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the rebels were repulsed, and commenced a CAMP SECOND IOWA CAVALRY, hasty retreat. MEMPHIS, November 4, 1963.
The following are the casualties to the Second Editors GAZETTE: Times have been quite Iowa at that place: Frank Byland, company L; lively of late, with some fighting interspersed, Charles F. Brow company I, killed on the in which the Second cavalry, as usual, had a field ; and Nathan Patterson, company M, share.
wounded, since dead. Their bodies came into The rebels, notwithstanding their recent de camp this evening. feat by Colonel Hatch's forces, when they under- Wounded: Corporal Thomas Dulin, company took to break this line of railroad, seem not to L, face and right arm; private James H. Reed, have been satisfied without at least another trial. company L, left leg broken; Sergeant James The Second is stationed here, the Sixth Illinois at Crawford, company L, right lung severely; Germantown, and others farther eastward. The Corporal Joseph Steele, company C, in calf of rebels being on the move northward, on Sunday, leg, serious; Private Edward Perry, company the first, the Second was ordered out at nine P. M., C, in left breast, serious ; Corporal William with three days' rations. They left camp on the Wallace, company B, in left breast, serious; morning of the second, at two o'clock A.m., and private Stelton Heinly, company G, in head, proceeded to Germantown. That night a serious serious; private E. B. Chamberlain, company affair between two officers terminated in blood. H, through breast, serious. Several officers were present at supper-among
The wounded are now all in camp, except whom were Lieutenant-Colonel Loomis, com- Crawford Z. Chamberlain, who is too danger. manding the Sixth Illinois cavalry, and Majorously wounded to be moved. The rebels left Herrod, of the same regiment. In the conver- eighteen dead on the field. Their loss must sation, Colonel Loomis made a remark reflecting have been near one hundred. on Major Herrod, when he called on Colonel Loo- After being repulsed, the enemy fled, hotly mis to “take it back.” The Colonel refusing, pursued by our regiment, and reached the ColdMajor Herrod instantly drew his revolver and water at night, where they had reënforcements fired five shots into the Colonel, killing him on and artillery posted on the opposite side. Colthe spot. Major Herrod is now in irons in the onel Hepburn formed line and attacked, and Irving block in this city. Colonel Loomis's had quite a brisk engagement-firing only by body went north to-day.
the flashes from the enemy's guns. It being On Tuesday, the third, the regiment had night, and the rebels with reënforcements, our moved to Collierville, seven miles beyond Ger- troops fell back, and rested for the night. At mantown, on the railroad. About noon the reb: this place Captain Horton, of company A, was els made an attack on the place with a force of wounded in the spine. He was brought to the about one thousand five hundred strong. A por city to-day. tion of the Seventh Illinois cavalry occupied a The rebels were armed with Austrian mussmall earth work, with one small gun. The Sec-kets. I saw two bullets extracted from the ond Iowa cavalry, under command of Lieuten- wounded, and they are large and effective. ant-Colonel Hepburn, was dismounted on the I omitted to state that Orderly-Sergeant Dannorth side of the railroad, and formed in line iel Estell, of Company L, was missing at the enalong the railroad, there being a slight cut at that gagement at Collierville, and not yet heard from. place. The two mountain howitzers, under the Colonel Hatch left Collierville, early this morncommand of Lieutenant P. S. Reed, of company ing, with other forces of his command, and will K, took a position just north of the track. The reb- pursue the enemy vigorously. The Colonel has els expected, no doubt, to find only the Seventh added another laurel to bis chaplet, and the Illinois there, as they are stationed at that point, Second lowa added one more to its glorious list. and two companies of whom they had captured on picket on the way up. They saw the guns bidding them defiance, and not fully aware of the Iowa boys with their five-shooting rifles
Doc. 115. being in such close proximity, they swooped down on a furious charge to capture the pieces.
