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Hull, of the Ninety-ninth Illinois, both of whom ment to the support of the Eighth and Thirtyhad had considerable experience in that line in third, in doing which he passed under a heavy the rear of Vicksburgh, with a fatigue-party fire of the fort, but, fortunately for him, the enfrom each of the regiments in the brigade, under emy threw nothing but solid shot, which, from cover of the darkness, dug a rifle-pit from the their size, were easily avoided, and he gained his sand-hills on the beach, (occupied by us on the position with the loss of but one man. Night first day,) and running parallel with the enemy's coming on, found four companies of the Eighth works, two hundred and ten yards in length, suf- | Indiana, five companies of the Thirty-third, in ficient to cover a regiment.
the sand-hills near the fort, (seven hundred and Sergeant Goodlander, of company F, Eighth twenty-five yards, as shown by measurement ;) Indiana, with a small detail from the different two companies of the Eighth Indiana held tho regiments, was ordered to move at early dawn in old work to our front; the balance of three regiadvance of our rifle-pit and endeavor to gain a mnents held the outside of the new work. The position on the outer edge of the enemy's works. men, although the night was raw and cold, reThe Eighth Indiana was also moved out and or- mained upon the field and in their position. A dered to lie down in the open prairie, in order fatigue party was detailed from the reserve regi. to take advantage of any lodgment our advance ments, and proceeded to move the four pieces of might make. Captain Hull, of the Ninety-ninth, the Seventh Michigan battery to the work occuvolunteered and accompanied the advance. The pied by our troops, and, by filling the ditch, morning was bitterly cold, and our men suffered placed them in a fine position. I also ordered a severely. Our advance moved up slowly, and portion of the Eighteenth Indiana, under Capcautiously took position on the outside of the tain Loues, to reinforce Captain McAllister, as I work; the inside being controlled by the en- believed that to be an important point. emy in the sand-hills between the work and the The Ninety-ninth Illinois and Twenty-third main fort. Driving in a small picket force on the Iowa, who were held in reserve, were to move at inside, (the force for protection of the works daylight to our position, while a general advance having been driven by the weather to the sand- of the whole brigade was to take place. These hills,) they endeavored to rally and drive our arrangements were hardly completed, when, about men back, but in vain. The Eighth Indiana was half-past twelve o'clock, an explosion of gunimmediately sent forward in small detachments, powder in the fort warned us that the enemy to avoid the fire of the heavy guns of the fort, were on the move. I immediately ordered an and gained a safe footing in our rille-pit and on advance of the skirmishers, and found that the the enemy's work. Finding ourselves more suc- enemy had fled, leaving behind him his stores cessful than I had dared to hope, I returned to and ammunition, and the personal barrage of the the main portion of my brigade, and immediately ollicers. They had, however, piled a large quansent forward Colonel Lippincott, with his regi- tity of cotton around the different magazines, ment, to the front, with instructions to take com- after having scattered gunpowder around in difmand of the force in front, and to advance as ferent places. fast as prudence would allow, and to get, if pos- The advance pushed on to the ferry, but were sible, a position where our artillery might be too late ; the enemy had cut the rope, allowing made effective. Colonel Lippincott moved prompt- the floating bridge to swing around upon the ly with his command, and I soon had the pleas- shore. They had also attempted to destroy it by ure of hearing from him, that he had secured a piling cotton upon it and firing it, but our men good position for our artillery. Adjutant W. W. were too close, and put out the fire. Six of the Zener, of the Eighteenth Indiana, now on my eight men left by the enemy to fire the trains staff, was ordered to bring up two pieces of the were captured. At daylight I moved a small First Michigan battery, under command of Lieu-force across to McHenry Island, and took posses: tenant Stillman, which he accomplished with de- sion of a small earthwork, containing one twenty, spatch. The pieces were brought up, and placed four pounder gun, considerable ammunition, and in battery under a heavy fire from the fort, for some garrison equipage. In Fort Esperanza we tunately not very accurate, and we soon had the found one one hundred and twenty-eight pounder pleasure of seeing our shells dropping in the en- columbiad, and seven twenty-four pounder siege emy's stronghold and driving them from their guns. Two of the magazines were saved, and guns. Colonel Lippincott had very judiciously considerable camp and garrison equipage was in disposed of the two regiments, and had, pre- the fort, but, owing to the danger from explosion, viously to the arrival of the artillery, advanced we failed to save it. My total loss was one man several companies into the sand-hills in our front, killed and ten wounded; among the latter, Licudriving back the enemy nearer to his main work. tenant George N. Fifer, Acting Aid-de-Camp, a I also ordered possession to be taken of an old gallant and brave officer, who fell severely woundwork several hundred yards in our front, and to ed during our first reconnoissance. My officers the left and rear of the fort, which was gallantly and men behaved gallantly, showing that they done by Captain McAllister, Eighth Indiana, had lost none of that coolness and bravery with his company. This enabled us to move our evinced by them upon the battle-fields of Pea advance on the right nearer the fort. In the Ridge, Fredericktown, Port Gibson, Champion mean time, I had ordered Lieutenant-Colonel Hills, Black River Bridge, Vicksburgh, and JackCharles, Eighteenth Indiana, to move his regi- , son.
