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durance could do no more, and our brave boys have suffered more than we. The loss of Gen. fell back, surrendering the hill in front of our eral Sanders is a sad blow to his new command, left to the enemy.

who were much attached to him.

It is hoped It was a sore necessity, but they still held the that his wound will not prove fatal, though very front. The calm, pitying moon looked down severe. that night on the hostile armies bivouacked Thursday, November 19.–Alas! poor Sanders within sound of each other's voices. The din is gone. The saddest episode of the campaign of conflict had ceased; the groans of the dying was his midnight burial. To-night the pale and shrieks of the wounded bad died away with moon never lighted up a more sorrowful group the echo of the artillery, reverberating amid the than surrounded his lone grave. The uncovered hills surrounding the beleaguered city. Heaven's heads, the bronzed features, and manly faces of eyes seemed to gaze through the countless stars the generals, officers, and comrades, as they in sorrowful reproach alike upon the glory and gathered around to pay the last tribute to one grief of that sad scene. The pride and pomp of whom they had loved in life and honored in military achievement howed their heads mourn- death, were a painful comment on war. Sad fully before the inhumanity of war. I was at hearts were there, and tender regrets for the unthe hospital during the afternoon. Ambulance timely fate of the gallant soldier, the genial genafter ambulance drove up, and deposited its tleman, the warm friend, and the glorious fellow; bloody and mangled human contents. Abundant but alas! no woman's tears were there to hallow surgical attendance, the sympathies of comrades, his martial grave. No mother's prayer, no lovand the kindest of colored female nurses were ing woman's sob, no sister's tears, to soften the there. Every thing that skill and attention could pathway of the young General into the great undo was done; but no human sympathy can re- known. He died a soldier's death, and found a place the mother, sister, or wife. No kindness soldier's grave. The dirge of the military band, can allay the anguish of a mangled and lost limb. the random firing of the enemy, the touching One poor fellow, Captain Lee, of the One Hun- ritual of the Episcopal Church, read by Mr. dred and Twelfth Illinois, had his upper jaw lume, there in the pale moonlight, served as shot away, and his legs torn to fragments, yet the requiem of one who gave himself to his counlived twelve hours. As I carefully cut the try. pants and boot from another whose leg had been General William P. Sanders was but twentyfractured terribly by a Minie ball, he bore the eight years of age, a native of Kentucky, and a agony manfully. He asked if the leg could be graduate of West-Point in 1856. When the war saved. I told him I feared not. “ Well,” said broke out he was First Lieutenant of dragoons. he, after a pause, “ I can afford one leg for my He was appointed Captain in the Sixth regulars country-take it off!" During a moment's ces and distinguished himself in the Maryland and sation of torture, his eyes brightened, and he Peninsula campaigns. In 1863, he was appointed triumphantly exclaimed : “An't the One IIun- to the colonelcy of the Fifth Kentucky cavalry, dred and Twelfth Illinois a bully regiment ?" In but was retained by the Commanding General for the evening afterward, I recognized his leg amit special staff duties, and never joined the rezia pile of amputated limbs. He had subscribed ment. All are familiar with his achievements in so much for his country.

the Morgan, Cluke, and Scott raids, as well as his One, a boy scarce fifteen, was brought in by own into Fast-Tennessee

. Ile received his protwo men. Ile was crying pitcously. I ques- motion to the rank of Brigadier and immediate tioned him as to his hurt, but could get nothing assignment to a cavalry division only three weeks but sobs. I examined him, and found no wound. laro. He was skilful, daring, and vigilant; an I learned afterward that a shell had burst close able officer, a true patriot, and an accomplished to his head, killing his comrade, but missing soldier. As such he will be remembered and rehim. The concussion had probably ruptured gretted by his contemporaries. Ile was conscious, the tympanum, and frightened him.

and contemplated death as fearlessly as he had The female contrabands have proved them waged the battle of life. Bidding farewell to his selves most excellent and faithful nurses-kind, friends, his last words were affectionate rememwilling, skilful, and indefatigable. It is note- brances to his mother. lle received the rite of worthy.

