Lisenby left us, taking with him companies I
E. K. OWEN, and H, pursuing a different road, to protect a
Lieutenant commanding Fifth District. ford at a bayou, which we would have to cross, Rear-Admiral D. D. Porter,
and which it was feared the enemy would take Commanding Mississippi Squadron. possession of The rest of the command pro
ceeded further, under command of Major Wil
liam J. Teed, making direct for the bayou. Doc. 125.
Colonel Lisenby arrived at the bayou, and waitFIGHT NEAR COTTON PLANT, ARK.
ed some time for us, when he received informa
tion that Major Teed had been cut off by one MISSOURI DEMOCRAT ACCOUNT,
hundred of the enemy, and to prevent being cut
off also, the Colonel took a different road, swam DUVALL'S BLUFF, ARK., CAMP Eighth Missouri CAVALRY VOLUNTEERS, Cache River, and proceeded directly to Duvall's
April 25, 1864. Bluff, and arrived at the banks opposite this On the morning of April twentieth, detach- place next day. Major Teed arrived at the ments of coan panies A, B, C, E, F, H, Í, L, and bayou, and sent out scouts to find the Colonel, M of this regiment, about two hundred and fifty but these returned without having found him, men, left this place under command of Lieuten- and so we proceeded unmolested, except by the ant-Colonel J. W. Lisenby, and arrived at Cot- rain, which poured down in torrents, and reach; ton Plant at ten o'clock next morning. Here we ed Clarendon at eight o'clock p.y. ; camped, and learned that two hundred guerrillas had left the waited for a boat to ferry us across White River. town the day before. We resumed the march This arrived next day ; ferried us across, and so at eleven o'clock, and at dark halted and sent we arrived here last night, much wearied, huna small party to reconnoitre. Sergeant Major gry, and exhausted, but content that it all hapwas informed that the rebs knew our designs, pened in our three years. Upon arriving, we and had formed in line on both sides of the road learned that parts of companies D, F, and (i,
marched back a mile, and cook- I altogether fifty, and parts of the Third MinneVoI. VIIL
Upon this we
sota and Sixty-first Illinois infantry, under com- are forts, with gans of heavy calibre, some of mand of Colonel Andrews, the latter having them of immense range. Sometimes the block. come secretly from Little Rock, had left this ade-runners come down to the forts, out of place on Steamers Commercial and Raymond at range of our guns, of course, and lie there waitthe same time we did, and were to operate with ing an opportunity to slip out in a dark stormy
They arrived at Augusta at daylight, on night, etc. Had we found one of them there, we the twentieth, here disembarked, and proceeded would have boarded, surprised, and worked her toward Cache River by different roads; the cav- out if possible. But to our expedition. alry taking one road and the infantry the other. Our main object was to capture General HerIt was not long before the cavalry, commanded bert, the rebel General commanding this departby Captain J. H. Garrison, of company G, came ment, and whose headquarters were at Smithupon the rebel Colonel Ponder, of the Ninth ville, a small village up the river, and inside all regiment Missouri Cavalry, C. S. A., who had the forts. We supposed there were about three been reconnoitring our forces. Upon seeing regiments of rebels at this place. It was a good our cavalry, he endeavored to escape, but the dark night. With muffled oars, we passed the boys gave chase, came upon him, and after forts unseen, although we passed close to them. firing a few shots at him, captured him, to Orders were given in whispers, and the strictgether with a few more rebs, and took him to est silence was observed. Saw plenty of fires the main command. After this, they proceeded from salt-works, as we were pulling up the toward the Cache River, arriving there at three river. At last we passed Smithville, and reo'clock P.M. Advance-guard here fired into a turned to the village; could hear voices of workrebel picket on the other side of the river, men at the salt-works on the bank distinctly; causing them to skedaddle. They then turned pulled in; landed near a small landing-place, back, and met the infantry resting three miles where was a sentry, whom we found to be fast from the river, who returned with them to the asleep—we didn't disturb his dreams. To our boat. On the way there, the advance-guard surprise, on advancing from our boats, we found (cavalry) came upon a reb, who tried to escape a sand-battery in our very front, not twenty them; they gave chase, and "Jonny Reb” was yards from our boats. The Captain ordered thrown from his “critter," and then surrendered. four men to stay in the boats, while the balUpon being asked by Captain Garrison as to ance, with the exception of our Captain, myself, his occupation, he stated that he was a despatch- another officer, and a coxswain, were left" near bearer for the C. S. A., and drew forth a batch the boats, with orders to hold on to them, in of despatches, among which were some announc- case we were discovered, to the last moment. ing a victory of the rebs over Banks on Red Seeing a man at work at the beach near by, an River. The troops arrived at Augusta without officer and man were sent to secure him; they further molestation. The next two days scouts crept up on to him, put a revolver to his head, were sent out, bringing in a great number of and brought him to us. On their return, they mules, horses, and contrabands, and at daylight got another-both of them contrabands, and of the twenty-fourth they left Augusta, and ar- just what we wanted. The Captain clapped rived here at two o'clock P.M.
