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shot me.

I saw them shoot down lots after they surren- I threw up my hands and said: “Don't shoot dered. They would hold up their hands and me; I surrender.” One of them said: “Go on cry to them not to shoot, but they shot them up the hill.” I started, but did not get more just the same.

than two steps before I was shot in the shoulder; Question. How many do you suppose you I fell, and while I was undertaking to get up saw shot after they had surrendered ?

again I was hit in the body; and this arm that Answer. More than twenty, I reckon.

was hit fell over behind me. A rebel came along Question. Did you hear of the rebels doing with a canteen, and I motioned to him and told any thing else to them beyond shooting them ? him I wanted a little water. He said : “Damn

Answer. I heard of their burning some, but you; I have nothing for you fellows; you I did not see it.

Tennesseeans pretend to be men, and you Question. How many times were you shot? fight side by siile with niggers; I have nothing

Answer. I was shot twice, and a ball slight- for you.” About that time another one came up ly grazed my head.

with his pistol drawn, and asked if I had any Question. Were you shot after you had sur-money. I told him I had a little, and he told rendered ?

me to give it to him. I told him my shoulder Answer. Yes, sir.

was hurt, and he must take it himself. He Question. Did you see the man who shot you ? turned me over and took about ninety dollars

Answer. I saw the man who shot me the and my watch. Another man, who was a man, last time in the side with a revolver.

came along and brought me some water. Question. Did he say any thing to you? Question. Did you see any others shot after Answer. He did not say any thing until he they had surrendered ?

He then came down to where I was, Answer. Yes, sir; one of the two who was and finding I was not dead, he cursed me, and under the log with me was killed. I don't said he would shoot me again. He was fixing know whether the other man was killed or not. to shoot me again, when one of the boys standing by told him not to shoot me again.

William A. Dickey, sworn and examined. Question. Did they rob you after they had By the Chairman: shot you?

Question. Were you at Fort Pillow when it Answer. Yes, sir; they took every thing I was taken by the rebels ? had, even to my pocket-knife.

Answer. Yes, sir. Question. You say you heard about the Question. In what company and regiment ? burning?

Answer. Company B, Thirteenth Tennessee Answer. Yes, sir, I heard about it; but I cavalry. did not see it.

Question. Will you state what happened there, Question. Did you see any of the rebel offi- especially after the Fort was taken ? cers about while this shooting was going on ? Answer. After the breastworks were charged

Answer. None there that I knew. I did not I first noticed the colored soldiers throwing down see them until they carried me up on the bluff. their arms and running down the bluff. After

Question. Did they shoot any after they fell the rebs got inside, the white troops saw that wounded ?

there was no mercy shown, and they threw down Answer. I saw them shoot one man in the their arms and ran down the bluff, too; and they head after he fell.

were at the same time shot and butchered. I ran

myself, but carried my gun with me down the D. W. Harrison sworn and examined. bluff, and hid myself behind a tree close to the By the Chairman :

edge of the river. I staid there some time, and Question. To what company and regiment do saw my partner shot, and saw men shot all you belong?

around me. I saw one man shoot as many as Answer. Company D, Thirteenth Tennessee four negroes just as fast as he could load his gun cavalry.

and shoot. After doing this he came to me. As Question. Were you in the fight at Fort he turned around to me I begged him not to Pillow ?

shoot me.

He came to me and I gave him my Answer. I had been driving a team and act- gun, and he took my caps, saying he wanted ing as a soldier. I took my gun that morning them to kill niggers. I begged him to let me go and went out in line. They then wanted a with him, as I would be exposed there ; but he train to haul some ammunition and provisions said: “No, stay there.” He made me stay there in the Fort. The rebels were throwing balls and would not let me go with him. Another around there. I kept hauling, I think, five man came along, and I asked him to spare my loads. The rest of the wagons would not go life, and he did so. I asked him to let me go back after they had hauled one load; and after with him, but he refused me and ordered me to I had hauled five loads I concluded I would not stay with my wounded partner, who was lying haul any more.

I went down under the hill in some brush. I crawled in the brush to him. and got with two men there close under a log. He was suffering very much, and I unloosed his It was but a few minutes before the men came belt, and took his cartridge box and put it under over the hill like sheep over a brush fence, when his head. Some rebels under the hill spied us I saw white men and negroes getting shot down. moving in the brush and ordered us to come out.

