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ferent movements were made in excellent order with the force which had fallen back before his and time, and the result was the capture of a advance, were to concentrate the next day at number of commissioned officers and men. Town Creek, at an adınirable place for offensive
While this movement was taking place, the operations, and which he was obliged to pass on remainder of the troops composing the expedition- his return. Smith had nothing but infantry and ary corps moved across the river. The force cavalry; no artillery and no wagons in which to consisted of a brigade and two regiments of in- bring off his wounded in case of an engagement. fantry from each of the five divisions of the He was then forty-two miles from the Tennessee, corps: battery A, Captain Wood; battery H, and from any reënforcements, and the enemy Lieutenant De Grass; First Illinois artillery ; were in double his numbers. The object of the the Fifteenth Michigan mounted infantry; a de- expedition was not to bring on or risk a general tachment of the Fifth Ohio cavalry, and a de- engagement. Its legitimate pnrpose, under the tachment of the First Alabama cavalry under orders of General Logan, had been fully accomCaptain Allen; the whole cavalry being under plished.' But just at that point the General found the command of Colonel Oliver.
himself confronted by a superior force threatenOn Monday the column moved at daylight, with ing an attack at Lebanon, but really moving to ten days' rations. During the night a severe rain- cut off his return-as a captured officer boasted, storm set in, and the men, without tents or cover sure to bag the whole Yankee concern. It of any kind, were drenched. After a hasty break. has been your correspondent's fortune to accomfast, such as soldiers generally make in a storm, of pany the army in one capacity and another upon hard bread, uncooked bacon, and poorly cooked all the campaigns in which General Smith had a coffee, the bugle sounded and they fell in with a command, up to the time that he was wounded shout and filed out from their bivouac as com- before Vicksburgh. He has had no severer test plaisantly as if the sun shone and the roads were of his abilities as a general officer, than this expaved. The storm continued all day, the water pedition. falling in such quantities as to make the bottom The command left Lebanon on Wednesday, a vast mud-hole. Upon reaching Sand Mountain, and reached and crossed Town Creek with no the mud was so deep as to render the movement opposition. Ilere they halted for several hours. of the artillery and transportation almost impossi- But the enemy refused to attack--positions were ble. There being no indications of a cessation of precisely the reverse of their well-laid plans. the storm, General Smith was obliged to send They expected to occupy the position so that back all of his artillery, transportation, and am- Smith could not escape. Smith occupied it, and bulances. The troops received six days' rations, they dare not cross. On Thursday the expediwhich were disposed of in their haversacks and tion returned to Larkin's Ferry. knapsacks, as best they could. On Thursday In the mean time, General Logan had been inmorning the command moved toward Lebanon, formed of the intentions of the rebel commanders, the county-seat of De Kalb County, the cavalry and had sent up a cavalry force, to move out from moving toward Guntersville in Marshall County, Larkin's Ferry to Smith's support, coming up on a line west of Lebanon. The advance was skir- himself to that point. mishing nearly all day, the enemy appearing in The facts established by the expedition are of squads of mounted men, but on no occasion mak- great importance. Almost the entire population ing a stand for battle. Lebanon and Gunters of that section of Alabama through which it ville were both reached on Thursday, a number passed, and for miles about it, is honestly, inof rebel officers and men having been captured tensely loyal. Officers who were in East-Tenon the march.
nessee, state that the loyalty of that part of AlaAt Town Creek a lieutenant and two courier bama is as genuine and reliable as any they obstations and five thousand seven hundred dol- tained knowledge of in East-Tennessee. There lars in confederate money were captured. This is no whining about slavery and abolitionists, money, it was ascertained, had been sent there such as one hears in Nashville; no ifs or buts; for the relief of the families of soldiers.
