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in, or intending to enter, the service of the in- of partisan rangers; but the Committee had deemsurgents, or of things or information intended ed it too sweeping in its character, and had strickfor their use, or for their aid or comfort ; nor ex- en it out. The Ilouse objected to the bill altocept upon the permission of the Secretary of gether, and refused to pass it. The Committee War, or some officer duly authorized by him, of had instructed him to report the present bill, the following prohibitei articles, namely, can- which they thought was demanded by the nenon, mortars, fire-arms, pistols, bombs, grenades, cessities of the service. It was a measure warmpowder, salpetre, sulphur, balls, bullets, pikes ly urged by General Lee and other distinguished swords, boarding-caps, (always excepting the officers, quantity of the said articles which may be neces- The bill was debated, amended, and passed in sary for the defence of the ship and those who the following shape : compose the crew,) saddles, bridles, cartridge bag Section 1. The Congress of the confederate materials, percussion and other caps, clothing States of America do enact, That the act of Conadapted for uniforms, sail-cloth of all kinds, hemp gress aforesaid be, and the same is hereby, reand cordage, intoxicating drinks, other than beer pealed : Prorided; that organizations of partisan and light native wines.

rangers, acting as regular cavalry at the passage To vessels clearing from foreign ports, and des of this act, shall be continued in their present tined to the port of Brownsville, opened by this organization; Provided. they shall hereafter be proclamation, licenses will be granted by the considered as regular cavalry, and not as parConsuls of the United States, upon satisfactory tisan rangers. evidence that the vessels so licensed will convey

Sec. 2. That all the hands of partisan rangers no persons, property, or information, excepted or organized under the said act may, as the interprohibited above, either to or from the said port, ests of the service allow, be united with other which licenses shall be exhibited to the Collector organizations, or be organized into battalions of said port immediately on arrival, and, if re- and regiments, with the view of bringing them quired, to any officer in charge of the blockade. under the 'general condition of the provisional And on leaving said port, every vessel will be re- army as to discipline, control, and movements

, quired to have a clearance from the Collector of under such regulations as the Secretary of War the Customs, according to law, showing no vio. may prescribe. lation of the conditions of the license. Any vio. Sec. 3. The Secretary of War shall be authorlation of said conditions will involve the forfeitized, if he deems proper, for a time or permaure and condemnation of the vessel and cargo, nently, to exempt from the operations of this act and the exclusion of all parties concerned from such companies as are serving within the lines any further privilege of entering the United of the enemy, under such conditions as he may Siates during the war for any purpose whatever. prescribe. In all respects, except as herein specified, the existing blockade remains in full force and effect as hitherto established and maintained, nor is it re

Doc. 95. laxed by this proclamation, except in regard to the port to which relaxation is or has been ex

RECONNOISSANCE TO DALTON, GA. pressly applied. İn witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand,

THREE MILES BEYOND RINGGOLD, GA., February 23. and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed., Done at the City of Washington, this

It will be long before the Fourteenth army eighteenth day of February, in the year of our corps will forget the period of anxious expectaLord one thousand eight hundred and sixty- tion which commenced on Saturday, the thir. four, and of the independence of the United teenth day of February, and only ended on SunStates the eighty-eighth.

day, the twenty-first of the same month. During ABRAHAM LINCOLN.

all the intervening time, the troops composing By the President:

the Fourteenth corps, and those of Stanley's WM. H. SEWARD,

division, at least, of the Fourth corps, were held Secretary of State.

in constant readiness to move, and once or twice actually loaded up their wagons for the purpose of marching. But as often as they got

that often the order was countermanded, and Doc. 94.

the movement postponed, until the morning of REBEL PARTISAN RANGERS. the twenty-second.