My partner could not come out, but I came out. Answer. No, sir; I was lying outside of the They ordered me to come to them. I started Fort. after one of them, begging him at the same time Question. Did they bury the white and black not to shoot me. I went, I suppose, eight or ten together, as you understood ?

: steps, when he shot me. I fell there, and saw Answer. Yes, sir; they were burying pretty but little more after that. As I was lying with much all night. my face toward the river I saw some swimming Question. How many whites and blacks do and drowning in the river, and I saw them shoot you suppose were killed after they had surrensome in the river after that.

dered ?

Answer. I had a mighty poor chance of findWoodford Cooksey, sworn and examined.

ing out. But I don't think they killed less than By Mr. Gooch :

fifty or sixty, probably more; I cannot say how Question. To what company and regiment do

many. It was an awful time, I know. you belong?

Question. How many did you see killed ? Answer. Company A, Thirteenth Tennessee Answer. I saw them kill three white men and cavalry.

seven negroes the next morning. Question. Where you in the fight at Fort Pil

Question. Did you see them shoot any white low ?

men the day after the fight? Answer. Yes, sir; from six o'clock in the

Answer. No, sir. I saw one of them shoot a morning until about four o'clock in the evening. black fellow in the head with three buck-shot

Question. State what took place after the Fort and a musket-ball. The man held up his head, was taken by the rebels.

and then the fellow took his pistol and fired that Answer. There were a great many white men at his head. The black man still moved, and shot down, and a great many negroes.

then the fellow took his sabre and stuck it in the Question. That you saw ?

hole in the negro's head and jammed it way Answer. That I saw myself.

down, and said: “Now, God damn you, die !" Question. Were you wounded there?

The negro did not say any thing, but he moved, Answer. Yes, sir.

and the fellow took his carbine and beat his head Question. At what time?

soft with it. That was the next morning after Answer. After four o'clock; after we gave up. | the fight.

Question. How came they to shoot you after you had surrendered ?

Lieutenant McJ. Leming, sworn and examined. Answer. I can't tell; it was about like shoot- By Mr. Gooch: ing the balance of them.

Question. Were you in the fight at Fort PilQuestion. Do you know who shot you 1 ?

low? Answer. It was a white man. He shot me

Answer. Yes, sir. with a musket loaded with a musket-ball and Question. What is your rank and position ? three buck-shot.

Answer. I am a First Lieutenant and Adjutant Question. Did you have any arms in your of the Thirteenth Tennessee cavalry. A short hands when you were shot?

time previous to the fight I was Post-Adjutant at Answer. No, sir.

Fort Pillow, and during most of the engagement Question. Did the one who shot you say any I was acting as Post-Adjutant. After Major thing to you?

Booth was killed, Major Bradford was in comAnswer. I was lying down. IIe said : “ Hand mand. The pickets were driven in just before me up your money, you damned son of a bitch." sunrise, which was the first intimation we had I only had four bits-two bits in silver and two that the enemy were approaching. I repaired to in paper. I handed it up to him. He said he the Fort, and found that Major Booth was shellhad damned nigh a notion to hit me in the head ing the rebels as they came up toward the outer on account of staying there and fighting with intrenchments. They kept up a steady fire by the niggers. He heard a rally about the bank sharp-shooters behind trees and logs and high and went down there. They were shooting and knolls. The Major thought at one time they throwing them in the river. A part of that were planting some artillery, or looking for places night and the next morning they were burning to plant it. They began to draw nearer and houses, and burying the dead, and stealing goods. nearer, up to the time our men were all drawn The next morning they commenced on the ne- into the fort. Two companies of the Thirteenth groes again, and killed all they came across, as Tennessee cavalry were ordered out as sharpfar as I could see. I saw them kill eight or ten shooters, but were finally ordered in. We were of them the next morning.

pressed on all sides. Question. Do you know whether any wound- I think Major Booth fell not later than nine ed soldiers were burned in any of those build- o'clock. His Adjutant, who was then Acting Post ings?

Adjutant, fell near the same time. Major BradAnswer. I do not. I was not in any of the ford then took the command, and I acted as Postshanties after they were fired.