they are for the old Union. Men who had lived Immediately after the return of the cavalry in the mountains two years to avoid rebel service, from Guntersville to Lebanon, General Smith came in and asked to be mustered as soldiers in sent the Fifteenth Michigan, mounted infantry, the Federal army. One Alabamian, McCurdy, to Rawlinsville, a place fourteen miles to his left
, during the expedition, made up a company, ento connect with a force under General Stanley, rolled their names on a piece of brown paper with sent out by General Thomas. Colonel Oliver a pencil, borrowed arms, and actually went out reached the place without difficulty, but could with his men and captured a company of bushlearn nothing of Stanley's command, and re-whackers, called home-guards, and brought them turned. That night it was ascertained from differ- into our camp. ent sources of information-deserters, prisoners, Information was obtained of a regiment, staand refugees-that the enemy was preparing to tioned in that part of the country, which has deattack him with a superior force. Two regiments termined to a man to march into our lines at the of mounted infantry with two field-batteries, first good opportunity. Deserters come in daily, which were already moving from Kingston, á both at Huntsville and Larkinsville. The result large cavalry force under Wheeler and Roddy, of all their reports is that, although the rebel estimated at four thousand five hundred, together army is being largely reënforced by conscription,
GENERAL PALMER'S DESPATCH.
A NATIONAL ACCOUNT.
desertions are quite equal to the increase. Soon tive districts under the last constitutional apafter the battle of Mission Ridge, an order was portionment. issued offering to every enlisted man who produced a recruit a furlough of forty days. That
Doc. 69. order has been revoked, for the reason that the furloughed men seldom returned, and the recruits
ATTACK ON NEWBERN, N. C. frequently deserted. Among the recent desertions is that of O. Montcalm, formerly of Louisville, a Chief-Commissary of Subsistence in the
NEWBERN, N. C., February 1, 8 o'clock p.M. confederate army. Ile came into General Logan's
Early this morning our outposts at Bachelor's headquarters at Huntsville, and took the amnes-Creek were attacked by the enemy, represented ty oath.
to be in force about fifteen thousand strong, con
sisting of Hope's brigade and Pickett's entire Doc. 68.
division. It being impracticable to make ade
quate defence, our force fell back in good order, TENNESSEE RE-ORGANIZATION. after destroying their camps and abandoning
but few stores, with a loss of fifty to one hunNASHVILLE, January 22, 1864.
dred men and one section of light artillery. Our The reörganization meeting at the Capitol last forces are now so arranged that we are confident night was largely attended. Hon. M. M. Brien of a successful resistance. Almost simultaneously presided, assisted by Colonel Pickens, of East- with this attack, the enemy advanced on the south Tennessee, and Joseph Ramsey, Esq., of Bedford, side of the Trent River, with what force it is diffias Vice-Presidents
. The meeting was addressed cult to estimate, but they were handsomely reby James S. Fowler, Esq., Colonel Edwards, of East-Tennessee, Captain F. C. Hatton, and Gov. head City, but the enemy are near the railroad,
pulsed. Communication continues with Moreernor Johnson. A lengthy preamble and the with the evident intention of cutting it. The following resolutions were adopted :
commander at Beaufort is aware of the situaResolved, 1. That we recognize the authority tion, and will use every effort to prevent the and duty of the Executive of the United States, destruction of the road. J. W. Pauer, or such agents and instruments as he may con
Brigadier-General. stitutionally appoint, and employ, in cooperation with the legislative and judicial departments of the Government, to secure to the loyal people of
NEWBERN, N. C., Wednesday, February 3, 1964. any State of the United States the constitutional My note of yesterday contained a promise of guarantee of a republican form of government. something in addition to the simple statement
Resolved, 2. The people being the rightful of the fact that we had been attacked by the source of all power of government, the welfare enemy in force, and I will now give a brief acof the people of Tennessee will be best secured count of what has been, for the last few days, so by committing the restoration and permanent absorbing to us. There had been, for some time establishment of civil government to a constitu- past, intimations of a design on the part of the tional convention, to be chosen by the loyal citi- rebels to attack us; but we had felt such a sense zens of the State; and having implicit confidence of security, that the civilians, at least, gave them in the integrity of Hon. Andrew Johnson, Mili- little heed. The heavy firing, however, on Montary Governor of the State, we submit that he day morning, in the direction of Bachelor's Creek, may call such a convention of the State at any taught us that the enemy did not take precisely time, when in his judgment the State can be the same views of our safety. This post is about represented from all her parts.