RAID OF STUART'S CAVALRY The rebel right was under command of General
ON THE ORANGE AND ALEXANDRIA RAILROAD. Richardson, the left of General George. Lieutenant Reed stood by his guns manfully, and
WASHINGTON, Dec, 16, 1563. handled them admirably. When the rebs had LIEUTENANT Peck, of the Second regiment Dis. got within easy range, the boys poured out trict volunteers, gives the particulars of a bold their rapid fire from along the railroad track; raid made by Stuart's cavalry, last night, upon the rebs pressed forward, but lowa was too the Orange and Alexandria Railroad, about one much for them; but three succeeded in reaching mile and a half beyond Fairfax Station. our line—one of them was General George. Just The rebels, about eight hundred strong, and as he reached the line, his horse was killed, and accompanied by the notorious Mosby, at six in a moment he was in the grasp of a "Yank,” o'clock attacked the guard upon the railroad at a prisoner; one of the others was wounded, and that point, which consisted of company I, of the the other killed. After fighting for some time, One Hundred and Fifty-fifth New-York regiment
REPORT OF ACTING REAR-ADMIRAL S. P. LEE.
The company made a brave resistance, and were
Doc. 116. only captured by the cavalry entirely surround
DESTRUCTION OF BLOCKADE-RUNNERS. ing thein.
The rebels had previously cut the telegraph wires, but word was conveyed as quickly as UNITED STATES FLAG-SHIP MINNESOTA, possible to Colonel Drew, in command of a bat
OFF LOCKwoon's FOLLY INLET, Jan. 11, 1864.
} talion of four companies of the Second District Sır: At daylight this morning a steamer was of Columbia volunteers, at Fairfax Station, and seen beached and burning one mile west of this he started with his command to reënforce the at. inlet. Mr. O'Conner from this ship boarded her, tacked. The progress of the train was stopped with the loss of one man, shot under the fire at Pope Run, where the rebels had burned the from the enemy's sharp-shooters occupying riflebridge and torn up the track for about two miles. pits on the sand-hills, which were high and near,
When Colonel Drew arrived at Pope Run, it and got her log-book, from which it appears that was extremely dark, and the rain poured down she is the Ranger ; that she left Newcastle No. furiously. He fired several volleys at the rebels, vember eleventh, 1863, for Bermuda, where, which they returned. None of our men were after touching at Teneriffe, she arrived on the wounded.
eighth of December; that she sailed from BerIt was evidently the object of the raiders to muda January sixth, 1864, made our coast Jancapture a railroad train from Alexandria, loaded uary tenth, about five miles north-east of Murwith large quantities of provisions and forage for rill's inlet, and landed her passengers. The next the army, which was due at the time. The train morning at daylight, intercepted by this ship, happened to be an hour and a half late, and con- the Daylight, Governor Buckingham, and Aries, scquently escaped capture. It is quite likely in her approach to Western bar, she was beachthat the rebels committed further outrages upon ed and fired by her crew as above mentioned. the railroad beyond Pope Run, of which we The attempts of the Governor Buckingham, aided have not been informed. This raid revives very by the Daylight and Aries, to extinguish the forcibly the former exploits of Stuart's cavalry fire and haul the ranger off, were frustrated by in this line of business.
the enemy's sharp-shooters, whose fire completeWASHINGTON, Dece eighteenth.—The Star ty commanded her decks. This ship, drawing has the following account of the raid :
about twenty-four (24) feet, was taken in four We learn, through despatches received at and one half (41) fathoms of water in front of headquarters of this department, from General the wreck, and the other vessels stationed to Corcoran, that last night company I, of the One cross-fire on the riflemen on the sand-hills openIlundred and Fisty-fifth New-York regiment, at ed a deliberate fire, with a view to dislodge the Sangster's Station, in the midst of the terrible enemy, and allow an attempt to haul off the storm then raging, were attacked by a body of Ranger at high-water at night. Meanwhile the Stuart's rebel cavalry, about one thousand strong, Ranger was burning freely forward, and the under command of the rebel General Bower, commanding officers of the Governor Buckingwhich left Fredericksburgh on Wednesday night bam and Daylight, who had a good view of her last, on this raid.
situation, thinking that it was not practicable to Contrary to their expectations, the company get her off, she was also fired into, which, as her on railroad guard duty there made a gallant, and, hatches were closed, had the effect of letting the as it turned out, successful resistance, having air in, when the fire burnt freely aft, and doubtbeaten thein off four times before being flanked, less burnt the Ranger out completely. Meanand having all their tents burned by a portion of while black smoke was rising in the direction of the enemy, who got in the rear. The company Shallot inlet, and the Aries, withdrawn last was then forced to retire with a loss of but two night from her station there, was ordered to men wounded and one taken prisoner.
