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guardians, and therefore hope they will do all corded of our operations in this vicinity, was that for us they can, and do it quickly.
sent out on the first of last month, commanded Your friend, A. P. ALICUIOLD, by Colonel James H. Coates, of the Eleventh
Surgeon Eighth Ù. s. C. T. Illinois infantry. The force consisted of the To Mr. E. M. Davis, Philadelphia.
Eleventh Illinois infantry, Eighth Louisiana i:)
fantry, and First Mississippi cavalry--the two REBEL ACCOUNTS.
latter being colored troops. GOVERNOR MILTON'S DESPATCH.
Lieutenant II. II. Dean, Adjutant of the Elev. TALLAHASSEE, Fla., February 11. enth Illinois, kindly furnished me with the fol. To the President:
lowing particulars of the campaign: On the I have just received the following despatch thirty-first ultimo, the expedition left Ilaines's from General Finnigan, dated yesterday : “I Bluff
, and ascended Yazoo River on transports, met the enemy in full force to-day, under Gen. convoyed by three gunboats, and on the fourthi eral Seymour, and defeated him with great loss. arrived at Liverpool lleights, within eighteen I captured five pieces of artillery, bold possession miles of Yazoo City. At this point they found of the battle-field, and the killed and wounded of the enemy posted in a strong position on a
My cavalry are in pursuit. I don't high bluff, and he immediately opened fire on know precisely the number of prisoners, as they the gunboats, which were in advance, striking are being brought in constantly. My whole them several times, and putting two shots loss will not, I think, exceed two hundred and through one of them. fifty killed and wounded. Among them I mourn The Eleventh Minois disembarked immediatethe loss of many brave officers and men.” I un- ly, and attempted to storm the position of the derstand that General Finnigan also captured enemy, but were repulsed with a loss of five many small-arms.
Join Milton, men killed and twenty-eight wounded. The ORDER OF GENERAL FINNIGAN.
gunboats opened an effective fire upon the ene
my while the infantry reëmbarked, and the fleet The Floridian and Journal published the fol- ran the blockade in the night, with a loss of six lowing order issued by General Finnigan to the men wounded. From this time there was concitizens of Florida :
tinued skirmishing along the river till the ninth, “The enemy, by a sudden landing at Jackson- when our forces reached Yazoo City, where a ville, in some force, and a bold effort to penetrate detachment surprised and captured live rebel into the interior, succeeded in getting as far as
pickets. within a few miles of Lake City. The timely
On the eleventh, Colonel Coates reënbarked, concentration of our forces has enabled us to and proceeded up the river to Greenwood, and check his progress, and induce him to retire found Fort Pemberton evacuated by the enemy. toward Baldwin. The reënforcements now re- The First Missouri cavalry, Colonel Osband comceived and expected will enable us to drive him manding, went out from this point, had a fight, back to his ships. The people of the State can lost five men, and went to within five miles of contribute much to the early accomplishment of Grenada ; and ascertaining that Forrest was at these results, by combining themselves in effi- that place in force, retraced his steps and joined cient military organizations of mounted troops, the main command. if they have horses, and of infantry if they have
Several days were spent in loading cotton, not, and reporting to me for temporary military which was found along the river-shore, and after service, with such arms and accoutrements as having secured one thousand six hundred bales, they may have, or by reporting singly to me, the expedition returned to Yazoo City on the twenwhen they will be assigned to some militia or
ty.eighth. Immediately upon arriving there, Viaganization for temporary service. You may also
jor Cook went out with a small cavalry force, and render valuable service by furnishing your teams, encountered a brigade of Texas cavalry, numberfor the necessary transportation of troops, and ing one thousand five hundred, commanded by supplies for their subsistence. For these the Brigadier-General L. S. Ross. A sharp fight engovernment will pay liberal prices.
sued, in which Major Cook lost nineteen prisoners, “Let the people all come forward and exhibit and Colonel Jones, of the Texas cavalry, was killed. the patriotism and bravery which are their char. On the next morning, while out on a reconnoisacteristic traits; and, with their aid, our gallant sance, a party of our troops found eight of the troops will soon drive the enemy from the coun- bodies of colored soldiers taken prisoners the try. Let all unite in this honorable and manly day before. The clothing was stripped from purpose, and lose no time in commencing the their bodies, and all were shot through the head. most vigorous and determined action."
