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turn before night, and get there more in a hurry ed until they had expended their ammunition, than they were when they passed forward. Again and their officers could supply no more. Then the devoted soldiers formed, and set out in three they withdrew to the rear, and the Eighth (col. columns, keeping, as before, near the railroad ored) United States volunteers, commanded by track. The column on the right was led by Col. Colonel Fribley, was pushed forward to stand the onel Barton, of the Forty-eighth New-York, in brunt of the enemy's fire. command of his brigade, consisting of the Forty- In twenty minutes, three hundred and fifty seventh, Forty-eighth, and One Hundred and Fif- men, including the Colonel, (killed,) were stricken teenth New-York regiments. The column in the down by the storm of bullets. They were withcentre was made up of the cavalry, under Major drawn, and the left did not again offer any vigorStevens; the mounted infantry, under Colonel ous resistance to the enemy. Meanwhile, on the Guy V. Henry ; the Seventh Connecticut, Col- right and centre, persistent efforts were made to onel Hawley; and the Seventh New Hampshire, crush in our lines. A rapid and furious cannonColonel Abbott. The left was commanded by ade and concentric fire was poured in. The canColonel Montgomery. under whom were the Fif- non-shots generally crashed among the trees, and ty-fourth Massachusetts, Colonel Hallowell; the brought down, among the wounded in the rear, First North-Carolina, Lieutenant-Colonel Reed; branches of the pines, to inflict gratuitous injuand the Eighth United States volunteers, under ries upon the helpless men and their attendant Colonel Fribley.
surgeons. Three times successively did Dr. Adolf About six miles from Sanderson, the rebel Majes, Chief Medical Officer with the army of pickets were driven in by our cavalry, and fell Florida, order the removal of the field-hospitals back upon their main forces, posted between still further to the rear. The enemy's sharp-shoot. swamps about two miles from Olustee, a railroad ers on the opposite side of the railroad, in the station ten miles beyond Sanderson. The rail-tree-tops or the long grass, poured in bullets road intersected their position. Their line rested upon the bleeding fugitives; and succeeded in upon the right on an earthwork, very low and making it necessary to remove the wounded eight slight, and protected by rifle-pits: In their cen- miles away, to Sanderson. tre they were defended by a swamp. On their The stream of disabled men naturally took the lest was a slight elevation, concealed by pines, railroad track as the easiest path from the battleamong which their cavalry was drawn up. On! field. Unseen enemies pursued them. The spitethe railroad track a battery was placed to operate ful bullets whistled near them. Many were thus against the left of our line, or capable of being killed; among others Colonel Fribley, of the turned against the centre. A rifled gun was Eighth United States colored, who was being remounted on a truck, and commanded the road. moved from the scene by one of his lieutenants, Sharp-shooters swarmed in the pine-tops. when both were mortally wounded.
The position chosen by the rebels for our troops The centre stood firinly until desired to fall to occupy, and which they did occupy during the back, in order to give the batteries a better and temporary exigencies of the occasion, was be- more elevated position. Captain Tamilton, with tween two swamps; that one in our front pre- battery M, Third United States artillery, lost two vented a charge upon the rebels' front, that one Parrott guns by the death of his men and horses, behind was to impede our retreat. The railroad after fighting continuously for an hour and a half. could only be reached by going up to the waist Captain Langdon, of the First United States arin water, or by an immense detour. To fall away tillery, lost three brass Napoleon guns in the from the railroad was to cut ourselves off from same way. First Lieutenant E. Eddy, of the First our reserves, which were coming up on the left of United States artillery, received a wound in his the track, and to endanger the safety of our train, leg, and First Lieutenant T. McCrac, of battery which also was near the reserve. Nothing could M, First United States artillery, was also woundhave been better plannel or more civilly acqui- ed. Captain Hamilton was wounded in the arm. esced in than was this whole scheme. General Desperate assaults on the Union right failed Seymour accepted the issue just as it stood, push: to drive in the brave One IIundred and Fifteenth ed the guns into position upon low ground about New-York, holding the extremity of the line. eighty yards from the nearest rebel battery, and The genial and chivalrous Colonel S. Sammiss saw his gunners and their horses shot down with was wounded in the foot; Major Walrath's shoulunmatched equaniinity.