Colonel Lippincott, of the Thirty-third Illinois, tles, culminating in grandest success, fought and rendered me great assistance in the advance upon won, and the part taken by the troops of this the enemy's works, and diplayed both courage division in the engagements by which it has been and judgment.
marked, having reflected so much honor upon Major Kinney, of the Eighth Indiana, though themselves as individuals, and upon the command but lately promoted to the position, proved by to which they are attached, the General comhis courage and coolness that he was well worthy manding cannot refrain from alluding to these of the same.
services in terms which shall convey, in some Lieutenant-Colonel Charles, of the Eighteenth measure, his warm appreciation of their valor, Indiana volunteers, brought his regiment, in fine their patriotism, and their noble endurance of style and good order, through a heavy fire from severe hardships, while engaged in the arduous the fort, to the support of the two advance regi- campaign. ments.
With heartfelt pride he reverts to their prowess Colonel Bailey, of the Ninety-ninth Illinois, in the assaults which made them the heroes of and Colonel Glasgow, of the Twenty-third Iowa, Lookout Mountain on the twenty-fourth ult., and who were held in reserve, were both anxious to to their gallant conduct upon Missionary Ridge be moved to the front, and more by accident than on the twenty-fifth, Pea Vine Creek on the twenany thing else were thrown into the reserve. ty-sixth, and at Ringgold, upon Taylor's Ridge, Both regiments had already established their on the twenty-seventh. reputation as veterans, in the well-fought fields The conquest of Lookout Mountain will, assoof Mississippi. I was greatly indebted to Cap- ciated with the emblematic “White Star” of the tain McAllister, Eighth Indiana, and Captain conquerors, stand out as prominently in history Hull, Ninety-ninth Illinois, for their assistance as do the beetling cliffs of that Titanic eminence in the digging and laying out of their rifle-pit and upon the horizon. placing of the battery.
For these services he tenders them his heartLieutenant Stillman, commanding Seventh felt thanks; for their endurance, his sympathy; Michigan battery, rendered very efficient aid in for their bereavement in the loss of so many galdiscomfiting the enemy; two guns of his battery lant officers, and so many brave and noble men, were worked right under the fire of the guns of his condolence. In all the division death could the fort. My own staff discharged their duties not have selected braver spirits, nobler hearts, with fidelity, courage, and ability. They are as than those who have laid their lives a sacrifice follows: Major J. II. Elliott, Thirty-third Illinois, upon their country's altar in the recent engageInspector and Chief of Staff; Captain S. H. Dun- inents with the rebel forces. bar, Eighth Indiana, A. A. A. General ; Captain He assures them that their gallant conduct has John Reuss, Eighth Indiana, A. A. C. S. ; Lieu- gained for them the high esteem and appreciatenant and Adjutant W. W. Zener, Eighteenth tion of the commanding generals. Indiana, A. D. C. and P. M. ; Lieutenant G. H. It behooves us to remember prayerfully that Fifer, Thirty-third Illinois, A. D. C. ; Lieutenant the hand of the Omnipotent Architect of the J. G. Seaver, Ninety-ninth Illinois, Ord. Officer; Universe is visible in our great victories, and Major Lillie, Ninety-ninth Illinois, Senior Sur- that He who holds in his hands the destinies of geon, was detailed on Operating Board. I would, nations has, in his goodness, answered the humalso, make especial mention of Sergeant John ble petitions, for success to crown our arms, Goodlander, of company F, Eighth Indiana, and which ascended from anxious hearts to his hear. private Addison Höllenbeck, company K, Eigh- enly throne. teenth Indiana, who were the first to mount By command of the enemy's works the morning of the twenty
Brigadier-General Jno. W. GEARY. ninth.
