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Answer. They were Alabamians and Texans. back up the hill; and after I got in the boat I
Question. Did you see any thing of a flag of heard them shooting them. truce ?
Question. You say you saw them shoot negroes Answer. Yes, sir.
in the hospital the next morning ? Question. State what was done while the flag Answer. Yes, sir ; wounded negroes who could of truce was in ?
not get along; one with his leg broke. They Answer. When the flag of truce came up our came there the next day and shot him. officers went out and held a consultation, and it Question. Do you know any thing about their went back. They came in again with a flag of burning buildings and the hospital ? truce; and while they were consulting the second Answer. I expect they burned the hospital time their troops were coming up a gap or hol- after we got out. They said they would not low, where we could have them cut them to pieces. while we wounded ones were in there. The hosThey tried it before, but could not do it. I saw pital we were in was standing when I went down them come up there while the flag of truce was the hill on the boat. in the second time.
Question. You don't know what happened to Question. That gave them an advantage ? it afterward? Answer. Yes, sir.
Answer. I don't. Question. Were you wounded there?
Question. Something has been said about men Answer. Not in the Fort. I was wounded after being nailed to the buildings, and then burned. I left the fort, and was going down the hill. Do you know any thing about that ?
Question. Was that before or after the Fort was Answer. No, sir; I did not see that, but I taken ?
heard some of them say they drove the negroes Answer. It was afterward.
into the houses and then burned them. Question. Did you have any arms in your Question. Did you see any thing about their hand at the time they shot you?
burying them? Answer. No, sir; I threw my gun away, and Answer. No, sir. started down the hill, and got about twenty yards, when I was shot through the calf of the leg. Wiley Robinson, sworn and examined.
Question. Did they shoot you more than once ? By Mr. Gooch:
Answer. No, sir; they shot at me, but did not Question. What State are you from? hit me more than once.
Answer. Tennessee. Question. Did they say why they shot you Question. When did you enlist ? after you had surrendered?
Answer. I think about eight months ago. Answer. They said afterward they intended to Question. How old are you? kill us all for being there with their niggers. Answer. Eighteen years old the nineteenth of
Question. Were any rebel officers there at the next May. time this shooting was going on ?
Question. What regiment and company were Answer. Yes, sir. Question. Did they try to stop it ?
Answer. Company A, Thirteenth Tennesseo Answer. One or two of them did.
cavalry. Question. What did the rest of them do? Question. Were you at Fort Pillow at the time
Answer. They kept shouting and hallooing at of the attack there? the men to give no quarter. I heard that cry Answer. Yes, sir. very frequent.
Question. Were you wounded there? Question. Was it the officers that said that ? Answer. Yes, sir.
Answer. I think it was. I think it was them, Question. State all about that; when it was, etc.? the way they were going on. When our boy's Answer. I was wounded once in the hand bewere taken prisoners, if any body came up who fore I surrendered. knew them, they shot them down. As soon as Question. Were you shot afterward ? ever they recognized them, wherever it was, they Answer. Yes, sir; six times. I was shot shot them.
twice in the foot, twice in the legs, and twice in Question. After they had taken them prisoners? the hands. Answer. Yes, sir,
Question. Had you arms in your hands when Question. Did you know any thing about their they shot you? shooting men in the hospitals ?
Answer. We had retreated to the river-bank Answer. I know of their shooting negrocs in and thrown down our arms. there. I don't know about white men.
Question. What did they say when they shot Question. Wounded negro men ? Answer. Yes, sir.
Answer. They swore at us, and then shot us. Question. Who did that?
Question. Did you see any of the rebe. officers Answer. Some of their troops. I don't know there? wwhich of them. The next morning I saw several Answer. Yes sir; I saw some, who came black people shot that were wounded, and some round and told them to kill us all. that were not wounded. One was going down Question. Did you see them shoot any body the hill before me, and the officer made him come else besides yourself?