der-strap was cut away by a bullet. He will soon The Seventh New Hampshire had so dearly a replace it with a device proper to a lieutenantfire poured into their ranks that they broke and colonel. With the imperturbable cheerfulness fell back in confusion. Dissatisfaction and want and the cool courage which distinguished him, of confidence had been created in the regiment he moved along the line, cheering and encouragby depriving it of the " Spencer repeating-rifle,” ing his soldiers. They lost dreadfully. Among and the issue, instead, of Springfield muskets the killed were Second Lieutenant Schaeffer, comin bad condition; some lacking locks, others rust- pany G, and Second Lieutenant W. Tompkins, ed or wanting crews, proper springs, or otherwise company C. Captain G. Vanderbeer was wounduseless. Unable to protect themselves with these ed in the leg and breast; Second Lieutenant J. curious weapons, one wing of the regiment gave Davis, of company A, was fatally wounded in way and could not be rallied. The other wing, the breast, ani was left on the retreat at Sanderwhich had retained the "Spencer" arm, remain- son, to be treated by the rebels. Second Lieu
tenant E. Smith, of company B, got a shot in his General Seymour, taking advantage of the diright shoulder. Captain W. W. French, of com- version thus effected, had reëstablished bis fieldpany F, had his ankle shattered ; Second Lieu- batteries, and with four parting rounds of grape, tenant Clark, of company II, was hurt in the canister, and solid shot secured impunity for his shoulder. As an instance of what the One retreat. The Seventh Connecticut was placed to Hundred and Fifteenth endured, company F may defend the shattered columns as they fell back; be cited. Out of fifty-nine men brought into the the mounted infantry and cavalry brought up the fight, three were killed and twenty-nine wounded. rear. Lieutenant-Colonel Hall, of the New York
But the details of the slaughter must be look- engineers, galloped along the line of retreat, in ed for among the lists hereafter to be forwarded. his capacity of Provost-Marshal General, to se. Only fragmentary reports are now accessible. On cure order and rally fugitives. Arriving at Sanboard this ship are two hundred and forty brave derson about nine o'clock in the evening, he found fellows wounded About five hundred others are that Captain Bridgman, of the Fifty-fourth Masleft at Jacksonville in the care of the medical sachusetts, had already commenced the good staff. On the battle-field are not fewer then five work. More than one thousand men were here hundred of our dear brothers, most of whom are collected. Some very slightly hurt; many seridead. In the mercy of Providence, the nights ously wounded. Many more had merely left the have been frosty of late. Cold is the best kind ground help away their stricken comrades, and of weather for wounded men, while they are wait-| had not returned to take part in the fray. ing for succor. A flag of truce is to be sent, ask- The retreat continued all night to Barber's Staing for permission to remove our wounded and tion, and next morning to Baldwin. Here Genbury our dead. At Sanderson, it is understood, eral Seyinour arrived on Sunday P.m., and made that some wounded had to be left with a surgeon arrangements for the evacuation of the place, and in charge. At Baldwin, Mr. Day, of the Sani- the burning of the stores. He also caused the tary Commission, and Rev. Mr. Taylor, of the destruction of the property of one Derby, a neighChristian Commission, await the arrival of wound-boring rebel, who had sought and obtained proed stragglers and of the enemy. Mr. Day has tection, and then gone over to the enemy with inbeen twice before a prisoner in the pursuit of his formation. The wounded men who had been calling of mercy.
brought so far, or had painfully marched hither, The Forty-seventh and Forty-eighth, also on were packed in horse-cars and sent down the the right, suffered severely in their efforts to pre- railroad, to be instantly transferred to the Cos. vent the enemy from flanking the field. Among mopolitan, or placed in hospitals at Jacksonville. the dead of the noble Forty-seventh are Captain The Fifty-fourth Massachusetts, which, with Henry Arnold, company K; First Lieutenant the First North-Carolina, may be said to have Charles C. Every, company B ; Second Lieuten- saved the forces from utter ront, lost about eighty ant L. Hunting, company I. The Colonel, Henry men wounded and twelve killed. The complete Moore, was wounded in the arm. Captain J. M. list will be forwarded with this letter. Other reMcDonald, company K; First Lieutenant Duffy, giments were not in a condition the next day to company K; and Second Lieutenant G. L. Scho- make returns. lendorff, all got wounds in their legs. Their com- There are not fewer than one thousand two panies will not muster over twenty-five men each. hundred men, white and black, lost to the army
As the rebels were preparing to charge with by this heavy calamity. This moment of griei reënforcements just come in by railroad, the re. is too sacred for anger. The blame that attaches serves, under Colonel Montgomery, arrived. They to the planners or leaders of the expedition will came up at double-quick.