The general object of this movement may be In the rebel House of Representatives, on the stated in a few words. It had a two-fold, and, fifteenth of February, Mr. Miles, from the Coin in a certain eventuality, a three-fold design. mitte on Military Affairs, reported a bill to repeal The aspect of things in East-Tennessee had an act to organize partisan rangers, approved been somewhat threatening, from the time we April twenty-first, 1862, and for other purposes. inade our unfortunate advance upon, and pre

The bill being taken up, Mr. Miles advocated cipitate retreat from, the town of Dandridge. its passage. He said the Senate bill, in relation The bad management and almost disgraceful to cavalry, contained a provision to abolish corps I result of that operation was as encouraging to


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the rebels as it was damaging to us; and it act- as might suit our further convenience or necesually became a question with many of our mili- sities. tary men as to whether we could, without very To briefly recapitulate: the objects of the serious danger, continue to hold East-Tennessee movement commenced on the twenty-second inat all. My own opinion, based upon that of men stant were, first, to prevent the enemy at Dalton in whose judgment I am accustomed to repose from sending reënforcements to Longstreet; secmuch confidence, was, that with any reasonable ond, to prevent him from sending the same to degree of good management, our hold upon East- Bishop Polk; third, to ascertain his strength at Tennessee was perfectly secure. Nevertheless, Dalton, and if he had already been seriously Longstreet held, in refererence to our forces weakened, to take possession of that town. there, a menacing position. We did not knost The morning of February twenty-second was exactly how great his strength was. We did not a bright one at Chattanooga. There were know that he might at any time be reënforced no clouds, but a dense pall of smoke had settled either from Johnston's army or Lee's; and it down upon the earth, obscuring Lookout, snatchbecame us to watch him with the utmost vigil- ing Mission Ridge from our eyes, and at first ance, and, if possible, prevent these reënforce- hiding even the sun. When that luminary at ments from reaching him. Any force from Lee's last became visible, it looked more like a huge army could join him in spite of us; but in refer- bloody disk than a globe of fire. ence to detachments from Johnston, we could do Under this canopy of smoke could be heard one of two things : either we could, by threaten the rattle of a hundred drums, announcing the ing Dalton, prevent them from being sent out at fact that the long-expected, oft-relayed moveall, or we could intercept them on their way. To ment had at last commenced, and that large poreffect, if necessary, the latter object, certain dis- tions of the Fourteenth army corps were upon positions of troops were made, of which I shall the march. They were not now moving toward not now speak.

East-Tennessee, as intended ten days before, but, Of course these dispositions had reference to in accordance with the later plan I have sketchother and almost as important objects as the one ed, were directing their steps toward Tunnel Hill I have mentioned; but these, also, I have not and Dalton. now occasion to mention.

Near the old battle-field of Chickamavza, the Suffice it to say, that with our troops thus column passed the commands of Generals Mordisposed, neither Johnston could send reënforce- gan and Daniel McCook, which were preparing to ments to Longstreet, nor could Longstreet re- follow. join Johnston, without meeting tremendous op- The infantry was preceded by a detachment of position, and running terrible risks of destruc- the Thirty-ninth Indiana, (Eighth cavalry,) two tion. Only by traversing almost impassable hundred strong, commanded by Colonel T. J. routes through the vast mountain regions of Harrison. Colonel Palmer, with one hundred West North-Carolina and North-Georgia, or by and fisty of the Fifteenth Pennsylvania cavalry, making an immense circuit by railroads running (Anderson Troop,) and Colonel Boone, with three far to the east, could they avoid coming in con- hundred of the Twenty-eighth Kentucky, moved tact with our vigilant and well-prepared forces. upon the right flank.

But Sherman was penetrating to the centre of Colonel Ilarrison pushed forward through the Gulf-State region. The fifteen thousand troops Parker's Gap in Taylor's Ridge, a pass to the under Bishop Polk were confessedly unable to left of Ringgold Gap, and outtlanking a party of check his progress; if the rebel army of the rebel cavalry, drove them back toward Ringgold Mississippi were not reënforced, and that right Gap, hoping they would there be intercepted by speedily, Sherman would unquestionably soon our infantry. Unfortunately, however, the latter reach his destination, whether that were Mobile, were not up, and the rebels managed to escape. Montgomery, Selma, or Rome. If, on the other It was three P.M. when myself and companion hand, Johnston were allowed to send any con- left Chattanooga and started to overtake our siderable portion of his army to the Bishop's forces. Riding leisurely along, we soon found assistance, Sherman might be overwhelmed or that night was approaching; but were in nowise his march seriously retarded. This would in- alarmed at the prospect, for the idea of passing terfere with the general plan for the conduct of quictly through a Georgia forest, amid the silence the spring campaign, and must at all hazards be and darkness of the night, had its charms for us, prevented.