chase; she soon returned, and Acting Volunteer The rebels then attempted to burn the bridge Lieutenant Devens reported a fine-looking, douover Pope's Run, but took a stampede before ble propeller blockade-runner, resembling the succeeding in doing it any damage to speak of, Ceres, beached and on fire between Tubb's and as it was repaired in two hours this morning, Little River inlets, and that the enemy's sharpand the trains are now running. On running shooters prevented the boats from boarding her. off, the rebels sent back to Fredericksburgh three This was probably the same steainer that was ambulance loads of their wounded, and left one chased the previous evening by the Quaker City, prisoner in our hands. They left in the direc- Tuscarora, and Keystone State, and escaping tion of Centrevilie.
from them, made the western shore, where, comAs so
soon as daylight appeared, General Cor- municating and learning of the presence of the coran, in command of Fairfax, sent cavalry in blockaders in force, and perhaps being short of pursuit of the foe, and has since reported that coal, she was beached by her crew and fired its advance had came up with the rebel rear. rather than be captured. The department will The wounded rebel taken prisoner has since perceive that this is the twenty-second (220) died. His name was Van Meter, of Captain Cort- steamer lost by the rebels and the blockade-runwoll's company, Eleventh Virginia cavalry. He ners attempting to violate the blockade of Wilreports his captain and four horses of his com- mington within the last six months, an average pany as amongst the rebel killed.
of nearly one steamer every eight (8) days.
REPORT OF ACTING VOLUNTEER LIEUTENANT
EDWARD F, DEVENS.
These losses must greatly lessen the means of salt, and a large number of empty barrels for the rebel anthorities to export cotton, obtain spirits of turpentine. The boats returned to the supplies, and sustain their credit, and thus dis- vessels about one P.m., and they immediately repirit and weaken them very much.
turned to Beaufort, arriving at hall. past five P.M. I have the honor to be, sir, very respectfully, The commanding officers of both vessels aad yours,
S. P. LEE, Colonel Jourdan commend the good conduct of Acting Rear-Admiral, Commanding N. A. B. Squadron. the officers and men of the navy concerned in Hon. GIDEON WELLES,
this expedition. This inlet was found to have Secretary of the Navy, Washington, D. C.
eight (8) feet of water on the bar at high-tide.
I have the honor to be, very respectfully, yours,
S. P. LEE,
Acting Rear-Admiral, Commanding N. A. B. Squadron }
Ilon. GIDEON WELLES, Sır: I would most respectfully report that the
Secretary of the Navy. steamer stranded between Tubb's Inlet and Lit. REPORT or COLONEL JOURDAN, (ONE HUNDRED AND tle River is the blockade-runner Vesta. Boarded
FIFTY-EIGHTH NEW-YORK.) her this A. M., made a bawser fast to her, but on
HEADQCARTERS SUB-DISTRICT BEATPOLT, examining her found her whole starboard side
MOREHEAD CITY, N. C., Dec. 27. opened and several of the plates split; took two Commander Dore, United States Nary: anchors from her, which was all we could save. SIR: I have the honor to inform you that our The Vesta was exactly like the Ceres. I left her expedition to Bear Inlet has been a complete a complete wreck, with five feet of water in her; success, in destroying extensive salt-works, and her boats lay on the beach, badly stove.
a large quantity of salt, without having one man Very respectfully, your obedient servant, injured, or the loss of one cent's worth of pro
EDWARD F. DEVENS, perty. The home-guards, numbering about two
Acting Volunteer Lieutenant, Commanding. hundred men, made a great effort to assemble Acting Rear-Admiral S. P. LEE,
and attack us, as also did the cavalry, but the Commanding N. A. B. Squadron.
demonstrations of our cavalry up White Oak
River, in the direction of Young's Cross-Roads, Doc. 117.
so completely diverted their attention in that di
rection, as to make it impossible to collect them EXPEDITION TO BEAR INLET, N. C. in time to prevent us from destroying the pro
perty, and moving away at our leisure, uninterREPORT OF REAR-ADMIRAL S. P, LEE.