hereafter develop itself. General Gillmore will The Fifty-fourth Massachusetts went in first, himself superintend the security of the shattered with a cheer. They were followed by the First regiments. There are forces in Jacksonville North-Carolina, (colored.) Lieutenant-Colonel enough to hold the place. Not all the regiments Reed, in command, headed the regiment, sword thereabout were in the fight. Reënforcements in hand, and charged upon the rebels. They for the Department of the South are arriving daibroke, but rallied when within twenty yards of ly at Hilton Head. It is a dearly bought lesson contact with our negro troops. Overpowered by for us, but not an overwhelming or fatal disaster. numbers, the First North-Carolina fell back in
G. B. good order, and poured in a destructive fire. Their Colonel was felled, mortally wounded. Their Major, Boyle, fell dead, and two men were
Hilton HEAD, S. C., April 8, 1864. killed in trying to reach his body. Their Adju. To the Editors of the New-York Evening Post: tant, Wm. C. Manning, wounded before at Mal- By the Fulton to-day I have received and read, vern Hill, got a bullet in his body, but persisted for the first time, ail your articles concerning in remaining, until yet another shot struck him. (somewhat) Florida affairs; but more particularHis Lieutenant-Colonel, learning the fact, embrac- ly concerning myself. ed him, and implored him to leave the field. The You assail me professionally and personally. next moment the two friends were stretched side Now, so far as the character of my military servby side ; the Colonel had received his own death- ice is touched, I may say that you will find it wound.' But the two colored regiments had stood not unkindly referred to in the reports of not a in the gap, and saved the army!
few battles, and in some of these reports I am
DEFENCE OF GENERAL SEYMOUR.
Lieutenant and A.D.C.
credited with considerably more intelligence and and have experienced no such treatment at any skill than you have been willing to accord me. time during the expedition to Florida. We have But the reputation of a soldier is not based on the been treated precisely in the same manner as the opinions of gentlemen of your profession nearly white troops; we have frequently been brigaded so strongly as upon those of mine; and by these with them; and have uniformly received the same last only am I content to be judged.
attention to the wants and comforts of both offiThere are a few points, however, upon which cers and men. it is proper you should be correctly informed. Very respectfully, your obedient servants,
First. You state that I was once sent from the B. C. TILGIMAN, Col. Third U.S. C. T. Department of the South by General Ilunter, for U. DOUBLEDAY, Lieut.-Col.“ “unruly conduct and language.” Your inform
F. W. BARDWELL, Major ation here was worse than imperfect, it was sim
Official Copy: W. II. BRADSHAW, ply untrue. I left the department upon my own application, upon that solely, and for entirely different causes than differences with General Hun
HEADQUARTERS THIRTY-FIFTH U. S. C. T., ter.
JACKSONVILLE, FLA., March 30, 156 L Second. You assert that I planned and
GENERAL: Will you, at your departure from urged” the assault on Fort Wagner of the eigh- this district, accept a line of cordial good-will from teenth of July last.
an officer of your command ? That is much more credit than I deserve. I I am personally, and in behalf of my regiment, had too steadfastly advocated, as a principle, that under obligations to you for a kindly considerintrenchments defended by the rifle had not been ation and fairness of treatment which will doubtsuccessfully assaulted in this war, to urge or to less, after a time, become general in all departplan this assault as an exception. Secessionville ments and districts, but which to ourselves has and its lesson were too close at hand to be for- been peculiarly gratifying. We, of the colored gotten.
organizations, have not and do not ask for speBut this assault was virtually successful. Our cial favors, but only for such military equality men entered the work, held a part of it for hours, as may be earned ; a fair share of fatigue and took prisoners from the garrison. And before at- field-work, and equal consideration from the quartributing any failure to me, would it not have termaster,commissary, and ordnance departments. been well for you to have learned the whole To the extent of your power, (speaking for my truth from the few who know it, (and very few own regiment,) we have had such equality, and know the entire facts concerning any engagement are content. whatever,) before charging me with so many per- Wishing you a safe and prosperous passage, sonal, political, and military crimes, because there and with assurance of kindly remembrance, I am, was final failure ?