pistol to the head of one, and told him to lead Accompanying the infantry was Lieutenant us to General Herbert's headquarters, and point Albert Potthoff, Post Quartermaster at Little to us where the sentries were posted. He took Rock, who is greatly pleased with his lot of the lead; we followed, four in all; passed close to horses and mules. Officers and men behaved a sentry, he was asleep, (every body sleeps here gallantly. The enemy's loss is not known, but apparently ;) finally we arrived at the General's is believed to be severe.
headquarters, and sat down under the edge of the verandah to “take our bearings," as Jack
It was a large house, with the verDoc. 126.
andah extending all around it. On the opposite
side of the street was a long building, the barEXPEDITION UP THE NEUSE RIVER, N. C. racks, where a battalion of soldiers were quar
tered. Learning from the "black" that the
General's staff lived in the house with him, OFF WILMINGTON, N. C., March 2, 1864. the Captain sent to the boat for four more On the evening of the twenty-ninth of Feb. men. Now we were eight, all told. The moon ruary, we started from our ship on an expedi- was now up and shining brightly ; we tried the tion; the Captain in his “gig," with a master's front-door, found it unlocked, and walked in; mate and twelve oars. I had command of the opened the door on the left side of the hall, and first cutter, also pulling twelve oars, with the commenced hunting the General, “or any other coxswain. We took with us an engineer and man” that we could find. Our guide disn't two tiremen, and were, all told, twenty-five men know which was the General's chamber, so we and officers. The engineer and firemen accom- had to explore, with strict orders not to fire, panied us to take charge of and bring out a unless to prevent capture, and then only to fire blockade-runner, in case we should meet any in- when obliged to retreat. We were armed to side the forts. We are blockading at the mouth the teeth-drawn cutlasses, and revolver in left of the Neuse River. On each side of its mouth hand. Captain struck a match in first room,
ACCOUNT BY A PARTICIPANT.
UNITED STATES STEAMER
saw at once it was their mess-room; then tried a four-gun battery which lay very handy to that right-hand door, found locked; sent two men vicinity. to watch in the rear of the house.
Next morning I went over in charge of a flagThe rest of the party kept watch, while the of-truce boat, to arrange affairs with the comCaptain and I went up the stairs. (How the mandant of Fort Caswell
, (Colonel Jones,) so as dogs did bark over the way about this time!) to get the effects of Captain Kelley ; landed on We went into an apartment on the landing, and the beach under guns of the Fort. Colonel Jones were lighting a match, when we heard the door and several of his officers were there to receive below slam violently, amid the crashing of glass. me. I introduced myself, and at once made I said: Captain, there's a row below; we known the object of the flag of truce, etc. must fight or go to Richmond!” We rushed obliged to wait there until they could send to down stairs, (a pretty good load of excitement Smithville for Captain Kelley's clothes, etc., etc. on, as you may imagine ;) coxswain told me a At first Colonel Jones was very reserved in his man had jumped out of the window, and was manner, and of course I was on my dignity as making off! I started to run back of the house well. I could see that they felt a good deal inorto head him off, when I heard sounds of strug- tified at our success. At last Colonel Jones (by gling in another room back-went in, and found the by, he is from Virginia—was a captain in the Captain had a fellow by the arm-revolver the regular army when the war broke out) reclose to his head. “One word and you die!" | marked : • Sir, you did a brave and gallant said our Captain. This prisoner was in his thing last night, and deserve great credit not drawers; two beds in the room, and one man only for the plan, but for the cool and daring had escaped. We asked prisoner if he was the manner in which it was executed. We know General. He replied, “No; the General went your object was to get our General, but, thank to Wilmington this morning;" that he was “Cap- God! he was gone,” etc., etc. After this they betain Kelley, of the Engineer Corps, and on the came quite sociable. The Colonel said he much staff of the General ;” that “the officer who had regretted he could not invite me into the Fort; escaped was Adjutant-General Hardeman,” etc. but said he: “You have already seen more than Captain ordered him to dress himself without I wish you had.” Refreshments were brought delay, and prepare to go with us. He (Captain on, and we had a very pleasant chat. AdjutantKelley) was terribly excited, and exclaimed: General Hardeman, who was there, (I told him I “What, you take me, surrounded by my own had his blanket, and the circumstances connecttroops ! For God's sake, who are you !" Up wented with my taking it,) laughingly said that any the pistol to his head, and on went his clothes-body who could think of being cold at such a quick was our play. He could not believe we time, etc., deserved an admiral's commission. were from the feet outside. My feet were wet The Colonel said that the sleepy sentries would and cold; the sight of a fine red blanket on the be shot, and that some of the officers would be Adjutant-General's bed was too much for me; hauled over for negligence. He was surprised I took it as a memento and comforter. We ran when I told him how many there were of our Captain Kelley down to the boats, expecting every party. I told him “we were few but very semoinent to hear the alarm, and to be surrounded lect," etc. or attacked : but luck was with us. We shoved off with our prisoners—(the Captain and two contrabands) -all right so far.
Doc. 127. Now to get by the forts. Kelley said "
we never could do it-would be blown out of the
BATTLE AT PADUCAH, KY. water," etc. We pulled about twenty minutes
PADUCAH, March 29, 1864. down the river, when the enemy commenced The smoke of the battle of Paducah has at making their night signals. Gracious! how the length cleared away, and we may add another lights were flashing from all points, above and chapter to the history of the war of the rebelbelow us. Kelley understood these signals, of lion-to us, of this city, the most eventful chapcourse; said they had telegraphed to the forts- ter written. “The enemy inside in boats." We pulled along On Thursday, the twenty-fourth instant, Union slowly; just about this time the moon was ob- City, sixty-five miles distant, was attacked and scured by a thick bank of clouds—now was our surrendered to Colonel Faulkner, of the rebel tinie. If ever I saw boats jump, 'twas then ; army. The news speedily came to Paducah, every man knew his danger, but was cool. How with a note of warning to our commander to pregriin old Fort Caswell loomed up as we passed pare for an attack. her! We knew that a thousand eyes were watch- Colonel Hicks having been apprised of the coning the river for us; but, thank God! we got by centration of rebel forces south of here for some undiscovered, and got on board our good ship by days previous, needed nothing to stimulate him four o'clock A.M., all safe.
to increased activity in the means of defence. We were much disappointed at finding the Rumor had a busy day playing on her “harp General “not at home;" we would surely have of a thousand strings" on Friday, the twentyhad him. Had not the Adjutant-General escaped, fifth, till about two o'clock in the evening, when we would have paid a quiet visit to several other all of a sudden the presence of a large rebel force houses in Smithville, and also intended to spikel in the suburbs of our city was no longer a doubtful question. I beheld what I supposed to be a part of the breast and down to the limbs, throwflag o. truce moving up Broadway, our principal ing portions of his body fifteen feet distant. It business street. Starting at once to provide for is said that just before, and almost simultaneousthe safety of my family, believing that half an ly with the shell, a musket was fired at the hour at least would intervene before the battle Colonel by an ardent young African, which took would open, I was surprised to hear the sound effect in the forehead. of musketry as I made my way to my residence. The assault was gallantly repulsed, and the The battle had actually begun. Its sudden com- shout of victory arose from the fort. There mencement can be accounted for only upon the were other attempts to take it, but each time the presumption that the enemy's flag of truce was besieging hosts were driven back by the intrepid not a flag of truce, or at least was not respected boys at the fort, into whom now seemed to be by those who sent it, for Federal pickets were infused the indomitable courage and valor of fired on and prisoners taken before the flag could Colonel Hicks. possibly have reached its destination. Moreover, While the fort guns were at work most powerI am informed by Adjutant Taylor that when he fully and fatally upon the enemy around, two went to meet the flag, with his white handker- gunboats, the Peosta, (thirty-six,) Lieutenant chief waving, he was fired upon, and had to re- Shirk commanding, and the (thirty-two) treat. Thus the bat opened, leaving non-com- Captain O'Neil, poured an incessant torrent of batants, women, and children to make their es- shot and shell through the streets of the city cape through the rain of shot and shell, which upon the enemy, who were as busy as bees had been provoked by this strange and untimely plundering stores, gathering up horses, etc., attack.