Colonel Coates established his headquarters in the town, and eight companies of his regi
ment, commanded by Major Mckee, took posDoc. 88.
session of the earthwork, on a coinmaniling FIGHT AT LIVERPOOL HEIGHTS, point, a half-mile distant from the city. Thus
matters stood till the fourth instant, when Geri
eral Ross sent in a communication, asking what VICKSBORGH, Miss., Sunday, March 18, 1864. would be the treatment of prisoners is taken by One of the most successful expeditions ever re- negro soldiers. Colonel Coates replied tht they VOL. VIII.- Doc. 27
ON THE YAZOO RIVER.
would be treated with the respect due prisoners hundred and fifty feet square, and during the of war.
fight, over fifty shells exploded inside the works. On the night of the fourth, Ross was reën. Colonel Coates's fighting force was seven hunforced by a brigade of Tennessee troops, num- dred men ; that of the enemy, according to thcir bering eight hundred men, commanded by Bri- own admission, two thousand three hundred. Nagadier-General R. V. Richardson; and at seven jor Thiemer, of the Tennessee troops, was kille:] o'clock on the morning of the fifth, an attack within twenty feet of Colonel Coates's door. was made upon Major McKee, who held the re- The loss of the enemy is not known, but it was doubt, while a portion of the enemy went to the far greater than ours. left, flanking his position, and entered the town, All speak in terms of the highest praise of the and came within twenty feet of Colonel Coates's gallantry of Major McKee, of the Eleventh Uliheadquarters before they received a check from nois, and Major Cook, of the First Missouri. our men, who were pouring a deadly fire upon All did their duty nobly; but I have not space them from the windows. Here was almost a, to relate individual acts of heroism. Lieutenanthand-to-hand conflict, which lasted four hours, Colonel Peebles, of the Eighth Louisiana infantwhen finally our sharp-shooters had picked off ry, led his troops in the most gallant manner, all their gunners, and completely silenced the and the colored soldiers fought like devils. There guns which had riddled Colonel Coates's head- seemed to be a mutual understanding between quarters with shot and shell at a range of only a them and the enemy that they should take no few paces, and the rebels began to fall back. prisoners. A light field-piece had been sent from the gun- This is considered here by military men, as it boat Matamora to the town, when the fight certainly was, one of the most gallant and suicbegan; but the squad sent with it ran at about cessful struggles of the war on our part, and, the first fire, and permitted it to fall into the therefore, I have given greater space to it than I hands of the enemy, who only had it a moment, should otherwise have done. The enemy had till some of the Eleventh boys retook it, and eight field-pieces in the fight-our troops one manned it through the fight.
small one! While the fight was progressing in the town, the rebels had Major McKee completely surrounded, and were throwing shot and shell into
Doc. 89. his works with terrible precision. After they had, as they supposed, obtained every advan
RETALIATION IN NORTH-CAROLINA. tage, Richardson sent a message to Major Mc- The following correspondence passed between Kee, saying they had taken all the rest prison. Generals Peck and Pickett: ers, and demanded his surrender. The Major replied to him that he had “no idea of doing
HEADQUARTERS OF THE ARMY, AND DISTRICT OF
NORTH-CAROLINA, NEWDERN, NORTHany such thing, but that if he wanted them, to
CAROLINA, Feb. 11, 1561. come and get them.” They renewed the attack, Major-General Pickett, Department of Virginia and several times came up within a few paces of and North-Carolina, Confederate Army, Pethe earthwork, and were as often repulsed with
tersburgh: heavy loss. A second message came from Gen- GENERAL: I have the honor to inclose a slip eral Richardson, demanding an immediate sur-cnt from the Richmond Eraminer, February render, saying that "for God's and humanity's eighth, 1864. It is styled “The Advance on sake, he ought to surrender—that he would not Newbern," and appears to have been extracted be answerable for the actions of his men if they from the Petersburgh Register, a paper publish. had to take the place by assault, and that he ed in the city where your headquarters are lo. would storm it and take it in ten minutes," cated. The Major replied to him: “That he had better Your attention is particularly invited to that come and take them ; that they never would sur- paragraph which states that Colonel Shaw was render-that he might storm and be --" He shot dead by a negro soldier from the other side further told him that he was sorry his demand of the river, which he was spanning with a ponwas coupled with such a threat; that if the fight toon-bridge, and that the negro was watchel and went on with that understanding, he should kill followed, taken, and hanged after the action at every man he captured.