Answer. Yes, sir; I saw them shoot one white say it was General Forrest's orders to them to man close beside me.
shoot us, and give us no quarter at all. I don't Question. Did they shoot you after you were know whether they were officers who said so or down?
not. I don't recollect any thing else particularly Answer. Yes, sir; through the leg with a that I saw that night. The next morning they musket.
came round there again, shooting the negroes Question. Did you see any negroes shot?. that were wounded. I saw them shoot some
Answer. No, sir; I did not see any. I fell twenty or twenty-five negroes the next morning. after they shot me, and did not see much. who had been wounded, and had been able to get
Question. Were you there the next day after up on the hill during the night. They did not the fight?
attempt to hurt us white men the next morning. Answer. Yes, sir; they took me on board the Question. Were any of their officers with the boat the next day about ten o'clock.
men who were round shooting the negroes the Question. Do you know whether they killed next morning ? any persons in the hospital ?
Answer. One passed along on horseback, the Answer. I know they killed one of our com- only one I saw. He rode along while they were pany in the hospital. They said they fired into shooting the negroes, and said nothing to them. the hospital.
I said : “Captain, what are you going to do with Question. Do you know any thing about their us wounded fellows?" He said they were going burying any body alive?
to put us on the gunboats, or leave us with the Answer. No, sir.
gunboats. He had a feather in his cap, and
looked like he might have been a captain. I Daniel Stamps, sworn and examined.
don't know what he was. He was the only man By the Chairman:
I saw pass that looked like an officer while they Question. To what company and regiment do were shooting the negroes. you belong?
Question. Where were you when the flags of Answer. Company E, Thirteenth Tennessee truce were sent in ? cavalry.
Answer. I was down under the bluff sharpQuestion. What was your position ?
shooting Answer. I was the company commissary ser- Question. Is there any thing else that you geant.
think of important to state ? Question. Where do
Answer. I don't know that there is.
James P. Mcador, sworn and examined.
By Mr. Gooch: Question. Were you at Fort Pillow when the Question. To what company and regiment do fight was there?
you belong ? Answer. Yes, sir.
Answer. Company A, Thirteenth Tennessee Question. State what happened there.
cavalry. Answer. The first thing, I went out sharp- Question. Do you live in Tennessee ? shooting, and was out about two hours, and then Answer. Yes, sir; I am a native of the State. was ordered in the Fort. I staid there, I reckon, Question. Were you in Fort Pillow at the time about an hour. Then I was called out by Lieu- of the attack there? tenant Akerstrom, to go down alongside the Answer. Yes, sir. bluff sharp-shooting again, because the rebels Question. Were you wounded there? were coming down Cold Creek. We staid there Answer. Yes, sir ; twice. all the time until they charged into the Fort. Question. When ? Then they all ran down under the hill, and we Answer. Once before I surrendered and once went down under the hill too. I reckon we staid afterward. there close on to an hour. They were shooting Question. Did you see any body shot besides continually. I saw them shooting the white men yourself after he surrendered ? there, who were on their knees, holding up their Answer. Yes, sir; I saw lots of negroes shot, hands to them. I saw them make another man and some few white men, and I heard them shoot get down on his knees and beg of them, and they a great many. I was lying down under the did not shoot him. I started out to go up the bank. hill, and just as I started I was shot in the thigh. Question. What were our men doing when Pretty well toward the last of it, before I got they were shot? shot, while I was down under the hill, a rebel Answer. They were begging for quarter when officer came down right on top of the bluff, and they shot them. hallooed out to them to shoot and kill the last Question. Did you see any of them shot while damned one of us.
begging for quarter ? Question. Do you know the rank of that of- Answer. Yes, sir ; I heard an officer say: ficer?