The conduct of the officers and men, so
kindly placed at my disposal by you, deserves Sır: I have the honor to report the result of high praise, and reflects much credit on your a joint army and navy expedition from Beaufort, branch of the public service. North-Carolina, for the purpose of capturing the
Discipline, order, energy, and enthusiasm were salt landed by the Bigelow (the abandoned prize
their leading characteristics; and through you, of the army transport Fulton) at Bear Inlet, and as their commander at this port, permit me to the cargo or naval stores reported to have been extend to them my sincere thanks; and by your collected there for shipment in her, previous to hearty coöperation, kindness, and courtesy, you her destruction by the Mount Vernon, of this bave placed me under many obligations, and squadron, as reported by me.
have my best thanks. I have the honor to be, I arrived at Beaufort on December twenty- very respectfully, your obedient servant. fourth, and found preparations for the expedition
Colonel Commanding. being made under Commodore Dove's directions. I directed that the Daylight and Howquah should offer their services to Colonel Jourdan, One Hun
MOREnEAD CITY, X. C., Dec. 29, 1883. dred and Fisty-eighth New-York State volunteers, On Wednesday night, the twenty-third in(commanding the military force.) to transport stant, we received orders to get volunteers from troops. This offer was thankfully accepted. The the different companies, to go on a scout. Acvessels accordingly left Beaufort on the morningcordingly, everything was ready-about one of the twenty-fourth, having an armed launch hundred and eighty of this regiment, one hunfrom the Iron Age, and some lighters, and carry- dred and fifty of the Ninth Vermont, and three ing the troops, portions of the One Ilundred and pieces of artillery from the Second Massachusetts Fifty-eighth New-York State volunteers and the heavy artillery-when we embarked on the gun. Ninth Vermont volunteers, arriving off Bear In- boat Daylight, at ten minutes after eleven A.M., let about four P. M. The troops were sent into the of the twenty-fourth, we up stream and proceedinlet in boats, eight (8) in number; only two ed to about ten miles beyond Swansborough, to landed that night, the tide being too low. Early a place called Bougue's Sound, where we came to, on the following morning they proceeded up the anchor, and took to the small boats and launches; inlet, found no naval stores, (as I learned when went up the sound a long distance, and destre;. at Bear Inlet the next day in the Fah-kee,) buted several large salt-pans; also forty thousand destroyed without loss or serious opposition three bags of salt. We then about ship and took ansalt-works, one hundred and fisty (150) sacks of other course to the left, and proceeded about five
A NATIONAL ACCOUNT.
miles ap this Bear Creek, where we came to a A reconnoissance, the same day, on the Rohouse; found two men in it, with a double-bar- gersville road came up with the enemy at Moresrelled shot-gun loaded to the muzzle ; also sev- burgh, nine miles above Bean Station. There eral very large salt-pans, which we set on fire. was heavy skirmishing for two or three hours. The salt we carried in carts to the creek and Several were wounded on our side. The loss of threw it overboard. We then returned to the the enemy was not known. gunboats and returned to Fort Macon, and were A reconnoissance yesterday, December eleventh, landed the next morning by eight o'clock. This found no enemy at Morristown, but he was still is the first scout our commander (Colonel Jour-occupying the ground at Moresburgh. dan) has done on his own hook; but I can as- I must defer any mention of the position and sure you, since he has met with such success, movements of our infantry in this communicait will not be the last one. Both Colonel Jour- tion, for prudential reasons. The enemy, in sudan and his command are very well pleased with perior force, have just been reported within a the success of the expedition. There are a great few miles of this place, (Bean Station,) and our many rumors of another expedition very soon. cavalry fighting and slowly falling back. GenLet it come; we are always ready.
eral Shackleford has his headquarters here. SLINGSHOT. Being closely shut up, and constantly occu
pied with the operations of the enemy immedi
ately around the city, I have not been able, until Doc. 118.
now, to furnish any trustworthy account of opeTHE RETREAT OF LONGSTREET.