Thomasville." At this juncture, our forces in the city had it “Tue ADVANCE ON NEWBERN.—The Petershurgh all their own way, and were driving the enemy Register gives the following additional facts of rapidly before them, and a general rout of the the advance on Newbern: Our army, according enemy ensued, and the fight ended at five o'clock to the report of passengers arriving from Wel. in the afternoon.
don, has fallen back to a point sixteen miles west Our loss was one lieutenant and seven men of Newbern. The reason assigned for this retrokilled, twenty-four wounded, and thirteen pris: grade movement was that Newbern co!lll not be oners in the Eleventh Illinois ; and the colored taken by us without a loss on our part wie! troops lost two commissioned officers killed, would find no equivalent in its capture, ils the four wounded, ten enlisted men killed, sixty- place was stronger than we had anticipated. Yet, one wounded, and six missing.
in spite of this, we are sure that the expe lition The redoubt held by Major McKee was one I will result in good to our cause. Qur forces are
REPLY OF GENERAL PICKETT.
EXECUTIVE MANSION, WASHINGTON,
in a situation to get large supplies from a com- to justice, I shall refrain from executing a rebel try still abundant, to prevent raids on points soldier until I learn your action in the premises. westward, and keep tories in check, and hang I am, very respectfully, your obedient servthem when caught.
Join J. Peck, “From a private, who was one of the guard that
Major-General. brought the batch of prisoners through, we learn that Colonel Shaw was shot dead by a negro sol.
HEADQUARTERS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF NORTHdier from the other side of the river, which he
CAROLINA, PETERSBURGH, VIRGINIA,
February 16, 1864. was spanning with a pontoon-bridge. The negro was watched, followed, taken, and hanged alter Vajor-General John J. Peck, U. S. A., Comthe action at Thomasville. It is stated that,
manding at Neubern : when our troops entered Thomasville, a number
GENERAL: Your communication of the eleventh of the enemy took shelter in the houses and fired of February is received. I have the honor to state upon them. The Yankees were ordered to sur in reply, that the paragraph from a newspaper render, but refused, whereupon our men set fire inclosed therein, is not only without foundation to the houses, and their occupants got bodily, a in fact, but so ridiculous that I should scarcely taste in this world of the flames eternal."
have supposed it worthy of consideration; but I The Government of the United States has wise would respectfully inform you that had I caught ly seen fit to enlist many thousand colored citi- any negro, who had killed either officer, soldier, or zens to aid in putting down the rebellion, and citizen of the confederate States, I should have has placed them on the same footing in all re- caused him to be immediately executed. spects, as her white troops. The orders of the To your threat expressed in the following exPresident are so just, full, and clear, that I in-tract from your communication, namely, · Beclose a copy for your consideration:
lieving that this atrocity has been perpetrated
without your knowledge, and that you will take War DEPARTMENT, ADJUTANTULE SEMASS. OFFICE, } prompt steps to disavow this violation of the
WASHINGTON, D. C., July 31, 1863 GenerAL ORDERS, No. 252.