General, very respectfully, your obedient servant, Briefly, your statement concerning my connec
JAMES C. BEECHER, tion with that assault is utterly incorrect.
Colonel Commanding. Third. For my opinions upon non-professional Copy: W. II. BRADSIIAW, matters, I presume, the public cares very little.
Lieutenant and A.D.C. But as you positively state that I am an habitual contemner of the race," (colored,) also of
HEADQUARTERS COLORED BRIGADE,
} negro troops, and a "virulent pro-slavery
JACKSONVILLE, FLA., March 30, 1564, man," I am justified in pronouncing you quite as Brigadier-General Seymour, Commanding Diswrong as upon the preceding points. Pro-slave- trict of Florida : ry sentiments—even in a moderate form---I never GENERAL: I have the honor to give testimony entertained. But I despise and scorn the hypo- to the kind, just, and impartial treatment my comcritical and sanctimonious philanthropy of some mand has received at your hands. It has been my who are fattening-personally, pecuniarily, and fortune to coinmand six of the colored regiinents politically-upon the wrongs of the black, but under you, and I know of no instance where a difwho have been very careful never to set him an ex- ferent line of policy has been pursued toward the ample on the battle-field. And that I have faith- colored men than the white. While speaking of fully carried out the desires and commands of thi I wish to say, that I am continually receiv. the Government—so far as I have had command ing from the North all sorts of complaints in reof colored troops—the following letters will best lation to the abuse of the colored soldier, how show :
they are treated in the field, etc. This is all CAMP THIRD SOUTH-CAROLINA COLORED Troops, wrong, the spirit which circulates them is bad, JACKSONVILLE, FL A., March 28, 1861.
and the statements are not true. The welfare Lieutenant R. M. Hall, First United States Ar- of these men demands that less should be said, tillery;
and more be done. To all who are so solicitous Sır: We have noticed in one of the New-York for the colored soldier, I say: Turn your fire upon papers some observations reflecting upon Gen- the Congress of the nation, that the great injusteral Seymour's supposed prejudices against, and ice which has been done to them by not allowunfair treatment of colored troops. Speaking from ing pay enough to clothe themselves, may be reour own knowledge in relation to our own regi- medied, and we will take care of the remainder; ment, we have seen no signs of such prejudice, we have no complaints to make but this, and the
Lieutenant and A.D.C.
fault is not with our generals, but those who call in which you say: “Ilis contemptuous treatment themselves our friends, at home.
of Robert Small, the gallant colored pilot who I have the honor, General, to be, very respect- brought the steamer Planter out of the harbor of fully, your obedient servant,
Charleston, and who is one of the heroes of our M. S. LITTLEFIELD, war, has already been recorded in this paper."
Colonel Twenty-first U. S. C. T. Through all courtesy to your paper and justice Copy: W. H. BRADSHAW,
where justice is due, I must say that from the Lieutenant and A.D.C.
first day of my arrival within the Union lines, HEADQUARTERS TURTY-Fourth Rear. U. S. C. T.,
General Seymour has always shown me the JACKSONVILLE, FLA., March 30, 1864.
greatest regard, whenever in public or private, GENERAL: I wish to state that I fully and inquiring how I was or if I was in need. heartily concur with the sentiments contained in Shortly after turning the Planter over to the the letters of Colonel Tilghman. Please bear United States Government, General Seymour with you my hearty acknowledgments of the just sent for me, and after several interrogations, orand considerate treatment we have received at dered me to have my name entered in Colonel your hands, and my best wishes for your future Elwell's Pilot list, a position for which I am
much indebted to him, and which I occupied unI have the honor to be, General, very respect- til taking command of this steamer. fully, your obedient servant,
Never was there a time, when with General W. W. Marple, Seymour, or any of his aids, that I was treated Lieutenant-Colonel Commanding Thirty-fourth U.S.C.T. contemptuously or unkinally: Brigadier-General T. SEYMOUR, U. S. A.