Adjutant. Previous to this, Major Booth had Question. Did you see them bury any of the ordered some buildings in front of the Fort to be dead?

destroyed, as the enemy's sharp-shooters were


endeavoring to get possession of them. There colored troops were stationed. They finally gave were four rows of buildings, but only the row way, and, before we could fill up the breach, the nearest the Fort was destroyed; the sharp-shoot-enemy got inside the Fort, and then they came ers gained possession of the others before they in on the other two sides, and had complete poscould be destroyed. The fight continued, one session of the Fort. In the mean time nearly almost unceasing fire all the time, until about all the officers had been killed, especially of the three o'clock. They threw some shells, but colored troops, and there was no one hardly to they did not do much damage with their shells. guide the men. They fought bravely indeed

I think it was about three o'clock that a flag of until that time. I do not think the men who truce approached. I went out, accompanied by broke had a commissioned officer over them. Captain Young, the Provost-Marshal of the post. They fought with the most determined bravery, There was another officer, I think, but I do not until the enemy gained possession of the Fort. recollect now particularly who it was, and some They kept shooting all the time. The negroes four mounted men. The rebels announced that ran down the hill toward the river, but the rebthey had a communication from General Forrest. els kept shooting them as they were running; One of their officers there, I think, from his shot some again after they had fallen; robbed dress, was a colonel. I received the communica- and plundered them. After every thing was all tion, and they said they would wait for an an- gone, after we had given up the Fort entirely, the

As near as I remember, the communica- guns thrown away and the firing on our part tion was as follows:

stopped, they still kept up their murderous fire, “ HEADQUARTERS CONFEDERATE CAVALRY, ! more especially on the colored troops, I thought, Near Fort Pillow, April 12, 1864.

although the white troops suffered a great deal. As your gallant defence of the Fort has en- I know the colored troops had a great deal the titled you to the treatment of brave men, (or worst of it. I saw several shot after they were something to that effect,) I now demand an un- wounded; as they were crawling around, the conditional surrender of your force, at the same secesh would step out and blow their brains out. time assuring you that they will be treated as About this time they shot me. It must have prisoners of war. I have received a fresh sup- been four or half-past four o'clock. I saw there ply of ammunition, and can easily take your was no chance at all, and threw down my sabre. position.


A man took deliberate aim at me, but a short Major L. F. Booti,

distance from me, certainly not more than fifteen “Commanding United States Forces."

paces, and shot me. I took this message back to the Fort. Major Question. With a musket or pistol ? Bradford replied that he desired an hour for con- Answer. I think it was a carbine; it may hav: sultation and consideration with his officers and been a musket, but my impression is, that it was the officers of the gunboat. I took out this com- a carbine. Soon after I was shot I was robbed. munication to them, and they carried it back to A secesh soldier came along, and wanted to General Forrest. In a few minutes another flag know if I had any greenbacks. I gave him my of truce appeared, and I went out to meet it. pocket-book. I had about a hundred dollars, I Some one said, when they handed the communi- think, more or less, and a gold watch and gol: cation to me : "That gives you twenty minutes chain. They took every thing in the way of val. to surrender ; I am General Forrest." ' I took it uables that I had. I saw them robbing others. back. The substance of it was, “Twenty min- That seemed to be the general way they served utes will be given you to take your men outside the wounded, so far as regards those who fell in of the Fort. If in that time they are not out, I my vicinity. Some of the colored troops jumped will immediately proceed to assault your works," into the river, but were shot as fast as they were or something of that kind. To this Major Brad- seen. One poor fellow was shot as he reached ford replied: “I will not surrender.” I took it the bank of the river. They ran down and out in a sealed envelope, and gave it to him. hauled him out. He got on his hands and knees, The General opened it and read it. Nothing was and was crawling along, when a secesh soldier said; we simply saluted, and they went their put his revolver to his head, and blew his brains way, and I returned back into the Fort.

out. It was about the same thing all along, unAlmost instantly the firing began again. We til dark that night. mistrusted, while this flag of truce was going on, I was very weak, but I finally found a rebel that they were taking horses out at a camp we who belonged to a society that I am a member of, had. It was mentioned to them, the last time (the Masons,) and he got two of our colored sol. that this and other movements excited our sus- diers to assist me up the hill, and he brought picion, that they were moving their troops. me some water. At that time it was about dusk. They said that they had noticed it themselves, He carried me up just to the edge of the Fort, and had it stopped; that it was unintentional on and laid me down. There seemed to be quite a 'their part, and that it should not be repeated. number of dead collected there. They were

It was not long after the last flag of truce had throwing them into the outside trench, and I retired, that they made their grand charge. We heard them talking about burying them there. I kept them back for several minutes. What was heard one of them say: " There is a man who called brigade or battalion attacked the is not quite dead yet.' They buried a number centre of the Fort where several companies of there; I do not know how many.