Thos. H. Elliott, In mentioning the above, I would not have it
Captain and A. A. General.
THE SIEGE OF KNOXVILLE, TENN. Official Copy.
KNOXVILLE, Monday, Nov. 16. Cuas. P. STONE,
The excitement consequent on the desperate dash of Forrest and Wheeler's cavalry upon
General Sanders, on Saturday, and their approach Doc. 18.
to within two miles of Knoxville, together with
the news of Longstreet's advance upon Burnside THE CAPTURE OF LOOKOUT MOUNTAIN. below, has somewhat subsided. The panic last
night among the citizens can only be compared HEADQUARTERS SECOND DIVISION, TWELFTH ARMY CORPS,
to the celebrated siege of Cincinnati, and, in fact, WAUHATCHIE, TENN., Dec. 3, 18 3.
the gathering of Major McDowell's corps of pay. GENERAL ORDERS, No. 79.
masters, the hurried packing of ambulances and A most important era in the present contest wagons, and preparations for ourning a few for national existence has just been passed; bat- maiden millions of greenbacks, and the presence
B. G. Chief of Staff.
GENERAL GEARY'S CONGRATULATORY ORDER.
of the doughty Major, were all somewhat suggest and mounted infantry. Yesterday afternoon they ive of that eventful period in the history of your were in line of battle, and skirmishing with Sanusually bustling, business city, when some two ders till dark. Colonel Adams, with the First or three thousand ragged rebels frightened the Kentucky and Forty-fifth Ohio, distinguished entire commonwealth of Ohio nearly out of all himself by the most gallant and daring conduct propriety. The comparison, however, ceases throughout, and to-day followed the retreating with the suggestion, since our fears were not rebels five miles. altogether groundless.
The punishment and flight of the First KenWith the exaggerated relations of stragglers tucky on Saturday was caused by a mean artifice and runaways, growing from bad to worse, as on the part of the rebels. They had captured passed around among the hosts of anxious and the Eleventh Kentucky in the morning, and terror-stricken gossips, was joined the sullen stripping them completely, were arrayed in their boom of artillery, hour after hour, even into the uniform. Seeing them at the edge of a wood, night, ringing in our ears. The consciousness and mistaking them for the Eleventh, Adams that a desperate foe was in fierce contest with pushed a charge quite into the body of the rebel our gallant boys within two miles of us ; rumors forces, and just as the First Kentucky had raised of disaster below, toward Loudon, where our their caps to cheer their friends, as they supchief, with his veterans of the Ninth army corps, posed, the miscreants opened a terrific fire upon alone interposed between us and the malignant them. Indignant, surprised, and surrounded, foe, resolved upon our destruction; and the hour- there was nothing left but speed, and the wonder ly arrival of dead and wounded, were all circum- is how so many escaped. Adams, who, by the stances but ill calculated to allay the fears of the way, has always been the brains and right hand timid or encourage the bold. The danger is still of Woolford's cavalry, declares that he will never imminent, but the first nervous excitement hav- believe another rebel, will take no more prisoners, ing abated, we are beginning to look at the con- and intends to fight againsi treason in this war ditions and their results, probable and possible. and the next, and the one after that indefinitely.