Trusting you will correct this error, which I Copy: W. H. BRADSHAW,
fear some reporter has unintentionally made, I
am, yours most respectfully, HEADQUARTERS TWENTY-FIRST U. S. C. T.,
Captain Robert Sall. JACKSONVILLE, FLA., March 29, 1864. Lieutenant R. J. Hall, A. A. A.G. :
With this evidence of my treatment of such Sır: It having come to the knowledge of the colored troops as have been placed under me, undersigned that certain imputations are afloat even you cannot find great fault. concerning General Seymour's treatment of col
Finally, as a soldier of the Republic, I clain ored troops, we deem it but justice to that dis- some trifling respect from you, and some fairtinguished officer, in view of his departure from
Therefore I call upon you to give to this this post, to state that, so far as our own observ-letter, entire, the same publicity with which you ation has extended, his conduct toward that class have heretofore assailed me. of troops has been all that the sincerest friends
Respectfully, your obedient servant, of the colored race could desire; and it affords
Brigadier-General U. S. Volunteers. us great pleasure to testify to the uniform kindness, courtesy, and liberality with which he has
ACTION OF THE COLORED TROOPS. treated the officers and men of this command.
ON PICKET, Sıx MILES WEST OF JACKSONVILLE, We have the honor to be, sir, your obedient
FLORIDA, February 23, 1. 64. servants, A. G. Bennett,
Sir: I deem it but proper that you and the Lieutenant-Colonel Commanding Regiment. balance of the Supervisory Committee should R. H. WILLOUGHBY,
know all about the operations of the regiment Captain Commanding Company B. E. R. Fowler,
brought into existence under your supervision, Captain Commanding Company E. and will therefore give you a short history of the ILENRY SIIARP,
part the Eighth regiment had in the slaughter at Captain Commanding Company C.
Olustee, Florida, on the twentieth instant, and EDGAR ABEAL,
will then allow you and the committee to judge Captain Commanding Company D. C. A. Dow,
whether colored men are the poltroons which Lieutenant Commanding Company A.
their enemies tried to make us believe them to Copy: W. H. BRADSHAW,
The expedition with which we were identified But fourth. As you may possibly consider the had all the prospects in the world to prove succase of Robert Small, a brave fellow, whose con
cessful, and would have been, if we had come duct deserves more consideration than it has yet prepared to advance immediately; but as it was, received-as an exception-1 submit his state
we gave them time to prepare for us when we
did advance. ment, to which you will probably attach more credit than to any assertion of mine :
We left Baldwin, at the junction of the Jack
sonville and Tallahassee, and Fernandina and CeUNITED STATES STRAMER PLANTER,
dar Keys railroads, about twenty miles west of Land's End, South-CAROLINA, April 4, 1864. Jacksonville, on Friday, the twentieth ; marched To the Editors of the Ecening Post:
westward eleven miles, and bivouacked for the Please allow me, through your columns, to night at Barber's Ford, on the St. Mary's River. correct an error which I find by perusing your The bugle sounded the reveillé before daylight,
ultimo, under the heading of and, after taking breakfast, we took up the line General Seymour and the Battle of Olustee," l of march westward. Our march for ten miles to
Lieutenant and A.D.O.