rations outside. These, fortunately for us, were
of a character to occupy a considerable share of BEAN STATION, TENN., RUTLEDGE ROAD,
che enemy's attention, and oblige him to keep a December 12, 1863, Ascertaining that the enemy had raised the large force of his cavalry busy beyond the im
mediate lines of the siege. siege,* and were on the retreat early on Saturday morning, December fifth, General Shackleford, after they laid siege to Knoxville
, was to send a
The first important movement of the enemy, commanding the cavalry corps, was ordered in pursuit. He commenced skirmishing with the large body of cavalry to Kingston, “ to operate enemy's rear-guard eight miles from Knoxville, of November. On the twenty-sixth, as.near as
in that quarter.” This was on the twenty-fourth on the Rutledge and Morristown road. He drove I am able to ascertain, the cavalry under General them steadily to Bean Station, forty-two miles Wheeler found Colonel Byrd's brigade strongly from Knoxville, where he found the enemy's cav
intrenched near Kingston, and after a fruitless alry in line of battle. On Thursday morning, Colonel Bond's brigade, siderable number of men, he withdrew. Wheeler
effort to dislodge or capture him, and losing a conof Woodford's division, was in the advance. He charged, and drove the enemy from the place, officer, and returned toward Chattanooga, osten.
hereupon turned over his command to another The retreating army had been foraging right and left along their line of retreat. He captured about sibly to take an infantry command. He narrow one hundred and fifty prisoners during the pur- railroad trains fell into our bands. The rebel
ly escaped capture at Cleveland, where three suit as far as to Bean Station. Many of the rebels, both infantry and cavalry, purposely fell cavalry returned to Knoxville, arriving on Saturout and gave themselves up.
There were more
day previous to the famous Sunday assault at
Fort Sanders. of infantry than of cavalry who fell into our
On the seventeenth of November, Colonel Foshands. At Bean Station, General Shackleford received tween the army at Knoxville and that portion
ter reports that communication was cut off beorders to halt his command and hold the place. under General Wilcox, stationed at and near Bull's He did so, and sent reconnoissances on the different roads. He ascertained that a large party eral Wilcox's whole command, crossed the Hols
Gap. On the eighteenth, his division, with Genof rebel cavalry had taken the Morristown road. ton River, and camped at Bean Station. The Colonel Garrard's brigade, of Foster's division, Second cavalry brigade, Colonel Graham, was was ordered to make a reconnoissance in that sent down to Blain's Cross-Roads, to attempt to road. He came up with a rebel brigade of cavalry, under Jones, at Morristown, the same com- open communication with Knoxville. He found mand who defeated him at Rogersville. He found a heavy force of the enemy's cavalry between
that point and Knoxville, and, after some skirthe enemy occupying fortifications built by our
mishing, followed General Wilcox's column to men before the evacuation of that place.
Tazewell. He immediately engaged them, the fight lasting two hours, and drove them out of the town. Colonėl Garrard, was despatched to Rogersville
From Bean Station, the First cavalry brigade, The enemy lost between forty and fifty men. Eight were found dead on the field, and thirteen to watch the enemy's forces advancing from Virwere left seriously or mortally wounded. Colo- ginia, and protect the rear of General Wilcox's
column and train while crossing Clynch Mounnel Nicol, of Virginia, was killed. Captain John Holt, of Kentucky, son of Joe Holt, was shot tain. They camped on the north bank of Clynch
River. This brigade had some heavy skirmishthrough both thighs.
ing with the division of the enemy's cavalry * See the Siege of Knoxville, Doc. 19, ante. under Jones, and with the infantry under RanVOL. VIII.-Doc. 30
som, as it passed down to join Longstreet. As ed to turn his fank; but a timely movement to soon as the Clynch River became fordable after the rear prevented him from doing so. the rain, Colonel Graham's brigade crossed and The Union forces were brought into close orencountered the enemy.