especially as we had never been over this ground No other means of effecting this prevention before. The scene is one of utter desolation. offered itself, except a direct movement from No farmer appears preparing his fields to receive Chattanooga toward Dalton, menacing the ene- the grain. Dreary pine forests alternate with my at the latter place.

small patches of cleared land, the latter utterly But this movement might possiby develop the destitute of fences. Three fourths of the houses fact that the enemy had already so seriously are deserted; and from the few that are left, you weakened his force at Dalton, that he could offer can see peeping out only some dirty-looking wono effectual resistance to a strong column mov- men and children. The whole region is being ing upon him there. In that case, of course, we rapidly depopulated. Before sundown we must should have no objection to taking possession of have met at least a dozen wagons drawn by blind Dalton itself, and continuing to hold it or not, I and bony horses, broken-down mules, shadowy

oxen, and fleshless cows, and filled with sorrow-out-house which stood near was riddled and torn stricken specimens of Georgian humanity, all fly- with grape. ing from the doomed land, and intending to make The rebels made no resistance to our passage their way to the free and peaceful North. through the gap, although they had held the fur

It was fully ten o'clock P.M., when we descried ther mouth the night before, and had captured our camp-fires shining red in the distance, Lieutenant Ayres, of the Nineteenth infantry, through the thick smoke and fog. It was not who was examining the ground for the purpose dislicult to find friends, and we partook, for the of posting pickets. night, of hospitality springing from generous Winding along its banks for a time, we finally hearts and dealt out with liberal hands. My crossed the East-Chickamagua, a clearer and more only misfortune was, that during the night my lively stream than its namesake in the west, horse became loose, and straying off to the vicin- which will always excite a shudder in the heart ity of some teamster's quarters, had his halter and limbs of him who remembers the awful trastolen, and was brought back in the morning gedy once enacted near it. Both these streams minus that most useful, and, in the wilderness, unite to form the South-Chickamagua, which irreplaceable article. I consoled myself, however, flows into the Tennessee a few miles above Chatwith the reflection that, aster all, it was much tanooga. better to lose a halter than a horse.

As we advanced into the open ground on the The sun rose bright and beautiful on the morn- other side of the creek, small squads of cavalry ing of the twenty-third, and we were soon on our were sent galloping in all directions, to protect way galloping toward Ringgold, around which our flanks, and feel for the still silent enemy. In town the troops had encamped.

full sight of the junction, between the Tunnel Here another scene of desolation met our eyes; Hill and Red Hill roads, Colonel Harrison drex for on the day following Hooker's terrible fight up his men in line of battle, and waited the apat Taylor's Ridge, the greater portion of this proach of the infantry. No sooner were the lattown had been burned by our troops. Nearly ter seen, than the horsemen again advanced; all the good buildings were used as store-houses and passing by an ancient, dilapidated stone and offices by the rebel army, and every one of church, whose dark and gloomy walls seemed these was set on fire. A mass of ruins in the to be in mourning for its lost worshippers, we centre, a hundred uninhabited houses scattered wheeled to the right, and took the direct road around-such is now the town of Ringgold. In for Tunnel Hill. our rides through it, we did not see three houses A few dropping shots now revealel the preswhich were not deserted.