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I was carried that night to a sort of little shan- diers after they had surrendered, seemed to have ty that the rebels had occupied during the day the approval of their officers ? with their sharp-shooters. I received no medical Answer. I did not see much of their officers, attention that night at all. The next morning especially during the worst of those outrages; early I heard the report of cannon down the they seemed to be back. river. It was the gunboat 28 coming up from Question. Did you observe any effort on the Memphis; she was shelling the rebels along part of their officers to suppress the murders ? the shore as she came up. The rebels imme- Answer. No, sir; I did not see any where I diately ordered the burning of all the buildings, was first carried; just about dusk, all at once and ordered the two buildings where the wound several shots were fired just outside. The cry ed were to be fired. Some one called to the offi- was: “They are shooting the darkey soldiers.” cer who gave the order and said there were I heard an officer ride up and say: "Stop that wounded in them. The building I was in began firing; arrest that man. I suppose it was a to catch fire. I prevailed upon one of our sol- rebel officer, but I do not know. It was reported diers who had not been hurt much to draw me to me, at the time, that several darkeys were shot out, and I think others got the rest out. They then. An officer who stood by me, a prisoner, said drew us down a little way, in a sort of gully, that they had been shooting them, but that the and we lay there in the hot sun without water General had had it stopped. or any thing

Question. Do you know of any of our men in About this time a squad of rebels came around, the hospital being murdered ? it would seem for the purpose of murdering what Answer. I do not. negroes they could find. They began to shoot Question. Do you know any thing of the fate the wounded negroes all around there, inter- of your Quartermaster, Lieutenant Akerstrom ? spersed with the whites. I was lying a little Answer. He was one of the officers who went way from a wounded negro, when a secesh sol- with me to meet the flag of truce the last time. dier came up to him and said: “What in hell I do not know what became of him; that was are you doing here?". The colored soldier said about the last I saw of him. I heard that he he wanted to get on the gunboat. The secesh was nailed to a board and burned, and I have soldier said, “You want to fight us again, do very good reason for believing that was the you? Damn you, I'll teach you," and drew up case, although I did not see it. The First Lieuhis gun and shot him dead. Another negro was tenant of company D of my regiment says that standing up erect a little way from me; he did he has an affidavit to that effect of a man who not seem to be hurt much. The rebel loaded his saw it. gun again immediately. The negro begged of Question. Have you any knowledge in relation him not to shoot him, but he drew up his gun to any of our men being buried alive? and took deliberate aim at his head. The gun Answer. I have not, other than I have stated. snapped, but he fixed it again, and then killed By Mr. Gooch: him. I saw this. I heard them shooting all Question. How long had your regiment been around there--I suppose killing them.

in Fort Pillow? By the Chairman:

Answer. We reached there the eighth of Feb. Question. Do you know of any rebel officers ruary. There were no other troops there then, going on board our gunboat after she came and we held the place alone for some time.

By the Chairman : Answer. I don't know about the gunboat, but Question. By whom were you ordered there? I saw some of them on board the Platte Valley, Answer. By General W. S. Smith, Chief of after I had been carried on her. They came on Cavalry, and also by General Hurlbut. board, and I think went in to drink with some Question. What other troops were there at the of our officers. I think one of the rebel officers time of the fight? was General Chalmers.

Answer. Four companies of the Sixth United Question. Do you know what officers of ours States heavy artillery, (colored,) and a battery drank with them ?

called now, I think, the Second United States Answer. I do not.

light artillery. It was before the First TennesQuestion. You know that they did go on board see light artillery, colored. the Platte Valley and drink with some of our Question. What was about the number of our officers ?

force there? Answer. I did not see them drinking at the Answer. Not far from five hundred men. time, but I have no doubt they did; that was Question. Do you know what became of Mamy impression from all I saw, and I thought our jor Bradford ? officers might have been in better business. Answer. IIe escaped unhurt, as far as the bat

Question. Were our officers treating these rebel tle was concerned. I was told the next morning officers with attention ?

on the boat that he had been paroled. I did not Answer. They seemed to be; I did not see see him after that night. much of it, as they passed along by me.