baptism, and was buried with the ceremonies of We are still in the dark as to the rebel posi- the Episcopal Church. The gallant brigade, who tions, numbers, or intentions. We are besieged, so nobly withstood the brunt of yesterday, was but by no means blockadled yet. Our forage relieved by Gilbert's brigade, which had birtrains scour on the south of the river. The tel. ouacked in the streets as a reserve for two days. egraph is still in operation, and cominunications In the afternoon, they were replaced by the ser are open with Willcox at Bull's Gap. Some enteenth Michigan, and Eighth Michigan cavalry dread an assault to-morrow. I do not. The re- at two o'clock. The enemy suddenly opened fire bels have secured no positions for batteries, and on our front with a twenty-pounder. One shell evidently are not in force suflicient to invest the passed over General Burnside's headquarters town. Our loss in killed, wounded, and missing clear into the river. Six shells landed in the would not exceed one hundred. Our dead were, town, but did not explode. No damage was unfortunately, left on the field when we fell back. done. The rebel sharp-shooters rendered the The enemy must, from the nature of the contest, I hills about Fort Sanders, on our left, unsafe for


We are

lookers-on. At one thousand yards distance, one crywhere filled up with people or used by our man was killed in the lawn of the Asylum llos- army as storehouses for forage, etc. pital, and another wounded, by these fellows. just beginning to realize the very small amount Skirmishing was light to-day. We are beginning of humor to be gleaned from a siege when one to wonder what the enemy intends to do. During happens to be on the wrong side of it. the night they have erected works on our left, To be sure we have enjoyed it but four days, and moved skirmishers to the front.

but even in that short time it has grown tiresome. Captain Poe is still indefatigable, and our posi- The suspense adds chiefly to the tedium, for tion is regarded as a very strong one, and im- could we only know what the rebels intend, and pregnable to any force likely to be in our front. what they are likely to do with us in case the Rumors of reënforcements from Grant, under very worst that we permit ourselves to imagine Sherman, reach us to-day, and inspire us with should occur to us, it would be some relief. But the hope that we may not only escape the toils whatever their power or intentions for mischief, set for us, but be able in turn to entrap the be- they act just as if they intended to capture us siegers whose impudence is sublime. The erec-by siege, assault, or starvation. We do not contion of works and extension of their lines evince template either event as very probable. They an intention to stay with us, and, as usual in such will scarcely be able to take us by assault, and cases, a man on a white horse is seen riding their numbers must be first trebled before they along their lines. This mysterious rider, on a can effectually blockade us. phantom horse, appears to be a favorite dodge In the mean time, all ears are anxiously turned of the rebels, since all correspondents east and toward Grant, expecting hourly to hear the sound west always observed it on similar occasions. of friendly cannon. Amid all our anxiety, wo

Friday, November 20. Colonel Pleasant, never lose our confidence in the ability and will with a battalion of cavalry, scouted the road of our Government to save us, and Tennessee east to Boyd's Ferry and Conner's Ford, tra- with us. Old U. S. Grant, as its exponent in the versing the roads between, and reports no field, has promised, and we propose to fight to the rebels for six miles up the river. Farmers have last man, or starve to the final mule, with our come in from Marysville, and our forage trains faith unmoved. We believe that the Government go back and forth unmolested for miles on the recognizes, as well as the rebels, the vast magnisouth of the river, and no enemy is known to be tude and importance of this, almost their last there.

desperate stake, the loss of which will be fatal Skirmishing was light all day again. We won to them and of inestimable importance to us. der what the rebels mean. Some think they are in a military aspect, the loss of this army will, making a feint upon us and are getting out to- of course, not be irremediable; but still is by ward Virginia. A train of some hundreds of no means a military necessity, and we contiwagons passed in that direction this morning. dently trust will not be so regarded. We await

This evening, the Seventeenth Michigan made the issue between Grant and Brags quite confia charge upon a house whence their sharp-shoot- dently. ers had annoyed them all day, and the rebels fied Saturday, Norember 21.— There is nothing en misse before them. Our boys removed some to chronicle to-day. Instead of an attack, half-dozen wounded men from the house, and daylight dawned upon thousands of poor solfired it. Upon returning to their old position, diers drenched in the trenches. A heavy rain their comrades greeted them with shouts, and the commenced at two o'clock, and continued, withband of the Forty-fourth struck up Yankee Doo- out interniission, all day. The ditches were full, dle; whereupon the rebels, fancying our entire the streets and creeks were full, and the moats in army was about to advance, opened a storm of front were overflowing with water. Some blunshell upon us.