der under cover of a fence and log-barn near Yca. On the sixth of December, the whole division don's house. Here the enemy made a charge in was consolidated, and as soon as it became known column, which was splendidly met by our forces, that the enemy was retreating, they attempted and which proved decidedly disastrous to the to cross Clynch Mountain above the Gaps, and enemy. A second onset was made, with increasharass the enemy's flank; but these Gaps were ed fury, when our men fell back, manfully conheavily guarded by the enemy, protected by ar- testing every foot of ground to a point one mile tillery, with a heavy blockade of fallen timber. from the river. Here we were reën forced by the Some sharp skirmishing developed the fact that One Hundred and Sixteenth and One Hundred it would be a useless destruction of life to force and Eighteenth Indiana infantry, under Colonel a passage over Clynch Mountain, and the division Jackson. Our forces crossed the Clynch in good moved down to Blain's Gap Roads, and joined order, and there ended the contest. The enemy, General Shackleford in the rear of the enemy. according to reports of citizens and prisoners
Colonel Graham, commanding the Second bri. consisted of five brigades of cavalry and mountgade, Second division of cavalry, reports that he ed infantry, under command of Major-General marched from camp near the brigade over Powell Martino. The enemy intended to surround and River, on the main Cumberland Gap road, on the capture Colonel Graham's command, but was twenty-seventh of November, moving via Taze- foiled in his
purpose. well to Walker's Ford. On the twenty-eighth, The enemy's loss was admitted to be twentycrossed the Clynch, and bivouacked at Brooks's, five killed, about fifty wounded, and twenty-eight four miles distant. On the twenty-ninth, he prisoners. Major-General Martin was wounded moved to Maynardsville, and on the thirtieth in the wrist; Colonel Deboel, commanding brithence toward Knoxville, sending a detachment gade, was seriously, if not mortally, wounded; of the Fifth Indiana cavalry in advance. Having his adjutant-general was killed; and Captain proceeded fifteen miles, he came up with a rebel who led the charge, was also killed. Colonel patrolling party, and soon afterward learned that Graham speaks in the highest terms of the unà considerable force was at Blain's Cross-Roads. flinching courage and steadiness of his officers IIc moved back to Maynardsville, and on the and men. Our loss is stated as follows: morning of December first his pickets were at- Sixty-fifth Indiana mounted infantry, two killtacked at the Gap, four miles below Maynards-ed and six wounded; Fisth Indiana cavalry, five ville, on the Knoxville road.
men killed, two officers and ten men wounded, Reënforcements were sent, consisting of de- and ten missing ; Fourth Illinois cavalry, seven tachments from each regiment and two of the men wounded, eleven missing. Total, seven killFourteenth Illinois howitzers. More or less fir- ed, twenty-three wounded, twenty-one missing. ing continued during the day, both parties hold- The report of Colonel Capron, of the Fourteenth ing their ground. A scouting-party sent toward Illinois cavalry, confirms the facts of the foregoBlain's Cross-Roads was driven back. Finding ing report, showing that the officers and men of that a considerable cavalry force was approach- his command twice repulsed the enemy, who ing, with a view of surrounding hin, Colonel charged with greatly superior force. The enGraham, at midnight, fell back to Walker's Ford, gagement began at ten A. m., and lasted until three leaving company M, Fifth Indiana cavalry, to P. M. They captured eighteen prisoners on the guard the Maynardsville road. On the morning second and third of December. of the second, his pickets were attacked, but,
BEAN Station, December 13, 1863. notwithstanding his command had been march
LATEST.-A reconnoissance to Morristown yesing all night, arrangernents were made to meet
terday found the enemy in considerable (cavalry) and repel the attack. The Fourteenth Illinois cavalry were sent to force between that place and Russelville. There
We lost four the river and down the road, and a section of was some sharp skirmishing.
killed and several wounded. Colbin's battery was sent to Walker's Ford. At half-past seven A.M., the enemy forced in his pickets. The Sixty-fifth Indiana took position on the left of the line; a portion of the Second
Doc. 119. and Third batteries of the Fifth Indiana cavalry
GENERAL WIRT ADAMS'S EXPEDITION. in the centre, and one company of the Sixty-fifth and one of the Fifth Indiana cavalry on the right.
NATCHEZ, Miss, December 11, 1963. The guns of the Fifth Indiana cavalry were plac- MR. EDITOR : It has been so long since you ed in position upon rising ground in rear of the have had any warlike news from this military centre, where they did good service in keeping division, that you and the country have probably the enemy in check. Three companies of the regarded this, the garden of Dixie, as neutral Fisth Indiana cavalry, under command of Major ground, and but for the restless spirits that are Woolley, and one section of Colvin's battery, now in command of our forces, we would in all under Captain Colvin, were placed in reserve. probability have sunk into the quiet and obscurThe firing became brisk, and the enemy attempt-| ity of good old Union times. Our military com