“Don't show the white men any more quarter Answer. I do not. I can't tell them as I can than the negroes, because they are no better, and our officers. Their uniform is different. I went not so good, or they would not fight with the round on the hill then. I heard several of them negroes." I saw them make one of our company
sergeants kneel down and ask for quarter, and down the bluff, and some hours afterward they another secesh soldier came up and snapped his came back searching their pockets. They came pistol at him twice; but they told him not to on back then, looking over them, and I saw one shoot him. I saw them shoot others when they man with a canteen, and asked him for a drink were kneeling down.
of water. His reply was to turn on me with his
pistol presented, and shoot at me three times, W. J. Mays, sworn and examined:
saying: “God damn you; I will give you waBy the Chairman:
ter." But he didn't hit me, though he threw the Q. To what company and regiment do you dirt over my face. I concluded it was best to lie belong?
still, and didn't move any more until after dark, Answer. Company B, Thirteenth Tennessee and then I crawled in with some of the dead and cavalry.
laid there until about nine o'clock the next mornQuestion. Were you in Fort Pillow when it ing, when the gunboat came up, and I crawled was attacked?
down on the gunboat with a piece of white paper in Answer. Yes, sir
my left hand, and made signs, and the boat came Question. State what happened there? ashore, and I got on the boat. The general cry
Answer. They attacked us about six o'clock in from the time they charged the Fort until an the morning. Sharp-shooting commenced early hour afterward was: “Kill 'em, kill 'em; God afterward, and kept coming closer and closer un- damn 'em; that's Forrest's orders, not to leave til the skirmishers were drawn in about ten one alive.” They were burning the buildings. o'clock. After that they made several efforts to They came with a chunk of fire to burn the gain the Fort
, and could not get the position. building where I was in with the dead. They Under this last flag of truce they gained the posi- looked in and said, “ These damned sons of tion they had been trying to get all day: bitches are all dead," and went off. I heard guns
Question. Did you see them moving their the next morning, but I was in there with the troops when the flag of truce was in ?
dead, and didn't see them shoot any body. Answer. Yes, sir; I showed it to the boys. Question. Did you see any of the men in the Question. What was the movement ?
Fort shot after they had surrendered ? Answer. The place was pretty well surround- Answer. Yes, sir ; I saw four white men and ed, but they were not on the ground they had twenty-five negroes that I spoke of that were been trying to get all day. Under that flag of shot in the Fort. The white men didn't comtruce they gained the place, some seventy-five mence flying from the Fort, though they threw yards from the Fort, and placed themselves un- their guns down, until they saw there was no der logs, with a better position.
quarter shown them. Question. Are you sure this movement was made while the flag of truce was in ?
James McCoy, sworn and examined. Answer. I know it.
By the Chairman : Question. Did others see it?
Question. Where do you reside ? Answer. Yes, sir ; two boys near me, who Answer. When I am suffered to live at home, were both taken prisoners.
I live in Tennessee.
Answer. No, sir; but I have been with the Answer. We spoke of it among ourselves at regiment six months. The head officers were the time. We remarked that under the flag of old acquaintances of mine. I once lived with truce they were only gaining the position they Major Bradford. had been trying for all day. I was shot in the Question. Were you at Fort Pillow at the time charge on the Fort. The place was then taken. I the attack was made ? would not have fallen then, but our men after Answer. Yes, sir ; I was in Fort Pillow at surrendering found no quarter shown them, and headquarters. they flew down the bluff
, and ran over me and Question. Will you tell us what you observed kept me down for some time, until I bled so that there? I could not get up. I saw them shoot a great Answer. About daylight in the morning part many after they surrendered. I saw them shoot of the pickets came in, and said the rebels had four white men, and at least twenty-five blacks, captured some of the pickets and were coming. some of them within twenty feet of me, while I had not got out of bed then. Major Bradford they were begging for quarter. They pulled one was up immediately the alarm was given. I out of a hollow log by the foot and held him, had had my hands mashed a few days before. when another shot him close by me. There were Major Bradford told me I had better go on the two negro women, and three little boys, some gunboat, as I would be in the way, because I cight, nine, or twelve years old, about twenty- could not hold a gun. I went on board the gunfive steps from me. The sccesh ran upon them boat, and about sunrise the firing commenced. and cursed them, and said, “ Damn them;" they The gunboat immediately played up and down thought they were free to shoot them. All fell the river, where I could see every thing going on but one, a little fellow, and they took the breech at the Fort. I could not see over the bluff. of a gun and knocked him down. Then they fol- Major Bradford had a flag, and stood on the edge lowed up the men that were trying to get away of the bluff, and motioned to the gunboats where
to throw their shells. We had a great many guns Answer. No, sir. on the boat, and about twenty used their guns Question. What did you hear about it. all the time. The rebel sharp-shooters would Answer. I heard one of them say that he saw come over the hill and shoot at the boat and where a negro was buried, and saw a large mass every body that passed.