Some thirty shell fell harmless dering booby of an oflicer, officiously anxious to into the town, but three or four exploded. De- do something, had observed the mill-race, left serters, who have come in to-day, report Long- open by Captain Poe to waste the water when street's intention to starve us out. We are be- his ponds should overflow, and ordered it to be lieved now to be subsisting on corn and mule, at dammed up. The consequence was, the washing half-rations, and ten days is thought to be the out of a part of the main dam, and some difficult time required for famine to accomplish its work. muddy work for the soldiers to-day in repairing If they could see us baking flap-jacks and sip-it. An occasional shot from the rebel sharpping Lincoln coffee, or take a perspective of our shooters, and random firing along the lines on hogs and cattle-herds, they would be disabused the front and left, comprise the military achieveof that idea presently. Pork is abundant, and ments to-day. Rain and mud monopolized the already the more sensitive of us are growing entire interest, and all who from any cause ashained to look one of these animals in the face. were unable, supposing they knew enough to

Seven houses concealing rebels were burned come in out of the rain," must have been very to-day, and the amount of destitution and suf- unhappy. If it were possible to add somewhat fering consequent upon thus increasing the num- to the dreary misery and restless monotony of bers of houseless wretches is appalling. Women an army besiegel within the confined limits of a and children wander about the city in absolute wretched, unhealthy, unhandsome, uninteresting poverty and despair. The hotels are all in use town, with a conlident enemy lying in sight for hospitals. Stores and vacant rooms are ev- I waiting for them to surrender, the fates and furies hit it exactly to-day, when the rain was added on our left, and, masked by a wood, are believed to overflow the measure of our discomforts. to be erecting works and planting batteries.

Being still alive, however, and as yet practical- True, all these known things may be done by a ly unacquainted with the traditionary horrors of comparatively small force, and we are inclined to Libby Prison, we have no right to complain. believe are, but still the doubt and suspense Nevertheless, we are not happy."

grow eminently disagreeable. Sunulay, November 22. - Another quiet day Monday, Nov. 23. —General Shackleford made has passed. Prayers were held in one or two a reconnoissance in force with cavalry, last night, of the churches, and, altogether, it has been to Boyd's Ferry and Connor's Ford, on our right, a solemn day. Certainly the circumstances by and found no enemy along the river. Hearing which we are surrounded, are sufficiently well that a raft had been prepared to send down the calculated to furnish material for serious reflec- river with a view to break up our pontoon, he tion to any who may be so disposed. The sent a party to destroy it, but it had gone. It rain has ceased. Slight skirmishing on our front came down upon the bridge during the night, but and left has been kept up all day. The mud Captain Poe, who does nothing by halves, and is scarcely permits more important movements, if never caught napping, had not forgotten the proany were intended. An occasional shot from the bability of such a contingency, and the chains twenty-pounders in our front, replied to by Ben- placed there across river for the purpose arjamin's battery, sums up the battle news. The rested the progress of the raft, which made very enemy's shell seldom burst, and have as yet done good firewood for us today. The pontoon was no damage. A courier came through this evening uninjured. Captain Poe completed a fort on the from the Gap, bringing to General Burnside south bank to-day, and Colonel Cameron made news of the safety of General Willcox and his quite a jubilee over the raising of a large flag-stats, command, and also the welcome intelligence of surmounted by the Stars and Stripes. General the advance movement of General Grant. It in- Hascall made a patriotic speech. The bors spires us with hope of present relief and prob- shouted and cheered, and the affair seemed quite able ability to bring condign retribution upon the a small Fourth of July. Skirmishing to-day daring and impudent foe, who have so boldly along the left was light, and there was more on threatened an inglorious terminus to the grand the right. Toward evening, skirmishing in front army of occupation. We await, as we must, became quite sharp, and about six o'clock the with what patience we can. We are somewhat rebels made a dash upon our lines and forced our powerless to mould circumstances to such shapes pickets to fall back. The rebels were probably as we would, just now; so we submit to neces- inspired to this sudden emeute by the sight of sity, call it inexorable fate, and are resigned. some twenty of our wagons loading coal near the We retire every night in anticipation of an as- dépôt. Our wagoners, true to the instincts of sault in the morning; and each day drags its their class, of course, fied as usual and deserted weary, monotonous length along, only more dull their teams. Our pickets, however, rallied in and dreary than the last. At one time it is re- time to save them, and Hoxie, the Railroad Superported that Longstreet has gone to Tazewell, on intendent, finally got the cowardly mule-drivers his way to Kentucky, having previously gobbled back and the teams away. The most disastrous Willcox and the Gap on his road. Then, that he and lamentable result of the temporary panic has built pontoons and is crossing eight miles was the destruction of some fifteen or twenty below town, with the intent to march on to houses fired by our men. The pickets had reour works on the south bank, and thence shell ceived orders to fire the buildings if compelled to each individual house in Knoxville seriatim, or fall back, and it became necessary to uncover until his supposed thirst for Yankee blood is in concealed rebels. In this case the retreat of our some degree sated. Anon we learn that his pickets was but momentary. Our lines were whole force, except a few remaining to scare our immediately advanced, and neither real nor propickets, is en route for Virginia, or crossing the spective necessity was manifest for such an act river to join Bragg, who, being whipped, is fall- of wanton and unmitigated vandalism. ing back on Dalton. Whatever portion, if