Question. Do you know why you were left Question. Do you know whether or not the unsupported, as you were, when it was known conduct of the privates, in murdering our sol- that Forrest was in your vicinity ?



Answer. I do not know why, unless it was Answer. I was at the corner of the Fort when thought that he would not attack us. I think they fetched in a flag for a surrender. Some of it was supposed that he was going to make an them said the Major stood awhile, and then said attack on Memphis.

he would not surrender. They continued to By Mr. Gooch:

fight awhile; and after a time the Major started Question. What do you estimate Forrest's and told us to take care of ourselves, and I and force to ha en?

twenty more men broke for the hollow. They Answer. From all I could see and learn, I ordered us to halt, and some of them said: “God should suppose he had from seven thousand to damn 'em, kill 'em! kill 'em !" I said, “I hare ten thousand men.

surrendered." I had thrown my gun away then. Question. Is there any thing further you de- I took off my cartridge box and gave it to one sire to state?

of them, and said, “Don't shoot me;" but they Answer. I heard some of the rebels talking did shoot me, and hit just about where the shoe during the night after the fight. They said we comes up on my leg. I begged them not to shoot ought to have surrendered when we had the op- me, and he said : “God damn you, you fight portunity, but that they supposed the Yankees with the niggers, and we will kill the last one of were afraid the colored troops would not be you!" Then they shot me in the thick of the treated as prisoners of war; and they intimated thigh, and I fell; and one set out to shoot me that they would not be; and said it was bad again, when another one said: “Don't shoot the enough to give to the "home-made Yankees. white fellows any more. meaning the Tennessee soldiers treatment as Question. Did you see any person shot besides soldiers, without treating the negroes so too. yourself?

On the morning of the fight there was so much Answer. I didn't see them shot. I saw one hurry and confusion that our flag was not raised of our fellows dead by me. for a time; we had been firing away an hour be- Question. Did you see any buildings burned. fore I happened to notice that our flag was not Answer. Yes, sir. While I was in the Major's up. I ordered it to be raised immediately, and headquarters they commenced burning the buildour troops set up vociferous cheers, especially the ings, and I begged one of them to take me out colored troops, who entered into the fight with and not let us burn there; and he said: “I am great energy and spirit.

hunting up a piece of yellow flag for you." I Question. How many officers of your regiment think we would have whipped them if the flag were left alive?

of truce had not come in. We would have Answer. Only two, immediately after the sur-whipped them if we had not let them get the render, that I know of. We had ten officers in dead-wood on us. I was told that they made our regiment, and eight were in the battle, only their movement while the flag of truce was in. two of whom remained alive.

I did not see it myself, because I had set down, Question. Were those who were killed, killed as I had been working so hard. before or after the Fort was captured ?

Question. How do you know they made their Answer. I don't know of but one who was movement while the flag of truce was in ? killed before we were driven from the Fort. Answer. The men that were above said so.

Question. Was Captain Potter, who is now The rebs are bound to take every advantage of lying here unable to speak, shot before or after us. I saw two more white men close to where the surrender?

I was lying. That makes three dead ones, and Answer. He was shot in the carly part of the myself wounded. engagement. I have been told that Major Brad. ford was afterward taken out by the rebels and Francis A. Alexander, sworn and examined.

that seems to be the general impression, By the Chairman: and I presume it was so. I

Question. To what company and regiment do MOUND CITY, April 23, 1964.

you belong? Nathan G. Fulks, sworn and examined.

Answer. Company C, Thirteenth Tennessee By Mr. Gooch:

cavalry. Question. To what company and regiment do Question. Were you at Fort Pillow at the fight you belong?

there? Answer. Company D, Thirteenth Tennessee Answer. Yes, sir. cavalry.

Question. Who commanded your regiment? Question. Where are you from?

Answer. Major Bradford commanded the regiAnswer. About twenty miles from Columbus, ment, and Lieutenant Logan commanded our Tennessee.

company. Question. Ilow long have you been in the serv- Question. By what troops was the Fort atice ?

tacked? Answer. Five months, the first of May.

Answer. Forrest was in command. I saw him. Question. Were you at Fort Pillow at the time Question. Did you know Forrest ? of the fight there?

Answer. I saw him there, and they all said it Answer. Yes, sir.

Their own men said so. Question. Will you state what happened to Question. By what troops was the charge


was Forrest.

made ?

you there?

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