Our situation having at no time since “the le rallied his boys, made a speech to them, and occupation” been a bed of roses, we have been upon their return to the field nearly monopolized gradually attaining a state to look very calmly at the fighting. Twenty-five men of the First Kenthe ugliest position which the fates and furies tucky were killed and wounded. Among the may have assigned us. While thus taking a number are Captain G. W. Drye, wounded; physiognomical view of the facts, nothing is more Lieutenant Phil
. Roberts, wounded ; Captain apparent than the intention of the rebels to crowd Kelly, killed; Lieutenant Cann, missing ; Lieuus out of a situation which we have been at a tenant Peyton, missing. Of the Forty-fifth Ohio, vast trouble and expense to get into, or the alter- ninety-one were killed, wounded, and missing, native of an indefinite residence in some Dixie among whom are Captain Jennings, wounded; prison. 'To accomplish this, the rebels are strain- Captain Jyler, wounded; Lieutenant Macbeth, ing every nerve and exhausting every available wounded; Lieutenant Wiltshire, wounded; Lieumeans for one last, mighty, decisive effort. If tenant Mears, wounded. they succeed, they gain vast resources in time The conduct of the rebels was barbarous in and supplies for recuperation. If they fail, they the extreme. All prisoners, dead, and wounded are lost for any other campaign in middle Dixie. were stripped. Four dead bodies of the FortyThe exhaustion and demoralization of the rebel- fifth were found quite naked. One wounded lion in this region will be irretrievable. Their officer, while unconscious, was aroused by efplans are excellent, and thus far well executed, forts to cut off his finger, to obtain a gold ring. but it is the belief of well-informed military peo- He was stripped to his shirt and drawers. Such ple that their means will prove insufficient. Still, is the venomous malignity of these desperadoes, our chief reliance is upon Grant. Burnside can who term themselves Southern chivalry, that probably take care of himself, but Bragg is an bodies are mutilated, prisoners are outraged, and insurmountable rock ahead of the profitable oc- all are robbed. cupation of East-Tennessee, and the destinies of In Burnside's front, Longstreet is pressing, Brags remain with Grant. Our situation just and skirmishing has been constant for the last now, though perilous and gloomy enough, is by three days. The train of White's division was no means hopeless. Almost surrounded by ene-burned, by order of General Burnside, today, mies active and vigilant, if we cannot extricate and a section of Benjamin's battery was capturourselves in a very few days, our animals will ed, making the third we have lost in the last ten perish of st:rvation. In this aspect of affairs, it days, namely, Laws's, Phillips's, and Benjamin's. is not the cue of the rebels to precipitate matters, The two armies are seventeen miles from Knox. but on the other hand the time required to starve ville, Burnside slowly falling back. If he can us will bring an issue between Grant and Bragy, hold the rebels without severe loss or decisive which, if favorable to us, will terminate in the action for a few days longer, our reënforcements utter demolition of the rebels in our front. from Grant will reach Longstreet's rear, and that
The forces which crossed the Little Tennessee active rebel leader will take to the mountains, or on Friday night and attacked our advance at Mays- to Camp Chase. Forrest and Wheeler have ville on Saturday, were the brigades of Wheeler fallen back, it is supposed, to make an attempt and Forrest, estimated at five thousand cavalry to cross the river elsewhere, and get in our rear.
We shall probably be apprised of his movements, experience of Hartsuff at this crisis ; neverthein that event, soon enough. In General Willcox's less, there is no want of confidence or cheerful front above, all appears to be quiet to-day. We courage manifest anywhere, unless among the have endeavored to telegraph, as the line is open, sutlers and timid Union people, who see a rebel but have been informed that the General will in every shadow. The rebel population are jutake charge of that duty, and telegraph what he bilant, and are making preparations to receive wishes to be made public. Of course, that pro- their friends tomorrow, and have already planned position admits of no argument, however much the programme for us when the stars and bars we might be inclined to regard with jealous eyes shall float over the city. We shall see. an opposition correspondent with such unusual I rode around the lines to-night, and am imfacilities.