eight miles west of us on the railroad, near a Resolved, 3. As slavery was the cause of all small creek emptying into the Neuse River. In our trouble, and as it is an unmitigated evil in this vicinity two block-houses had been built, itself, and since it may be considered dead by one on the Neuse road, running nearly parallel the acts of its friends, that it may never be re- with the river, and the other on the Mill road, surrected, to enable a small minority to bring running diagonally to the parallels ; some slight the ruin upon our children that it has given us, defences besides had been thrown up for the we here pledge ourselves to use all our influence protection of the garrison. The One Hundred to clect such men, and only such men, as dele- and Thirty-second New-York volunteers, Colonel gates to said convention as shall be in favor of Claasen commanding, were occupying this post immediate and universal emancipation, now and at the time of attack. The first point to be for ever. And we invite our fellow-citizens every- gained by the enemy was the bridge on the where to unite with us on this platform, and we Neuse road, over what is called Bachelor's Creck. use this opportune moment to free ourselves and The fire upon our cavalry pickets was opened our posterity from the bondage in which we have about three o'clock, driving them in, and soon a been so long enslaved, by the influence of a vigorous attempt was made to get possession of dominant aristocracy.
the bridge, which companies D, and E, and G, Resolved, 4. That on the call of said conven- of the One Hundred and Thirty-second, had tion, it shall consist of delegates duly elected been detailed to hold. The enemy charged three from the respective Senatorial and Representa- I successive times, and as often were handsomely
repulsed by the brave boys left in its defence. were taking steps looking toward the capture of The rebels, finding this point so hotly contested, the place. Deserters stated their force to be had already commenced a flank movement up fifteen thousand to twenty thousand. Should the stream, which company A was appointed to this be their purpose, they have no small task intercept, while companies I and K were to keep before them. Our gunboats can be used in both communication open between the block-houses. rivers, and we are very strongly fortified on all This flank movement could not be prevented. sides, perhaps with one exception. Of all our It was already too far advanced, and besides the defences, Fort Totten is the most formidable. enemy were too numerous, the force consisting It is a heavy earthwork, situated about half a of three brigades. Thus, after about four hours mile from Evans, midway between the Neuse of hard fighting, the little garrison was forced to and Trent Rivers. It fronts the west, where retire from its defences. The firing was dis- stretches out before you an extensive plain, in tinctly heard in the city, and at daylight a part former days a vast cotton plantation. To the of five companies of the Seventeenth Massachu- right, on the bank of the Neuse, is Fort Stephensetts, under Lieutenant-Colonel Fellow's, and two son, while to the left, on the opposite bank of pieces of artillery, Captain Angels' battery K, the Trent, stands Fort Gaston. A strong breastThird New-York, were sent out as a reēnforce- work runs in either direction to the rivers, thus ment. They arrived at about eight o'clock. Com- linking all their forts together. Fort Totten is ing up to the One Hundred and Thirty-second, in a central commanding position. While it in an open space, the whole force was imme- renders all approach from the west impossible, diately formed in line of battle. The enemy also it commands the city and both rivers. From drew up in line at the same time, resting his the tavern, every point about Newbern is visible. wings on either side so as to flank our forces, Brigadier-General Palmer, who commands in the thus compelling another retreat, which was absence of General Peck, his staff, a few other made in good order, firing as they retired officers, and, by special favor, the writer, (your through the woods. It was evidently useless correspondent,) were inside the fort, carefully to undertake longer to check the advance of so watching the movements of the enemy. They large a force, and about ten o'clock they com- could be seen with a glass, and sometimes with menced to return to the fortifications about the the naked eye, passing back and forth in the city, leaving behind many brave comrades, with edge of the woods skirting the plain on the west. most of the camp equipage, extra clothing, etc. The Twelfth New-York cavalry, under Colonel Most of the Quartermaster's stores were des- Savage, were out as scouts. The most gratifying troyed.
