Page images


[ocr errors]

payable out of the fund for procuring substi- nior officer in command) to send Colonel Henry, tutes, as in the case of recruits in the depart- with the balance of the command and artillery, ment of Virginia.

by the road around the base of the mountain, to Fourth. All other authorities for raising color- meet him on Cosby. The force with Genera: ed troops, within the department aforesaid, shall | Vance travelled that night until twelve o'cloch, be subject to the direction of Major-General Gill- when they found the road in their front blockmore, until further orders.

aded. They then had to lay by until daylight, Fifth. That General Gillmore is authorized, when they cut out the blockade, and reached under the foregoing regulations, to procure re- Cosby about one P. M. ; but, instead of finding cruits from Key West, or in the States of Geor- Henry there, they found a despatch from him gia, Florida, and Alabama, not, however, so as saying that, upon consultation with Colonel L. to interfere with the engineer service at Key Thomas, he had concluded the route was imprac. West.

ticable, and would fall back across the Smoky Sixth. All the colored troops now in the de- Mountain. So there was General Vance, with partment of the South, or that may be recruited the captured property, prisoners, etc., and only therein, or that shall be sent forward, may be about one hundred and seventy-five men. These organized in such brigades, divisions, and corps had not been on the creek one hour before they as General Gillmore may deern most advantage- were attacked by a Yankee cavalıy force about ous to the service, he making report to Major four hundred strong. Our command was comFoster, Chief of Bureau in the War Department pletely dispersed, the property recaptured, half for organizing colored troops.

the men taken prisoners, among them General Seventh. The colored troops to be called Vance and part of his staff

. The fight occurred United States troops, and be numbered by regi- on Thursday, the fourteenth, about half-past two ments, in consecutive order, as organized. By order of the Secretary of War.

Our men

were perfectly panic-stricken, and E. D. TOWNSEND,

made no fight at all. The General escaped from

Assistant Adjutant-General. the house where he was, and got across the By command of Major-General Q. A. GILLMORE. creek, and was endeavoring to get to the adEd. W. Suita,

vanced-guard, when he was captured. The en. W. W. BURGER,

emy did not stop at all, but dashed on toward Assistant Adjutant-Generals

the front.

One of our officers in the affair writes as fol. Doc. 52.


“We succeeded in rallying the men on a little point, which was a pleasant position, but the

men were so frightened, that they only stood one RICHMOND, Jan. 29.

fire and broke. It was the worst stampede I We have some interesting particulars of the ever saw or heard of. Nearly every man lost recent expedition of the North-Carolina forces his horse." into East-Tennessee, which terminated so disastrously, and resulted, among other misfortunes, in the capture of General Vance, who was in

Doc. 53. command.

SEIZURE OF REBEL PROPERTY. General Vance crossed the Smoky Mountain at the head of Lufty, with about three hundred and fifty-five cavalry, two pieces of artillery, and

HEADQUARTERS EIGHTEENTH ARMY CORPS, DEPARTMENT one hundred and fifty Indians. The force had

OF VIRGINIA AND NORTH-CAROLINA, FORTRESS great difficulty in crossing; the soldiers had to

MONROE, VA., Jan, 16, 1864. take the horses out of the wagons to get down | GENERAL ORDERS, No. 10. the mountain over a perfect sheet of ice for three To correct a misapprehension which seems to miles. After getting to the foot, part of the exist with the officers of this command as to their command was left, while General Vance, with powers and duties in taking property for military about one hundred and seventy-five men, start- purposes, and their accountability therefor; to ed to Sevierville on a reconnoissance. When in afford just protection to peaceful and quiet citiabout two miles, he heard of a Yankee train of zens, from unauthorized and lawless acts, and to wagons being there.

Our small force imme- enable them to obtain speedy redress and remudiately charged and captured seventeen wagons, neration therefor, if found loyal; to allow the one hundred mules, and twenty-six prisoners. taking in an orderly manner only, such property The enemy were then within four miles of our and material as may be necessary and useful for force, and General Vance at once started out military purposes, or to deprive the enemy therewith the captured property. This was about of, likely to fall into their hands, or if found in three P.M. The General thought it was impos. the hands of those in rebellion, or aiding the sible to get back over the Smoky Mountain, and enemy; to give full force and effect to the es. endeavored to make his way to the Cattaloocha ample whenever it is found necessary to punish road, on the head of Cosby Creek. He imme- summarily offences, by the destruction of th: diately despatched to Thomas (who was the se-/ property of offenders;