usages of war, and to bring the offender to justThe following order from the President is pub; until I hear of your action in the premises,” I
ice, I shall refrain from executing a rebel soldier lished for the information and government of all have merely to say that I have in my hands and concerned :
subject to my orders, captured in the recent D. C., July 30, 1808. } operations in this department, some four hunIt is the duty of every government to give pro-dred and fisty officers and men of the United tection to its citizens of whatever class, color, or States army, and for every man you hang I will condition, and especially to those organized as hang ten of the United States army. soldiers in the public service. The law of na- I am, General, very respectfully, your obedient tions, and the usages and customs of war, as servant,
J. E. PICKETT, carried on by civilized powers, permit no distinc
Major-General Commanding. tion as to color in the treatment of prisoners of war as public enemies. To sell or enslave any captured person on account of his color, and for
Doc. 90. no offence against the laws of war, is a relapse into barbarism, and a crime against the civiliza- DESTRUCTION OF REBEL SALT-WORKS.
REPORT OF ADMIRAL BAILEY. The Government of the United States will give
T'SITED STATES FLAG-SHIP DALE, the same protection to all its soldiers; and if the
KEY-WEST, FLA., March ti, 1564.
LE,} enemy shall sell or enslave any one because of Hon. Gideon Welles, Secretary of the Vary : his color, the offence shall be punished by retal- Sir: I have the honor to report that two exiation upon the enemy's prisoners in our posses-peditions have recently been fiited ont fro:n the sion.
United States steamer Tahoma, for the destrucIt is therefore ordered that for every soldier of tion of extensive salt-works, the property of the the United States killed in violation of the laws rebel government, in the neighborhood of St. of war, a rebel soldier shall be executed; and Mark's, Florida. for every one enslaved by the enemy or sold into
The first expedition left the ship on the mornslavery, a rebel soldier shall be placed at harding of the seventeenth of February, in two delabor on the public works, and continue on such tachments, one under command of Acting Master labor until the other shall be released and receive E. C. Weeks, and the other in charge of Acting the treatment due to a prisoner of war.
Ensign J. G. Koehler. The salt-works being ABRAHAM LINCOLN.
some seven miles in extent, the first detachment By order of the Secretary of War.
commenced at one end of the line, the other at E. D. TOWNSEND, the other. A day and a night of unremitting 1:
Assistant Adjutant-General. bor was spent in the work of destruction, when Believing that this atrocity has been perpe. the expedition returned safely to the vessel, hav. trated without your knowledge, and that you ing marched through swamps and dense woods a will take prompt steps to disavow this violation distance of forty miles, and successfully accomof the usages of war, and to bring the offenders plished the object of the undertaking.
tion of the age.
On the twenty-seventh, a week later, a second doubt still exists among the troops as to the perexpedition was planned, and carried through with manence as cavalry of those regiments which equal success, the object being to destroy some have been dismounted, again takes occasion to government works at Goose Creek, some ten assure the troops that he shall keep all of the remiles distant. The party was, in this case also, giments in service as cavalry, which have been in charge of Acting Master Weeks, and the works recently dismounted ; that he prefers to have to be destroyed were under the protection of a these regiments to march on horseback and fight rebel cavalry company, whose pickets the expe- on foot, provided their officers will perfect them dition succeeded in eluding. Twelve prisoners in the infantry drill, and that nothing but an ab. were brought off
, one the captain of an infantry solute necessity, arising from scarcity of forage, company raised for coast service.
or where railroads offer a more rapid transportThe works destroyed by these two expeditions ation, will induce him to dismount his cavalry produced for the confederates two thousand four regiments; and further, that when so dismounthundred bushels of salt per diem. I inclose here- ed it will be but temporarily, unless in the case with Lieutenant Commander Harmony's list, for- of regiments which, having the opportunities, warded to me, of the articles captured and des- will not avail themselves of them, to perfect troyed.