any, Nearly all the buildings on the plain below the of these rumors may prove to be true, it is cer-city are destroyed. The splendid round-house tain that the camps of a division, at least, are of the Georgia Railroad, the arsenal, machinevisible with a glass from the cupola of the col- shop, Humphreys' hotel, dwellings, etc., etc., lege, situated on our left, other camps on our of incalculablo mischief to our own interest, and right, and a certain big gun occasionally warns us of no possible injury to the enemy.

Such conof its continued presence in our front. Pickets duct can excite no emotion but disgust and inare easily found by any enterprising individual dignation. Nothing is sacred ; destruction rides who may possess a curiosity to explore that pe- on the wind, and pillage and carnage go hand in culiarly vigilant arm of the service by showing hand. It is safe to assert that East-Tennessee himself beyond our lines. Their sharp-shooters has been more vitally damaged since the entrée have not permitted us to doubt their presence for of our army, than by the rebel occupation during a moment, day or night. A little girl was killed the war. This is an unpleasant charge to make, to-day in her garden, and the streets in the west but I can prove what I say; and as it is a state end are not safe a moment during the day from of things for which some one is responsible, and random shots. They are extending their works Inot altogether irremediable, it should be ventilat



ed. The scene presented by the lurid glare of a while explaining the rifle-pits to me, this mornscore of burning buildings at once, lighting up ing inspire us with marvellous confidence ; mis. the whole horizon, was as beautiful as it was placed, however, by the poor sergeant, who rehorrible, and only lacked a Nero fiddling from ceived a ball in the face while peering between the court-house to render the analogy complete the logs on the breastworks in search of rebels. of another similar scene of old, equally terrible, The poor fellow recognized me in the hospital, wanton, and useless. Of property, a few more and complained bitterly of a headache. The ball thousands destroyed, a few more families cast entered at the inner canthus of the left eye, and homeless and destitute upon the world, naked was lodged somewhere about the ethmoid bone. and starving. What of it? Some booby officer A headache was not to be wondered at. misunderstood the order, perhaps. Of course it night, belligerent activity ceases.