VOL. VIII.-Doc. 22



It is ordered :

ment of the property taken, or for an unjustifiI. That private property of a peaceable in-able destruction of property, as the case may be. habitant shall be seized only when needed for In such cases, the Commanding General will not the use of the troops, either for shelter, trans- too much invoke the aid of a court-martial in portation, fuel, or food, or from known enemies, punishing the offenders. to be turned over to the agents of the Treasury. IV. Cases of difficulty have arisen where the

Secondly. It may be taken or destroyed, in negroes, formerly slaves, joining the troops of the order to deprive the enemy thereof, when in United States on marches and expeditions, with danger of falling into his hands, or to prevent its intent to come within our lines for protection, use by the enemy.

bring with them property of their former masThirdly. It may be destroyed, as a summary ters. punishment for offences, such as discharging a While the theory adopted by some officers musket by a citizen, from his house, upon a body that all the property in the rebei States belongs of troops, or setting poisoned food before sol- to the negroes, because it is the product of their diers, or inurder within a house, or using the labor, is theoretically true, yet it is not such a house and property to secrete murderers, or as a truth as can be made the foundation of governrendezvous for felons and the like.

ment action. Therefore negrocs, while they are In each of these cases the act can be done only to be induced to join our marches and expediby the order of a commissioned officer, in com- tions, are not to be allowed to bring with them mand of an army, expedition, separate detach- any other than those personal effects which have ment, or post.

belonged to them, or such property as the officer II. It has been brought to the notice of the commanding may order. Commanding General, that there is a reluctance If it becomes necessary to take means of trans. on the part of officers seizing property, either as portation from their masters, it is to be receipted a military necessity or upon orders, to give to for by the officer in command, as in other cases, the party claiming certificates, showing such stating the purpose for which such transportation seizure, thereby leaving themselves liable to the is taken. imputation of having carried away property V. Competent officers make good soldiers; which they have not in fact taken, and exposing efficient officers can prevent outrage and plunder the United States to claims sometimes unfound on the part of their men. All officers will be ed, and always exorbitant. There should be no held strictly responsible for the acts of their men, hesitation in giving such certificates. It does and will be held to make good all plundering by not add to the responsibility of the officer, but, the troops under their immediate command. on the contrary, is a protection both to himself In punishing the offences of plundering, the and the Government. No officer should do an inquiry at these headquarters will be, not which act which he is not willing to certify having done. men did the act complained of, but who was the It is therefore the duty of every officer, taking immediate commander of the men liable for the any property from any peaceable citizen, whether outrage. loyal or disloyal, to give a certificate to the party, VI. All property, seized as above provided, claimant, or person from whom it is taken, place must be accounted for, or turned over to the where and person from whom taken, with the quartermaster or provost-marshal, to be taken name, regiment, and company, as the case may up on their accounts, or the officer under whose be, in full of the officer actually making the command it is taken will be held liable for em. seizure; whether that seizure is made upon that bezzlement. officer's own responsibility, or under orders from By command of Major-General BUTLER, his superior, and to make a report of the same to R. S. Davis, his immediate commander.

Major and Assistant Adjutant-General. Such certificate should also state whether the property taken is that of a loyal or disloyal citizen, to the best of the information of the captor.

Doc. 54. III. In case it becomes necessary, for military

FIGHT NEAR DANDRIDGE, TENN. purposes, to destroy any houses, buildings, or other property, a certificate stating the cause of

CAMP NEAR STRAWBERRY PLANS, the act should be given by the officer making

EAST-TENNESSEE, January 19, the order, or doing the act, to the person claim- Wood's division of Granger's corps drove the ing, or it should be affixed to the nearest promi- rebel cavalry out of Dandridge January fisteenth; nent object, if practicable, and in each case a re- Sheridan's division came up the sixteenth. There port made to the immediate commander of the was sharp skirmishing the evening of the sixact done and of the certificate given.

teenth, but the enemy was driven back. There Any officer taking property of a citizen for any was a tough fight Sunday, lasting from three purpose whatever, whether loyal or disloyal, o'clock P.m. till dark. La Grange's brigade of without giving such certificate to the claimant, cavalry, One Hundred and Twenty-fifth, Ninety: or destroying any property, without such certi- third, and First Ohio infantry_One llundrel and ficate, and reporting the act as above provided, Twenty-fifth commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel shall be deemed to be, and held guilty as for un- Moore, Ninety-third and First by the major of authorized and causeless plunder and embezzle- the Ninety-third—were the forces chiefly engaged

In the open

on our part. The infantry regiments were on

Doc. 55. picket; and the forces in the order from left to right as named above.