feature of their service was to bring in the comI have not been able to procure a complete list panies of the Eighty-ninth New-York volunteers, of casualties.
whom, in the fore part of the day, we feared had Adjutant Henry C. Cheever was mortally fallen into the hands of the enemy, from an outwounded. The last that was seen of Lieuten- post called Red House Tower, three miles disant-Colonel J. F. Fellows and Dr. J. F. Gal-tant. As the rebels ventured out of the thickets loupe, they were assisting the Adjutant into an here and there, it was exceedingly gratifying to ambulance. The party, ambulance and all, was see Major S. C. Oliver, commanding the post, taken by the rebels. First Lieutenant J. W. send his shells bursting into their midst, soon Day, company E; Captain J. K. Floyd and scattering them into the woods for safety. First Lieutenant J. R. Hill, company H; First Prisoners state that a Colonel Shay was killed Lieutenant L. B. Cabins, company I; First by one of these shells. Every thing had gone Lieutenant B. N. Manas, company K, are also well thus far. All the outposts had succeeded missing, with about fifty privates. The most of in getting in, except one at Bucker Grove, to the the fighting was done by the One Hundred and north-west about ten miles. It was held by one Thirty-second, losing in all about eighty. Lieu- company. Every preparation was made to retenant and Acting Quartermaster of company A, ceive an expected attack in the morning. Arnold Zenetti, killed.
The freedmen shouldered the guns and reCompany A.-Sergeant Richter, Corporal John lieved the guards in the city. Some of the Dennman, Corporal Christian Wullen, Lewis Strab, negroes came forward and offered their servEdward Thaller.
ices; others had a polite invitation to do so by Company B.--Corporal James Folley, Sergeant soldiers detached for the purpose. As soon as James Dekeb, B. Schmidt, Thomas Clinton, Lu- the service required was understood, more offerther Cook, Arthur Corcoran, William Edwards, ed themselves than could be armed. Thus we William Elmer, John Hargan, Michael Kane, received about a thousand accession of strength, James Smith.
to be used in case of an emergency. Company C.-First Lieutenant Joseph Gras. I cannot close this day's record without noting ing
one incident. A negro family were making their Company G.–Second Lieutenant W. A. C. way to the fortification. The father had the Whyan.
children, while the wife came up as a rear-guard. There are among the missing other names I A rebel fired at the woman three times, without was not able to secure.
hitting his mark, and then came out in person From the strength with which the enemy at- to seize and bear her back to bondage. Thus tacked Bachelor's Creek, it was evident they stepping between the mother and her children,
he did not understand the task he had proposed venture to assert that the material composing to himself. With an unfaltering courage she said regiment is not of the soundest metal. Two met him, wrested his gun from him, knocked companies of Mix's cavalry doing duty with the him down, and came into the city with the mus- Vermont regiment, were also made prisoners of ket as a trophy, and a dislocated forefinger as an A few of the latter have since made their evidence of the contest.
It is rumored that the gunboat captured by the ANOTHER ACCOUNT.
rebels, and subsequently burned, was captured WASHINGTON, N. C., Feb. 10, 1864.