of foam and dirt where somebody had been Question. Where were you when the flag of breathing through the earth. He brushed it off, truce came in ?
and saw a negro there still breathing. I saw one Answer. I was on the boat.
or two who looked as if they had been buried Question. What did you see?
when they came on board. I heard one ask them Answer. As soon as the flag of truce came in if they had been buried, and they said: “Very the gunboat stopped firing. It was about three near it." I don't think they were wounded. o'clock when it came in, and while it was in, One of them had been in the dirt. I don't know the enemy were creeping up constantly, sharp- whether he played dead and was buried or not. shooters and all, nearer and nearer. I saw a Question. Do you know any thing of their great many creeping on their hands and feet, get- killing the men in the hospital ? ting up to the hill close to the Fort. I don't know Answer. Not of my own seeing. Mr. Akerwhat was back of that. Some men in the Fort strom was in his office down under the hill after told me that they had advanced and got close to the flag of truce was in, and made some signs the Fort before the flag of truce was taken out. for us to come to him. Since that time I have I saw them gathering around there all the time, been told that they wounded him, and then and all that time they were stealing from the nailed him to a door, and burned him up, but I commissary's stores, blankets and every thing didn't see that myself. else they could get at. I reckon I saw two hun- Question. When did you hear about this naildred men climbing the hill with as much as they ing to a building and burning him up ? could carry on their backs, shoes, etc.
Answer. Since we came up here. Question. Why did our oflicers permit that Question. Were you on board the gunboat the without firing on them ?
next day when some of the rebel officers came Answer. The gunboat, I think, was almost out on board ? of ammunition, and had nothing to shoot; and Answer. I was on board the Platte Valley. none of them supposed the gunboat would stop Question. Did they come with a flag of truce ? shooting, but she ran out of ammunition.
Answer. A flag of truce was hoisted, and when Question. Were you there until the place was we got in to the shore some of the rebel officers taken?
came on board the Platte Valley. Answer. Yes, sir.
Question. How were they received by our Question. What happened after that ?
officers ? Answer. About the time the rebels got over Answer. Just as though there had been no the Fort there was just a cloud of them, our men fight. Some of the officers on the Platte Valley in the Fort running out. About five hundred took one of the rebel officers up to the bar and secesh cavalry, as well as I could see, 'came up, treated him, and some would ask the rebel officers and turned in to shooting them down just as what made them treat our men as they did. He fast as they could. I heard a great deal of said they intended to treat all home-made Yanscreaming and praying for mercy. The negroes kees just as they did the negroes. I went to took a scare from that, and ran down the hill Captain Marshall and asked him to let me shoot and into the river, but they kept shooting them. him. He said that the flag of truce was up, and I was not more than four hundred yards off, on it would be against the rules of war to shoot the gunboat. I don't suppose one of them got him. more than thirty yards into the river before they Question. Do you know what officers treated were shot. The bullets rained as thick in the him ? water as you ever saw a hail-storm.
Answer. I don't know; they were all strangers Question. Were those men armed who were to me. The gunboat first landed, and then the shot?
transport Platte Valley came up and took the Answer. No, sir ; they threw down their prisoners, and then another boat came up and
laid alongside of her. The three lay there toQuestion. How many were shot?
gether. Answer. I don't know how many. They lay Question. Do you know of any thing further thick there the next morning, beside those they on the subject that is important ? had buried.
Answer. I don't think of any thing now. Question. You came back there the next morn
William E. Johnson, sworn and examined. Answer. Yes, sir.