ence of the enemy. At once our skirmishers Ascending half-way to the summit of Taylor's were deployed, and the line steadily advanced, Ridge, we could see numerous marks of the driving the enemy, whose purpose it seemed to fierce conflict which had taken place; amongst be merely to annoy rather than fight. It was at others the graves of a score of soldiers buried once amusing and interesting to see, every few side by side along the slope. My companion minutes, a small squad of them break from their announced his intention of presenting the pub- cover as our boys advanced, and go galloping lic with a howl over the rebel store houses which away, followed in almost every instance by a had been burned in the town below; I could not half-dozen bullets. Colonel Harrison's men were but feel that if I had tears to shed, it should be armed with the deadly Spencer rifle, a weapon for our poor dead heroes buried here.

which the rebels could not be induced to exainIt was perhaps nine o'clock when the beating ine at short-range. of drums announced that the troops were in mo- At length, at a distance of five miles from tion, and a column of cavalry came filing down Ringgold, a loir, wooded eminence, over which the road. It was Colonel Harrison at the head of ran the road, afforded the rebels an opportunity to his Thirty-ninth Indiana boys. He was going to make a stand. But they did not remain long. A push forward through Ringgold Gap, in Taylor's portion of the Thirty-ninth, dismounting, moved Ridge, supported by the infantry at proper dis- forward under so severe a fire, that I could only tance. General Carlin's brigade, and the Nine- wonder how so few were hurt by it. But they teenth Illinois, of General King's brigade, were steadily advanced, again driving the enemy, and prepared to support the cavalry. General R. W. occupying the woodei eminence, which they Johnson, to whose division these troops be- continued to hold until two P.M., the rebels oclonged, himself accompanied them. Your cor- cupying a position about a mile further toward respondent accompanied Colonel Harrison with Tunnel Hill, and exhibiting a serious intention the cavalry.

of making a fight. Colonel Harrison would have Passing by a house which stood near the moved upon him immediately, had he not conmouth of the gap, and was now occupied by sidered it best to wait for Colonel Boone, of the General King as his headquarters, we again saw Twenty-eighth Kentucky, who had been sent off proofs of the desperate nature of that conflict in to the right, and was moving along another road which our own valiant Seventh Ohio suffered so which runs through Wood's Gap in Taylor's severely. The house itself, the fences surround- Ridge. ing it, and the trees in the yard were fairly The delay appeared to encourage the enemy; honeycombed with bullets; and in addition, an and it soon became evident that he had collect


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ed for a stand the whole of the First Tennessee leisurely as if on parade; making a singular anul cavalry, whose camp was now plainly in sight. ludicrous contrast with the frightened and preThe open ground, across which the rebels had cipitate manner in which a portion of them had been driven, narrowed as it approached their entered it. present position, until at last its dimensions were No sooner had their cavalry disappeared, than reduced to those of a single small field. Across they opened upon us with four pieces of artillery this they had constructed a barricade of rails, placed along the slope of the ridge. This of and had posted behind it a considerable force of course compelled our little cavalry squad to call dismounted cavalry. On some higher ground to a halt; and the rebels turned their attention to the rear of that, they showed a small body of Colonel Boone, who was coming up on the right, horsemen, who went galloping back and forth, throwing a number of shells at him, but doing and seemed to be, each moment, on the point of no damage. Colonel Boone speedily rejoined retreating The design was obvious. They Colonel Harrison near Tunnel Hill. wished us to go dashing after these mounted General Carlin's brigade advanced into the men; and, when we were near enongh, the force town about nightfall, the rebel artillery meanbehind the rail barricade would, with a volley or while ceasing to play. two, sweep us away.