RE-ORGANIZATION OF ARKANSAS. In addition to this a section of a battery was posted on a hill in rear of the One Hundred and Lincoln to General Steele in reference to the re

Tue following are the instructions of President Twenty-fifth. The rebels came on in strong organization of Arkansas : force, five to one. The cavalry videttes were soon driven in; then the infantry outposts sup

EXECUTIVE MANSION, WASHINGTON, Jan. 20, 1864. ported by the outpost reserves, were hotly en Major-General Steele : gaged; and finally, and indeed very soon, the

Sundry citizens of the State of Arkansas petigrand reserves went in, and the fight became tion me that an election may be held in that general and severe. Our troops fought desper. State, at which to elect a Governor ; that it be ately, especially the infantry. The outposts, as assumed at that election, and thenceforward, skirmishers, excelled praise. Captain Bates, of the that the Constitution and laws of the State, as One Hundred and Twenty-fifth Ohio, command before the rebellion, are in full force, except that ing skirmishers on the right of that regiment, the Constitution is so modified as to declare that made a charge, and, gallantly supported by the there shall be neither slavery nor involuntary Ninety-third and the First on his right, drove the servitude, except in the punishment of crimes, rebs nearly a quarter of a mile back, clear to whereof the party shall have been duly convicttheir main body. Infantry skirmishers on the ed; that the General Assembly may make such left also fought most stubbornly; but the caval. provisions for the freed people as shall recognize ry being driven back, they were flanked and and declare their permanent freedom and provide forced back to the grand reserve.

for their education, and which may yet be conground, looking up the road to Bull's Gap, was strued as a temporary arrangement, suitable to a semi-circular depression, a sort of natural rifle.

their present condition as a laboring, landless, pit, in which the One Hundred and Twenty-fifth, and liomeless class; that said election shall be grand reserve, had been posted. This proved to held on the twenty-eighth day of March, 1864, be the key to the whole position. The men at all the usual places of the State, for all such fired by volley, and were only exposed as they voters as may attend for that purpose ; that the rose up to deliver their fire. The ground not voters attending at each place at eight o'clock in only sheltered them, but concealed their strength the morning of said day may choose judges and from the enemy, who tried by artillery, infantry, clerks of election for that purpose; that all perand sharp-shooters posted in tree-tops to dislodge sons qualified by said Constitution and laws and them. And, though flanked on the right and taking the oath presented in the President's left, they—“Tigers" General Wood named them proclamation of December eighth, 1864, either at Mission Ridge, and they deserve the name

before or at the election, and none others, may be held their ground till dark, and then retired voters ; that each set of judges and clerks may across a ravine, and took up a new position, from make returns directly to you, on or before the which they poured in a volley, which ended the day of next; that, in all other respects, said progress of the rebels for that day. There they election may be conducted according to said remained, until Colonel Garrard, with his splen- modified Constitution and laws; that, on the did regiment, dismounted, advanced, and occu- receipt of said returns, when five thousand four pied the ground. The regiment was then, by hundred and six votes shall have been cast, you order of Colonel Garrard, posted on the crest of can receive said votes, and ascertain all who the hill next in rear, where it was relieved near shall thereby appear to have been elected ; that, midnight by the Fifteenth Wisconsin.

of next, all persons so appearing to The stubborn fighting of the infantry alone have been elected, who shall appear before you at saved the town from capture, and, perhaps, the Little Rock, and take the oath, to be by you severentire command from defeat, for preparations for ally administered, to support the Constitution of retreat had been going on all day, and the troops the United States and modified Constitution of engaged were not reënforced for fear of bringing the State of Arkansas, and be declared by you on a general engagement, for which we were not qualified and empowered to immediately enter ready. The retreat was made over two routes, upon the duties of the offices to which they shall our forces falling back across the Holston to have been respectively elected. Strawberry Plains.

You will please order an election to take place Newmarket was occupied by the rebels yester- on the twenty-eighth of March, 1864, and returns day. The forces here are ready for any emer- to be made in fifteen days thereafter. gency, and expect an attack from Longstreet,

A. LINCOLN. who has been hcavily reënforced. Still, if the enemy is as strong as reported, you need not be

Doc. 56. surprised to hear of us next at Knoxville.


on the

[blocks in formation]


the army to state that the temporary reduction of the country to the distance of three miles. of rations has been caused by circumstances be- Here was a signal-station of the rebels, which it yond the control of those charged with its sup- was their intention to capture. Dividing the men port. Its welfare and comfort are the objects of in two bodies, Captain Lee assigned one of them his constant and earnest solicitude, and no effort to remain with Lieutenant Bullard, of General has been spared to provide for its wants. It is Graham's staff

, in front of the station, while he hoped that the exertions now being made will with his squad marched around to the rear. render the necessity but of short duration ; but The manoeuvre was a complete success. So the history of the army has shown that the coun- skilfully was it managed, that the rebels in the try can require no sacrifice too great for its patri- station were not aware of the presence of the otic devotion.