By Mr. Gooch: Question. What do you know about their Question. To what regiment do you belong? burying men who were not dead ?
Answer. I am a sergeant of company B, of the Answer. I don't know any thing myself, only Thirteenth Tennessee cavalry. what I heard.
Question. Were you at Fort Pillow at the time Question. Did you go up there where they of the attack there? had buried them.
Answer. No, sir ; I was at Memphis. I came
up to Fort Pillow the morning after the fight, on Question. Did you see them kill any body the Platte Valley, within some six or eight miles there that was wounded ? below Fort Pillow, and then got on the gunboat Answer. They took two negroes out and shot Twenty-eight.
them. Question. Did you go on shore at Fort Pillow ? Question. Did you see them burn any buildAnswer. No, sir; I saw some of the rebelings the wounded were in ? officers come down and go on board the Platte Answer. Not the one we were in. I was told Valley; and some of our officers were drinking they fired some buildings that wounded negroes with them, and making very free with them. I were in. did not particularly notice what rank, but I took Question. Were you where they buried any them to be captains and lieutenants.
of the killed ? Question. Did you hear the conversation be- Answer. I saw them bury some in a ditch in tween them?
the evening Answer. They were making very free with one Question. Did they separate the whites from another, joking, talking, and running on. I did the blacks? not feel right to see such going on, and did not Answer. I cannot tell ; I was not close enough. go about them.
I saw them carry them there and throw them in
the ditch. John W. Shelton, sworn and examined.
Question. Did you hear any thing about their By the Chairman :
nailing a man to a building and then setting it Question. Where were you raised ?
on fire ? Answer. I was born in Arkansas, but raised Answer. I heard of it, but did not see it. principally in Tennessee.
Question. When did you hear of it ? Question. To what company and regiment do Answer. After I came up here. you belong?
Answer. Company E, Thirteenth Tennessee John F. Ray, sworn and examined. cavalry.
By Mr. Gooch: Question. Were you at Fort Pillow when the Question. To what company and regiment do attack was made there?
you belong? Answer. Yes, sir.
Answer. Company B, Thirteenth Tennessee Question. Were you wounded there?
cavalry. Answer. Yes, sir.
Question. Were you at Fort Pillow when it Question. Before or after the surrender ? was attacked ? Answer. It was after I surrendered.
Answer. Yes, sir. Question. Where were you when you were Question. At what time were you wounded ? shot?
Answer. I was wounded about two o'clock, Answer. I was under the hill, going up the after the rebels got in the breastworks. hill.
Question. Was it before or after you had surQuestion. What did they say when they shot rendered ?
Answer. It was after I threw down my gun, Answer. I asked them if they did not respect as they all started to run. prisoners of war; they said "No, they did not," Question. Will you state what you saw there? and kept on shooting; and they popped three or Answer. After I surrendered they shot down four caps in my face with a revolver after they a great many white fellows right close to me had wounded me.
ten or twelve, I suppose — and a great many ne
Ι Question. Did you see them shoot any others groes, too. after they had surrendered ?
Question. How long did they keep shooting Answer. Yes, sir, lots of them; negroes and our men after they surrendered ? white men both. They shot them down wher- Answer. I heard guns away after dark shootever they came to them.
ing all that evening, somewhere; they kept up a Question. Were you there the next day after regular fire for a long time, and then I heard the the battle ?
guns once in a while. Answer. Yes, sir.
Question. Did you see any one shot the next Question. Did you see them shoot any body day? the next day?
Answer. I did not; I was in a house, and Answer. I saw them shoot negroes, not white could not get up at all. mnen.
Question. Do you know what became of the Question. How many did you see them shoot quartermaster of your regiment, Lieutenant that day?
Åkerstrom? Answer. I saw them shoot five or six on the Answer. He was shot by the side of me. hill where I was; they said they shot all they Question. Was he killed ? could find.
Answer. I thought so at the time; he fell on Question. Wcre you in the hospital there? his face. He was shot in the forehead, and I
Answer. I was in a house there with the thought he was killed. I heard afterward he wounded.