Your correspondent believes that himself and But Colonel Harrison was not to be caught in Lieutenant Shaw, of General Palmer's staff, were any such trap. “We shall have to fight a lit- the first persons to enter the town of Tunnel tle," he quietly remarked, after closely examin- Hill. There were houses sufficient for a populaing the rail barricade with his glass; and waited tion of four or five hundred ; but for some time for the infantry. General Carlin's brigade came it seemed as if there was really not a living soul up shortly after; the skirmishers of the Ninety- in it, except myself and the Lieutenant. Presfourth Ohio and Tenth Wisconsin boldly ad- ently, however, a few women and children began vanced over the open space; the Thirty-ninth, to peep out at us here and there, and we ascerassisted by the Eighty-eighth Indiana and Nine- tained that about nine families still remained in teenth Illinois, moved in line upon the rebel the place. Some of these were literally upon right, through the woods. The display of force the verge of starvation, and declared that for was too formidable; the bullets fired by our months they had not had a mouthful to cat, exskirmishers began to clink against the rail bar- cept a scanty pittance of meal and pork dealt ricade; the rebels could endure the thing no out by the rebel commissaries. All seemed longer; and after delivering a couple of volleys, pleased with our arrival; all had fearsul tales to at so long-range, so scatteringly, and with such tell of the rapacity and brutality of the rebel insufficient effect, that our boys answered them soldiers; and all protested, in an earnest, simplo only with shouts of derision, they jumped upon way, that carried conviction with it, their entire their horses and ran off as before. Company K, innocence of ever having done any thing, by word of the Thirty-ninth Indiana, Lieutenant Jacob or deed, to bring on or encourage the rebellion. Mitchell commanding, had stolen around upon The enemy still held Tunnel Hill Ridge; and the left flank of the rebels unobserved. As soon just at dark, as myself and another gentleman as the latter manifested a disposition to break, were conversing with one of the citizens, the company K charged down upon them, precipi- rebel videttes took occasion to hurl at us a halftated their flight, and pursued them with shout dozen bullets. This we took as a gentle hint to and spur, to the great amusement of the infant- retire, and riding through the town rejoined our ry, who set up a perfect yell of delight.

forces, just as General Johnson, who did not All that Colonel Harrison bad of his gallant think it prudent to remain there all night with a Thirty-ninth now broke into a gallop and started single brigade, was giving orders to fall back to off to take part in the pursuit

. . The town of the main body of our forces, encamped about Tunnel Hill was in sight, with Tunnel Hill three miles from Ringgold. Ridge just rising beyond. Pursuers and pursued put their horses to the very top of their

TUNNEL HILL, Ga., February 26. speed, and dust and leaves and dirt and sticks It was somewhat late on Wednesday morning and gravel were sent flying in all directions before our column again got in motion; but through the air by the heels of the frantic steeds. when it did move, it was with strength which As our boys dashed on toward the town, a whole augured well for its success, whatever it might regiment of rebel cavalry-First Tennessee and undertake. part of another, Second Kentucky-were seen Our cavalry, about seven hundred strong, all filing out of it, along a road which ran over the the detachments now operating together under ridge toward Dalton. It was a novel sight to see command of Colonel Harrison, took the advance, Colonel Harrison's forty or fifty men pursuing, immediately supported by General King's britaunting, challenging, and firing at this body of gade. Other portions of General Johoson's, four or five hundred rebels. Each of our men Davis's, and Baird's divisions, followed. It was fought upon his own hook, and each displayed a a gallant array, and there was a spirit of buoyreckless daring which I have never seen sur- ant enthusiasm amongst the troops, as they passed. It must be said, too, that the rebels talked of their close proximity to the enemy, took the whole thing very coolly after they had and wondered if there would be a battle. all got together, and rode out of the town as The rebels did not seem inclined to dispute the

ground over which we had marched the previous man was to be seen. Yes, there was one man. day, and there were very few shots fired by As soon as Colonel IIarrison had given orders to either side. At half-past eleven A.M., we were his men to retire, he himself descended from his again in the immediate vicinity of Tunnel Hill. horse, and stood there in full view of the enemy

Just where you emerge from the woods and until the storm was over. enter the open ground around the town, is a house For full fifteen minutes the rebels kept up a which belongs to, and is inhabited by a member furious fire, throwing their missiles clear back to of the numerous and honorable tribe of John John Smith's house, and even disturbing for a Smiths. Here the cavalry halted, there being un moment the equanimity of our infantry. One of mistakable signs that the rebels had been reēn- the shells burst so near General Whipple, Chief forced upon the Tunnel IIill Ridge, and meant to of Staff to General Thomas, that all who saw it hold the position. A line of loy breastworks, wondered how he escaped with life. Not even begun some time ago, but completed on Tuesday his clothes, however, were touched. night, could be seen extending all along the crest. Would you picture to your mind a view of this Artillery could also be plainly perceived at two somewhat singular battle-field ? Imagine yourdifferent points.