Union troops, until they were within less than Soldiers ! you tread, with no unequal steps, fifty yards of them. The surprise was so sudthe road by which your fathers marched through den, that they did not attempt to make any hossuffering, privation, and blood to independence. tile demonstration whatever, but quietly and

Continue to emulate in the future, as you have gracefully yielded themselves up as prisoners. in the past, their valor in arms, their patient en- With them were taken a large number of signaldurance of hardships, their high resolve to be ling flags, telescopes, rifles, and other equipments. free-which no trial could shake, no bribe se- The captain in command of the station was away duce, no danger appall—and be assured that the at the time on a visit to Petersburgh, and had just God who crowned their efforts with success, left a sergeant and six men in charge during his will, in his own good time, send down his bless- temporary absence. ings upon yours.

R. E. LEE, At Brandon, a confederate agent for the collec-
General. tion of forage and provisions was captured, with

two overseers. Froin a plantation near by, about Doc. 57.

one hundred and thirty negroes, field hands, were

taken. These were not the only trophies; for, GENERAL GRAHAM'S EXPEDITION.

while these active and exciting operations were

going on, Lieutenant Harris, the commander of FORTRESS MONROE, Va., January 25, 1864.

the Gen. Jessup, captured a blockade-runner Hon. Edwin M. Stanton, Secretary of War:

schooner heavily laden with tobacco, jewelry, Sır: Brigadier-General Graham, by my direc- state bonds, and specie, belonging to some Jews. tion, went with three armed transports and a In addition to this, a smaller vessel, a sloop, was competent force to the Peninsula, made a landing taken. The captures are fully worth twenty on the James River, seven miles below Fort Pow thousand dollars. hatan, known as the Brandon Farms, and captur

The expedition reflects great credit upon Gened twenty-two of the enemy, seven of the signal eral Graham and Captain Lee, and all the officers corps, and brought away ninety-nine negroes.

and men engaged in it, when we take into conThey also destroyed twenty-four thousand pounds sideration the hazardousness of the undertaking, of pork, and large quantities of oats and corn, and and the care, sagacity, and bravery displayed in

The rebels captured a sloop and schooner, and two hundred carrying it successfully through. and forty boxes of tobacco, and five Jews, pre- were caught napping, and they must feel sore to paring to run the blockade, and returned without think that they were outwitted. the loss of a man.

Bexd. F. BUTLER,
Major-General Commanding.

Doc. 58.

RE-ORGANIZATION IN TENNESSEE. NORFOLK, VA., Tuesday, January 26, 1864. One of the most brilliant exploits that has

GOVERNOR JOHNSON'S PROCLAMATION. been chronicled for some time past, was accom

NASHVILLE, January 26, 1964. plished yesterday by some of our troops, whose WHEREAS, in consequence of the disloyalty of bravery is only equalled by their patriotism. a large majority of the persons filling the offices Late on Sunday afternoon a gunboat expedition established by the constitution and laws of Tenstarted from this city, composed of the army nessee, and of the majority of the people of the gunboats Gen. Jessup, Smith Briggs, and Flora State, and as part of the legitimate fruits of seTemple. The whole was under the command of cession and rebellion against the Government of General Graham. Before daylight, on the follow- the United States, the people of Tennessee have ing morning, the boats had proceeded as far up been deprived for nearly three years of all free, the James River as Brandon, (which is near Har- regular, and legitimate government, and they are rison's Landing,) without the least opposition. now without a Governor chosen in the ordinary