Our pickets is to be regretted; but where there is so much suspend all animosities, and fraternize in the suffering, we have no room for minor sympathies. most cordial manner. In accordance with comThe domestic drama hides its diminished head pacts, they come together and exchange their rebefore the magnificent horrors of military trage- spective experiences of moving accidents by flood dy. It is war; that is all about it. Who has and field. The Ninth corps and Longstreet's time to think of justice, mercy, right, honor, men are old opponents of Potomac memory, and charity, or even honesty, amid the turmoil of have abundant mutual reminiscences of interest war ? All namby-pamby virtues have lost their to exchange. At daylight, however, returning

The attainments of peace become flat be- to their posts, the exhibition of a head or hand fore the pungent excitements of war.

of either side is but an invitation to a hostile Tuesilay, Nov. 24. – Skirmishing commenced bullet. early and briskly on our left front this morning. General Manson, in command of the ThirtyThe rebs had gained a hill and thrown up rifle- fifth corps, and General Hascall, are indefatigable. pits near the round-house during the night. The One cannot ride along the lines any hour, day or Forty-eighth Pennsylvania and Twenty-first Mas- night, without meeting one or the other. Vansachusetts, during the morning, charged the pits, son's excellent bonhomie has an inspiriting inand driving the rebs out at the point of the fluence on the men; while the serious air and bayonet, covered the trenches and returned to confident ways of Hascall invigorate as a tonic their own, with a loss of two killed and four would. The Tennesseeans are under command wounded. On our left, for some hours, the fire of our sprightly, gallant Colonel Casement, of the of the sharp-shooters was quite hot from a house One Ilundred and Third. Behind breastworks above and the rebel trenches. The Second they may be relied upon. The Colonel has faith, Michigan charged there also in the most gallant and is confident, vigilant, and industrious. The manner, and drove the rebs back; a fierce and destinies of our left are in the hands of Casement bloody engagement ensued, with great loss on and his new men. On the south bank of the both sides, our boys remaining in possession of Holston, Colonel Cameron's brigade has charge the works, which they obliterated and fell back. of our interests, aided by Wolford's brigade. The loss of the Second Michigan was ninety Altogether, we feel quite confident to look after killed, wounded, and missing. Deserters and our own safety until Bragg and Grant have arprisoners bring in the most exaggerated accounts ranged their little affairs. I hope every thing of the numbers and intentions of the enemy, from the results of that. which we sist a little, and believe as much as we Wednesday, Noo. 25. — Skirmishing in our please of what is left. Rumors reach us, through front very light; it was ascertained that the rebs rebel sources, that Bragg is not succeeding so had crossed in considerable force to the south well as they wish. We devoutly hope their bank of the river, and threatened to take position sources of information will prove to be as correct on a hill from which they could enfilade our lest as they usually are. We begin to doubt the lines. Cameron sent the Twenty-fourth Kenrebel intention to attack us here at all. We tucky to feel of them, and a sharp contest ensued have at no time doubted our ability to hold our for the possession of the hill

. The Twenty-fourth own, however. The starvation business is very Kentucky were unable to hold the ground. The slow, and it will be many weeks ere we come to One Hundred and Third Ohio and Sixty-fifth mulé diet. Rations of hård bread were issued to Illinois, sent to reënforce them, finally drove the the men to-day for the first time since we came enemy from the coveted position. Our loss in in, and I understand there is considerable store this affair was sixty killed and wounded. Maton hand. We have also plenty of corn, beef, and ters are now assuming an interesting outlook. pork. Citizens suffer more than the army. No Old scout Reynolds came in this evening from farmers come in, and, of course, no markets. The Kingston, bringing confirmation of Braga's desutlers closed their stores and packed their goods feat and the assurance of present aid from Grant. on the first intimation of danger. We begin al. Sherman is said to be at Cleveland, Generals Fry most to wish that the enemy would do something and Willcox at Bean's Station, and considerable to break the monotony of which we grow weary, force at Wytheville — from all of which, if true, and there is talk of going out to find them if they Longstreet's position will not prove to be an easy persist much longer in their course of energetic one. His chief care will now be to effect his esinactivity. aptain Poe's “fortified convanien- cape by the North-Carolina mountains as the cies," as an Irish sergeant denominated them only road left open to him.


dent that he expected to have exploited a bril-
liant and decisive coup de guerre.