self, then, at John Smith's house, and looking It was half-past twelve before we were ready south. The road passing it runs nearly north to move forward, and then our cavalry marched and south. Going soúth a quarter of a mile, you in column along the road, into the open ground, reach ihe railroad; here the common road turns directly toward the point whence the rebel artil- squarely to the left, and by following a furlong lery had been fired the day before. Myself and further, you enter the town of Tunnel Hill. To Lieutenant Shaw were riding near the van of the the right of Smith's house is a wooded range, inforce, and were remarking upon the great advan- tersected by ravines, behind which Colonel Hamtage which our movement in column would give bright's brigade was posted, after our caralry had the enemy, provided they opened upon us with sought shelter from the rebel artillery. Čarlin their cannon. They would be enabled to assail was in the centre of our line, along the road. us with a raking fire, which could scarcely fail Off to the left is a tolerably high range, subsidto do us much damage.

ing about three hundred yards from the road. On the slope of the ridge, and near the road, Between this and Tunnel Hill Ridge, General which, running over it, leads on to Dalton, is a Crufts's division (Stanley's)was advancing. Lookwhite frame-house. Behind this the rebels had, ing across some open fields to the south-east, you during the night, concealed a battery; and just behold the town. Occupying entire space beas our cavalry column had all passed into the tween south and east, extends Tunnel IIill Range, open ground, they ran their cannon out from be held by the enemy. One high round peak, ly. hind the house, and blazed away at us with vigor ing south-south-east, runs up most ambitiously and a will. The first shell fell into soft ground, toward the clouds; the remainder of the range a dozen fect from where I was at the moment is comparatively low. The rebel battery which Either it was a fuse-shell and burst when in near had already mischief, was just below proximity to the earth, or it was percussion, and the high peak. Around the town the cleared the ground was not soft enough to prevent its ex- ground is undulating. The high eminences of plosion. At any ate, it exploded and threw the Rocky Face can be seen at various places, rising dirt, with numerous fragments of itself

, in every up behind Tunnel Hill Ridge. direction around it. A liberal sprinkling of the Such is a picture of what has already been the former sufficed for my share.

scene of a combat, and may yet witness a great The dirt and mud had scarce ceased to fall, battle. when a second shell struck the ground, about While Colonel Hambright was putting his britwenty feet beyond the first. Bursting, one half gade into such a position as to threaten the eneof it flew into atoms, slighty wounding several my's left, General Morgan, commanding brigade persons. The other half, in one solid mass, struck in General Davis's division, had been sent over a very young man, a member of the Twenty- to our left to connect with General Crusts's men, eighth Kentucky, squarely in the stomach, tear- and, climbing Tunnel Hill Ridge, where it is quite ing out his bowels. His horse, also wounded, I low, and there was no force of the enemy to opdashed away toward the rear. A hundred yards pose, to move along the summit, until he could from the spot where the shell exploded, the hap- assail the rebel works upon their right flank. less rider fell off, stone-dead. A few feet further, In the mean time, two pieces of Hotchkiss's and his horse also lay stretched upon the earth. battery opened upon the rebel battery from the

I did not note the effect of any other individu- hill upon the right of the road. An animated al shell, for, as word was given to the horsemen duel continued for some time. The rebels threw to seek shelter, I was not slow in obeying the missiles with much precision. Captain Hotchorder, and by a rapid and masterly movement kiss planted his shells where they would have soon found myself beneath the friendly shelter been very effective, had they not for some unof some woods upon our right. Our cavalry known reason mostly failed to explode. stood firm until the order to retire was given. Captain Harris moved two guns of his battery Then they left in good earnest; so that when I (Nineteenth Indiana) over into the fields upon turned and looked out from the woods where I the left, and fired a few effective shots. had taken refuge upon the open ground, not a Between the two, the rebel battery had too

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