From the Gen. Jessup a detachment of men way, Legislature, representation in the Congress were landed, under charge of Captain Lee, of the of the United States, and without courts, judges, Harbor Police, Two other detachments were chancellors, and the various legitimately authorsent ashore, under Captain Harris, of one of the ized county officers : boats, and Captain Brown, of the Twenty-first And Whereas, it is believed that a majority Connecticut regiment. Supported by the latter, of the people of the State are ready and desire the men of Captain Lee penetrated the interior to return to their allegiance to the Government


of the United States, and to recognize and re-ple, States, and Territories thereof; and further, store the State Government to the exercise of that I will hereafter heartily aid and assist all its rightful functions, as a State of the Ameri- loyal people in the accomplishment of these recan Union, under the Constitution of the United sults. So help me God.” States; and as an initiatory step in such reorgan- And all the judges, officers, and persons holdization and restoration, it is determined to open ing the election, before entering upon their reand hold an election on the first Saturday in spective duties, in addition to the oath now reMarch next, in the various precincts, districts, or quired by the laws of the State, shall take and wherever it is practicable so to do, in the respect- subscribe the same oath, and also that they will ive counties of the State, as prescribed by the permit no one to vote who has not taken and laws and Constitution of the State, to wit: Just-subscribed the oath above set forth, or refuses ices of the peace, sheriffs, constables, trustees, to do so. circuit and county court clerks, registers, and The provisions of the Code, in regard to intax collectors.

spectors and judges of election, are as follows: Now, therefore, by virtue of the authority Section 841. The County Court, at the session vested in me, and for the purpose of bringing the next preceding the day of election, shall appoint State of Tennessee within the provisions of the three inspectors or judges for each voting place Constitution of the United States, which guaran- to superintend the election. tees to each State a republican form of govern- Section 842. If the county court fail to make ment, I do order said elections to be holden in the appointment, or any person appointed refuse the various counties on the first Saturday in to serve, the sheriff, with the advice of three March next, for the officers aforesaid, and none justices of the peace, or if none be present, three other.

respectable freeholders, shall, before the beginBut, inasmuch as these elections are ordered ning of the election, appoint said inspectors or in the State of Tennessee, as a State of the Union judges. under the Federal Constitution, it is not expect- Section 813. If the sheriff, or other officer ed that the enemies of the United States will pro- whose duty it is to attend at a particular place of pose to yote, nor is it intended that they be per- voting, under the foregoing provisions, fail to atmitted to vote or hold office.

tend, any justice of the peace present, or if no And in the midst of so much disloyalty and justice of the peace be present, any three freehostility as have existed among the people of holders, may perform the duties prescribed by this State toward the Government of the United the preceding section, or, in case of necessity, States, and in order to secure the votes of its may act as officers or inspectors. friends and exclude those of its enemies, I have Now, whereas, in many of the counties there deemed it proper to make known the requisite are no county courts, sheriffs, or justices of the qualifications of the electors at said elections. peace, and in others the persons now and hereTo entitle any person to the privilege of voting, tofore filling these offices are disloyal, and therehe must be a free white man, of the age of twenty- fore disqualified, in all such counties some reone years, being a citizen of the United States spectable citizen of the county will be appointed and a citizen of the county where he may offer to hold said elections, appoint the judges, clerks, his vote six months preceding the day of elec- and other officers, either by himself or his clepution, and a competent witness in any court of ties, and administer the oath to such officers, justice of the State by the laws thereof, against and receive the votes and make due returns to å white man; and not having been convicted of the office of Secretary of State. All other steps bribery or the offer to bribe, of larceny or any will be taken looking to the election of the other other offence declared infamous by the laws of officers, Federal and State, as soon as practicable. the State, unless he has been restored to citizen- In testimony whereof, I, Andrew Johnson, ship in the mode pointed out by law. And he Military Governor of the State of Tennessee, must take and subscribe, before the judges of do hereunto set my hand, and cause the Great the election the following oath :

Seal of the State to be affixed, at this "I solemnly swear, that I will henceforth sup

Department, on the twenty-sixth day port the Constitution of the United States, and

of January, A.D. 1864. defend it against the assaults of all its enemies;

ANDREW Johnson. that I will hereafter be, and conduct myself as a By the Governor, true and faithful citizen of the United States,

EDWARD H. East, freely and voluntarily claiming to be subject to

Secretary of State. all the duties and obligations, and entitled to all the rights and privileges of such citizenship;

Doc. 59. that I ardently desire the suppression of the present insurrection and rebellion against the Gov

SPEECH OF HOWELL COBB. ernment of the United States, the success of its armies, and the defeat of all those who oppose

DELIVERED AT ATLANTA, GA., JAN. 28, 1864. them, and that the Constitution of the United When I look back, my friends, to the last few States, and all laws and proclamations, made in months, I confess that the present moment is pursuance thereof, may be speedily and perma- one corresponding with that bright sun that has nently established and enforced over all the peo- I blessed us in the past few days with his benignant

L. S.

« PreviousContinue »