He was thir.
Nov. ,

teen days deciding upon it. He waited until GENERAL Field ORDERS, No. 32.

reënforced by the forces of General Jones, MudIn accordance with the proclamation of the wall Jackson, Carter, and Cerro Gordo Williams. President of the United States, Thursday, the He selected three brigades of picked regiments, twenty-sixth instant, will, so far as military and determined upon a night attack, always the operations will permit, be observed by this army most dangerous and bloody, but if successful as a day of thanksgiving for the countless bless: the most decisive. It is evident that he playe, ings vouchsafed the country, and the fruitful a tremendous odds to insure success, and every successes granted to our arins during the past man in those doomed brigades advanced to the year.

storming of Fort Sanders with that confident Especially has this army cause for thankful- courage that usually commands it. ness for the divine protection which has so sig- To resist him, were part of the Seventy-ninth nally shielded us; and let us with grateful hearts New-York in the front, four companies of the offer our prayers for its continuance, assured of One Hundredth Pennsylvania on the right, an the purity of our cause, and with a firm reliance four companies of the Second Michigan on the on the God of battles.

left. No part of the fort is complete. One bas By command of Major-General BURNSIDE. tion on the north-west angle, and parapet on the Lewis RICHMOND, A. A. G.

west side only, are up. Temporary traverses

were made by cotton-bales, and also two šalients, HEADQUARTERS ARMY OF THE Ono,

} from which guns could sweep the ditches on the


north and west. Spirited skirmishing commencThe Commanding General has the sad duty of ed, on the right of the position, at ten o'clock announcing to this army the death of one of the P. M. Saturday. The vigor and persistence of it bravest of their number, Brigadier-General w. evidently foreshadowed something more serious P. Sanders.

behind, and such became the feeling of all the A life rendered illustrious by a long record of immense audience within our lines, who listene! gallantry and devotion to his country has closed to the continuous and unceasing crash of muswhile in the heroic and untlinching perforinance ketry, hour after hour, to one, two, and three of duty.

o'clock A.M. Many an anxious heart, that night, Distinguished always for his self-possession beat high with hope and fear for their rell and daring in the field, and in his private life friends without, and many a tearful and timii eminent for his genial and unselfish nature and prayer went up to the God of battles, for the

All felt that an event. the sterling qualities of his character, he has left, safety of friends within. both as a man and a soldier, an unturnished ful moment was at hand for weal or woe, in the

destinies of East-Tennessee and her brare de In memory of the honored dead, the fort, in fenders. front of which he received his fatal wound, will

The enemy dashed upon the left of our position be known hereafter as Fort Sanders.

several times, as if in confident bravado, and By command of Major-General BURNSIDE.

finally drove our skirmishers from the adranced Lewis RICHMOND, A. A. G.

rifle-pits, and occupied them about daylight, Sun

day morning. Our men rallied, and as deterMonday, November 30. The long, tedious, minedly regained them, driving the rebels back and painful suspense is over. We no longer in turn. Suddenly an avalanche of men were doubt the intentions of Longstreet. After thir- hurled upon the disputed rifle-pits, our skirmishteen days of menace and siege, he gathered his ers were forced back, covered by our guns from forces, and struck the mighty blow that was to the fort, by our retreating men. Two storining have broken our lines, demolished our defences, brigades were enabled to approach within one and captured Knoxville. It was an utter and hundred yards of the bastion. It was their indisastrous failure. In justice to our enemy, it tention, probably, to draw out our boys, and is conceded by all, that more desperate valor, then attempt to return with them, and enter the daring gallantry, or obstinate courage has not works. In this they were foiled. Our skirbeen recorded during the war. They contended mishers fell in on the left, and the rebel against the impossible. The men who opposed storming-party advanced directly upon the basthem were as brave, as well trained on the same tion. Then ensued a scene of carnage and bloody fields of Virginia as they, and having as horror, which has but few parallels in the large a stake, had the advantages of an impreg- annals of warfare. Balaklava was scarcely more nable position. The enterprise was a bold one, terrible. Stunned for a moment by the torrent the play masterly, and the attempt vigorous. of canister and lead poured upon them by BuckSuccess would have given the enemy possession ley's First Rhode Island battery and our line of of the key to all our works on the west side of musketry, on they came. Again and again, the the town, not the town itself. But Fort Sanders deadly missiles shattered their torn and mangle! lost, our position in Knoxville would be more columns. Their march was over dead and precarious. But they failed. We do not know wounded comrades, yet still they faltered not; if Longstreet has done his worst; but it is evi-l but onward, still onward. Wholo ranks stum



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