themselves in infantry drill, so essential to the Very respectfully, Theodorus BAILEY, success of our arms and the safety of the men
Acting Rear-Admiral Commanding E. G. B. Squadron. themselves. He also again urges upon the offi. List of government property destroyed and cap- cers and men the imperative necessity of taking
tured, belonging to the rebel government, by care of their bayonets, however inconvenient it boats' creus and refugees, on the seventeenth, may be to do so, and upon the officers the duty eighteenth, and nineteenth February, 1864: of preparing bayonet-scabbards out of rawhides,
Three hundred and ninety salt-kettles, average as previously ordered. capacity, 100 gallons; 52 sheet-iron boilers, ave
The Commanding General avails himself of rage capacity, 900 gallons; 170 furnaces, made of this opportunity to notice the fact that Terrell's brick and stone; 150 pumps, wells, and aque- regiment lost not a man by desertion when orderducts; 55 storehouses, used for storage, salt, ed to be dismounted, notwithstanding the exametc. ; 165 houses and shanties ; 60 sheds and ple set them by some others. He holds the offistables; 6000 bushels of salt, in barrels; a large cers responsible for the conduct of his men, and number of axes, shovels, and hoes; one carpen- hereby calls upon them to use their weapons, at ter-shop, with tools, etc.; one fishing-house; all hazards, against those who attempt to desert 600 bushels of corn ; 350 cords of wood. under any circumstances, or who may be guilty
Captured—Five large wagons; eighteen mules of mutiny, or of aiding, abetting, joining in, or and sets of harness; 2500 pounds of bacon; two exciting the same; and in all cases where effifine horses, saddles, and bridles; about 1000 cient steps are not taken by the commanding otil. head of cattle, and one prisoner,' G. R. Paul, cers to prevent and punish such crime, they will government agent.
be arrested and brought before a general courtAll the articles captured I gave to the refugees, martial for trial, conviction, and punishment. as they were of no use to us. The estimate value In cases where troops temporarily dismounted of the above property to the rebels cannot be less are moved from one locality to another, their than $3,000,000. That is the value put upon it horses will also be removed to places which are by the most intelligent refugees.
convenient to the men, and where forage at the List of articles and property destroyed on Goose same time can be procured. It is to be under
Creek by the boats' creio from the United stood, that the short marches, occasionally requirStates steamer Tahoma, February twenty- porarily dismounted, when their horses cannot be
ed to be done by the troops of the regiments temsixth and twenty-seventh, 1864:
Two thousand bushels of salt in barrels and procured in time, are not to be considered as viobins; three corn-cribs, containing about 1000 lations of the assurances held out by this order, bushels; large quantity of hay and fodder; General to prevent a misinterpretation by his
and are only here alluded to by the Commanding blacksmith's shop and tools; carpenter's shop and tools; about 100 store and other houses, troops, with whom he shall always deal, as he stables, etc. ; 165 kettles and pans, average ca
has ever done, with frankness and truth. pacity, 100 gallons; 53 large boilers, of about
By command of Major-Gen. J. B. MAGRUDER. 800 gallons capacity each ; 98 well-constructed
E. P. Turner, brick furnaces; nine wagons and carts, 20 sets
Assistant Adjutant-General. mule harness.
HEADQUARTERS DISTRICT OF TEXAS, New-MEXICO,
AND ARIZONA, Houston, Feb. 2, 1864.
SPECIAL ORDERS, No. 33.
VII. It being absolutely necessary to take pos. GENERAL MAGRUDER'S ORDERS. session of the cisterns upon Galveston Island for HEADQUARTERS DISTRICT OF TEXAB, New-Mexico,
the use of the troops, Mr. Thomas M. League is AND ARIZONA, Houston, Feb. 15, 1864.
authorized to take control and possession of all Special ORDERS, No. 46.
of the said cisterns. He will permit each family The Commanding General, learning that some I to use what may be necessary for their purposes
Commander U. S. N.
at all times, reserving a sufficient quantity for to inform him of her intention to ship men to the troops.
complete her crew. He assured me that it should The labor necessary to carry water to the com- not be allowed, though it might be done clandesmands will be furnished by the Post-Quarter- tinely, which he could not help. I have reason master.
to believe that she made no addition to her crew, By command of Major-Gen. J. B. MAGRUDER. and know from the statement of my giy's crew, EDMUND P. Turner,
that three of the men she brought with her, deAssistant Adjutant-General.
serted. Her crew is described to me as made up of Spaniards, Frenchmen, and Portuguese, with a few Englishmen, and but one American. Her
First Lieutenant is Thomas A. Dernin, formerly Doc. 92.
a midshipman in our service. ESCAPE OF THE FLORIDA.