paper of the
Sanderson Station was uninterrupted, but about to leave the battery, and failed to bring the fag four miles further west our advance drove in the away. The battery fell into the enemy's hands. enemy's pickets, keeping up a continuous skir. During the excitement Captain Bailey took commish with them for about four miles, when the mand, and brought out the regiment in good or Seventh Connecticut, who were in the advance, der. Sergeant Taylor, company D, who carried deployed as skirmishers, fell in with the enemy's the battle-flag, had his right hand nearly shot off, force in a swamp, strengthened still further with but grasped the colors with the left hand, and rifle-pits. Here they were met with cannon and brought it out. musketry. The Seventh were armed with Spen- I took my position along the railroad, and had cer rifles, which fire eight times without loading, the wounded brought there, and while busily enwith which they played dreadful havoc with the gaged a volley was poured into us. About a enemy. They were then ordered to take one of dozen of cavalry were preparing to make a charge four pieces of artillery the enemy had, but were on us, but disappeared as the Fisty-fourth Masunsuccessful. They held their ground nobly, as sachusetts advanced out of the woods. Thev long as their sixty rounds of ammunition lasted, knew the men were wounded, and that it was an which was perhaps three quarters of an hour, hospital, but disregarded it; and had it not been but were retiring just as the main body of our for the Fifty-fourth, which advanced in splendid army came up. The Eighth colored marched on order, they would undoubtedly have taken us all the railroad, came up first, and filed to the right, prisoners. The Seventh New Hampshire was when they were soon met with a most terrific posted on both sides of the wagon road, and shower of musketry and shell. General T. Sey- broke, but rallied in a short time, and did splenmour now came up, and pointing in front toward did execution. The line was probably one mile the railroad, said to Colonel Fribley, commander long, and all along the fighting was terrific. of the Eighth, “ Take your regiment in there"- Our artillery, where it could be worked, made a place which was sufficiently hot to make vet-dreadful havoc on the enemy, whilst the enemy erans tremble, and yet we were to enter it with did us but very little injury with his, with the men who had never heard the sound of a can- exception of one gun, a sixty-four pound swivel,
Colonel Fribley ordered the regiment, by fixed on a truck-car on the railroad, which fired company, into line, double-quick march; but, be- grape and canister. On the whole, their artillery fore it was fairly in line, the men commenced was very harınless, but their musketry fearful. dropping like leaves in autumn. Still, on they We were informed in the morning that they had went, without faltering or murmuring, until they some ten thousand men, and four guns, while we came within two hundred yards of the enemy, had less than six thousand, but eighteen guns. when the struggle for life and death commenced. The troops all fought bravely; the l'irst NorthHere they stood for two hours and a half, under Carolina (colored) did nobly. I saw at an early one of the most terrible fires I ever witnessed ; stage of the fight that we would be whipped, and and here, on the field of Olustee, was decided went round among our wounded and told thern, whether the colored man had the courage to as many as could get away, to start for Barber, stand without shelter, and risk the dangers of and then started the ambulance crowded full. the battle-field; and when I tell you that they The day and the field being lost to us, we started stood with a fire in front, on their flank, and in on the retreat, and reached our old quarters yestheir rear, for two hours and a half, without terday. We were compelled to leave a few of flinching, and when I tell you the number of our men behind, and they fell into the hands of dead and wounded, I have no doubt as to the the enemy. It could not be helped; I had but verdict of every man who has gratitude for the one ambulance to a regiment, and the railroad defenders of his country, white or black. was useless, because we had no locomotive.
Colonel Fribley, seeing that it was impossible However, we got some horse-cars to within eighto hold the position, passed along the lines to teen miles of the field, which aided us greatly. tell the officers to fire and fall back gradually, How the rebels have disposed of the colored men and was shot before he reached the end. Ile who fell into their hands we have not heard yet; was shot in the chest, told the men to carry him but we hope that the fear of retaliation, if not to the rear, and expired in a very few minutes. the dictates of humanity, will cause them to reMajor Burritt took command, but was also consider their threat of outlawry. If not, we wounded in a short time. At this time Captain must act accordingly. Our men are neither disHamilton's battery became endangered, and he couraged nor dismayed, but ready for another cried out to our men for God's sake to save his fight. battery. Our United States flag, after three We would like to have our regiment recruited. sergeants had forfeited their lives by bearing it We should have at least two hundred men immeduring the fight, was planted on the battery by diately. Will the committee not make an effort Lieutenant Elijah Lewis, and the men rallied to send them to us? I have no doubt but the around it, but the guns had been jammed up so War Department would allow it. Please do your indiscriminately, and so close to the enemy's best for us. If it could be done, we would like lines, that the gunners were shot down as fast two flanking companies of one hundred men as they made their appearance; and the horses, each, armed with Spencer riiles. I think they whilst they were wheeling the pieces into posi- are just the thing for bushwhacking. You can tion, shared the same fate. They were compelled tell the committee that we look to them as our