solely on account of the captain's high esteem In one of my letters written last summer, I and regard for secessionism. The name of the made the remark that this department" was in a boat was the Underwriter, that of her captain, shaky condition.” Strictly speaking, I cannot Westerfelt, or something like it. It is no matter, say that it is otherwise to-day, and it is some- for if all is true about his conduct, his name will what surprising that the few troops in possession be without fame in the annals of the war. lle is of the “old North State” department have not in prison now, I believe. been long ago "gobbled up," and confined in the By the arrival of the Patuxent at this port last prisons of Dixie. Here we are to-day, with a night, the information is obtained that the rebels strong force of the enemy operating in front of are concentrated about nine miles west of NewNewbern for the last ten days, and no reēnforce-bern. Up to the hour when the Patuxent left Newments up to yesterday. Already you are aware bern, no reënforcements had arrived in the deof the attack made upon Newbern early last partment, notwithstanding that a despatch was week, and the subsequent details of the affair sent to Fortress Monroe ten days ago. Where is must, ere this, have been read by the people of General Butler? I saw it in the papers a short the North ; but allow me to say that, if it had time since that he was in Washington, D. C., at not been for the great valor displayed by a hand- Willard's, I presume, taking a “brandy smash," ful of Union troops, the affair would have been with the political wire-pullers of the White House. a very unpleasant thing. Well and nobly fought The good he has done since he took command of the One Hundred and Thirty-second New-York affairs here, is so insignificant, that few see it. infantry, assisted by their cavalry comrades from He has done one thing, namely, prevented the the same State, keeping in check for several long poor soldier from taking his accustomed governhours an overwhelming force that came rushing ment ration of liquor. He cannot have luck for upon them on all sides, like a storm. Three doing so, at least he will not secure the soldiers' times did the bold, and I must say, courageous suffrage, should some broken-down party be foolconfederates charge to cross a bridge in front of ish enough to nominate him for next President. the One Hundred and Thirty-second, and as often But, seriously speaking, it is a shame that no rewere they repulsed by the defenders of the old enforcements are sent to the relief of just enough flag, leaving their ranks somewhat thinned in troops to do the provost duty in the department. every fresh attempt.
This is an important point in the State, and how The Twelfth cavalry—or rather eight compa- many troops do you think are stationed here? nies of it—under Colonel Savage, maintained their about one thousand five hundred. With the towns post for a considerable time, being compelled at of Greenville and Tarboro a day's march from us, last to burn their camp and forage, and retire to strongly occupied by rebels, and all along our ward Newbern. Within two miles of the city, front the enemy raiding in strong force, it does and exactly where the regiment was quartered seem strange that nothing more has been done last fall, a brigade of rebels formed a line of bat- on the part of our generals in the way of being tle between them and Fort Totten. The brigade ready for any emergency. did but little to prevent the cavalry charging at I have been long of the opinion, based on perthem and through them, finally getting under sonal observation, that this State might long ago cover of the guns of the fort. The enemy re- have been redeemed from the misery into which mained but a short time in this position, for the its people have been thrown by the lack of energuns of Fort Totten and the howitzers of the gy on the part of the military authorities. The Twelfth sent terror all around them. The brav- famine that has long stared the citizens in the ery, coolness, and courage displayed by Colonel face, long since bade them seek for mercy, and Savage on the occasion, is the subject of much that mercy can only be obtained through the vicpraise among the men.
torious advances of our army in the State. FifThe Seventeenth Massachusetts infantry and teen or twenty thousand men thrown into this the Second North-Carolina volunteers also took department could open the State from the Atlanpart in the skirmishing, and lost a good many tic to Raleigh, thus strengthening the hopes of men in prisoners; but the Green Mountain boys the people and cementing their confidence in the from Vermont-the Ninth-are on their way the stability of the Union. The mass of the people second time to Richmond. This regiment has are heartily sick of secessionism, and are hoping been in the State but a few weeks, having been against hope for the day of peace. But the quesjust released from Dixie, and were doing duty tion arises : Does the Federal Government wish on the military railway between Newbern and the day of peace to come too suddenly? I leave Beaufort. I cannot explain the cause of so much this question to be answered. evil to the Vermonters, and therefore will not The loss on our side during last week's opera
A REBEL ACCOUNT.