pressed with the feeling that, were our numbers Monday, November 16, P. M.-Rumors reached only equal to the spirit and courage of our men, us last evening that a battle was being fought at no emergency could endanger Knoxville; but Campbell's Station, twelve miles from Knoxville, alas! our defences are as yet incomplete, and on the Lenoir road. Longstreet's army, vari- our lines are fearfully thin. If the rebels come ously estimated to number from ten thousand to on with the much boasted dash of the veterans twenty thousand strong, after crossing the river, of the Potomac, and assault, our lines may be pressed en masse on the slowly retiring columns broken, and the contemplation of the famous of General Burnside, who received them in line hospitalities, or rather infamous inhospitalities, of battle in a good position at the point named. of Libby, or Castle Thunder, may not be altoThe enemy, who evidently expected to march gether out of order. without impediment into Knoxville, made a most Tuesday, Norember 17.—The storm is upon confident and determined attack. They under- us. Longstreet's legions are investing Knoxville. estimated the value of the veteran soldiers of Our boys are skirmishing already with their the Ninth army corps, and the obstinate courage lines on the Lenoir road. General Sanders, with of White's veteran boys, and were handsomely the One Hundred and Twelfth Illinois, Forty-fifth repulsed, with terrible loss. In vain they ma- Ohio, Eighth Michigan, and Twelfth Kentucky, noeuvred, and made charge after charge. They are in front. The sharp crack of musketry is were met at every point. *
heard, growing more and more frequent, and the Skirmishing was kept up vigorously all day, affair is getting serious. The town is filled with and night fell upon the hotly contested field, rumors of coming rebels. Vaughn, it is said, leaving us 'still in position. General Burnside has crossed the river below, and will attack our had gained a day of time, and during the night positions on the south bank. A. P. IIill is marchfell back to Knoxville slowly and in good order. ing with two corps from Virginia, and Pegram, Our loss is three hundred killed, wounded, and Forrest, and Wheeler are crossing the Watauga missing. The list of wounded is embodied in toward the Gap, to cut off our retreat and supthe hospital report, inclosed.
plies. The behavior of our troops was worthy of all In the mean time, as an offset, our foragepraise. The gallantry of the Michigan, Illinois, trains are bringing in corn and hay from eight and Kentucky regiments being especially note- miles south of the
river, and the telegraph north worthy. The Thirteenth Kentucky was at one is still working. We are anxious, of course, to time surrounded, and cut their way out, suffer- know what Longstreet's intentions are. Doubting fearfully in killed and wounded. The One less, the coöperation of the Virginia forces was Hundred and Twelfth Illinois was exposed one part of his plans; but in this he will probthroughout, and won the admiration of all. Their ably be disappointed, as the advance of General loss, as was that of the Eighth Michigan, Twen- Meade will, doubtless, render the assistance of tieth Michigan, and Seventeenth Michigan, was General Hill's, or any other Virginia troops im
possible. General Willcox, at Bull's Gap, reports Active preparations are now making for the no such or similar force in his front. Ten, or defence of Knoxville. Retreat is not even thought even twenty thousand rebels cannot take Knoxof. In fact, General Burnside has issued an or- ville, nor is that number sufficient to lay effectual der to that effect. Captain Poe, Chief Engineer blockade and sieme. Many think that Longstreet, on General Burnside's staff, is at work on the having blundered into East-Tennessee after the fortifications. Rifle-pits and breastworks are bait set by Burnside, will, upon discovering his springing up around the soon to be beleaguered mistake, make a feint upon Knoxville, while en. city. Forests are being cleared, the sluices and dervoring to march into Kentucky, or escape to creeks on the north are being damned up, and Virginia. Of course, this is all conjecture. The the plain in front will soon to be breast-deep in only sure thing now is, that he is actually in our water. Captain Poe is every inch the soldier, front, and we are in a state of siege, call it by and there is a general feeling pervading the army what name we please. If, as is currently reportand people that our defences could scarce be in ed and believed, Burnside permitted Longstreet abler or wiser hands. His calm deportment, to cross the river, and drove him on to Knoxville systematic vigor, and quiet earnestness inspire by order of General Grant-thus, on the eve of every one with confidence. We miss the prac- a battle with Bragg, detaching twenty thousand tical common-sense of Gilbert, and the soldierly men—we may rest confident that the hero o. * See page 169 ante.
Vicksburgh will not permit the manquvre to go
profitless, or fail to follow up the strategy in his One Hundred and Twelfth Illinois, Forty-fifth usually prompt and effective fashion. We can Ohio, Third Michigan, and Twelfth Kentucky hold our own until he is ready. This week will have borne their country's cause alone, and decide Longstreet's destiny and ours. We do nobly and grievously have they suffered. Early not permit ourselves to doubt.