mostly belonging to citizens; but few GovernOur forces consisted of the Sixteenth Kentucky ment horses being lost. cavalry, Major Barnes, two hundred and seventy ; In addition to the plundering, the rebels fired three companies of the One Hundred and Twen- the large frame building on Broadway, built and ty-second Illinois infantry, Major Chapman, one used by the Government as quartermasters' hundred and two; and the first Kentucky heavy dépôt and office. They destroyed our railroad artillery, (corps d'Afrique,) Colonel Cunningham, dépôt and a new boat upon the ways, both of two hundred and seventy-four; total, six hun- which they knew to be the property of citizens. dred and forty-six. These were under the com- Four cars were burnt; the locomotives escaped. mand of the war-worn veteran Colonel S. G. They set fire to a few bales of cotton on the Hicks, who was severely wounded at the battle levee. A row of some six buildings, one of which of Shiloh.
was occupied as military headquarters, fronting The force of the rebels is believed to have con- the river, served as a lodgment for their sharpsisted of three brigades, under command of Major- shooters, who skilfully plied their art upon the General Forest; General Buford and Colonel A. lookouts and other openings upon the gunboats. P. Thompson's forces were among them. It A marine that showed his head was in great danturned out that Colonel A. P. Thompson had ger of losing it. Lieutenant Shirk at once disthe commission of Brigadier in his pocket. The covered the necessity of routing them, and sent rebel forces were supported by the august pre- a few volleys into the buildings, which set them sence of his ex-Excellency Isham G. Harris.
on fire. After the battle had raged awhile, Colonel A dastardly thing in the sharp-shooters was Hicks received a message by flag of truce, in sub- the refuge they sought in a new boat upon the stance as follows, namely: That he (Colonel ways, filled with women and children. Thus Hicks) was assailed by an overwhelming force, protected by their sacred presence, they poured that resistance was useless, and, to prevent fur- their deadly missiles upon the gunboats with imther effusion of blood, he demanded the surren- punity. After a while they fired the boat and der of the fort, with all the Government property skedaddled, leaving women and children to find and stores at the post at Paducah ; that if a sur- other quarters. render was made, Colonel Hicks and his forces Many business and dwelling-houses have sufshould be treated as prisoners of war, but if re- fered greatly from the shells of the gunboats, sused and the fort had to be taken by force of prominent among which are the Continental Hoarms, no quarters would be given. Signed by tel, City Hotel, and Branch Bank of Louisville. Major-General Forrest. To this bold demand The latter is almost a mass of ruins, with its enColonel Hieks laconically replied that he had tire contents. Cashier S. B. Hughes and family been sent here by his Government to protect and resided in the building, but, fortunately, had es. defend the post, and his sense of duty and obli- caped. gation as a soldier forbade the surrender.
The entire Federal loss is fourteen killed, forThe battle was then renewed with vigor, a ty-six wounded, and perhaps thirty prisoners, spirited assault being made upon the fort by the taken from the hospitals. Kentucky rebel forces, under command of Colo- It is difficult to estimate the rebel loss, as their nel or General A. P. Thompson. In this fatal killed and wounded were mostly buried by themassault Colonel Thompson received his deathselves or taken off in their retreat. charge as suddenly and furiously as the proud Adjutant Taylor estimates their loss at three oak receives the thunder-bolt. A shell passed hundred killed, and the usual proportion of through his body, tearing to atoms the lower wounded.
Cairo advices from points passed on their re- in their reach. Why didn't they take the Peosta ? treat indicate heavier losses. One thing is cer- She didn't run. tain—they came, they saw, and they got most It is no light matter to have a vast crowd of terribly thrashed. They plundered dry-goods thousands, mostly women and children and inand shoe-stores extensively, and obtained a large valids, thrown together without a moment's prenumber of horses; but merchandise and horses paration. For providing means of sustenance and bave seldom been bought at so dear a price, illus- comfort for that immense, terror-stricken crowd trating the divine maxim, that the way of the much praise is due Captain Finley, who, at th transgressor is hard.