tions before Newbern, is about one thousand five met the enemy in force at Bachelor's Creek; hundred prisoners; but few were killed or wound killed and wounded about one hundred in all; ed. The rebels suffered severely in killed. The captured thirteen officers and two hundred and figures stated in my last, are near the mark. We eighty prisoners, fourteen negroes, two rified took a number of prisoners, but not sufficient to pieces and caissons, three hundred stand of smallcover our loss in this respect. I have been un- arms, four ambulances, three wagons, fifty-five able to learn the intentions of the enemy for the animals, a quantity of clothing, camp and garripast few days. It is likely that reënforcements son equipage, and two flags. from Longstreet will be sent to the vicinity of Commander Wood, confederate States Navy, Newbern, and then another attempt will be made captured and destroyed the United States gunto enter that or this town. We are ready here; boat Underwriter. but what can fifteen hundred men do against Our loss thirty-five killed and wounded. four times that number? In the last extremity
G. E. PICKETT, we may look for reënforcements, and no sooner,
Major-General Comınanding. from present appearances. In the mean time, however, the enemy may retreat toward Kingston or Raleigh, foraging the country as they
Doc. 70. move along The roads are in the best order; the weather
OPERATIONS IN WEST-VIRGINIA. delightful; the spirits of the Union troops excel
A NATIONAL ACCOUNT. lent and buoyant; they are more willing to fight
IN TIE Field, West-VIRGINA, at any time than to think of surrendering. You
February 5, 1864. will hear from me soon again. W. C. H. The operations of the last seven days, although
at times extremely varied in their character, have
at last terminated in a series of successes that RICHMOND, February 6, 1864. at once dispel the darksome clouds of temporary Advices received yesterday from North-Caro- rebel prosperity, and open a bright vista to our jina were very sanguine of the capture of New- true interests. bern, and represented that it had been complete- The operations on both sides have been conly invested by our forces. The report yesterday ducted with great rapidity, considering the mountwas that our troops had obtained possession of ainous condition of the country, the bad state of the outer line of fortifications. Newbern is the the roads, the time it requires to concentrate and key to a large and productive country, in which, move columns of troops, and the usual necessary even now, vast amounts of provisions are contain features attendant upon a raiding and the repeled. It is also reported to be the rendezvous of a ling of a raid campaign. large number of fugitive slaves, and the most im- For some time past we had been in possession portant dépôt of supplies which the enemy has of information to the effect that General Early in eastern North-Carolina. We are sorry to dash was concentrating troops and being reënforced the reports which were so freely circulated yes- in the neighborhood of Harrisonburgh, with a terday of a success at Newbern. There is no view to again attempting the capture of the gardoubt that a despatch was received yesterday by rison at Petersburgh, and then making another the Government that General Pickett had found raid on the line of the Baltimore and Ohio Railit necessary to fall back to Kinston, and was then road. To meet a movement of this kind, General performing that movement.
Kelly made all possible preparation. Yet as time Whatever may have been the result of the af- wore away, and the weather continued fair, and fair, we are left to conclude that General Pickett the enemy gave no signs of an intention to adfound the enemy's works at Newbern too strong vance, a large number of men (including nearly to carry by assault, and has retired ; his six bri- the whole of a regiment of cavalry) who had regades of infantry, with artillery and cavalry to enlisted for the war were furloughed and allowed match, have turned out to be a successful forag- to go home, in accordance with the War Departing expedition.
ment order on that subject. Hardly had this The defences of Newbern are certainly of the been done when we got news of Early having most formidable description, and, from what we moved on Friday, January twenty-ninth. Of can learn, are well calculated to withstand the course it was too late and a matter of impossiperils of any assault. The town is situated be-bility to recall the furloughed troops. tween two rivers, and the strip of land, not more
At the earliest possible moment cavalry, in than a mile wide, is said to be traversed by a small detachments, was sent out from Harper's deep ditch, twenty feet wide, with a gunboat sta- Ferry, Martinsburgh, and Cumberland to gain tioned at each of its extremities.
information of the enemy's whereabouts. The scouting-parties did not bring us in any particu
larly reliable information, and hence many were
Kinston, February 5, 1864. inclined to believe the “grand movement to be To General S. Cooper :
nothing more than Rosser's or Gillmore's forces I made a reconnoissance within a mile and a out on a big foraging expedition, and a kind of half of Newbern, with Iloke's brigade and a part half-way reconnoissance. of Corse's and Clingman's, and some artillery ; The next reliable information we had of the
OFFICIAL DESPATCH FROM GENERAL PICKETT.