this morning, the angry crash of musketry was Captain Poe is performing prodigies of indus- heard on our left, in front of Cottage Hill and try, with marvellous skill. Rifle-pits appear as Rebel Point, on the west side of the town. The if by magic. Every house-top of the vast semi- pallid faces of women, the anxious looks of noncircle around Knoxville, from Temperance Hill combatants, and the busy bustle of orderlies to Rebel Point and College Hill, is frowning riding to and fro, gave token that the conflict with cannon and bristling with bayonets. It was beginning in earnest. Heavy skirmishing will be difficult for the rebels to gain a position commenced along our left. General Sanders, near the city, unless on the right or left. All is with part of Wolford's brigade of his division, quiet to-night. The immense basin formed by was in front. The fire was unceasing for three the surrounding hills is alive with animal life. hours. The ambulances, about ten o'clock, Our vast trains, cattle, herds, hogs, and horses commenced their unhappy work, and were obcover the valleys and hill-sides in inconceivable served busily plying to and fro on the Lenoir numbers. Standing on Temperance Hill, and road. Wounded men were seen walking and looking toward the town, the innumerable camp- riding in, their numbers increasing hourly. At fires, like myriads of fiery stars, the piteous eleven o'clock, General Ferrero, in command of shrieks of a thousand famishing mules, the dis- the earthworks at Rebel Point, opened his cantant murmur of the bands of music, the hum of non upon Armstrong's house, behind which the the camps, intermingled with the occasional enemy were discovered planting a battery. The sharp crash of musketry in front, make one enemy were baffled. Our boys made a charge, pause and gaze upon the weird reality as upon and were repulsed. The conflict raged hotter some horrible phantasm, some fanciful horror and more intense. A general officer, said to be conjured up here in the middle of the nineteenth General Warfield, headed an impetuous charge century, as a terrible reproach to the boasted upon our line of skirmishers, and riding up to ages of progress and civilization. One can our boys, demanded the instant surrender of the scarcely realize that those thousands of forms "d-d Yankees," and fell pierced by a score shivering around the scant fires in the chill mist of balls. Again our boys advanced, and were are men, who have left comfortable homes, do- beaten back by overwhelming odds. Man after mestic joys, and useful duties of life, and have man was carried to the rear. The leaden hail exposed themselves to all the vicissitudes and poured in increasing torrents upon them. No hardships of savages. That, over beyond our respect was had to circumstance or condition, furthermost lines of fires, lie other thousands in The rebel sharp-shooters were untiring and vig. a similar condition of discomfort, and that these, ilant. Of two men, carrying a wounded comon the morrow, will use their God-given powers rade, one was killed, the other wounded, and of courage, endurance, and intellect, to slaughter the wounded man again shot by these miscreeach other. Alas! that new commandment, ants. Balls whistled over the fort into the hos" that ye love one another,” has not been much pital. Nothing was sacred or secure. “
Sanders practised by man, although professedly the was ubiquitous; his gallantry and daring became life-guidance of civilized nations for eighteen infectious. Each man of his command emulated hundred years. Society is a fearful tyrant, his comrade in deeds of bravery. These men, and its decrees are despotic; its differences of for four days and nights, had stood in the front opinion are decided by war, revolutions are the at Campbell's, and now here, without sleep and rearrangement, renovation, and reörganization of almost without food, yet hour after hour unredilapidated social institutions. When we out- lieved. They stood up like heroes, every man grow or tire of them, the old-time irrepressible of them, and amid that hell of shot, gave blow conflict between servile and free labor could for blow and shout for shout. The old mountain scarce be settled, probably, but by the sword, wolf, Colonel Wolford, with his grim and stolid and we can only hope that, when the tempest courage, was there. Colonel Bond, at the head has passed over, coming generations may rest in of his glorious regiment, the One Hundred and the peaceful atmosphere of justice, and the new Twelfth Ill with his smiling, earnest face, command possibly possess some significance to was where the conflict raged the tiercest, encoura regenerated race. To-morrow will be an event- aging his men, if possible, to deeds of still ful day. We do not desire it; we do not avoid greater daring; and Captain Taylor, with the it; we do not seek it; we do not dread it. We fragments of the Forty-fifth Ohio, was there with await it with strong hopes and determined wills, his gallant boys. It was sublime. The skirto do our duty.
mish grew almost to the dignity of a battle. Wednesday, November 18. —A busy, glorious, Foiled at all points, the enemy vindictively hurlsad day has passed. We are proud of the gal- ed upon our wearied and battle-torn lines fresh lant deeds of our brave boys. To have belonged and overwhelming numbers. And here, at about to the command of Sanders during this day's four P.M., the gallant Sanders fell, it is thought fight will be fame enough for one short life. The Imortally wounded. Courage and physical en