expense of his own feeble health, was hard a The battle closed for the night at about eleven work for twenty-four hours, constantly on the o'clock. On the inorning it was believed that alert to meet every necessity. Jo. Fowler, V. the fight would be renewed, and Colonel Hicks Owen, and Aleck. Woolfolk gave their hearts determined to destroy the lodgment of their sharp- and hands freely to the work of providing for shooters by firing the buildings that had been the multitude. The busy little Blue Bird and or could be made useful to the enemy in that another small boat picked up many a little squad way. Thus some thirty or forty houses fell a of terrified sufferers from the river bank and ferprey to the flames and the stern necessities of ried them over during the night. The Blue Bird war. Many noble buildings, ornaments to our once ventured up too close to the concealed sharpthriving but unfortunate young city, were de- shooters, and had to fall back into the safe old stroyed, in most instances with their entire con- rule of little boats not venturing too far. tents. The destruction of our gas-works is a The steamer Louisville arrived late in the night. sad affliction to us. The attack was so sudden, Captain Wolf, her commander, crowned himself and had been preceded by so many false alarms, and his boat all over with glory. Her state-rooms that few indeed were prepared for the shock. and larders were thrown open free of charge to
Colonel Hicks, himself, always acting upon the the weary, hungry multitude, and her wheels principle that eternal vigilance is the price of lib- were ever in motion to go where humanity and erty, surely could not have anticipated, though necessity required. The Louisville and Captain he so nobly repulsed the impetuous dash, as he Wolf will never be forgotten by the hundreds was fired at on his way from headquarters to the who took refuge there. Captain Wolf really fort.
looked sorry when it was all over, for, although The pell-mell rush of citizens was of itself ter- his stores must have been exhausted, his benerific, and, to many, would doubtless have been volence shone yet full-orbed upon every suffering disastrous, but for the coolness, tact, self-posses- face. The high-headed Liberty No. 2 steamed sion, and untiring exertion of our most excellent up about eleven o'clock Saturday morning, yet Quartermaster, Captain J. A. Finley. After mak- in time to regale many an empty stomach; and ing the best possible disposition of such property what could have given that prince of steamboat as could not be removed to the river, records, pa- commanders, Captain Wes. Conner, more joy of pers, moneys, and other valuables, with his fam- heart than his ability to relieve the pangs of hunily, had to be taken care of. Moving them all ger under such dreadful circumstances ? He to the large wharf-boat of J. H. Fowler & Co., gave all he had, and only looked sad when he which was now freighted with probably a thou- had no more to give those homeless sufferers, sand frightened souls, and valuables of a public and then invited as many as desired to ta free and private kind, he turned his eyes upon the passage on his boat. But we were all chained by confused mass of human beings, on boat and a magic spell to the point from which we could shore, that were crying for safety. In a moment behold our smoking homes. It is painful to turn he comprehended the responsibility and magni- from the praise of the benevolent to deal in centude of the task. Assuming control of the vast sure, but the steamer New-Iowa deserves a passcrowd, with limited means of escape, forgetful of ing notice for the exorbitant charges which were self, he seemed to be the instrument in the hands extorted from all who partook of her hospitaliof Providence that saved us. Owens's ferry-boat, ties. Had Captain Finley been promptly notithe Blue Bird, was ordered alongside the wharf- fied, she would have been required, in the name boat. A coal-barge, upon which your humble of the United States, to be a little more considerservant, with his family and many others, had ate and charitable. taken refuge, was ordered to drop down and Long live Colonel Hicks and the brave soldiers make fast to the ferry. Insufficiency of motive and marines who defended our city, and long power was a fearful question.
live Captain Finley and the other noble hearts Meantime the Peosta poured her streams of who contributed so fully and freely to the varied fire over and around us, causing an awful tremor necessities of a panic-stricken, afflicted, and hometo seize our vitals. All now ready, Captain Fin- less people.* ley or lered fastenings loosed, and heavily, like a
ANOTHER NATIONAL ACCOUNT. huge leviathan, the trio of boats swung round, the graceful Peosta withdrawing a little to give
PADUCAH, KY., April 4, 1864. us swing, and we were off to the opposite shore
There have been so many different and conjust in the nick of time; ten minutes later, and flicting versions of the recent fight at Paducah, we would have been in the hands of the rebels, Kentucky, published in the papers, that I have as they had ordered the destruction of every boat! * See Fort Pillow Massacre, Doc. 1, ante.