I notice no change in the appearance of the
Florida since I last saw her, except that now she REPORT OF COMMANDER PREBLE,
has yards on her mainmast: then she had none,
and she has changed her billet-head for a shield
surrounded by scroll-work, in which is borne the Sir: The Florida has succeeded in getting to arms of the rebel States. My men have been sea. I shall follow at once, though hopeless of wild to fight, and I drew the shot from my guns catching her out of port. Nelson said, the want the day she came in, fearing that in their exciteof frigates in his squadron would be found im- ment they would fire into her without orders, and pressed on his heart. I am sure the want of break the neutrality of this port. One thing is steam will be found engraven on mine. Had the certain, the Florida does not intend to fight unSt. Louis been a steamer, I would have anchored less the chances are largely in her favor, for she alongside of her, and, unrestricted by the twenty- skulked away from the old St. Louis. four hour rule, my old foe could not have escaped I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, The Governor, true to his declared inten
Geo. Henry PREBLE, tion, would only allow her to take on board twenty tons of coal, sufficient to take her to the near
Hon. Gideos WELLES, est port. Her commander plead for sixty tons,
Secretary of the Navy, Washington, D. C. next forty, asserting that he needed that much to ballast his vessel. The Governor told him, at the suggestion of Mr. Bayman, that he came in
Doc. 93. without it, and he thought he could go without
BLOCKADE PROCLAMATION. it; but if ballast was needed, there was plenty of stone on the beach that he might take. By the President of the United States.
As it was supposed that she would go to sea Whereas, By my Proclamation of the nineduring the night, and certainly in the morning, teenth April, 1861, the ports of the States of and I had an intimation, that, in passing us, she South-Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Florida, Mismight pour in a broadside, I shotted and cast sissippi, Louisiana, and Texas, were, for reasons loose my guns, and had men to man them; got therein set forth, placed under blockade; and a slip-rope on the chain, and stationed lookouts whereas the port of Brownsville, in the District all over the ship and in the tops ; cautioned the of Brazos Santiago, in the State of Texas, has officers to extra vigilance, and was repeatedly on since been blockaded, but as the blockade of said deck myself to watch and see that my orders port may now be safely released, with advantage were executed. The night was dark and squally. to the interests of commerce ; now, therefore, be The Florida lay close into the beach and under it known, that I, Abraham Lincoln, President of the highland, with all her lights covered, and, the United States, pursuant to the authority in notwithstanding all this vigilance, she crept out, me vested by the fifth section of the act of Conunseen, to the eastward, and her departure was gress, approved on the thirteenth of July, 1861, not discovered until the morn rose, a few min- entitled, “An Act further to provide for the colutes since. A blockade-runner, the Julia, which lection of duties on imports, and for other purarrived in the afternoon, reports the Kearsage as poses, do hereby declare that the blockade of having lest Cadiz three days ago, destination un- the said port of Brownsville shall so far cease known. The Florida gave out that they were and determine, from and after this date, that comgoing to Cadiz for coals; but I think not, and mercial intercourse with said port, except as to shall go direct to Teneriffe, hoping, if I do not find persons, things, and information hereinafter speher there, to put the Sacramento on her track. cified, may from and after this date be carried on,
The prevailing winds would not permit me to subject to the laws of the United States, to the get to Cadiz from Madeira in season to do her any regulations of the Secretary of the Treasury, and, injury, even if I thought that port her destination. until the rebellion shall have been suppressed, to
The authorities here have done all they could such orders as may be promulgated by the Gento hastın her departure and prevent her full sup- eral commanding the Department, or by an offiply, and I do not imagine that the island will be cer duly authorized by him, and commanding at troubled by the presence of the rebel vessels-of- said port. This proclamation does not authorizo war very soon again. I waited on the Governor, l or allow the shipment or conveyance of persons